ivy wreath

ancient greek ivy adjectives

κατάκισσος (katakissos), ivy-wreathed
κισσεοχαίτης (kisseochaitēs), wreathed with ivy, epith. of Apollo
κισσηρεφής (kissērephēs), ivy-clad
κίσσινος (kissinos), of ivy
κισσόβρυος (kissobruos), luxuriant with ivy
κισσοειδής (kissoeidēs), like ivy
κισσοκόμης (kissokomēs), ivy-crowned
κισσόπλεκτος (kissoplektos), ivy-twined
κισσοποίητος (kissopoiētos), made of ivy
κισσοστέφανος (kissostephanos), ivy-crowned, of Dionysus
κισσοφάγος (kissophagos),  ivy-eating
κισσοφόρος (kissophoros), ivy-wreathed, of Dionysus; luxuriant with ivy
κισσοχαίτης (kissochaitēs), ivy-tressed, i.e. ivycrowned
κισσοχαρής (kissocharēs), delighting in ivy
κισσοχίτων (kissochitōn), ivy-clad
κισσωτός (kissōtos), decked with ivy
φιλοκισσοφόρος (philokissophoros), fond of wearing ivy, of Dionysus

Gold Ivy and Fruit Wreath found in Chalkidike, Macedonia, Greece, late 4th century BC

From the era of Philip II of Macedon, Alexander the Great’s father. It consists of 30 gold leaves and two sets of fruit. Archaeologists have unearthed only two similar Macedonian wreaths. They claim that they were used by priests during Dionysus’ feast.

Wonderfully Royal has graciously allowed me to host the Royal Tiara Challenge this year.  If you would like to look back at last year’s or perhaps still participate in it search the tag #RoyalTiaraChallenge16.  This year’s challenge will begin on February 1st and is a mix of old and new prompts.  Everyone’s welcome to participate even if it’s only for part of it.  Please use the tag #RoyalTiaraChallenge17

  1. Favorite Amethyst Tiara
  2. Favorite Aquamarine Tiara
  3. Favorite Emerald Tiara
  4. Favorite Pearl Tiara
  5. Favorite Ruby Tiara
  6. Favorite Sapphire Tiara
  7. Favorite Turquoise Tiara
  8. Favorite Tiara Made From Unusual Materials
  9. Favorite Belgian Tiara
  10. Favorite British Tiara
  11. Favorite Danish Tiara
  12. Favorite Dutch Tiara
  13. Favorite Japanese Tiara
  14. Favorite Jordanian Tiara
  15. Favorite Liechtenstein Tiara
  16. Favorite Luxembourgian Tiara
  17. Favorite Monegasque Tiara
  18. Favorite Moroccan Tiara
  19. Favorite Norwegian Tiara
  20. Favorite Spanish Tiara
  21. Favorite Swedish Tiara
  22. Favorite Thai Tiara
  23. Favorite Fringe Tiara
  24. Favorite Floral Tiara
  25. Favorite Wreath Tiara (ivy, laurel, myrtle, olive, vine)
  26. Favorite Kokoshnik Tiara
  27. Favorite Meander/Greek Key Tiara
  28. Favorite “Lost” Tiara
  29. Favorite Non-Royal Tiara
  30. Favorite Tiara Appearance of 2016

        SPREAD THE WORD          #RoyalTiaraChallenge17

A Priestess of Apollo, c.1888, by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema

In Greco-Roman mythology, Apollo was the sun god who lived on Mount Olympus, and who, in the guise of the sun, rode his chariot drawn by four horses across the sky each day. In this painting one of the priestesses stands barefoot inside the temple of Apollo looking up towards the sky, perhaps awaiting Apollo’s return in the evening. She wears a spectacular leopard skin tunic and has a wreath of ivy in her hair. These symbolic ornaments, as well as her business in serving wine, suggest her licentious behaviour in the temple.

Roman Gold Ivy Wreath with Berries, c. (?)

In ancient times real wreaths of ivy were worn during the festival of Dionysus. The god Dionysus (Roman Bacchus) was usually depicted wearing an an ivy wreath in ancient Greek and Roman art. A wreath such as this one was probably used as funerary goods for a wealthy individual.

Another example of an ancient ivy wreath….


Ivy head garland wildharvested in the Scottish highlands, fits head size 22inch , very robust, leaves will dry, but can be removed with simple pinch, ideal for decorating with seasonal flowers etc. Or kept as simple wreath.

the nine muses ll melpomene; muse of tragedy {4/9}

MELPOMENE was one of the nine Mousai (Muses), the goddesses of music, song and dance.  When the Mousai were assigned specific artistic and literary spheres, Melpomene was named named Muse of Tragedy and in this guise she was oft portrayed holding a tragic mask or sword, and sometimes wearing a wreath of ivy and cothurnus boots. Melpomene was so named by the chanting by which she charmed her listeners and derived from the Greek verb melpô or melpomai; her name literally means"to celebrate with dance and song.“ 


Gustav Klimt -  Study of a head of a Hannakin - 1894

Gustav Klimt - Amalie Zuckerkandl - 1917 1918

Gustav Klimt - Study of an Old Man with Ivy Wreath - 1888 1890

Gustav Klimt - The Black Feather Hat - 1910

Gustav Klimt - Portrait of a Lady - 1897


Tetradrachm of Mithradates VI Eupator (Mithradates the Great 120-63 BC), Kingdom of Pontus, struck in September of 73 BC

The coin shows the wonderully detailed head of Mithradates VI facing right, wearing a diadem. The reverse has the inscription BAΣIΛEΩΣ / MIΘPAΔATOY / EYΠATOPOΣ , a stag grazing to the left, a star in crescent above a monogram on left,  the date ΔKΣ (year 224) on right, IB in exergue, all within a Dionysiac wreath of ivy and fruit.

The Kingdom of Pontus or Pontic Empire was a state of Greek and Persian origin. It was founded by Mithradates I in 281 BC and lasted until its conquest by the Roman Republic in 63 BC. The kingdom grew to its largest extent under Mithradates VI Eupator (Mithradates the Great). Mithradates VI was the last of the Hellenistic kings to fend off the Romans. He conquered Colchis, Cappadocia, Bithynia, the Greek colonies of the Tauric Chersonesos and for a brief time the Roman province of Asia. After a long struggle with Rome in the Mithridatic Wars, Pontus was defeated. Part of Pontus was incorporated into the Roman Republic as the province Bithynia et Pontus and the eastern half survived as a client kingdom.

Mithradates VI is remembered as one of the Roman Republic’s most formidable and successful enemies, who engaged three of the prominent generals from the late Roman Republic in the Mithridatic Wars: Lucius Cornelius Sulla, Lucullus and Pompey. He was also the greatest ruler of the Kingdom of Pontus, a prince of Persian and Greek ancestry. He claimed descent from Cyrus the Great, from the family of Darius the Great. On the Greek side he was descended from Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Seleucus I Nicator, who were generals of Alexander the Great. After Alexander’s death, they became kings of parts of Alexander’s divided empire.

Mithradates VI issued this coin during his temporarily successful military campaign to free Greece from Roman rule. Like others before him, Mithradates purposely adopted the tousled hair and fierce gaze of the young Macedonian king Alexander the Great (example). However, at the time this coin was struck, Mithradates VI was 50 years old, demonstrating that well over two centuries after Alexander’s death, his portrait was still the archetypal image for kings.