italian baroque architecture


One, Holy & Apostolic by Ines Perkovic


Architect Luigi Vanvitelli died on this day in 1773 at Caserta, where he had been working on one of his best known projects, the Palazzo Reale for Charles VII, King of Naples, later Charles III of Spain. Often noted as one of the primary figures responsible for the transition from Baroque to Neoclassical architectural style, Vanvitelli designed furnishings, chapels, churches, and palaces. He was a finalist in several important Roman competitions and was employed on numerous restoration projects in Rome. Known as the Versailles of Italy, Vanvitelli’s palace at Caserta recently received a 22-million euro grant for much-needed repairs.

Reference: Jörg Garms. “Vanvitelli, Luigi.” Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. <>.

Royal Palace of Caserta – exterior; portraits of Vanvitelli, throne room, staircase

Saint Peter’s Basilica and Piazza (Vatican, Vatican City, Rome, Italy), Carlo Maderno, facade, 1607-26; Gianlorenzo Bernini, piazza design, c. 1656-57

Marble Fountain in Italy
John Singer Sargent (American; 1856–1925)
ca. 1907
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C.