On the cognitive value of having a bazillion tabs open on your browser
Right now, I have 52 brower tabs open. Behold the madness above! (The tabs are off to the far right; it only shows the top 21.) It’s kind of nuts. Why do I work like this? Is there any good r…

But why do we pile documents instead of filing them? Because piles represent the process of active, ongoing thinking. The psychologist Alison Kidd, whose research Sellen and Harper refer to extensively, argues that “knowledge workers” use the physical space of the desktop to hold “ideas which they cannot yet categorize or even decide how they might use.” The messy desk is not necessarily a sign of disorganization. It may be a sign of complexity: those who deal with many unresolved ideas simultaneously cannot sort and file the papers on their desks, because they haven’t yet sorted and filed the ideas in their head. Kidd writes that many of the people she talked to use the papers on their desks as contextual cues to “recover a complex set of threads without difficulty and delay” when they come in on a Monday morning, or after their work has been interrupted by a phone call. What we see when we look at the piles on our desks is, in a sense, the contents of our brains.

Review: Teen Titans Rebirth #1
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[Editor’s note: This review may contain spoilers.] Writer: Benjamin Percy Artist: Jonboy Meyers Summary After the death of a family member, people grieve in many ways. Some party, some need space and time to be alone, others might dive headlong into work. Finally, some tend to reflect on their own life. All of the Teen Titans are coming to terms with the loss of Tim Drake and are adjusting in…

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U.K. government reveals thousands died after their welfare payments were stopped
The Department of Work and Pensions emphasized that there is no proof of a causal link.

U.K. government statistics reveal that thousands of people died within weeks of being found “fit to work” and having their welfare benefits cancelled.

The release of the statistics follows a protracted campaign from journalists and activists, including a petition that garnered almost 250,000 signatures. Many have already accused the Department of Work and Pensions (DWP) of stalling its response until after this year’s election in May.

The most shocking mortality data comes from a document about disability-related benefits. Between December 2011 and February 2014, 81,140 people died within six weeks of “flowing off” benefits such as ESA (Employment and Support Allowance), which the government pays to people who cannot work due to illness or disability.

Over the past five years, the DWP has made a public effort to reduce the number of people claiming government benefits. This included the introduction of “fit to work” assessments, which are used to determine whether people are qualified to receive disability benefits.

The newly published documents show that 2,380 former ESA claimants died within two weeks of being declared “fit to work.” 


The different approaches to wooing millennials
  • Hillary:I'm Chillary Clinton, and I'm just like your abuela! Lets take a selfie! Happy kwanzaa! May the force be with you!
  • Bernie:The foundations of American democracy are eroding into an oligarchy controlled by the billionaire class. We are the wealthiest nation in the history of the world, so why are so many people struggling to put food on the table? No one who works 40 hours a week should be living in poverty. The minimum wage has got to be raised to a living wage. We need a countrywide political revolution to make our government work for the benefit of working and middle class Americans. We need to address racism in our police forces and hold police officers accountable for their actions. Healthcare is a human right, and it is a moral atrocity that we charge people to get medical help. How can anyone possibly think that it isn't essential to make college tuition free if we want to be competitive in a global economy? We need to take immediate and bold action to fight for the futures of our young people, in terms of class mobility, but also by making sure the planet is habitable for them.


As a tool to encourage good behavior in children, Santa serves as the carrot, and Krampus is the stick. Krampus is the evil demon anti-Santa, or maybe his evil twin. Krampus Night is celebrated on December 5, the eve of St. Nicholas Day in Austria and other parts of Europe. Public celebrations that night have many Krampuses walking the streets, looking for people to beat. Krampus may look like a devil, or like a wild alpine beast.


Jólakötturinn is the Icelandic Yule Cat or Christmas Cat. He is not a nice cat. In fact, he might eat you. This character is tied to an Icelandic tradition in which those who finished all their work on time received new clothes for Christmas, while those who were lazy did not (although this is mainly a threat). To encourage children to work hard, parents told the tale of the Yule Cat, saying that Jólakötturinn could tell who the lazy children were because they did not have at least one new item of clothing for Christmas—and these children would be sacrificed to the Yule Cat.

Frau Perchta

Tales told in Germany and Austria sometimes feature a witch named Frau Perchta who hands out both rewards and punishments during the 12 days of Christmas (December 25 through Epiphany on January 6). She is best known for her gruesome punishment of the sinful: She will rip out your internal organs and replace them with garbage. The ugly image of Perchta may show up Christmas processions in Austria, somewhat like Krampus.

Hans Trapp

Hans Trapp is another “anti-Santa” who hands out punishment to bad children in the Alsace and Lorraine regions of France. The legend says that Trapp was a real man, a rich, greedy, and evil man, who worshiped Satan and was excommunicated from the Catholic Church. He was exiled into the forest where he preyed upon children, disguised as a scarecrow with straw jutting out from his clothing. He was about to eat one boy he captured when he was struck by lightning and killed—a punishment of his own from God. Still, he visits young children before Christmas, dressed as a scarecrow, to scare them into good behavior.

Yule Lads

The Jólasveinar, or Yule Lads, are 13 Icelandic trolls, who each have a name and distinct personality. In ancient times, they stole things and caused trouble around Christmastime, so they were used to scare children into behaving, like the Yule Cat. However, the 20th century brought tales of the benevolent Norwegian figure Julenisse (Santa Claus), who brought gifts to good children. The traditions became mingled, until the formerly devilish Jólasveinar became kind enough to leave gifts in shoes that children leave out … if they are good boys and girls. 


All the Yule Lads answer to Grýla, their mother. She predates the Yule Lads in Icelandic legend as the ogress who kidnaps, cooks, and eats children who don’t obey their parents. She only became associated with Christmas in the 17th century, when she was assigned to be the mother of the Yule Lads. According to legend, Grýla had three different husbands and 72 children, all who caused trouble ranging from harmless mischief to murder.

Why Don't We Know Much About Right-Wing Terrorists? Conservatives Fired The Guy Studying Them
Since 9/11 more Americans have died on U.S. soil from right-wing terrorism than from Islamic terrorism and conservatives don't want you to know about it.

After a mass shooting at a historically black church in Charleston, South Carolina, left nine people dead and a right-wing white supremacist arrested, the country once again faces the uneasy question of just how many so-called “home-grown” terrorists are out there – heavily armed, ideologically driven, and violent.

It’s a good question, but it may be tough to answer because for reasons that are astoundingly dimwitted, the Department of Homeland Security pushed out the guy who was in charge of watching them, and dismantled his team all the way back in 2009.

The beleaguered hero of this story is Daryl Johnson, a top government counterterrorism analyst working at Homeland Security who spent six years with the agency amassing a wealth of data on far-right extremist groups that posed various degrees of threat to citizens in the United States. In 2009, in the months after President Obama assumed office, he watched as these groups veered even further right, and began to fear that America’s first African-American president could be the catalyst of a major uptick in hate crimes and anti-government attacks.

In a landmark report released just months into Obama’s term, and now looks downright clairvoyant, Johnson made the case that radical Islam is only a small piece of the terrorism pie:

“Do not overlook other types of terrorist groups,” the report warned, noting that five purely domestic groups had considered using weapons of mass destruction in that period. Similar warnings have been issued by the two principal non-government groups that track domestic terrorism: the New York-based Anti-Defamation League and the Alabama-based Southern Poverty Law Center.

An annual tally by the latter group of what it calls “Terror From the Right” listed 13 major incidents and arrests last year, nearly double the annual number in previous years; the group also reported the number of hate groups had topped 1,000 in 2010, for the first time in at least two decades.

In response to that report, Johnson was destroyed. It wasn’t his integrity or claims that got him in trouble, his facts were solid. Instead, it was the inconvenient truth that much of the threat comes from right-wing conservatives, and even more awkwardly, radical right-wing conservatives who say and think a lot of the same things mainstream right-wing conservatives say and think.

Conservative pundits and politicians were incensed by these facts laid bare and demanded heads roll. DHS officials caved and Johnson was shoved out.

Since his departure, Johnson has only been vindicated. President Obama has faced an unprecedented amount of death threats, hate groups have gained ground (and in places like Bundy Ranch actually boldly stood up to the U.S. Government – and won), and, as we’ve seen, white supremacist attacks are occurring with disturbing regularity. In 2012, Johnson gave an interview with Wired magazine where he said:

“DHS is scoffing at the mission of doing domestic counterterrorism, as is Congress,” Johnson tells Danger Room. “There’ve been no hearings about the rising white supremacist threat, but there’s been a long list of attacks over the last few years. But they still hold hearings about Muslim extremism. It’s out of balance.”

We’re reminded of that imbalance again this week. In fact, the evidence has been around us for some time. In an uneasy coincidence, just one day before a white supremacist massacred unarmed men and women in a South Carolina church, the New York Times published an article reminding Americans that right-wing extremism is a clear and present danger. They couldn’t have known how soon they’d be proven right.

[R]ight-wing extremists averaged 337 attacks per year in the decade after 9/11, causing a total of 254 fatalities, according to a study by Arie Perliger, a professor at the United States Military Academy’s Combating Terrorism Center. The toll has increased since the study was released in 2012.

Other data sets, using different definitions of political violence, tell comparable stories. The Global Terrorism Database maintained by the Start Center at the University of Maryland includes 65 attacks in the United States associated with right-wing ideologies and 24 by Muslim extremists since 9/11. The International Security Program at the New America Foundation identifies 39 fatalities from “non-jihadist” homegrown extremists and 26 fatalities from “jihadist” extremists.

But the DHS and most Americans still remain consumed by fears of Islamic terror attacks. That stubborn refusal to face reality does two things: It allows many dangerous people to go unnoticed until they hurt people and it allows the right-wing ideologues who overtly or subconsciously encourage these people (think Texas Gov. Greg Abbott feeding “Obama is invading Texas” conspiracy theories) to wash their hands of it once something inevitably happens. If no one is studying the links, then no one can speak up about what is happening.

And this will play out again and again, until our nation wakes up and realizes the lives of minorities, the safety of children, and truly combating terrorism in all its forms demands that we put our deference to conservative feelings aside and look at the rotting underbelly of the radical right-wing. Pretending it’s not there just isn’t working.

NOTE: Daryl Johnson, the author of the 2009 DHS Report on Right Wing Extremism, is a staunch Republican and Mormon.

H/T: Jameson Parker at Addicting Info


On September 25th, 2016, I want to launch #NoMoreCraptions.

What is #NoMoreCraptions, you may ask? It’s a campaign that I want to start to make people aware of the lack of proper closed captioning on YouTube.

As you know, I have been working for almost two years to make YouTubers aware of closed captioning for their deaf audience. I have been somewhat successful, but I’m not clearly as close as I want to be. That is because I cannot do this by myself. There are too many people on this earth. I am one person in a world of seven billion. I can only make so many “caption your videos!” videos. Every channel has a different audience consisting of different people. In order to reach out to everyone, I need everyone’s help.

I have only one rule for this video: the video must be captioned, obviously. The video must be captioned before you make it public.

I want the videos to cover these topics:

  • Introduce the campaign and what it is
  • What closed captioning is
  • Why it’s important (d/Deaf/HOH people, people with auditory processing disorder, for people learning other languages, etc)
  • What auto c®aptions really are and why they don’t work
  • How it benefits creators (captions get translated into subtitles, brings it more viewers/subscribers)
  • How to caption (you can refer them to my 3 Ways To Caption video or tell them to Google, lol)
  • Note that if creators choose to go the fan contribution route, they NEED to look over the submissions before publishing. Caption with jokes and unnecessary commentary are not real captions and should not be published.
  • Anything else you can think of that would be worth noting.

I want to emphasize that I would really like to see these videos go up on Sunday, September 25th. Why? While September is fully dedicated to deaf awareness, there is one day dedicated to the cause: the last Sunday of September. So, for 2016, that’s the 25th.

Please, please, please, if you can get anybody you know on board with this, please send them this post.  I want as many people involved as possible. My mission is to make this a huge thing. I want this to make this as big as possible in just one day.

When the day arrives, I will make a #NoMoreCraptions playlist on my YouTube channel so all the videos will be in one place.

If you have any questions, feel free to message me! I will reblog in about two weeks and then another a week after that with reminders to get your videos finished and ready to go.

EDIT: Yes, hearing people, you can join in. If you weren’t allowed, I would have said “d/Deaf and hard of hearing people only!” instead of “I want as many people involved as possible.” There’s around 7 billion people in the world. Around 642,000 people are d/Deaf/HOH. The rest of you outnumber us, obviously. So we need you too!


❛ mulan ❜ sentence starters
  • “We’re under attack! Light the signal!”
  • “Send your troops to protect my people!”
  • “A single grain of rice can tip the scale. One man may be the difference between victory and defeat.”
  • “I’m going to uh… pray some more.”
  • “How lucky can they be? They’re dead.”
  • “This is what you give me to work with? Well honey, I’ve seen worse!”
  • “You’ll bring honor to us all.”
  • “Boys will gladly go to war for you!”
  • “Even you can’t blow it!”
  • “Who spit in their bean curd?”
  • “I think it’s going well, don’t you?”
  • “You will never bring your family honor!”
  • “Can it be I’m not meant to play this part?”
  • “If I were truly to be myself, I would break my family’s heart.”
  • “What beautiful blossoms we have this year… But look, this one’s late! But I’ll bet that when it blooms, it will be the most beautiful of all.”
  • “[ NAME ], you dishonor me.”
  • “So you’ll die for honor?”
  • “I will die doing what’s right!”
  • “I know my place! It’s time you learned yours!”
  • “You should go after them – they could be killed!”
  • “Anybody who’s foolish enough to threaten our family, vengeance will be mine!”
  • “Well we can’t all be acupuncturists!”
  • “Okay okay, I get the drift, I’ll go.”
  • “Jump back, I’m pretty hot, huh? Don’t make me have to singe nobody to prove no point.”
  • “Just once chance, is that too much to ask? I mean it’s not like it’ll kill you.”
  • “Don’t even worry about it! I will not lose face!”
  • “That’s the master plan! Oh, you’ve done it now man!”
  • “You’re lucky? Do I look like a sucker to you?”
  • “Stop me? They invited me.”
  • “By building their wall they challenged my strength. Well I’m here to play their game.”
  • “How many men does it take to deliver a message?”
  • “Ah I see you have a sword! I have one too! They’re very manly and tough!”
  • “It’ll take a miracle to get me into the army.”
  • “Who am I? I am the guardian of lost souls!”
  • “My powers are beyond your mortal imagination.”
  • “That’s it! Dishonor! Dishonor on your whole family! Dishonor on you, dishonor on your cow!”
  • “It’s all attitude. Be tough, like this guy here.”
  • “I’m gonna hit you so hard, it’ll make your ancestors dizzy.”
  • “Ah, you ain’t worth my time, chicken boy.”
  • “Say that to my face, you limp noodle!”
  • “This is an enormous responsibility. Perhaps a soldier with more experience…?”
  • “Leader of [ PLACE ]’s finest troops. No, the greatest troops of all time!”
  • “I mean, sorry you had to see that. But you know how it is when you get those manly urges – and you just gotta kill something!”
  • “I didn’t ask for their name, I asked for yours!”
  • “Y’know, we need to work on your people skills.”
  • “Place nice with the other kids. Unless of course, one of the other kids wants to fight, then you have to kick the other kid’s butt.”
  • “Oh, I think my bunny slippers just ran for cover. C’mon, scare me!”
  • “My little baby off to destroy people…”
  • “Are y’hungry? ‘Cause I owe you a knuckle sandwich.”
  • “I’ll get that arrow, pretty boy. And I’ll do it with my shirt on.”
  • “You’re the saddest bunch I’ve ever met.”
  • “Now I really wish that I knew how to swim!”
  • “Heed my every order and you might survive.”
  • “We’re doomed! There are a couple of things I know they’re bound to notice!”
  • “I bet [ NAME ] and I could take you!”
  • “I never want to see a naked man again.”
  • “Those boys are no more fit to be soldiers than you are to be captain. Once the general reads my report, your troops will never see battle.”
  • “Hey, I’ll hold him and you punch.”
  • “Hello, this is the army! Make it sound more urgent please!”
  • “And I do not squeal like a girl.”
  • “There’s no time for stupid questions!”
  • “Hey, think of instead: a girl worth fighting for!”
  • “Bet the local girls thought you were quite the charmer.”
  • “How ‘bout a girl who’s got a brain, who always speaks her mind?”
  • “Yeah the only girl who’d love him is his mother.”
  • “Search for survivors!”
  • “What happened? You just gave away our position!”
  • “Prepare to fight. If we die, we die with honor.”
  • “You missed! How could you miss, they were three feet in front of you!”
  • “We’re gonna die, we’re gonna die! No way we survive this! Death is coming!”
  • “I knew we could do it! You the man! … Well, sort of.”
  • “You are the craziest person I’ve ever met. And for that I owe you my life. From now on, you have my trust.”
  • “I didn’t mean for it to go this far! It was the only way! Please, believe me.”
  • “A life for a life. My debt is repaid.”
  • “Maybe what I really wanted was to prove I could do things right. So when I look in a mirror, I’d seen someone worthwhile. But I was wrong. I see nothing.”
  • “You risked your life to help people you love… I risked your life to help myself. At least you had good intentions.”
  • “We started this thing together, and that’s how we’ll finish it. I promise.”
  • “They popped out of the snow! Like daisies!”
  • “Are we in this together or not?”
  • “Let’s go kick some honey buns!”
  • “Keep your eyes open. I know they’re here.”
  • “Your walls and armies have fallen. And now it’s your turn. Bow to me.”
  • “No matter how the wind howls, the mountain cannot bow to it.”
  • “You! You took away my victory!”
  • “You don’t have a plan?!”
  • “It looks like you’re out of ideas.”
  • “Stand aside, that creature’s not worth protecting!”
  • “I’ve heard a great deal about you, [ NAME ].”
  • “You have saved us all.”
  • “I think I’ve been away from home long enough.”
  • “Are they allowed to do that?”
  • “You… you fight good.”
  • “The flower that blooms in adversity is the most rare and beautiful of all.”
  • “They’re gifts, to honor our family.”
  • “Great, they brought home a sword. If you ask me they should’ve brought home a [ WOMAN/MAN ].”
  • “Woo! Sign me up for the next war!”
  • “Would you like to stay forever?”
  • “Dinner would be great.”
  • “You know, they get it from my side of the family!”

So after 5 and a half hours,1100 USD and a visit from Ed Hardy himself (my Army buddy’s dad works at Ed Hardy’s Tattoo City in SF, which is where I got it done.), this tattoo came out pretty well. The only thing my tattoo artist change is the teeth of the dragons, because they were bunched together and he was afraid that the teeth blurred over each other in the stencil and wouldn’t give a clean look. But yeah, it was painful as fuck (my shoulders, spine, and lower back are not the same anymore). But it’s a great experience. 

RWBY means a lot to me as a show. I’ve met many people (including the love of my life), and Monty himself was an inspiration. The show, despite its faults, brought me through some of the darkest times of my life, and Monty’s way of handling work taught me if I want it, I go get it, because it may not be there one day. So this is a tribute to the show, Monty himself, and to life as a whole.

this is part one, and mainly for high schoolers, but still has tips for all ages. message me anything you want in the next one, and it’ll be sure to be included! 

001: T H E  G R A D E S 

This needs to be addressed first, as i know how many people struggle with this. By this, I don’t mean studying and work and all of that. I mean the grades itself. The number. One thing I’ve learned is that however much it may feel that way, is that: 

  • a grade does not define you
  • You get an F - ask yourself, did you study enough? Do you understand the topic? Do you need more help? Were you trying to answer correctly? 
  • This doesn’t show how smart you are - it’s one test. One out of hundreds in your school career. 
  • Tests do not show the full extent of your talents - you do. You are not a number. 

don’t believe me? 

002: S T U D Y I N G 

In high school, you often have all sorts of extracurriculars, and in college, you might have work. And it’s super hard to fit everything in to a jam packed schedule, but just stop and think

  • When do you spend time scrolling through your phone? 
  • Do you prioritize your tasks? 
  • Could you procrastinate less? 

Often times, you don’t. There are 24 hours in a day - subtract 8 for sleep, and 7 for school. That’s still 9 hours. 9 hours to work and do other things as well. You just have to find the way. 

posts that are helpful: 

003: C L A S S 

class - what school is made of, right? Well, there’s more in class than just learning. There’s the teacher, the content, and the students. 

the teacher

  • talk to them! this sounds like an awful idea if you want your social life to be saved, but trust me. they will enjoy talking to you, and soon enough you won’t be doing as bad in the class as you were before (because they’ll spend more time helping you). 
  • related to the first one, actually listen to them. even if they’re a bad teacher. 
    • from experience, i have realized that especially in classes where things aren’t black and white, you should not be rude to them. not all teachers are fair. some grade the people they like easier, even if they don’t realize it.  
  • links

the content

the students

so i’m going to highlight three different situations for this: 

  • CASE 1: your BFF and a few other friends are in your class. great! now that you know you’re secure, find another person to be friends with. see that new kid that’s sitting alone? go talk to them. maybe they’re a really cool person. you’ll never know if you just keep talking to your friends all the time. 
  • CASE 2: you only have a few acquaintances in your class, and they have better friends as well. this one’s hard - your acquaintances are likely to brush you off. start talking to them slowly, though, and in no time at all, you should have gotten closer! then you’ll have a friend in the class :) 
  • CASE 3: you have no friends in your class. this is the hardest - you have to start from scratch. often, someone might take the first move, but just sit near someone who looks friendly and start talking to them! i went through this situation last year, and ended up with some super good friends. 

004: A D I E U 

part two will go in-depth with motivation and procrastination! message me anything else that you want on the next one (who knows, there might even be a part 3) i hope you guys liked this, and learned something from it! 

my masterposts: 

Time for another friendly reminder that Ivar is not a pet; he is a companion, and is being raised in an experienced home to act as ambassador for Pack West Wolfdog Rescue

Contrary to what many owners of misrepresented husky/malamute/GSD mixes may say, real wolfdogs are not easy keepers. Even lower-content animals are intense canines, who are incredibly self-motivated. They are tenacious escape artists, have high prey drive, aren’t eager to please, are very skittish around new people and places, have extremely destructive and mouthy tendencies, often suffer from severe separation anxiety, and may even exhibit seasonal aggression in a behavior pattern known as Winter Wolf Syndrome. 

In order to keep a higher-content wolfdog like Ivar, I work from home, own my own property, have custom-built containment established in my yard that is made from 8-foot-tall cattle panel with dig guards, and drive a truck that has been turned into an escape-proof mobile kennel. 

I don’t take vacations, I train every day, and I even choose my friends and partners based on their willingness to take direction from me in regards to their treatment of my animals. Everything about my life is built around them; I am a guest in their world - they are not an addition to mine. 

Again: If someone tries to tell you that “Oh, my wolfdog was a great indoor pet! I could leave him unattended while I was at work, he was the best guard dog ever, and he let my kids climb all over him!” I can guarantee you 100% that the “wolfdog” in question wasn’t a real wolfdog. 

Real wolfdogs aren’t dogs. They are a step backward in man’s best friend’s evolutionary timeline. And as a rescuer, it’s both frustrating and concerning to see so many people calling their animals “part wolf” when they not. 

Learn more at Pack West’s misrepresentation page, and please, please, please share the crap out of this post. The more people who know about this issue, the less likely they are to misrepresent their animals. 


The Arthur’s Seat Coffins: A Connection To The Burke and Hare Murders?

In June 1836 five young boys, hunting for rabbits on the north-eastern slopes Arthur’s Seat, Edinburgh, found 17 miniature coffins hidden inside a cave. They were arranged under slates on three tiers, two tiers of eight and one solitary coffin on the top. Each pine wood coffin, only 95mm in length, contained a little wooden figure, expertly carved with painted black boots and custom made clothes.

No-one knows what they were for, why they were buried or who buried them but people have been trying to resolve the mystery ever since.  At the time of their discovery, The Scotsman suggested they were used by witches casting death spells on specific individuals.  Another theory is that they were kept by sailors to protect against death.

They may represent a mock burial, possibly for the 17 known victims of Burke and Hare. Working in Edinburgh, they sold the bodies of people they had murdered for dissection in the city’s anatomy classes. This horrified many Scots, who feared that a dissected body would not rise to life at the last judgement. William Burke was caught and executed for his crimes in 1829.  Ironically his body was legally given to an anatomy class for dissection. We are unlikely to be sure about the meaning of the coffins. It remains hidden, among many other aspects of death and belief in Scotland.

Some thoughts
  • studyblrs range in age. I’ve seen 13 year olds and I’ve seen people in their late 30s. obviously, your age has a huge influence on your perspective, simply due to your experiences. 
  • studyblrs are diverse. there are so many of us from so many different backgrounds. 
  • each person has their own unique experiences and personality. what works for them may not work for you. doesn’t mean one method is better than the other. if it works, it works. 
  • most of the study tips/advice on here are posted from experience (well, they are for me anyway). the advice may seem repetitive, redundant, or counter-intuitive. doesn’t mean it didn’t work for the person posting it. 
  • your blog and your dashboard is what you want it to be. If you do not like the posts you are seeing, follow some new blogs that spark your interest. you control what you want to see. 
  • this website is a social media platform built on validation. People, myself included, want notes and followers. I’m not afraid to admit it. The whole point of this website is about notes and followers. Who doesn’t want to be acknowledged? 
  • i would assume that most people already understand that a picture does not describe the entire situation. We’ve all cropped and edited a photo for the internet before. 
  • For some people, making pretty notes may be a way to destress. I like to turn to art when I’m stressed out or anxious. I think making pretty notes or pretty journal spreads is a great form of therapy while also being productive. I mean, I could either spend 6 hours randomly painting (productive) or I could spend 6 hours taking notes and making them pretty because it relaxes me (even more productive). 
  • there is no wrong way to study. the way you study does not indicate intelligence or GPA. each person is different. . 
  • your field of study, your university, or your degree does not make you better or smarter than others. there are different kinds of intelligence. 
  • classism, racism, and ablesim are rampant in this community. let’s focus our discussions on fixing that. 

On this day, 22 years ago, an artist was born. People may often question your ability, even your company probably doubts you, but know this - in our eyes, you deserve to be on that stage, you deserve to be a part of EXO. And we will forever be grateful for that SM Ent agent who chased after you for 30 mins because if not for her, we never would have met you. Your hard work and passion have inspired so many people. Thank you for being born. Happiest birthday, EXO’s maknae, Oh Sehun! We will always love you.
Illegal Interview Questions and Female Applicants
Unfortunately, women are often subject to certain forms of employment discrimination -- even before being hired for a job. Despite warnings to the contrary, some

Examples of questions that may discriminate [and are therefore ILLEGAL to ask] include:

  • Do you have any children? If so, how many and what are their ages?
  • Are you single, married, divorced, or engaged?
  • What kind of childcare arrangements do you have in place?
  • Are you currently taking any form of birth control or fertility treatment?
  • What are your plans if you get pregnant?
  • Does your spouse work? If so, what does your spouse do for a living?
  • Should we refer to you as Mr., Miss, or Mrs.?

See more at:

Shout out to everyone on Rosh Hashanah

Who can’t be with their families
Who have to be at work or school
Who can’t go to Shul
Who are celebrating alone
Who are unsafe for any reason
Who are far from community

May 5776 be the year that brings you closer to G-d and all the people who love you. I will be thinking of you and so will so many others. Shanah Tovah wherever you are and may this new year bring you all the support you deserve.

Witch Bottle: Mad Diviner Version

A witch bottle is a contraption designed to absorb and nullify the forces that may attack you, be they magical or otherwise. Some would argue that it only stops malevolent spells, but I see no reason why it would not deflect so-called mundane attacks, as well.

Witch bottles have a long and storied history, and are even found amongst the ruins of older buildings, dating from the Early Modern period. During this time, witch hunts were common, fear of witches ran rampant, and one cannot be surprised that many people tried to take matters into their own hands to protect themselves from these supposed evildoers. 

Though traditionally seen as a sort of talisman against witchcraft and evil magics in general, I do believe that the act of creating one, in and of itself, is an occult practice. Thus, it’s a bit bemusing to imagine those who hated witches and magic frantically making these things to save themselves from evil spells. 

I honestly think that, during the Early Modern period, making a witch bottle would have been a somewhat revolutionary, if private, act of defiance within a person’s life. Entire countries were turned against the very notion of magic, and had manufactured straw enemies in the form of Satanic witches. Many misfortunes were blamed on witches by authority figures, and it’s quite likely that the population, for the most part, believed these evil sorcerers actually existed.

The official government response consisted of conducting witch hunts and killing many innocent people. Imagine, though, what it must have been like for a person living in this time. That the evil witches existed could be taken for granted; such a person would have heard the lie repeated so often that the fear of malevolent magics was engrained in their psyche. 

When trouble arose that society wanted to blame on witchcraft, though, the individual likely felt powerless, particularly if they weren’t socially prominent. Most people were not in a position to do battle with imaginary witches, and the response by the authorities was just as terrifying as the false threat of witchcraft.

Thus, to regain a modicum of personal autonomy and assert their intentions to the universe, some individuals resorted to a plethora of folk remedies, charms, and spells (I call it like it is!) designed to drive off witches, or draw them into the open. This must have taken a lot of courage, because, as I’ve said, there’s very little way these people could have rationalized their spells away as not being somewhat akin to what witches do. Seeking to protect yourself from witches could easily get you named as a witch, after all, so yes, courage was required.

Did the bottles made during this period work, so to speak? Probably. It’s hard to say, because there really weren’t many actual witches active during this time period, and those that were active likely didn’t go out of their way to hunt down and curse random people.

 Still, these charms probably had a great deal of efficacy, if only due to the twin powers of intent and belief. This is partially why I see the witch bottle as effective against all kinds of attacks, not simply magical ones.

Making a Witch Bottle

Now, all over the internet, and indeed, all over Tumblr, you can find many excellent guides and recipes for witch bottles. Today, I’ll be showing you the personal method I developed for making one. It differs from other traditional methods in a single crucial way, and I believe this makes my version somewhat more difficult to make, but perhaps more effective overall.

Before developing the plans for this, I researched witch bottle traditions extensively, and made notes on them, etc. I ultimately concluded that there was something “off” in both modern and postmodern versions of the charm, at least for me. I just didn’t see how it could be effective given the way the ingredients were used and their composition. This is not to say it wouldn’t work for another person, but intent is everything, and I seriously doubted I could get my intent going if I followed an existing recipe. So, here’s my variation, and so can you!

The requirements for the spell are simple, and can be suited to your particular situation quite easily. You need:

  1. A personal taglock,
  2. A very small bottle, 
  3. A larger bottle that the small bottle can fit within, 
  4. Sharp objects,
  5. Baneful herbs or an existing compound designed to dismantle evil or bring destruction.

The most important part, arguably, is the personal taglock. Read my long post about what a taglock even is, and what makes a good taglock. Basically, though, you need an object or bit of something that is essentially tied to you in some way. Physical proximity is good, but an emotional tie, as explained in the post I linked above, is even better. 

For my taglock, I went out and bought a nice package of fancy cigarettes of the kind that were popular in my youth, and, on the way home from the store, smoked one. When I was finished, I carefully extinguished it and deposited the remains in a small plastic bag. 

When I arrived home and went into my laboratory space, I rummaged around and found a very, very, very small bottle with a cork. I shredded the cigarette remains and filled the tiny bottle with them, then corked it. I topped this off with silver wax to form a good seal (silver being the only available color I had around).

To be honest, if you decide to try my version, I would recommend using a lock of hair in place of the cigarette, because smoking is bad for you and you shouldn’t do it. Yes, yes, I did it, but you shouldn’t. End of story!

Now, you’re probably wondering why I chose such a small bottle, and just put the taglock inside without anything to shred a malevolent force, as is customary. Well, I did this because the tiny bottle is going to go inside the larger bottle. Yep, that’s the big difference between my version and everyone else’s.

Anyways, you then take the larger bottle and stuff it halfway full with your material - glass, sharps, banefuls, etc., depending on your preference. Do remember that there must remain room for the small bottle to rest comfortably within the larger one, though. Once the bottle is halfway filled, slip the small bottle inside, like this:

As you can see, I used baneful herbs for the majority of the space within the bottle. Specifically, I used wormwood, which I filled the bottle with very carefully and gently so as not to spill any. I added some sharp needles and tacks and such, as well. Once it was halfway full, and the small bottle was inside, I began using my vinegar.

I chose to use Four Thieves Vinegar for this working, and carefully filled the bottle up slightly with the mixture. For more information on Four Thieves Vinegar and what it contains and represents, see my post about it. If you end up using a liquid like this, make sure to leave room for more of the solid stuff in the bottle, so that the liquid doesn’t mess with the cork.

You can see above that the tiny bottle is nearly floating. I added a lot more wormwood to soak it all up, and some more sharp objects, too. Finally, I closed it up, and ultimately sealed it with wax, just as I had the smaller bottle.

You may ask why I’m putting the taglock within a smaller bottle. Well, it’s simple to me! I don’t want a taglock from me floating in a jar of baneful herbs and sharp things. Think about it - that’s exactly the method you would use to curse someone, right? And, while intent is everything, I just figured it wouldn’t work for me, so I developed this idea instead. I hope this is helpful for someone!


I couldn’t help but paint more Winter Soldier art, so here’s this!  This one was tough because it isn’t a direct study like the previous two, so getting Sebastian Stan’s likeness was pretty difficult.  I wanted to play off the idea of Hydra having invaded Bucky’s mind, and how difficult it is to rip those poisonous tendrils away once they are there.  He may feel like he’ll never be himself again after what happened to him, but the real him IS there. It’s a feeling shared by many real folks who suffer from PTSD, who have to fight this daily.

PTSD can come from many sources, and most people living with it are essentially living with an “invisible illness”.  Which means it’s not immediately obvious to people without it that they may be struggling, which unfortunately leads to many not getting the help they need.  I spoke with several acquaintances and friends who live with it themselves, and a friend who’s job it is to work with folks out of the military with PTSD before uploading this piece.  I wanted to gather some useful resources, and use this piece as a way of gaining some helpful awareness.  The following are some of the resources provided to me by those wonderful people! - provides free training on veteran’s issues including mental health. - a place to learn more about PTSD - tips to understanding people with PTSD - supporting a loved one through a panic attack - anxiety grounding techniques - alternatives to self harm - immediate support for people with PTSD

If you or someone you love have PTSD and wish to share some helpful resources, please reblog with those!  Cheers to all of you battling this demon, you’re going to be ok. <3