From my research it looks like tea brewing time depends on what your teas made out of. To put it simply

  • leaf: 1-3 minutes
  • flower: 3-6 minutes
  • stem or stalk: 8-10 minutes
  • root: 7- 9 minutes

I’d recommend experimenting with your tea and seeing how strong you like it. It’s all just trail and error at the end of the day :D

Friends 🐮 I don’t have absolutely any desire to murder you, and nor will I ever pay for someone to do it for me. When you can thrive off plants, why not chose to be compassionate?
If you are wishing to go vegan, start with becoming aware and educating yourself 😊
-Forks Over Knives
-Food Inc.
🌟Speeches (available on YT)🌟
-The Best Speech Ever
-101 Reasons To Go Vegan
-Uprooting Leading Causes of Death
-The China Study
-Eating Animals
-Skinny Bitch
ITS OKAY (!!) to at first feel overwhelmed and scared and anxious once you realise how animals are treated and modern diet’s effect on the environment and our health.
The best thing is that no matter what you’ve been told, every individual DOES count and once you are aware of this you can consciously begin making better lifestyle choices.
Compassion is one of the MOST BEAUTIFUL qualities one can have. #vegan

By definition: Veganism /ˈviːɡənɪzəm/ is the practice of abstaining from the use of animal products, particularly in diet, as well as following an associated philosophy that rejects the commodity status of sentient animals. A follower of veganism is known as a vegan.

To understand what it means to be vegan, it is vital to reflect on the historical roots and origin of the word. Many people think of the term vegan and its associated lifestyle as something new, faddish, insurgent or radical. In many ways, just the opposite is true. The word vegan was coined in England by Donald Watson in 1944. He, along with several other members of the Vegetarian Society in Leicester, England, wanted to form an alliance of nondairy vegetarians as a subgroup of the Society. When their proposal was rejected, they ventured to start their own organization. They prospected what to call themselves, and, after evaluating a range of ingenious possibilities, agreed that “vegan” (decisively pronounced VEE-gn, with a long “e” and hard “g”) was best. It was derived from the word “vegetarian” by taking the first three letters (veg) and the last two letters (an) because, as Donald Watson explained, “veganism starts with vegetarianism and carries it through to its logical conclusion.”

In late 1944, The Vegan Society was established, followed shortly thereafter by the creation of a manifesto describing their unified mission and perspective. Although the group advocated a totally plant-based diet excluding flesh, fish, fowl, eggs, honey, and animals’ milk, butter, and cheese, they also encouraged the manufacture and use of alternatives to animal commodities, including clothing, shoes and other apparel. In addition, the group acknowledged that the elimination of exploitation of any kind was necessary in order to bring about a more reasonable and humane society and emancipate both humans and animals.

In 1960, the American Vegan Society was born in the United States, founded by Jay Dinshah. It wholly embraced, and continues to embrace, the principles of its British predecessor, advocating a strictly plant-based diet and lifestyle free of animal products. In addition, the American Vegan Society promotes the philosophy of Ahimsa, a Sanskrit word interpreted as “dynamic harmlessness,” along with advocating service to humanity, nature, and creation. In other words, in order to practice veganism, it is not sufficient to simply avoid specific foods and products; it is necessary to actively participate in the beneficial selfless action as well.

When we understand the origin of the term and the guiding principles established by the founders of the vegan movement, we see that, although inspired by vegetarianism, vegan living encompasses far more than one’s diet. In fact, to be a full member of the American Vegan Society, one must not only be vegan in diet but must also exclude animal products from one’s clothing, cosmetics, toiletries, household goods and everyday commodities. Contrary to popular belief, people who eliminate all animal-based foods from their diet but who continue to wear non-vegan clothing or use non-vegan products are not vegan — they are total vegetarians.

Omitting animal products from one’s life is a passive action; it does not necessitate asserting oneself, it merely involves avoidance. In order to actually implement and realize Ahimsa, we must engage the “dynamic” part of “dynamic harmlessness.” Therefore, to fully apply the vegan ethic, not only are vegans compelled to do the least harm, they are obliged to do the best.

When people choose veganism, they make an ethical commitment to bettering themselves and the world around them. This is a pledge not to be taken lightly as it requires us to seriously examine all facets of ours lives. Certainly, animal-free food, clothing and cosmetic choices are a paramount part of becoming vegan. However, when we delve more deeply into its essence, we see that a vegan outlook extends far beyond the material and tangible. Vegan perspectives permeate our relationships, spiritual beliefs, occupation, and pastimes. Hence, there are few areas of life that the vegan ethic doesn’t touch or influence to one degree or other.

Becoming vegan is a process; rarely does someone convert to total veganism overnight. More typically, people transition to a vegan lifestyle, generally altering their diet first and then gradually replacing their clothing, cosmetics and incongruous habits with more serene, compassionate options. Some vegans eventually change jobs in order to align their vocation with their beliefs. Others become activists on behalf of animals, social justice, peace and/or the environment, do volunteer work, adopt children, take in homeless animals, reduce their material consumption, or any number of other positive, beneficent acts.

In truth, there is no end to the vegan journey. We are perpetually challenged to do more, to strive higher, to see and understand more clearly, to be more loving and humble. This is the gift of veganism. It is a guide for compassionate living. It is the path of honoring our roots, our planet, all Life, and ourselves.


[For more on social justice, follow me on Instagram: soulrevision , Tumblr: soulrevision , Facebook: soulrevision , Twitter: soulrevision]

29 years ago on this day, May 13, 1985, the U.S. dropped a bomb on the members of MOVE in Philadelphia killing 11 people, including 5 children.

The MOVE organization was a Philly based black liberation movement that was adamant about revolution & advocated a ‘back to nature’ lifestyle. The MOVE organization lived communally, frequently engaged in public demonstrations & vowed to lead lives uninterrupted by government, police or technology. MOVE was founded by John Africa & its members also adopted the surname 'Africa’, vegan diets & were passionate about animal rights.

Since MOVE’s inception, they were seen as a threat to the Philly Police Department & in 1978, police raided their Powelton Village home. The raid resulted in the death of 1 police officer and the beating and arrest of 9 MOVE members. Afterwards, they relocated to the infamous house on 6221 Osage St. 

On May 13, 1985, more than 500 police officers surrounded MOVE’s fortified house in West Philly, to serve arrest warrants on its members. After a gun battle during which the police failed to dislodge the group, a police helicopter was dispatched over the MOVE house and dropped 2 bombs. The Philly Fire Dept delayed putting out the flames at MOVE’s house stating that they, “didnt want to put their men in harms way”. The explosion from the bombs started a fire that destroyed MOVE’s house & 60 other houses, leaving 250 people homeless. 11 MOVE members, including 5 of their children were killed. Only Michael and Ramona Africa, an adult in the group, survived. 

Names & ages of the 5 MOVE kids killed by Philly police in the 1985 bombing: 
Tomasa - 7 
Delicia - 9 
Phil - 10 
Netta - 11 
Tree - 13

To learn more about the 1985 MOVE bombing in Philly, read PBS’ article, here: 


You can’t train off a bad diet…but that’s not to say you shouldn’t eat!!! eat to fuel your body so that its a maintainable lifestyle change, not a fad carb-less diet!! 

I started out doing fads and being a chronic yo yo dieter! 
but once i gained a knowledge of nutrition I found a diet plan that fuelled my body so that i could still continue to lose weight/maintain weight and still have enough energy to work out and better my physical fitness levels:)

I’m 181cm (about 5’11-6ft i think) 
22kg progress shot

When your lunch is both cute & relatively healthy. I made a salad with lettuce & spinach. I chopped up 4 strawberries, half an apple, & a few low sodium almonds, and a little bit of chicken breast. I also added a few croutons and 3 tbsp of no fat balsamic dressing. I then cut up the other half of my apple and another full apple!

If they ask for gluten-free, they could have Celiac’s disease.
If they ask for sugar-free, they could be diabetic.
If they ask for vegan foods, they could have egg or dairy allergies.
What may be an inconvenience for you may be survival for them.

With that said, soy is also a common allergy and its own nutritional profile is insufficient for most of the foods it’s used to substitute.
Soy is not the be-all, end-all for a vegan lifestyle, and it will not compensate for a diet lacking in most commonly available sources of B-vitamins, fats, iron, and proteins. You will be at risk of blood deficiency and other nutritional deficiencies this way, so do your research on rich fat and protein sources, especially omega-3’s.
Avocado, chia seeds, coconut, flax, hemp, mushrooms, peas and antioxidant-rich foods are a good place to start enriching your diet.

If your concern is animal cruelty or environmentalism, this is why it’s important to look for labels like “cage-free,” “fair trade,” “free-range,” “grass-fed,” “organic,” and “sustainably sourced.“
Support local farmers whose businesses are too small to afford the certifications, help them pay for the care of their animals and families.
Support bees, beekeepers work hard to maintain healthy hives and protect them from predators and colony collapse. Honey is more environmentally friendly than agave nectar for this reason and because agave farming takes food resources from two endangered species (the jaguarundi and the Mexican long-nosed bat).

With fish, especially, read the labels. Cod, flounder, grouper, haddock, halibut, marlin, monkfish, orange roughy, scallop, seabass, shark, skate, snapper, shrimp, swordfish, tilefish and tuna are overfished. Farm-raised salmon are fed corn and chicken feces, from chickens that were also fed corn (chickens are insectivores). Most seafood is threatened and pending endangerment. Look for "sustainably sourced” fish if you want to responsibly eat fish.

I am not a vegan myself, but I do care about healthy living and about the health of animals. I may eat animals, but prey animals evolved to depend on predation for regulating sustainable populations. Killing animals for food is natural, but it doesn’t have to be preluded with abuse and disrespect, and I avoid overhunted meats if I can help it.

I also understand that the cost of organic ceritification makes eating healthy expensive, so this is just to share some food awareness as I understand it.

“Eating local is lovely, but most carbon emissions involving food don’t come from transportation — they come from production, and the production of red meat and dairy is incredibly carbon-intensive.

Emissions from red-meat production come from methane, a potent greenhouse gas. Experts disagree about how methane emissions should be counted in the planet’s emissions tally, but nearly everyone agrees that raising cattle and sheep causes warming that is an order of magnitude more than that from raising alternate protein sources like fish and chicken (the latter of which have the added benefit of creating eggs).

According to researchers at Carnegie Mellon, a typical household that replaces 30% of its calories from red meat and dairy with a combination of chicken, fish and eggs will save more carbon than a household that ate entirely local food for a full year.

Yes, eating nothing but locally grown fruits and vegetables would reduce your carbon footprint the most. But for people not ready to make that leap, reducing how much meat you eat matters more than going local.”

Good afternoons😇😇 Its hard for me to comprehend when seeing people put their diet out as if you dont eat that way then you cant achieve your healthy lifestyle/goals. What’s most important is being happy/positive mentally and physically. Stressing constantly about whats “good” and “bad” is negative & does effect you whether you realise it or not. Dead animal flesh is unhealthy, animal products are unhealthy, modified fake foods full of chemicals that come from fast food franchises are unhealthy. What’s not unhealthy is PLANT BASED FOOD. Avocado A DAMN PLANT, bread, coconut oil, other oils, nuts and seeds and all other things portrayed as death traps are merely the least of your worries. Moderation is the key, not in the sense of restrictions and but instead spreading that certain food out and eating a variety. Have bread every day, have avocado every day, have whatever plant based foods. The only way it could be unhealthy is if thats the ONLY food you’re consuming and you’re not getting nutrients from other foods.
My experience was making excuses; although i did get turned off bread for awhile because before vegan i ate so much of it with cheese but when i did start to enjoy bread again i told myself that I’m gonna get bloated and constipated and it’s going to make me feel bad. When in fact me telling myself that was bad. I was so caught up answering Tumblr questions trying to fit into what everyone wanted and everyone’s expectations of a vegan diet being hclf and 80/10/10. Since turning my Tumblr ask off and not dealing with heaps of stress from that I’ve come to realise that all these foods aren’t bad. I eat whatever i feel like (vegan ofc) and feel great from it. Just ensuring i always include a variety of foods makes me feel 110%. Enjoy what YOU really love, find what works for YOU and don’t be afraid of foods that come from the earth and focus more energy into BEING A COMPASSIONATE AND POSITIVE VEGAN🌏🐮🐷🐓 #govegan #vegan

Made with Instagram

White-bellied Sunbird

A White-bellied sunbird, Cinnyris talatala (Passeriformes - Nectariniidae), enjoying the nectar from the aloe flower where its beak fits perfectly into.

Like hummingbirds and the Australian honeyeaters, sunbirds are nectar eaters and they share some physical similarities, but they are not related. The resemblances are due to convergent evolution due to the similar nectar-feeding lifestyle. Like hummingbirds, sunbirds can hover at flowers, but they usually perch to feed (as seen in the photo).

Sunbirds mostly feed on nectar, although take insects particularly during the breeding season to feed their young and to satisfy their own need for increased protein in their diet during this demanding time. They favor flowers with the highest sugar content and seek out those areas containing flowers with high energy nectar.

Many native and cultivated plants on whose flowers sunbirds feed heavily rely on them for pollination. The mostly tubular-shaped flowers actually exclude most bees and butterflies from feeding on them and, subsequently, from pollinating the plants.

Reference: [1]

Photo credit: ©jozi1 | Locality: Londolozi, South Africa

A Simple Breakdown of Type One Diabetes

What is Type One Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease in which a person’s pancreas stops producing insulin, a hormone that enables people to get energy from food.

What are symptoms of Type One Diabetes?

 Extreme thirst

 Frequent urination

Drowsiness or lethargy

 Increased appetite

 Sudden weight loss

 Sudden vision changes

 Sugar in the urine

 Fruity odor on the breath

 Heavy or labored breathing

Stupor or unconsciousness

How/Why does it happen?

It occurs when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, called beta cells. While its causes are not yet entirely understood, scientists believe that both genetic factors and environmental triggers are involved. It has nothing to do with diet or lifestyle. There is nothing you can do to prevent T1D, and right now there is nothing you can do to get rid of it.

Who does it effect?

Type 1 diabetes strikes both children and adults at any age. It comes on suddenly, causes dependence on injected or pumped insulin for life, and carries the constant threat of devastating complications.

How is Type One Diabetes managed?

Living with T1D is a constant challenge. People with the disease must carefully balance insulin doses (either by injections multiple times a day or continuous infusion through a pump) with eating and other activities throughout the day and night. They must also measure their blood-glucose level by pricking their fingers for blood six or more times a day. Despite this constant attention, people with T1D still run the risk of dangerous high or low blood-glucose levels, both of which can be life threatening. People with T1D overcome these challenges on a daily basis.

when you make it sound like “you can lose weight if you try hard and arent lazy” its sooo harmful because

  1. that is not true for everyone, and particularly for people who have been big their whole lives changing their diet and exercise routines and lifestyle in general is a hard choice to make, especially when you’re living paycheck to paycheck and don’t have the money or time to afford healthier options all the time
  2. losing weight is a mental process as well as a physical process, and dieting can become somewhat of an obsession, which is unhealthy for the mind… when i was dieting i was checking the scale every hour and i was devastated when i didnt see an immediate change, my diet became my whole life
  3. when you have a lot of excess fat the fatty cells take longer to break down and they are more easily filled, so when a fat person makes the choice to diet, they will take longer to lose the weight and it will be easier to gain the weight right back
  4. it can be extremely difficult and stressful having to give up “comfort foods,” especially when you’re already in a stressful state of mind/environment, and when you have anxiety or other disorders, including depression. food is a tool people can and often do use to deal with stress and making the decision to eliminate those foods is really difficult

basically stop acting like “you can do it! if you dont manage to do it you’re weak-minded or lazy” because it is not as simple as you’d like to think, especially under restricting time and money

STUDY: Number of Vegans in Britain up 360 Percent!

According to The Telegraph, a new survey shows people are avoiding animal products in record numbers. In fact, the number of vegans in Britain is up 360 percent from 10 years ago.

The survey, conducted by Ipsos MORI for the Vegan Society and Vegan Life magazine, polled nearly 10,000 people and was the largest of its kind.

Around 542,000 people aged 15 and over — more than 1 percent of the total population — have adopted a plant-based diet. This is up from 150,000 in 2006. The Vegan Society cites the survey as proof that veganism is one of Britain’s “fastest growing lifestyle movements.”

Health benefits are believed to be the force driving people to ditch animal products and live a more natural lifestyle. Studies have shown that people on plant-based diets typically have reduced risk of death from heart disease and cancer. People are also motivated to go vegan by environmental and animal welfare concerns.

Jasmijn de Boo, chief executive officer of the Vegan Society, states:

To have over half a million vegans in Britain is fantastic. More people than ever are now acting upon the health and environmental benefits of veganism, and finding out what really goes on in the meat and dairy industries and deciding they do not want to contribute to the pain and suffering of animals.

Britain is yet another place where troves of people are embracing a healthy and compassionate vegan lifestyle.

Not veg yet? Click here to order your FREE Vegetarian Starter Guide today.

On mental illness and offering advice.

Thinking that mental illness is something a person can control by wishful thinking, a morning stroll and a glass of lemon water is not only wrong, it’s teetering on the ledge between grossly misinformed and slightly offensive.

The chemicals in our bodies and nerve impulses in our brains are the cause, not a muscle we can stretch or a skin wound we can heal.

Some mental illness is HARD-WIRED into our heads. It’s the last thing we have control over; its in the very genetic makeup that makes us “us”.

We can’t change our chemistry with the latest fad lifestyle or diet.

If you want to offer advice to someone suffering from mental illness, don’t.

Just listen.

The Nearly Herbivore Spider

The jumping spider Bagheera kiplingi (named in honor of the Jungle Book, for whatever reason) exhibits a predominantly herbivorous lifestyle. Living alongside acacia ants in Mexico (see this article), more than 90% of this spider’s observed diet consists of food produced by the plant for its ant partners, only occasionally preying upon ant larvae or other prey during the drier seasons. In Costa Rica, where the acacia is less common, this same species is more actively predacious, though a substantial part of its diet is still derived from vegetation. Their cellular makeup even demonstrates the isotopic qualities of a true herbivore more than a carnivore. source 1 source 2