it was all trial and error

Studying from a Textbook :: How to Get Started

Through trial and error across my academic career, I’ve developed a system of textbook studying that’s been very successful for me even in graduate school. This post outlines my basic procedure. Of course, different techniques work for different people, so be sure to pick and choose which ideas you add to your own strategies. Thanks in advance for reading!

Reading a textbook is a formidable task; after all, they contain a lot of information per page across a lot of pages. Therefore, it’s useful to divide the book into more manageable pieces. Most textbooks do a pretty good job of this by pre-dividing the material into sections (or even subsections). If there’s no pre-existing division (or if each division is fairly lengthy), I recommend focusing on about 10 pages at a time. However you choose to divide, my basic strategy amounts to this:

Tackle the textbook section-by-section, only moving onto a new section once you’re comfortable with the previous section.

If you’re under a time constraint, then I’d say make yourself as comfortable as you can within that constraint.

This begs the question: how do you become comfortable with a section? Well, you’ll need to read it more than once. Today I’m primarily discussing how to make your first reading as useful as possible, especially for future readings.

First off, I suggest reading through the section in its entirety on your first pass. There will be material you don’t understand, but that’s okay: spend a couple of minutes trying to understand it and then move on. During your first reading, you’re getting the lay of the land; you don’t have to understand everything perfectly (or even at all).

Along the way, I keep track of my understanding via sticky notes, flags, and index cards.

My Index Cards Strategy

I keep three types of index cards as I read, each with its own theme:

  1. Questions: This index card lists questions I think of while reading, usually organized by the page number on which I have the question. Questions include things like “What’s [specific terminology] mean?”,  or “Is this related to [some other topic]?”, or even as generic as “What is [this subsection] talking about?”
  2. Definitions: When a new word is introduced, I write it down on my definitions card. Beside each word I draw a bubble in one of three colors, with each color representing my current understanding of the word and related concepts: green means “fine as is”, orange means “could use attention”, and red means “absolutely needs attention.”
  3. Notations: Some textbooks use abbreviations or symbols that I don’t recognize, so I keep an index card of these notations for quick reference.

You can easily replace this system’s index cards with notebook pages or similar media. Whatever works best for you!

My Sticky Notes and Flags Strategy

Using sticky notes placed within the textbook, I summarize challenging paragraphs and recap important ideas. This process forces me to grapple with the text, ultimately resulting in nice one-sentence summaries. These summaries help concepts stick in my brain and are extremely useful on subsequent reads of the text. I also use sticky notes to write questions that I couldn’t fit on my questions card. For the most difficult passages, I use flags: a quick, wordless way of saying “What in the world is this author talking about???”

Post-Reading Analysis and Subsequent Reading

I love this system because it not only lets me know how I feel about the material, but also generates specific concrete tasks to better my understanding. The vague task that is “learn this subject” becomes the more manageable tasks of “answer these questions”, “learn these words”, and “summarize these topics.”

I try to do the first reading in a single study session (although it’s not imperative to do so). Then, in a separate study session, I look up topics and words that I struggled with. The internet is particularly useful for this! Once I’ve improved my understanding some, I begin reading through the section again, this time with a fine-toothed comb. I use the notes I made the first time as guidelines for where I should spend my time and energy.

It’s very likely that during my second (and subsequent) reads I’ll think of new questions or come up with new ways of recapping material; in that case, I record them just as I did during the first reading.

In this way, I keep revisiting material I don’t understand until I feel like I understand it; again, external resources can be very useful for this! I only consider the section completed once I have a solid understanding of the section’s terminology and big ideas. Chances are I’ll still have questions at that point, but that’s okay:

I aim to be comfortable with the material, which is not the same as understanding 100% of what’s written in the textbook.

So, yeah! That’s my method in a nutshell. I hope you find parts of it useful in your own studies!

Thanks for reading! I’m wishing you the best of luck!

Redraw of my fave pic from the live stream. I thought I’d try out a different style (as usual). I don’t know. I’m not particularly fond of it. :/ It looked better in my head. But I’ll keep coming up with something else.

(Also, it’s better to click on it because tumblr makes the quality look so much worse than it already is.) 

I Need You Close (Cassian Andor x Reader)

Originally posted by forcewakens

He needed someone to love, and so did you. 

SPOILER FREE FIC (feat. brief angst but mostly fluffy fluff.)

“Well? Can you reprogram them?”

Cassian stood beside you, staring at a pile of Imperial droids. There were probably only three or four, but the way their gangly limbs tangled limply together made it seem like much more, and it was overwhelming. Cautiously, you approached them, and gave one a light tap with your foot for no reason at all.

“Possibly one. Maybe two. Not all of them. It’s going to take some trial and error to figure out how they tick.”

“Do you know how long it’ll take? This is a time sensitive matter.”

You turned to him and smiled. “It’s always a time sensitive matter, Captain. Give me a few hours to tinker around, and I’ll have a more definite answer by the end of the day.”

It was clear that your response wasn’t what he was looking for, but there was nothing that could be done to change it, and so, he gave you small nod. “I’ll come check up on you later.”

“Alright…and Captain,” you called out as he began to walk away. He stopped in his tracks and peered at you from over his shoulder. “Go to the medic and get that cut taken care of.”

Cassian furrowed his brow in confusion until you lightly tapped your temple. He brought his fingers up to the area on his own head and gingerly touched the wound, wincing slightly upon contact. It wasn’t anything too serious, but it was enough to require some sort of medical attention.

“Getting those droids wasn’t easy,” he replied hesitantly. It was the same tone of voice he used whenever someone was lost during a mission.

“Your efforts won’t go to waste.”

He looked as if he was going to reply, but strode out of the room, instead, leaving you alone with the droids and the guilt of not being upset over whoever it was that died, but rather, glad that it wasn’t him.

Keep reading


So far my journey has taken me places I have no idea to prepare for, there is definitely not a book out there about “what to expect for an upcoming actress in Hollywood.” Maybe there should be one! But it’s a lot of trial and error and it’s easy to get lost or fall into bad habits or with a bad crowd. You have to create a stability in your life and in your heart to navigate all of this. Staying true to yourself and knowing no matter where you are or who you are with or what anyone says about you to know your core values and your truth.

Ta-da!! Here it is! I finally finished it! :’D I know I already made a comic for this scene but my brain decided it would be a good idea to animate it because I need more practice. And like I said, it’s nothing special at all; just your normal hugging and talking it out. 

But here you go @scribefindegil!! I know there was absolutely no need for me to do this, but it’s just in my nature to do stuff like this. Hope ya like! :D My fave part would definitely be the shine on the glitter. There are mistakes and things don’t look good. Hopefully the dialogue is readable. Lot of trial and error with this one.

(Also, stupid me forgot to put a watermark or my tumblr page on it so if you see it anywhere else without credit, do tell me.)

If you could talk to yourself at 16 you wouldn’t have any golden answers or grand advice. Believe it or not, you’d be humming that same song you were listening to on your walk home from school. Except now you know not to attach songs to people, but rather moments. You may have dreamed about New York once. But now, here you are in it after all these years. And even with the freezing rain pounding in your face, you still look up and feel that dream alive inside of you, so don’t worry about that. You might be afraid of failure at success, but one day you’re going to learn success isn’t the only key to happiness. Trial and error will become your closest friend. Your mistakes will follow you around like a basset hound. Not to remind you of how you failed, but so you remember how not to. You may be afraid to go against the grain. But soon you will learn that with every splinter, there are always tweezers. Times might be tough, but trust me, times will get tougher. That also means times will get better. Much better. And friends will drift in and out of your life, but you know when the good ones are in, you will feel it in your bones. Learn to love more openly. Learn to love everyone. But learn to be fruitful with your love, and don’t make it a hand out. Learn to open up. Turn your comfort zone upside down. Take every chance you get to appreciate beauty in the world. In the little things. Because one day soon, they will be so plentiful you won’t be able to count all those beautiful little things you love in life. And that will be such a wonderful reward.
—  Note To Myself At 16
How to Create a Comic - Tutorial Section I

(I’m making this since it was requested of me by @cat-astrophye, so I hope it is interesting for anyone else that wants to learn more.)

First of all, I want to preface this with the disclosure that I am not a professional. I do have some education and experience in art, but my knowledge of the comic process is through reading several books and websites (including other comics/manga), watching many videos on the subject, and my own trial and error. I will do my best to cover the majority of information that is important, but be aware that there could be details or steps I may miss, or techniques that others are aware of that I do not cover. This tutorial will also be quite long so I am making it into a series. I hope my instructions are helpful in teaching others about some of the process that goes into creating sequential art and comics.

Let’s get to work!

Keep reading


And you told me yourself that you see a way out. You see a light at the end of this ugly-ass tunnel. I don’t. But I tell you what I do know – it’s that I’m gonna die with a gun in my hand. ‘Cause that’s what I have waiting for me – that’s all I have waiting for me.

supernatural caps  » season eight » trail and error

Tsukiyama: And~

Kaneki abruptly stops the song in the midst of Tsukiyama singing.

Tsukiyama: Ah!
Kaneki: …‘Ideology’?
Ogura: That “we were all born human by accident”.
Nishiki: …

Ogura: If this is the kind of world where it’s been decided whether you’d be the persecutor or the one being persecuted at the moment you’re born then…
Ogura: We have no choice but to just correspond.
Ogura: But if we manage to get rid of that rule then, 'will both sides understand each other’?
Ogura: …That’s our ideology.

Man: And one of the members who proposed that went thru a series of trial and error as a medical student since she wanted to do a 'medical treatment for ghouls’.
Man: …And how that woman’s lover was a ghoul and whatnot…
Nishiki: …!

Nishiki widens his eyes in surprise.

Nishiki: …
Man: Is… Is something wrong?
Nishiki: …No, continue.
Man: …Well, then.
Kaneki: …

Another story from the supermarket Opticians. I think this will stay with me as a Very Good Day, and it’s one I think back on when I am having a Bad Day.

This was on Christmas Eve two years ago, a lady came in with glasses snapped at the bridge. It wasn’t one we stocked anymore so we couldn’t replace the frame. She was nearly begging me to do something to help, I said I would try for her. It took like 20 minutes of trial and error and various bits of tools and stock we had but I managed to rig a fix that made them wearable and whole. It wasn’t pretty, but they should hold at least until she could get a new test done and get something ordered.

It was worth every second of effort and the litter of bits to clear up with how grateful she was, I will never forget it, she was thanking me and said “all I want to do is watch my little girl open her first Christmas presents”, well that was it, I was crying, she was crying. I made someones Christmas.

Best Day Ever.

Why this one Iruma sprite from the first character trailer is simply a WIP/error and not more

Well so I saw people theorizing over this image, for some reason?

Cuz of the obviously wrong layered/drawn goggles.
Well, I’ve seen theories about this being Tsumugi instead? Well y’all those are just current errors that they’re gonna correct later on again. Previous image also had the same error/WIP but it wasn’t as obviously as the one above. Here is is:

(also btw can someone explain Miu’s eyeshape to me cuz what-)
So and why is this just an error/WIP and there’s not more behind it? Cause the same problem reoccurs with Rantarou’s and Kokichi’s accessories in sprites that are not shown in the class trial (they all seem to be fine)

That’s….all I have to say.
Prolly wasn’t necessary but I just thought I should say something ab this bc I wouldn’t overanalyse pre-release sprites that are still just in the works.

Experimenting using Jack fruit as a meat replacement (as advised by vegan work mum).

It… Is actually pretty good. When fried the jack fruits fibrous nature give a pretty ‘meaty’ texture. It takes the taste of the sauce and has no fruity taste to it at all.

Truthfully, I wouldn’t know it was a fruit replacement - and I could probably be convinced it was a slightly tough meat (but it’s my first go, without cooking tips - I can probably do better with some trial and error)

Dear lesbians who used to identify as bisexual because you were told that being attracted to men was compulsory and you felt guilty “excluding” them from your sexuality,

Dear lesbians who used to identify as aro ace because you were taught that your attraction to women was dirty and shameful and you suppressed it as a result,

Dear lesbians who used to identify as ftm or any variation of genderq*eer because didn’t feel like enough of a woman and your experience of being a woman didn’t fit with the traditional narrative,

You are normal and valid and wonderful. I was there once, I identified as all these things until I put aside all these barriers to my true self. Finding your identity is a journey, and may take trial and error before you find yourself. I was there, and I’m here for you.

Lana gets a shot at being main girl this episode? :D

Also, Mimikyu does not fuck around.

And is no fan of Pikaclones either.

Litten…lesson learned. Catching cat by tail is a painful error in judgment.

Apparently, it all works out tho. And if concept art is anything to go by, Ash may end up with Incineroar too.

Popplio’s such a cutie.

Oh, and we get Lillie fishing.

In response to some of the tags in the Alex Hirsch Audio Post

Guys please don’t hate Gravity Falls just because the creator said Kingdom Hearts was “an abomination under the lord”. He was joking okay. I mean he wasn’t joking about his dislike but the way he phrased it was a joke. I mean did you hear the almost school girl like giggle after he said it.

This is a guy who more often than not is trying to make you laugh. And the thing about comedy is it’s all trial and error. Every hilarious person out there occasionally tells an unfunny joke. Also comedy is relative. Just because you find a joke unfunny doesn’t mean everyone else agrees with you.

Plus Kingdom Hearts is just a video game series. I mean I love it to death but…it’s a video game series. He didn’t insult your mother or your lifestyle or your face or something of the like; he insulted a game series you happen to love. I think you’ll get over it.

an option (speaking in absolutes because it’s easier, not intending to infringe on other Shade headcanons): since Shade is a magic parasite, a Shade presence in a dragon presents as a lessening of magic, and since dragons basically run on magical energy, this looks more like an autoimmune deficiency than a rise in an alternate “dark” form of corrupted magic. if everyone is being told that the Shade was defeated, (which i love because it opens up the possibilities that the deities are either being sneaky or don’t know something) this would basically be a mystery ailment (just like all illness was before germ theory). all responses to medical maladies throughout human history are up for grabs, culturally. 

according to the encyclopedia, the first time the gods fought off the Shade it was by fighting back using their own refined elemental energy. this kind of implies that while the Shade snacks on environmental magic without any trouble, elemental magic is too strong for it. so an actual cure (happened upon through trial and error by dragon doctors) for a magic-deficient (Shade-touched, but not called that) patient would be the focused application of an elemental magic, presumably something delicate and specialized for the purpose, (but it is kind of fun imagining desperate dragon doctors dipping patients into lava or lashing them to a kite in the Twisting Crescendo before coming up with something less… fatal-ish.) And of course there’s all the doctors that guess wrong and bleed patients, feed them weird stuff, etc. 

ironically a purely religious tactic would work in this world – if the deity deigned to get the Shade out they would definitely know HOW. (the original eight at least). And then you’d have the fringe scientists with the theories that it actually IS Shade, and they get denounced by the religious because the deities said the Shade was defeated, it can’t be Shade!!! heretic!! 

also re:Beastclans, they didn’t really have to deal with this problem during their time on the planet pre-dragons since the Shade really was gone during that time. It’s only the unchecked, wispy stuff after the Pillar shattered that has started sneaking around. Beastclans that practice magic are the only ones truly susceptible to this “disease”, which could lead to a bit of suspicion surrounding magical professions and activities, but since they don’t run on magic it’d be less of a fatal thing for them. Actually it’s probably pretty rare in Beastclans since there are giant magic-radiating behemoths wandering around that are way more appealing to a wayward Shade tendril looking for a host. Maybe Beastclans can be passive carriers though.