I discussed this in a lot more detail in my article on the pekapeka (a bat from New Zealand that spends about half its time on the ground), but in general, here are the reasons:
1. Compared to other flighted animal groups like birds and insects, bats are relatively new on the scene evolutionarily. They evolved flight about 52 million years ago. Compare that to birds, which have had about 150 million years to get comfortable with flying- only a few have ever lost it in that time.
2. Flying is a powerful antipredator defense and allows bats to get at resources they wouldn’t normally get, like flying insects and high-hanging flowers and fruit. This means there is currently strong evolutionary pressure for bats to retain flight in most parts of the world. One example where there was not was New Zealand (until recently). Even then, the pekapeka and its relatives retained the ability to fly.
3. Compared to birds, bats may simply be too specialized for flight to go back to being completely terrestrial. All living bats have modified hindlimbs and pelvises for flight, because their legs actually make up part of their wings.
It may be difficult to tell from that picture, but a bat’s hind legs are rotated at 90-180 degrees (depending on the species) around from where an ordinary mammal’s would be. In other words, their knees point backwards.
(This is different from a pterosaur, by the way- pterosaurs had wing membranes that attached to their hind limbs as well, but retained forward-pointing knees.)
This makes walking on the ground very difficult for them, and is related to why they roost upside-down. (In fact, some species of bats CAN’T walk on the ground at all!) Even when bats have regained the ability to be good walkers, like the vampire bat has, the style of locomotion is very different from all other living animals, like so:
It’s not a BAD way to get around, but energetically, it’s not as efficient as regular quadrupedal walking.
So, for a bat to “de-specialize” from flight completely might require extreme evolutionary pressures that don’t exist on earth right now. Not that I don’t think they could do it- but a flightless bat would end up looking really, really weird, compared to the mammals we’re used to.
if you haven’t watch Mark’s video, I suggest you you go now before reading this post (if you actually even read it xD) because it might contain spoilers.
Ok so we now have physical proof of Darkiplier’s existence, just like Anti’s. I love how they both act alike with the glitches and all, but they’re still so different from each other. from what I saw with Jack and Anti, it seems like Anti fights Jack for control of the physical body. Anti was restless, he’d do anything and everything to take full control of Jack’s body, including killing Jack which is kinda what he did in the halloween video when he cut his throat. He just wanted freedom, and he has no problem in blaming us (the fans) for his actions towards Jack (“you all said my name”, “YOU” “its all your fault” “you all made this happen” “you could’ve stopped me… but you just watched as this happened” “now he’s gone forever”). He knows exactly what to say to make us feel guilty. that sounds an awful lot like a sociopath. I might be wrong but I just did some research (I wouldn’t be writing this without doing my homework ahah) and some of the traits are:
Repeated violations of the law
Pervasive lying and deception
Reckless disregard for safety of self or others
Consistent irresponsibility in work and family environments
Lack of remorse
you can see most of these behaviors in Anti. Antisepticeye is a sociopath.
now Darkiplier on the other hand…
from what I saw in mark’s valentine’s day video, Dark looked like he had more self control. he seemed awfully calm. he wasn’t trying to fight Mark for a chance of controling the body. he was waiting for Mark to actually let him in (”I’ve been waiting patiently” “he promised he would let me in again”) and this makes me think… Dark is strong enough to take over Mark’s body without actually attacking Mark the way Anti did with Jack. and Mark knows it. so he made a deal. he would let Dark get in from time to time, if he promised not to hurt anyone. obviously Dark wouldn’t keep that promise like we see in the14 million subs video for example. now lets take a look at some of the psychopath traits:
Lack of guilt/remorse
Lack of empathy
Lack of deep emotional attachments
I don’t know about you but these scream Darkiplier to me. you can see how emotionally detached he is from us. he just wants to toy with our emotions. this is all but a game to him. and he doesn’t care about the consequences (”take your pick. anything of four different choices”, “and lets see how far down this rabbit hole really goes” “so take your pick. show me what you got”, “and maybe we’ll have a good date after all”). he gives us a sense of security and happiness(?) (”if dinner is what you want, then I can provide”, “and I can take you to wherever you’d like to go”), only to be crushed by a statement that makes us fear for our own life (”I can specially take you to places where you DON’T want to go”), leaving us on the edge. he makes us think he actually cares about us (”I’ve been waiting a long time to get some personal space between us”), when he actually just wants to hurt us (”THERE’S NOTHING YOU OR HE CAN DO TO STOP ME”, “youre never, ever going to escape me”).
and if you notice, after you’ve chosen who to kill, you’ll see that if you choose the left option, Mark looks so worried and empathetic over us, trying to reassure us… after all we just killed someone and he’s worried about us (compared to the Mark we’re left with, if you choose the right option). at the end, it turns out we killed the wrong Mark, and we’re left with Dark in front of us. for a second we believed we killed the right Mark, seeing how calm and not evil M(D)ark was acting towards us. that is manipulation. Dark made us believe we were safe now, that we made the right choice, only to crush that sense of safeness right when we were starting to get confortable and at peace (”oops… looks like you made the wrong choice”, “but now we’re going to be together…. forever”)
I strongly believe Darkiplier is a psychopath and Antisepticeye is a sociopath. they both act differently towards Jack and Mark and their fans, but at the same time, in a very similar way. I believe the reason Anti is so glitchy and Dark is so “HD quality” (xD) is because Anti forced his way into Jack and obviously thats gonna leave some damage, while Dark waited (im)patiently for his turn to take over the body.
I just want to congratulate @therealjacksepticeye and @markiplier for portraying these characters, made up by the fans, so unbelievably well, and thank them for taking their time to make something, created by the community, come true like this. you guys are amazing.
this is just my theory, if you disagree or have something to say, I’d be more than happy to hear your theories, but don’t be rude or anything.
also, if you read this giant post till the end, thank you so much for taking your time to do so :) sorry if this was a bit confusing xD
edit: if you want a bit more input on their disorders, take a look at this post
At the end of the day, all I know is that the stuff that I’m going through now is not the be-all and end-all of my life. That no matter what I’m going through and no matter how crazy it may seem or how out there it may be or how much I feel like it might be dictating my entire existence right now, it’s not.
A/N: I’ve been wanting to try writing these two for a while now. I love the princess–delinquent dynamic so much. This is just set in another Luna Nova dance/banquet in general. Since we didn’t get to see Amanda in her dress in the show, I put her in it here.
The Girl Who Never Dances
Amanda’s lost count of how many
dances and banquets Luna Nova has held over the past four months. But
at every single one of them, there’s something she notices.
She’s always alone, too, which Amanda never would’ve
expected from her at these kind of things. After all, it was expected that the
prestigious Diana Cavendish would be having the time of her life at
such cordial events, showing off her charisma and charm every time
the opportunity presented itself.
But each and every time without fail, Amanda
has noticed she never does such things.
i think the unnaturally big fanbase for grillby’s character is pretty neat. he didn’t do anything other than bring out your order. he doesn’t talk unless you do something special. he’s just a background character that doesn’t do much story-wise. but so many people love him. this is a little off tangent but you could have little to no impact on someone’s life and people will still love you. you don’t have to do a lot to get people to love you.
Warnings: Graphic violence, language (clearly), and explicit sexual content
Summary: What if it all wasn’t just subtext? Individual, subjective interpretation? What if we’re only seeing a fraction of what’s going on with the Winchesters? What would happen if we saw what was actually happening off-camera?
Destiel might not technically “exist”, but that’s because the cameras haven’t captured it. Now that the fourth wall has been broken, subtext may become explicit text. Explicit being the operative word here.
Season 12 Ongoing Fix It from 12x09 through 12x23.
Notes: So, my destiel loving friends. Miss Any and I have been writing a season long fix it since the ninth episode of s12. This is an entirely cohesive fic that ties into established canon. We wrote each episode’s chapter within a week of it airing. And yes, we fixed that goddamn finale.
If Sans and Frisk were to have a kid, I'd imagine Frisk being the calm and loving mother. Papyrus would be the awesome uncle who is a human(er skeleton) jungle gym While San's will be the reason why there's a fire in the kitchen(and the most protective dad in the world)
Sorry for the late reply I’m a sucker for domestic fluff and family and I made them have 2 kids when older so take this vent of my feeling for a happy family
Can we also talk about how Bakugou went from "weird haired guy" to "Kirishima. Change of plans". Oh man I didn't realize how much I missed the anime *cries*
BOI CAN’T WE I just spent the whole morning crying over seeing the moment Bakugou recognizes Kirishima as an equal animated nbd at all r i p me - I think this might be the first time Bakugou calls anyone by their name, actually, and I just!!! that’s because Bakugou heard Kirishima’s words and recognized him as a good partner and a worthy hero and someone whom he could respect and I’m gonna be grateful for chapter 133 for the insight on this for the rest of my always I !!!!!! have feelings g a h
ok ok ok ok but but listen what about BAKGOU AND OCHAKO they are the most popular couple and the most cutest , i think you should try to draw them once i would love love to see this !!! of course just if you want hehe thanx
Ahhh sorry anon but I really don’t ship that - I mean, it’s true that I ship Bakugou with a bunch of people aside from my main two, but if they’re part of Deku’s group you can fairly assume they’re not between my Bakugou ships? And I only romantically ship Uraraka with Deku, Tsuyu and Iida anyway so! You’re probably not gonna see any romantic baku/ocha from me, sorry o<-<
Since we know what Bakugou’s parents are like, what do you think Kirishima’s parents are like?
I have a similar ask somewhere asking about Kaminari’s parents as well, so I guess I’ll answer both here?? As a general rule I don’t really like making headcanons over stuff I’m sure the manga will give me in the future, so I can’t say I’ve thought about this too much - there are a few things I work under the assumption of while drawing, like for example I’m taking for granted they both have at least functional families, considering Aizawa personally visited their homes to ask their guardians about allowing them back to school, and if anything had been weird he would have noticed
I like to think Kaminari got his quirk straight from one of his two parents with no mixing happening, and got the Kaminari surname from them as well, but that’s all I ever allowed myself to settle on as far as Kami’s family goes, everything else changes based on what I need for the current scenario I’m thinking about… I do often end back on him being an only child, though - in the same way depending on how angst or lighthearted I want it to be my ideas for Kirishima’s family change a lot, but generally I think I mostly fall back on the idea of him having a big family? In a scenario like that his parents are kind and love him a lot, but having many children and needing to split their attention on all of them might cause them to overlook him a little (it would explain his obsession with being flashy, for me) then again, who knows? I don’t know how canon you can consider the infos SMASH gives, but in one of the strips Kiri mentions working part-time, and the fact that he doesn’t seem to have problems with money kinda makes me believe he might be independent from his family like that (unless he’s a rich kid, also very entertaining as a possiblity)
I’ve seen a lot of headcanons floating around about both of these guys’ families and possibly being related to villains, that would be cool too, though I’m not sure how much I believe it
I’m sorry this ended up being little to no useful at all lol as I said, I just shift between scenarios a lot - imagine settling on one and growing attached and then having to let it go once Hori proves it wrong, that’d be terrible for me
LUKE DAVIS asks: What was Vastra and Jenny’s wedding like?
Victorian society reeled. Arthur Conan Doyle declined to attend but sent a hamper, George Bernard Shaw contemplated a new play, and a horse fainted. The Doctor enjoyed himself so much, he came four times, so wreaking havoc with the seating plan. A stern young woman from The Temperance League, attempted to disrupt the happy occasion, declaring it to be immoral, and got put in a headlock by Jenny. Surprisingly, Vastra was much more diplomatic about the interruption and just invited the young lady to dinner.
Fortunately, a video exists of the wedding, although the happy couple’s kiss has been edited from some copies, without the permission of the video makers. Vastra has made a list of the people responsible along with some suitable condiments.
even with the direction they are taking Leslie in, I still don’t think they’ll actually turn her into Harley. My guess is the writers are just going to tease it and play along the lines of Harley’s character. I doubt they would dare to actually cross it. Harley is too beloved a character for them to turn an existing canonical character into her.
Now you might say they did that with Jerome. But not really. As far as I remember Gotham writers never intended for Jerome to be the Joker. Jerome was supposed to be one-off character, no? He was supposed to be a prototype of the Joker, serving as an inspiration of the real Joker to follow. I think it was purely by accident that the writers hit upon the jackpot that is Cameron Monaghan. His acting was well-received by fans, to the point where we didn’t want any other Joker, and that’s why the writers deviated from their original plan and simply ran with it,
Harley is as much loved by fans as the Joker, and equally as complex a character. The casting has to be absolutely perfect. I don’t think Gotham writers would risk it on an existing character. They have hinted at Barbara as Harley but so far they’ve shied away from going the full length and declaring her as the clown princess. I doubt they would do it with Leslie. Personally I think they’ve set up her character arc as a way to provide her a catharsis for all that she has gone through and giving her character the big moment it deserves after being pushed aside for so long.
People say I'm too young to know if I'm ace, but I've had probably 5 romantic crushes (I'm only 14 btw), and none of them had anything sexual about them. Some of them may just be aesthetic and platonic attraction. And because I've already had these crushes, if I was allo, I would have other types of crushes, too, right?
You’re not too young to identify as ace if you feel like that is the best fit for your experiences. You’re definitely at an age where your peers are likely to be beginning to feel sexual attraction, and it’s absolutely possible for you to know that you aren’t. Whether or not that may change as you get older is largely irrelevant to how you identify now–if ace is the best fit, you should feel welcome to use it. It might be permanent or it might not be, but right now is what matters. Labels exist to help us understand our feelings as we experience them.
Since some people also have Chinese muses, I figured it would be nice and useful to make a small guide in how to use Chinese names and how to address people with Chinese names. Let me show you how with some examples.
- If you have someone named Zhang Yixing. His name in characters would be 张艺兴, this is only important to people who actually feel like using it this way so you might want to check up on that. The “Zhang” in the name is actually (like in Korean) the surname so “Yixing” is his first name. Now you might notice that Yixing exists out of two parts Yi and Xing. I know with names like this, people usually use Yixing, instead of Yi Xing, which is good because you’re doing it the correct way! - Another example. If you have someone named Luo Zhixiang, be sure to refer to his first name as Zhixiang, not Zhi Xiang, referring to the previous example. I’m not sure why people aren’t being consistent in writing the names haha. - Also, if you have the name Luhan, please know it is actually Lu Han, since Lu is the surname here. - The last thing I want to point out is that Chinese people love to use nicknames. Especially ones with the word ‘xiao’ (小）which means small or little. If you have a muse called Xiao Wu (like I do), then know it is a nickname. Xiao here doesn’t really have a meaning if you use it as a name without any context or knowledge. You’ll have to use the full nickname Xiao Wu to actually address the other. Also, only use their nickname when they want you to. Ask them how they like to be called, perhaps they don’t feel a bond with you yet and they want you to use their full name. In Xiao Wu’s case, that would be Jin Ensheng.
I know this may all seem confusing but it somehow makes sense. Believe me when I say it confused me at the start too but people with Chinese muses or who are part of the Chinese culture will very much appreciate you using the names the right way! I hope this was useful to you ^^
Not to really Get Into this but I feel like people are more comfortable in general with new queer characters than letting classic characters be queer because it feeds into the idea that gay people only exist now
Like, acknowledging that classic characters/old favorites might be queer forces people to acknowledge that queer people have always existed, that we’re not just a modern idea, and that forces people to acknowledge the shitty things they’ve always done to queer people throughout history
Not that things are perfect today, obviously! But people tell themselves things are much better now and don’t see queer people as even existing in the past. That and people are uncomfortable with their idols being queer