“It is an army after the fashion of peasantry, being liable to all
manner of contributions and rendering it without complaint whatever is enjoined
upon it… It is also a peasantry in the guise of an army, all of them, great or
small, noble or base, in time of battle becoming swordsmen. Archers and lancers
and advancing in whatever manner the occasion requires.” – Ala-ad-Din Ata-Malik Juvaini, Persian
historian and governor of Baghdad.
Mongols began their journey into maturity at a young age;
around the age of three their mothers taught them to ride horses,
being able to ride alongside their parents at the age of four and
able to race at the age of six. At the age four or five they
were given their first bow and by the age of fourteen or fifteen they
were old enough to be enlisted into the army – possibly acting simply as
herdsmen or members of the baggage train.
“-their children begin as soon as they are two or three
years old to ride and manage horses and to gallop on them, and they are given
bows to suit their stature and are taught to shoot; they are extremely agile
and also intrepid. Young girls and women ride and gallop on horseback with
agility like men.” – Giovanni of Pian del Carpine.
Military training wasn’t as necessary for Mongol recruits as
by this time they had already spent years herding and hunting on horseback;
learning how to track, pursue, carol, and kill game. In particular they engaged
battues, or ‘nerge’; a great hunt in which “beaters” spent a
month driving animals into a certain pre-chosen area which would then be
encircled and closed off.
^ Kublai Khan on a hunting expedition.
“When in a battue we hunt the cunning wild beasts, for
you we shall go ahead and round them up. For you we shall drive the beasts of
the steppe until their bellies press together; for you we shall drive the
beasts of the steep banks until their thighs press together.” – The
Secret History of the Mongols.
“When ordered to go ahead and round up wild beasts in a battue, for
you I would have driven the beasts of the cliffs Until their forelegs pressed
together. For you I would have driven the beasts of the steep banks until their
thighs pressed together. For you I would have driven the beasts of the steppe
until their bellies pressed together.” – The Secret History of the
“These Mongolian wolves are big and savage, often attacking the
herds, and one alone will pull down a good horse or steer. The people wage more
or less unsuccessful war upon them and at times they organize a sort of battue.
Men, armed with lassoes, are stationed at strategic points, while others,
routing the wolves from their lair, drive them within reach.” – Elizabeth
As the circumference of the battue circle closes in, the wild beasts
are forced into a confined region, they are then shot down. First to be given
an opportunity to hunt choice game were the nobility and royalty who would then
open up the hunt to their remaining troops. Wild game hunted consisted of
foxes, hares, swans, cranes, deer, gazelles, cattle, wild boars and wild asses,
but also included more dangerous animals like wolves, Siberian tigers and
“When they want to hunt wild animals they gather together in a great
crowd and surround the district in which they know the animals to be, and
gradually close in until between them they shut in the animals in a circle and
then they shoot them with their arrows.” – William of Rubruck.
During Genghis’ campaign against the Khwarezmian Empire of Greater
Iran, he felt that his reserves had spent too much time away from battle and
would eventually grow soft and weak. To alleviate this he ordered them to
engage in a great battue (the great khan also joined in) which encircled a vast
area and killed off all game within. The battue were not only for sport, they
also trained the Mongol warriors in cooperation, coordination, discipline,
marksmanship, tracking as well as luring the enemy toward a chosen
Other skills these young Mongols attained throughout their lifetime
were scouting and knowledge of vegetation, environment, weather and climate.
These Mongols would continue campaigning for most of their lives but all the
while these warriors weren’t paid, their only form of income came from raiding,
looting and from a portion of the war booty. They would then give the Great
Khan all of the loot, he would take 10% then distribute the rest to his highest
commanders who would then distribute to those below then and so on. Some of the
loot was also given to the orphans and widows left behind by fallen Mongol
“… In appearance the Tartars (Mongols) are
quite different from all other men, for they are broader than other people
between the eyes and across the cheekbones. Their cheeks also are rather
prominent above their jaws; they have a flat and small nose, their eyes are
little and their eyelids raised up to the eyebrows. For the most part, but with
a few exceptions, they are slender about the waist; almost all are medium
height. Hardly any of them grow beards, although some have a little hair on the
upper lip and chin and this they do not trim … They also have small feet.”
– Giovanni of Pian del Carpine, who traveled as the Pope’s ambassador
to the Mongols between 1245 and 1247 CE.
Similar to the hairstyle we usually think of when we
think of Christian monks, the Mongols had the tops of their heads shaved. The
hairline above the forehead and temples was grown out with hair hanging from
the center reaching as far as the eyebrows, sometimes there would be two locks
of hair at the hairline’s ends. They also allowed the hair on the back and
sides of their heads to grow, with two locks of hair hanging either behind the
ears or down the sideburns. Generally, the Mongols were bow legged (from
horse riding) and short, their baggy clothing made them look all
the more stout and stocky.
^ Osprey – ‘Warrior’ series, issue 84 – Mongol
Warrior 1200-1350 by Stephen Turnbull and Wayne Reynolds. Plate
Like most other people whom lived in the frigid and bitter
northern regions of the world, the Mongols generally wore many layers of
clothing, usually in the form of furs or padded cloths. The Mongols wore long-sleeved
shirts under long knee-length robe-like coats made of
cotton, wool or leather which had a belt wrapped around the waist. If necessary
they would add a coat or two, if both coats were used then the innermost one
would have the furred side facing their person and the outer one with the fur
facing outward to aid against the weather – rain, winds, snows (according to
William of Rubruck). Both their robe’s sleeves and their trousers were
wide, with the latter being tucked into their leather or felt high boots.
As they campaigned against Chinese and Islamic nations, they were
increasingly accustomed to finer fabrics and materials such as silk. Silk
shirts were supposedly capable of, if worn under leather lamellar armor,
causing arrow points that penetrated the armor into twisting and lessening the
impact. They wore thick socks made of felt (wool) and wore the traditional ‘Mongolian
cap’ which consisted of a conical made of quilted cloth, felt or fur and a
brim encircling the sides and back of it which could be folded to further warm
the wearer. During warmer seasons and in more humid climates the Mongols
wrapped a cloth around their head which was eventually tied in the back in the
form of a headband.
The Mongol Warrior
During the kuriltai of 1206 CE a
white standard was raised (“They hoisted the white standard
with nine tails”), this banner (‘tug’) consisted of a long pole with a
circular top with nine white tails (yak or horse) hanging down from it.
White haired tails were used in times of peace, which is why the one was
raised when the Mongols were united at the kuriltai of 1206 CE was white. Black
haired tails, however, were raised during times of war. In front of the Great
Khan’s ger (tent) were the ‘Nine White Banners’: one in the center, which was
the tallest, and eight others surrounding this central banner.
“As for me, I have consecrated (sprinkled) my
standard which is visible from afar; I have beaten my bellowing drum
covered with the hide of a black bull; I have mounted my swift black
horse; I have put on my armor (‘steel-hard dress’) and
grasped my steel spear; I have placed on the bowstring my arrow with its
nock of wild peach bark. I am ready, let us start and give battle to the
Qa’at Merkit!” – The Secret History of the Mongols.
“Then say to them, ‘My long (streamers of
horse or yak tails) standard, visible from afar, I have
consecrated; I have beaten my deep-sounding drum covered with
ox-hide; I have mounted my swift horse, the one with a black stripe along
the backbone; I have put on my leather-strapped breastplate, and grasped
my hilted sword; I have placed on the bowstring my nocked arrow. I am
ready, let us fight to the death against the Uduyit Merkit!’”
Genghis Khan (“To those who sided with me when I was
establishing our nation, I shall express my appreciation”) assigned
eighty-eight of his companions to the rank of commander (despite their ethnicity,
religion or social class). Most of these men would lead a single tumen
(‘ten-thousand’) each – Jebe (‘the arrow’) and Jelme (‘blood sucker’) were two
of them. Each commander was given a great drum (naccara); if this
drum was struck once it signaled that it was time to prepare their horses for
travel and place their equipment on them. The second beating indicated that it
was time to disassemble and organize their tents and the third pounding
indicated that it was finally time to move off from camp. All this was done in
silence: when moving off from a camp site, during combat and when preparing
^ Osprey – ‘Men-at-Arms’ series, issue 105 – The
Mongols by Stephen Turnbull and Angus McBride (Illustrator). Plate C.
“It is like a very tall whistle of bronze or copper and
across the top of it there is stretched a large piece of leather… and this is
supported by four stakes as high as a man’s waist… and if the chieftain wished
to move camp, when midnight is passed he orders the drum to be struck and the
man who is allotted this task grasps two wooden maces in his two hands… and
strikes as hard as his strength and breath allow him to do.” – Friar
David of Ashby.
In their eerie silence these white and black banners would
signal the light cavalrymen to attack or retreat while the naccara (war drums)
were banged as a signal for a full-on assault including heavy cavalrymen. The
silence would be replaced with the maddening howls and yelling of the charging
horsemen which would force the enemy into fleeing. One reason for the silence
was so the horsemen could keep a low profile, they would draw little attention
so the enemy wouldn’t expect their sudden assaults until it was too late for
them to react effectively.
The steppe nomads were known to use a decimal system as
an organizational structure, the Mongols too utilized it. In this system a
commander or officer only needed to communicate with the ten below them –
making the passing of orders and intel much easier and faster.
Arban – a squad of 10 men. This was the smallest unit size; the oldest person in this squad would usually take on the leadership role.
Jagun or zagun – 10 arbans equaling 100.
Minghan – 10 jugans equaling 1,000.
Tumen – 10 minghans equaling 10,000. Though a tumen didn’t always reach ten thousand, sometimes being bolstered by auxiliaries (5,000) which could make up to half of the Tumen’s full size. Temujin would also make it illegal under penalty of death to change into another unit. This often separated sons from fathers, siblings and cousins so this essentially broke familial loyalties. Now no matter your ethnicity, religion or previous clan and tribal associations, your squad became your new family.
Like most other steppe cultures, the first weapon that comes
to mind is the bow. The Mongols typically carried two bows with
them, one short and one long, both of which were held within their own
individual bow cases. The shorter bow was used for
short range attacked while the longer compound reflex bow could
reach between a range of 200-300 meters (656-984 ft.) with an account of a man
called Yesüngge (Genghis Khan’s nephew) able to shoot “a target at
335 alds (536 m. or 1,758 ft.)“.
They also brought along two to three quivers,
each holding about thirty arrows each. These bows were pulled back by way
of the so-called ‘Mongolian Draw/Release’, in this style the index
and middle finger are abandoned in favor of the thumb which was then supported
by index and middle finger which rested atop the back of the thumb. The Mongols
would wear a ring which allowed faster and more powerful shots. These rings
could be made of bone, horn, stone, leather, metal and other materials.
“Every [Mongol] is
ordered to carry into battle sixty arrows, thirty smaller ones for piercing and
thirty larger with broad heads for discharging at close quarters. With these
latter they wound one another in the face or arms and cut through bowstrings
and inflict heavy loses.” – Marco Polo.
Primarily there were two types of arrows used,
light arrows with small arrow heads which were used for long range and heavier
arrows ones with broader arrow heads that made them powerful armor-piercing
missiles (due to the fact that they were heated until red-hot then dipped into
salt water) used at close quarters (range of 150 yards and much deadlier at
close range). A whetstone was attached to a quiver, this tool was used to file
and sharpen arrowheads and blades. The greater majority of the Mongol army
consisted of light cavalrymen (six in ten) so most wore little
to no armor and used small swords, bows and javelins.
^ Osprey – ‘Warrior’ series, issue 084 – Mongol
Warrior 1200-1350 by Stephen Turnbull and Wayne Reynolds
(illustrator). Plate B.
Heavy cavalrymen, despite rarely being thought of,
were an important and integral part of the Mongol army. Armed with scimitars,
axes, and twelve foot long lances with a hook near the tip used to
yank men off their horses. These elite warriors wore cuirasses consisting of
five segments of leather which were boiled in order to soften them (in effect
creating a flexible piece of armor) then they were tied to each other. The
leather segments would also, with the help of lacquer, become waterproof.
This lamellar-like style of armor was also implemented into the creation of
greaves and even horse armors.
“One on one side of the horse and one on the other, and
these stretched from the tail to the head and are fastened to the saddle and
behind the saddle on to its back and also on the neck; another section they put
over its hindquarters where the ties of the two parts are fastened and in the
last named piece they make a hole for the tail or come through; covering the
breast is another section. All these pieces reach down as far as the knees or
joints of the leg. On its forehead they put an iron plate which is tied to the
aforementioned sections on each side of the neck.” – Giovanni of
Pian del Carpine.
^ Osprey – ‘Men-at-Arms’ series, issue 105 – The
Mongols by Stephen Turnbull and Angus McBride (Illustrator).
Another form of leather armor worn was scale armor which
consisted of thin but long scales of leather (20 lbs.) designed in
lamellar-like fashion. According to Friar William of Rubruck, a Flemish (Dutch
Flanders) missionary (Franciscan) and explorer who traveled throughout the
Mongol Empire, the Mongols attained iron caps and iron plated armors from
Persia. They used lassos, swords (scimitars from the Turks), light
axes, maces, spears, lances and small round shields. Lances, however, are
mentioned as being their primary weapon. These lances featured a hook which was
used to pull enemy combatants off from horseback and yank shields so to open
the enemy up to an attack.
A common battle tactic used by the Mongols was the Tulughma,
or ‘standard sweep’; arranging themselves in a checkerboard-like formation
similar to the Roman Republic’s manipular formation. This granted them free
space to maneuver so the light horse archers that lay in the back rows to snake
through the heavy lancers divisions in the front rows while the light
cavalrymen at the wings weave around them to flank the enemy.
^ Tulughma or “standard sweep”. Osprey –
‘Men-at-Arms’ series, issue 105 – The Mongols by S. R. Turnbull and Angus
The horse archers would then blot out the sun with flurries
of arrow fire and once they were successful in sending the enemy into disarray,
the heavy cavalry lancers would stride forward and smite the enemy or force
them into routing. If the arrow volleys did not sufficiently stagger the enemy
and the light cavalry archers were forced to retreat they would make their way
back behind the safety of their core force while letting loose Parthian shots,
their place would be recycled by another. The light horse bowmen and heavy
cavalry lancers would then engage in a cascade of alternating assaults echoing
the actions of the Parthians that obliterated the Romans at the Battle of
Carrhae in 53 BCE.
The Mongols tie branches to the tail of their horses to
create a blinding storm of dust or sand which could obscure an escape or grant
the illusion of a larger Mongol force. Like the Persian Immortals, most of this
was done in complete silence from the soldiers. Directions were given by
lanterns. the beating of drums, cracking of whips or the waving, raising or
lowering of flags. The Mongols would strive to surround and outflank the enemy
but they always allowed the enemy an outlet to flee through since cornered rats
fought ever fiercer. If the enemy are in dire straits, were given an escape
route and followed it then they would be chased and hunted down by the Mongol
“If it happens that the enemy fight well, the Tartars
make way of escape for them, then as soon as they begin to take flight and are
separated from each other they fall upon them and more are slaughtered in
flight than could be killed in battle.” – Giovanni of Pian del
“When you surround an army, leave an outlet free. Do not
press a desperate foe too hard.” – Art of War by Sun Tzu.
Back in 1204 CE, two years before he was declared Genghis
Khan, he set out against To’oril, Jamuqa and the Naimans. For the most part
much of Mongol warfare consisted of unorganized skirmishes and the individual
warrior’s skill but in this battle Temujin shows how he successfully employed
three different battle formations which overwhelmed the enemy.
“[Temujin] rode against them and, having driven away
their patrolmen, he arrayed his troops and together with the army leaders
decided to advance in ‘caragana’ marching-order, to stand in ‘lake’
battle-formation and fight a ‘chisel’ combat” – The Secret
History of the Mongols, 195.
One such formation was the Caragana (peashrub
of Siberia, Mongolia and northern China) also known as the ‘Moving
Bush’ or ‘Tumbleweed’ Formation: instead of a full-scale assault on the
enemy, the Mongols split up into arbans (squads of ten men each) and peppered
the enemy from any and all directions. The Mongol arbans would act almost
independently of one another, advancing and retreating. The enemy wouldn’t know
where the next attack or wave would come from and which to advance against.
Since the skirmish began in the darkness of the early morning the Mongol
numbers were obscured. This formation was usually used during dark, cloudy or
foggy days and under the cover of darkness (dusk till dawn).
The next phase of the battle was followed by the so-called ‘Lake
Formation’ which mimicked the waves hitting the shore. The Mongols would
form up in horizontal lines and harass the enemy like a wave. They would then
retreat back through the gaps of the new wave of assailants and prepare for
their next wave. After performing this formation the enemy formed up into a
thin line in order to meet the Mongols. Now forcing the enemy into spreading
and thinning their ranks out, the Mongols changed to the next formation in
The next stage was the so-called ‘Chisel Formation’:
the Mongols narrowed their vanguard whose ranks behind it widened – like an
arrowhead. This formation is similar to the more well-known ‘Wedge’,
‘Draco’, and ‘Boar’s Snout’ formations. This formation would allow the concentrated
Mongol vanguard to break through the thinned out enemy line. The enemy was
unable to keep up with the shifting tactics of the Mongols; overwhelmed and
outmatched, the enemy were no match.
Another popular tactic was the ‘Crow
Swarm/Soldiers’, ‘Ocean Waves’ or ‘Falling/Scattered Stars’: this was sort
of like the ‘Moving Bush Formation’. Like the ‘Moving Bush Formation’ they
utilized small bands which surrounded the enemy, even if the enemy had a larger
army. The difference here was that these small bands were at least half the
size of the Moving Bush’s. At the beating of a drum, fire signals, crack of a
whip or a shout, the small bands all attacked in unison like a massive oceanic
wave. This raucous assault was then followed by a silent retreat and repeated
KESHIG: THE GREAT KHAN’S SECRETIVE ORDER OF ELITE GUARDS
In Mongol tribal societies, assassinations were common and
loyalties shifted like the sands of the great Gobi Desert. Warriors swayed from
leader to leader, whichever granted them the most potential profit and fit
their immediate needs. Being that these steppe nomads lived in tents it was not
that difficult for someone to slip in and kill someone else, because of this
Genghis Khan created a band of bodyguards numbering some one hundred and fifty
sworn followers (keshig or Keshik, “blessed or favored”);
seventy day guards (Torguud) and eighty night guards (khevtuul).
^ Mongol (2007). My snapshot.
“[Genghis Khan] chose and recruited eighty men to
serve on roster as nightguards and seventy men to serve
as dayguards. He recruited them from the sons and younger brothers
of commanders of a thousand and of a hundred, as well as from the sons and
younger brothers of mere ordinary people, choosing and recruiting those who
were able and of good appearance.” – The Secret History of the
Day and night shift:
“Chinggis Qa’an further ordered: ‘The quiverbearers,
the dayguards, the stewards, the doorkeepers and the grooms are to
go on roster duty in daytime. Before the sun sets they shall see to make way for
the nightguards; they shall go out to their geldings and spend the night there.
At night, the nightguards shall see that those of their men
whose duty it is to lie all around Our tent do so, and they shall put on roster
those of their men whose duty it is to stand at the door to guard it. The
following morning, when We eat soup, the quiverbearers and the dayguards shall
report to the nightguards; the quiverbearers, dayguards, stewards and
doorkeepers shall all carry out their respective tasks and take their appointed
places.” – The Secret History of the Mongols. 192.
^ Marco Polo (Netflix TV series).
This elite bodyguard eventually grew from a group of 150 men
into a full tumen (unit of ten-thousand men) and would continue to be used by
the Turco-Mongol led Mughal Empire of India (Khishig) and the Turco-Mongol led
Il-kanate of Greater Persia (Keshikchi). Even the famed Venetian merchant and
traveler Marco Polo is suspected to have been part of this
secretive order, his deep knowledge of Mongol society and his closeness to the
Khan (Kublai Khan) hints towards some sort of special relationship. The Keshig
not only operated as a system of elite bodyguards but also as administrators,
overseers and as a military academy that could lead its members into the
position of commanders of a tumen (ten-thousand). Many of the Keshig were sons
of high ranking Mongol commanders over tumens and minghans (thousand). By
allowing their sons into this order the Great Khan was effectively using them
^ Osprey – ‘Warrior’ series, issue 84 – Mongol
Warrior 1200-1350 by Stephen Turnbull and Wayne Reynolds. Plate
As a whole, under Genghis Khan’s rule steppe armies became
far more professionalized. Before commencing march, the commanders
and officers had to inspect their men’s gear, equipment and
supplies – every piece of armor or weaponry had to be in good condition. The
Mongols brought with them needle and thread to keep their clothing and armor in
good condition. Only after the inspection had been passed could the Mongols
continue on their campaign.
^ Mongol (2007).
While on the march or in battle, any item that was dropped
must be picked up by the man behind the owner; be it a bow, sword, sowing
needle or whip – failing to do so could result in being executed. There were
certain people who searched throughout the deserted camp site for any
belongings that may have been accidentally left behind. Other acts that
were punishable by death were desertion, fleeing from the
field when not given such order, looting the fallen before given permission and
guards found sleeping on their watch. Lesser infractions resulted in the
penalty of being caned; the number of times struck depended on how many times
you’ve stepped out of line.
“When they are in battle, if one or two or three or even
more out of a group of ten run away, all are put to death; and if a whole group
of ten flees, the rest of the group of a hundred are all put to death, if they
do not flee too. In a word, unless they retreat in a body, all who take flight
are put to death. Likewise if one or two or more go forward boldly to the
flight, then the rest of the ten are put to death if they do not follow and, if
one or more of the ten are captured, their companions are put to death if they
do not rescue them.” – Giovanni of Pian del Carpine.
“The first failure of a guardsman to appear on duty is to
be punished with 30 strokes, a second failure with 70 strokes and a third
failure with 37 strokes and expulsion from the guard…” – TheSecret
History of the Mongols.
Head over to my post, “GENGHIS
KHAN, THE STALLION WHO MOUNTS THE WORLD”, to read more about how Genghis
Khan was pressured into campaigning out of China toward Central Asia (Kara
Khitai Khanate), to Greater Iran (Khwarezmian Empire), to the frontier of
Eastern Europe (Medieval Russia and Ukraine) and back to China. I also
cover Mongol shamanism and their tolerance of foreign religions,
the famed ‘Yam’ pony express, their tactical use of
captives and their massive deportation policy.
To read up on the early history of the Mongols, check out my post ‘THE
MONGOLS AND THE RISE OF GENGHIS KHAN’. In this post I speak about the
Mongolian transition from seemingly insignificant tribal confederacies into an
empire that was four times the size of Alexander’s and twice the size of the
Roman’s. I cover their military tactics, some of their battle
formations, armaments, their rapid adaptation of foreign technologies, and
their secretive order of bodyguards known as the Keshik. During Genghis
Khan’s early reign the Mongols warred against themselves and their fellow
steppe neighbors as well as Northern China’s Western Xia dynasty (Tanguts:
Tibeto-Burmese) and eastern Jinn dynasty (Tungusic Jurchens
who were Sinicized).
a new rlly messy WIP animation for the resurrection canon! which i finally started reading and immediately decided i needed to animate something for. i’ve only read part 1 so far so that’s all that this animation is based off of, but im hoping to read part 2 and animate something for that as well once im finished working on this! if i don’t have carpal tunnel by the time this is done that is,
but yea! im mainly posting the wip of this because im actually hoping to color this thing! but thats probably going to take me a million years so i just wanted ya’ll to know i was working on this beforehand. that way i don’t give up halfway through or somethin
We got you a present today, buttercups! We gathered up the most pertinent information from the filming of the first part of the season. We thought we would package them up nicely for you in an easy to follow episode breakdown. This is just the first half of the season. We will post what we have for the second half of the season at a later time. Keep in mind that this information is not confirmed. It’s based on thorough tracking and investigation.
Characters: Rick, Carl, Michonne, Daryl, Glenn, Maggie, Abe, Eugene, Rosita, Aaron, Sasha, Negan, Dwight, Simon (Steven Ogg), other Saviors.
Location: Mostly in the clearing where we last left off. There was also filming with Negan and Rick in the RV over where the burning logs from 6.16 were. One day of filming at Alexandria for a supposed dream sequence.
· We believe Abe and Glenn will both fall victim to Lucille
· Daryl gets taken prisoner by the Saviors
· Negan takes Rick on a mindfuck adventure in the RV
· There’s a rumored dream sequence which will feature the main characters including the Lucille victims. There’s also supposed to be a Gleggie baby in this scene
Characters: Daryl, Negan, Dwight, Sherry, Saviors
Location: The majority of the episode takes place at the Sanctuary. There was also filming in different areas around Griffin for a car chase scene
· Seems to focus on the inner-workings of the Sanctuary
· Daryl is tortured as a prisoner. Might make a failed escape attempt.
· Dwight is involved in a chase scene where he and a few other Saviors chase down a rogue savior who has escaped the Sanctuary.
Characters: Carol, Morgan, Ezekiel, “Rogers” (Richard), other Kingdom people
Location: The majority of the episode takes place at the Kingdom. There was also some outside filming at an abandoned carwash and apartment complex. They also filmed at the creeptastic house for this episode.
· We meet Ezekiel and Shiva!
· The Kingdom people and Morgan take part in some sort of piggy roundup (pigs can be seen eating walkers in trailer)
· We learn about the Kingdom and check in with Morgan and Carol
· Carol seems to separate from Morgan and the Kingdom and end up at the creeptastic house with the graveyard.
Location: Sanctuary, Alexandria, couple of locations outside of the walls
· Since Carl appeared to be filming inside of one of the Saviors’ trucks we feel confident that Carl will get his comic arc with Negan. We believe we’ll see several scenes from issues 104/105 in the comics. We will most likely meet Negan’s wives including Amber and her old boyfriend Mark, who will probably have an unfortunate encounter with an iron.
· Aaron and Rick seem to be on a supply run while Carl sneaks off to the Sanctuary
· Michonne also appears to be on a mission and encounters a mystery woman who we believe is a Savior
· Rosita and Eugene make bullets
· Negan takes Carl back home to Alexandria. Judith was also filming on the day they come back. We speculate that Negan will encounter Judith.
Location: Alexandria, Hilltop, the Sanctuary, Creeptastic House, the road
· Suspicious activity and a possible death dinner leads us to believe Spencer dies in this episode. We think he will get his famous guts scene from the comics
· There’s some whispers that Olivia might be a goner in this episode too
· Michonne was filming in a car with the unknown woman from episode 7.7
· Judging by photos that came out during episode 7.9, it looks like Aaron’s face got roughed up. We speculate he gets into some kind of altercation in this episode.
· Looks like we will briefly check in with Carol and Morgan at the creeptastic house
· Rick, Michonne, Carl, Tara,and Rosita go to the Hilltop
· Eugene might get captured or leave ASZ in this episode. He is at the Sanctuary by episode 11.
· We think this will be the episode where Daryl finally escapes the Sanctuary. He might receive assistance from Jesus as well as somebody from inside the Sanctuary. We think he will reunite with Rick and Co at the Hilltop.