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Notes on French Verb Tenses

Present Tense, “Le présent”:

 For (-er) verbs, drop ending (-er) and add (e, es, e, ons, ez, ent):

  • Je parle. - I speak. I am speaking.
  • Tu parles. - You speak. You are speaking.
  • Il parle. - He speaks. He is speaking.
  • Nous parlons. - We speak. We are speaking.
  • Vous parlez. - You (all) speak. You (all) are speaking.
  • Ils parlent. - They speak. They are speaking.

For (-ir) verbs, drop ending (-ir) and add (is, is, it, issons, issez, issent):

  • Je finis. - I finish. I am finishing.
  • Tu finis. - You finish. You are finishing.
  • Il finit. - He finishes. He is finishing.
  • Nous finissons. - We finish. We are finishing.
  • Vous finissez. - You (all) finish. You (all) are finishing.
  • Ils finissent. - They finish. They are finishing.

For (-re) verbs, drop ending (-re) and add (s, s, “, ons, ez, ent):

  • Je perds. - I lose. I am losing.
  • Tu perds. - You lose. You are losing.
  • Il perd. - He loses. He is losing.
  • Nous perdons. - We lose. We are losing.
  • Vous perdez. - You (all) lose. You (all) are losing.
  • Ils perdent. - They lose. They are losing.

Compound Past, “Le passé composé”:

Present tense of “avoir/être” + past participle of verb = I have ___. or I ___ed.

(avoir + __) (Past participle must agree with its direct object):

  • J'ai aimé. - I liked. I have liked.
  • Tu as aimé. - You liked. You have liked.
  • Il a aimé. - He liked. He has liked.
  • Nous avons aimé. - We liked. We have liked.
  • Vous avez aimé. - You (all) liked. You (all) have liked.
  • Ils ont aimé. - They liked. They have liked.

(être + __) (Past participle must agree with the subject):

  • Je suis devenu(e). - I became. I have become.  
  • Tu es devenu(e). - You became. - You have become.
  • Il est devenu. - He became. He has become.
  • Nous sommes devenu(e)s. - We became. We have become.
  • Vous êtes devenu(e)(s). - You (all) became. You (all) have become.
  • Ils sont devenus. - They became. They have become.

Imperfect, “L’imparfait”:

Infinitive form of “nous” verb, remove (-ons), add (ais, ais, ait, ions, iez, aient):

  • Je parlais. - I spoke. I was speaking.
  • Tu parlais. - You spoke. You were speaking.
  • Il parlait. - He spoke. He was speaking.
  • Nous parlions. - We spoke. We were speaking.
  • Vous parliez. - You (all) spoke. You (all) were speaking.
  • Ils parlaient. - They spoke. They were speaking.

Near Future, “Le futur proche”: 

Present tense of “aller” + infinitive of action verb = I am going to ___.

  • Je vais voir Luc. - I am going to see Luc.
  • Il va arriver. He is going to arrive.
  • Nous allons manger.We are going to eat.

Simple Future, “Le futur simple”:

For (-er, -ir) verbs, infinitive + (ai, as, a, ons, ez, ont) = I will ___.

  • Je parlerai. - I will speak.
  • Tu parleras. - You will speak.
  • Il parlera. - He will speak.
  • Nous parlerons. - We will speak.
  • Vous parlerez. - You (all) will speak.
  • Ils parleront. - They will speak.

For (-re) verbs, drop (-e) from infinitive + (ai, as, a, ons, ez, ont):

  • Je vendrai. - I will sell.
  • Tu vendras. - You will sell.
  • Il vendra. - He will sell.
  • Nous vendrons. - We will sell.
  • Vous vendrez. - You (all) will sell.
  • Ils vendront. - They will sell.

Past Perfect, Pluperfect, “Le plus-que-parfait”:

Imperfect of auxilary verb (avoir/etre) + past participle of verb = I had ___ed.

(avoir + __) (Past participle must agree with its direct object):

  • J’avais aimé. - I had liked.
  • Tu avais aimé. - You had liked.
  • Il avait aimé. - He had liked.
  • Nous avions aimé. - We had liked.
  • Vous aviez aimé. - You (all) had liked.
  • Ils avaient aimé. - They had liked.

(être + __) (Past participle must agree with the subject):

  • J’étais devenu(e). - I had become.
  • Tu étais devenu(e). - You had become.
  • Il était devenu. - He had become.
  • Nous étions devenu(e)s. - We had become.
  • Vous étiez devenu(e)(s). - You (all) had become.
  • Ils étaient devenus. - They had become.

Conditional, “Le conditionnel”:

For (-er, -ir) verbs, infinitive + (ais, ais, ait, ions, iez, -aient) = I would  ___.

  • Je parlerais. - I would speak.
  • Tu parlerais. - You would speak.
  • Il parlerait. - He would speak.
  • Nous parlerions. - We would speak.
  • Vous parleriez. - You (all) would speak.
  • Ils parleraient. - They would speak.

For (-re) verbs, drop (-e) from infinitive + (ais, ais, ait, ions, iez, -aient):

  • Je vendrais. - I would sell.
  • Tu vendrais. - You would sell.
  • Il vendrait. - He would sell.
  • Nous vendrions. - We would sell.
  • Vous vendriez. - You (all) would sell.
  • Ils vendraient. - They would sell.

Past Conditional, “Le conditionnel passé”: 

Conditional of "avoir/être” + past participle of verb = I would have ___ed.

(conditional avoir + __) (Past participle must agree with its direct object):

  • J’aurais aimé. - I would have liked.
  • Tu aurais aimé. - You would have liked.
  • Il aurait aimé. - He would have liked.
  • Nous aurions aimé. - We would have liked.
  • Vous auriez aimé. - You (all) would have liked.
  • Ils auraient aimé. - They would have liked.

(conditional être + __) (Past participle must agree with the subject):

  • Je serais devenu(e). - I would have become.
  • Tu serais devenu(e). - You would have become.
  • Il serait devenu. - He would have become.
  • Nous serions devenu(e)s. - We would have become.
  • Vous seriez devenu(e)(s). - You (all) would have become.
  • Ils seraient devenus. - They would have become.

(Important missing tenses from post this include the subjunctive and imperative, the simple past tense, the French passive voice, forming gerunds, et cetera.)

French Essentials; Tenses Masterpost

Le Présent

ER         IR           RE

e            is            s

es          is            s

e            it 

ons       issons    ons

ez         issent      ent

Common Verbs, Irregulars and Stem Changers

Aller; vais, vas, vas, allons, allez, vont

Avoir; ai as a avons avez ont

Être; suis es est sommes êtes sont

Faire fais fais fait faisons faites font

e.g. I speak
      Je parle

______________________________

Le Imparfait

To describe things in the past that use to happen

  1. Use the ‘nous’ verb of the form (ons)
  2. Remove the ons
  3. Then add

ais
ais
ait
ions
iez
aient

EXCEPTION

Être- Êt+
Etais, Etais, Etait, Etions, Etiez, Etaient

e.g I used to speak
     Je parlais

Parler - Parlons - (-ons) - Parl - (+ais) - Parlais

______________________________

Le Passé Composé

To talk about things that have happened

ER  IR  RE

é      i    u

Used with the present tense of either Avoir or Être

Avoir; ai as a avons avez ont

Être; suis es est sommes êtes sont

Common Verbs, Irregulars and Stem Changers (with Avoir)

Avoir; eu

Etre; éte

Faire; Fait

e.g. I have spoken
      J’ai parlé

______________________________

Le Conditionnel

to say I would

Add the following endings on the infinitive of any verb ending

ais
ais
ait
ions                           *the same endings as in the imperfect*
iez
aient

Common Verbs, Irregulars and Stem Changers

Aller - Irais (not allerais)

Avoir - Aurais (not avoirais)

Être - Serais (not etreais)

Faire - ferais not faireais

e.g. I would speak

      Je parlerais

______________________________

Le  Future Simple

Use the present form of‘Aller’ followed by a verb in the infinitive

e.g. I am going to speak
      Je vais parler

______________________________

Le Futur

Add the following verb endings onto the infinitive of any

ai
as
a
ons                        *the same endings as the present tense of AR verbs*
ez
ent


Common Verbs, Irregulars and Stem Changers

Aller - Irai (not allerai)

Avoir - Aurai (not avoirai)

Être - Serai (not etreai)

Faire - ferai not faireai

e.g. I will speak
      Je parlerai

______________________________

THIS IS A LOT OF INFO, NO ONE EXPECTS YOU TO LEARN IT ALL AT ONCE. There are heaps of other irregular verbs, but this isn’t a bad list. Remember this is a Master Post so don’t get freaked out by the quantity of information. This is more for reference as you are learning.
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW/TAKE AWAY FROM THIS:

-Learn the regular conjugations of -ER (e, es, e, ons, ez, ent), -IR (is, is, it, issons, issez, issent) and -RE verbs (s, s, nothing, ons, ez, ent)

-Learn these common irregular verbs by heart in the present tense: aller, avoir, dire, être, faire, pouvoir, savoir, vouloir, voir, prendre, mettre, tenir, venir, manger, appeler etc. 

NOTE: I know that not all of these irregular verbs are listed, but I will eventually add them when I have regained the will to live

WHO?

YOU!

WHAT?

You know what.

——————————————————————————————-

WHEN?/WHERE? aka USES of the present tense

- For things that you are currently doing/feeling:

Je marche dans la rue - I walk/am walking down (in) the street

Je suis fatigué(e) - I am tired

- For things that you usually do:

Je vais au parc tous les samedis - I go to the park every Saturday

Words associated with frequency of actions:

souvent (often)/chaque (every)/tous les + day of the week (every…)/toujours (always)/parfois (sometimes)/quelquefois (sometimes)/d’habitude (usually)

- For things that will happen in the immediate future

Il arrive ! - He’s coming

-For absolute/undeniable truths

La terre est ronde - the Earth is round

-To use during an analysis

Dans Le Père Goriot, Balzac peint un amour paternel passionné. (From Nouvelle Grammaire du Français by Y. Delatour, D. Jennepin, M. Léon-Dufour, B. Teyssier)

-For si clauses

Si je peux, je viendrai

-For descriptions

Les fenêtres donnent sur la rive de la Seine (the windows look out to the banks of the Seine)

HOW?

Aka how to conjugate verbs in the present tense:

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-ER Verbs - FUN FACT(S)! 

-They are the largest category of French verbs - over 80% of French verbs end in ER, but many everyday verbs are irregular

-15% of ER verbs have spelling changes

CONJUGATING REGULAR -ER VERBS: model verb- parler (to speak)

Je parle 

Tu parles

Il/Elle/On parle

Nous parlons

Vous parlez

Ils/Elles parlent (BEWARE!!!! The -ent is silent, it is pronounced like parle)

Overview: regular er verb endings - e/es/e/ons/ez/ent

CONJUGATING IRREGULAR -ER VERBS: 

Aller (very irregular but very important *tears* - there’s no rhyme or reason, you just have to learn it)

Je vais

Tu vas

Il/Elle/On va

Nous allons (regular ending <3)

Vous allez (regular ending <3)

Ils/Elles vont


CONJUGATING -GER VERBS: model verb- manger

There is a spelling change in -GER verbs to maintain the sound of the verb

other -GER verbs: bouger, changer, charger, diriger, interroger, loger, mélanger, nager, obliger, partager, protéger, ranger etc. (list from Nouvelle Grammaire du Français by Y. Delatour, D. Jennepin, M. Léon-Dufour, B. Teyssier)

Je mange

Tu manges

Il/Elle/On mange

Nous mangeons - the e is added to keep the ‘zh’ sound that the ‘g’ makes

Vous mangez

Ils/Elles mangent


CONJUGATING -CER VERBS: model verb- commencer 

other -CER verbs: avancer, annoncer, forcer, lancer, placer, renoncer etc. (list from Nouvelle Grammaire du Français by Y. Delatour, D. Jennepin, M. Léon-Dufour, B. Teyssier)

Je commence

Tu commences

Il/Elle/On commence

Nous commençons - the cedilla is added to keep the c soft

Vous commencez

Ils/Elles commencent


CONJUGATING -ELER and -ETER verbs: model verb- appeler and jeter

other -ELER and -ETER verbs: épeler, étinceler, ruisseler, renouveler etc.//feuilleter, cacheter etc. (list from Nouvelle Grammaire du Français by Y. Delatour, D. Jennepin, M. Léon-Dufour, B. Teyssier)

J’appelle

Tu appelles

Il/Elle/On appelle

Nous appelons (regular ending <3)

Vous appelez (regular ending <3)

Ils/Elles appellent 


Je jette

Tu jettes

Il/Elle/On jette

Nous jetons (regular ending <3)

Vous jetez (regular ending <3)

Ils/Elles jettent

SPECIAL CASES FOR PREVIOUS VERBS: model verb- acheter

other verbs like this: geler, haleter, peler etc. (list from Nouvelle Grammaire du Français by Y. Delatour, D. Jennepin, M. Léon-Dufour, B. Teyssier)

The consonant isn’t doubled, rather an accent grave (è) is put on the e

J’achète

Tu achètes 

Il/Elle/On achète

Nous achetons

Vous achetez

Ils/Elles achètent


CONJUGATING -OYER, -UYER AND -AYER VERBS: model verb- envoyer

Other -OYER, -UYER AND -AYER verbs: employer, noyer, tutoyer etc.

appuyer, ennuyer, essuyer etc.

balayer, effrayer, essayer, payer etc. NOTE: -AYER verbs can use both -aie and -aye conjugations e.g. je paie AND je paye

(list from Nouvelle Grammaire du Français by Y. Delatour, D. Jennepin, M. Léon-Dufour, B. Teyssier)

J’envoie

Tu envoies

Il/Elle/On envoie

Nous envoyons

Vous envoyez

Ils/Elles envoient

——————————————————————————————-

CONJUGATING REGULAR -IR VERBS: model verb- finir

Je finis

Tu finis

Il/Elle/On finit

Nous finissons

Vous finissez

Ils/Elles finissent

OVERVIEW: regular -IR verbs end with: is, is, it, issons, issez, issent

CONJUGATING IRREGULAR -IR VERBS: model verbs: VOULOIR, SAVOIR, MOURIR, FALLOIR, acquérir, apercevoir and s’asseoir

other verbs like vouloir: pouvoir, valoir

Je veux

Tu veux

Il/Elle/On veut

Nous voulons

Vous voulez

Ils/Elles veulent


Je sais

Tu sais

Il/Elle/On sait

Nous savons

Vous

Ils/Elles


Je meurs

Tu meurs

Il/Elle/On meurt

Nous mourons

Vous mourez

Ils/Elles meurent


Il faut - this is an important verb, it means one must/you need to

other verbs like acquérir: conquérir, requérir, s’enquérir (list from Nouvelle Grammaire du Français by Y. Delatour, D. Jennepin, M. Léon-Dufour, B. Teyssier)

J’acquiers 

Tu acquiers

Il/Elle/On acquiert

Nous acquérons 

Vous acquérez 

Ils/Elles acquièrent 


other verbs like apercevoir: concevoir, décevoir, percevoir, recevoir (list from Nouvelle Grammaire du Français by Y. Delatour, D. Jennepin, M. Léon-Dufour, B. Teyssier)

J’aperçois

Tu aperçois

Il/Elle/On aperçoit

Nous apercevons 

Vous apercevez

Ils/Elles aperçoivent


Je m’assieds/m’assois

Tu t’assieds/t’assois

Il/Elle/On s’assied/s’assoit

Nous nous asseyons/assoyons

Vous vous asseyez/assoyez

Ils/Elles s’asseyent/s’assoient

NOTE: I think you can use whichever form you like. I prefer the second, however to a guest or a student I would say assieds-toi (sit down)/asseyez-vous (sit down [formal]). 

CONJUGATING IRREGULAR -ILLIR VERBS: model verb- cueillir

other -ILLIR verbs: recueilir, accueillir etc.

Je cueille

Tu cueilles

Il/Elle/On cueille

Nous cueillons

Vous cueillez

Ils/Elles cueillent

——————————————————————————————-

CONJUGATING REGULAR -RE VERBS: model verb- attendre (to wait [for])

(Regular -RE verbs are a very small group)

J’attends

Tu attends

Il/Elle/On attend

Nous attendons

Vous attendez

Ils/Elles attendent

OVERVIEW: regular -RE verbs end in: s, s, nothing, ons, ez, ent


CONJUGATING IRREGULAR -RE VERBS: model verbs: FAIRE

Je fais

Tu fais

Il/Elle/On fait

Nous faisons

Vous faîtes

Ils/Elles font


CONJUGATION IRREGULAR VERB ÊTRE (TO BE) ********** vvvvvvvv important

Je suis

Tu es

Il/Elle/On est

Nous sommes

Vous êtes

Ils/Elles sont


CONJUGATING IRREGULAR -PRENDRE VERBS: model verb- prendre

other -PRENDRE verbs: appendre, comprendre, entreprendre, s’éprendre, se méprendre, surprendre etc. (list from Nouvelle Grammaire du Français by Y. Delatour, D. Jennepin, M. Léon-Dufour, B. Teyssier)


Je prends

Tu prends

Il/Elle/On prend

Nous prenons

Vous prenez

Ils/Elles prennent


CONJUGATION IRREGULAR -URE VERBS: model verb- conclure

other -URE verbs: exclure, inclure etc.

Je conclus

Tu conclus

Il/Elle/On conclut

Nous concluons

Vous concluez

Ils/Elles concluent


CONJUGATING IRREGULAR -UIRE VERBS: model verb- conduire

other -UIRE verbs: construire, cuire, déduire, détruire, enduire, induire, instruire, introduire, produire, réduire, séduire, traduire, luire, nuire etc. (list from Nouvelle Grammaire du Français by Y. Delatour, D. Jennepin, M. Léon-Dufour, B. Tessier)

Je conduis

Tu conduis

Il/Elle/On conduit

Nous conduisons

Vous conduisez

Ils/Elles conduisez


CONJUGATING IRREGULAR -AINDRE VERBS: model verb- craindre

Other -AINDRE verbs: plaindre, contraindre

Je crains

Tu crains

Il/Elle/On craint

Nous craignons

Vous craignez

Ils/Elles craignent 


CONJUGATING IRREGULAR -EINDRE VERBS: model verb- peindre

other -EINDRE verbs: atteindre, ceindre, enfreindre, éteindre, étreindre, restreindre, teindre (list from Nouvelle Grammaire du Français by Y. Delatour, D. Jennepin, M. Léon-Dufour, B. Tessier)

Je peins

Tu peins

Il/Elle/On peint

Nous peignons

Vous peignez

Ils/Elles peignent


CONJUGATING IRREGULAR -RIRE VERBS: model verb- écrire

other -RIRE verbs: décrire, inscrire, prescrire, transcrire (list from Nouvelle Grammaire du Français by Y. Delatour, D. Jennepin, M. Léon-Dufour, B. Tessier)

J’écris

Tu écris

Il/Elle/On écrit

Nous écrivons

Vous écrivez

Ils/Elles écrivent

youtube

Orbital ATK’s Cygnus Cargo Spacecraft Launches to the ISS

On April 18, Orbital ATK’s Cygnus cargo space craft launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida aboard a United Launch Alliance rocket, on Orbital ATK’s seventh resupply mission to the International Space Station. Cygnus is packed with 7,600 pounds of supplies and research for the crew aboard the orbiting laboratory.

Verb Groups
  • Group 1. -er
    • -e -es -e -ons -ez -ent
  • Group 2. -ir
    • -is -is -it -issons -issez -issent
  • Group 3. -re (irregular)
    • -s -s - ons -ez -ent

Group 1. Aimer = to like/love

Je aime
Tu aimes
Il/Elle/Ont aime
Nous aimons
Vous aimez
Ils/Elles aiment


Group 2. Finir = to finish

Je finis
Tu finis
Il/Elle/Ont finit
Nous finissons
Vous finissez
Ils/Elle finissent


Group 3. Répondre = to answer

Je réponds
Tu réponds
Il/Elle/Ont répond
Nous répondons
Vous répondez
Ils/Elles répondent

shadowofmobius and I were screaming about Shadow on the ARK and how he’d still be an infant and had to be taught everything by Maria and Gerald…so I…drew him being a babby….and also Maria carrying him around like a babydoll since that’s basically what he is

Sonic is there too i just decided he deserved to belong