Science Discovers How Complex Life Came To The Galapagos Islands

“Incredibly, all it took was volcanism, wind passing over the ocean, and the natural process of rain to bring a habitable environment to the middle of the ocean. The arrival of not only single-celled life but also complex plants, animals and fungi was not merely serendipitous, but inevitable, given how powerful winds and ocean currents are.”

The Galapagos Islands house some of the world’s most unusual and uniquely adapted plants and animals in the world. This includes giant trees that evolved from the humble dandelion, tortoises the size of boulders, and birds and iguanas that feed beneath the sea. It shouldn’t be a big surprise that plants and animals made it to this remote region of Earth, given wind, ocean currents and flying/swimming animals. But it is surprising that they were able to thrive on these volcanic islands, given that igneous rock has none of the properties you need for rich, fertile soil. Yet the physics of the islands themselves allow them to create their own rain, which leads to the incredible habitats they now exhibit today. All it takes, after that, is the arrival of plants and animals capable of filling those niches.

Come get the story of how science brought habitability to the Galapagos Islands!


THIS is how easy it should be when someone tells you to refer to them with a different name over their birth one. It’s literally THIS easy. 

There’s nothing wrong with asking someone to refer to your with the name that makes you most happy and comfortable! You’re not being “unrealistic” or “inconvenient!” If someone refuses to do so then THEY’RE the one who’s wrong, and you deserve better!!!

Thank you, Adventure Time, for showing kids how it should be!!


Inselgeschichten von Amrum - Die Nordstory - NDR

Auf Deutsch, 58 mins. The German North Sea island of Amrum is one of the North Frisian Islands and part of the Nordfriesland district in Schleswig-Holstein. It has ~2,300 inhabitants, is made up of a sandy core of geestland and features an extended beach all along its west coast, facing the open North Sea. The east coast borders to the mud flats and tidal creeks of the Wadden Sea. The sand dunes are a famous part of Amrum’s landscape, resulting in a vegetation that is largely made up of heath and shrubs. The island’s only forest was planted in 1948. Amrum is a refuge for many species of birds and marine mammals like grey seals or harbour porpoises. Settlements have been traced back to the Neolithic age when the area was still a part of the mainland of the Jutland peninsula. During the Middle Ages, Frisian settlers arrived and engaged in salt making and seafaring. A part of the modern population still speaks Öömrang, a dialect of the North Frisian language, and Frisian traditions are kept alive. With the island hosting many endangered species of plants and animals, its soil being largely unfavourable for agriculture, and as a popular seaside resort, Amrum’s population today almost exclusively lives off tourism.