islamic-calender

Ashura

‪#‎Ashura‬ day is the 10th day or Muharram (the first month of the Islamic calendar). Since the beginning of this world, Ashura day has been a very important day. On this very Day the following events have taken place:
1. Repentance of Prophet Adam (Allah’s blessing be upon him) was accepted by Allah

2. The ship of Prophet Nuh (Noah) (Allah’s blessing be upon him) came to rest on a mountain called Al-Judi.

3. Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) (Allah’s blessings be upon him) was born on this day.

4. He received the title Khalil-ullah (friend of Allah) on this day.

5. The fire in which Prophet Ibrahim (Allah’s blessings be upon him) was thrown by the king Namrud become cool and means of safety for Prophet Ibrahim, by the order of Allah.

6. Allah delivered Prophet Ayub (Job) (Allah’s blessings be upon him) from distress and he was restored to prosperity.

7. By the Grace of Allah, Prophet Yunas (Jonah) (Allah’s blessings be upon him), after being swallowed by a huge fish (whale) for forty days, was cast out on the shore.

8. Prophet Mussa (Moses) (Allah’s blessings be upon him) was given victory over Pharaoh.

9. Prophet Suleman (Solomon) (Allah’s blessings be upon him) was made a king to rule over mankind, Jinns, Animals and the air.

10. Prophet Idris (Enoch) (Allah’s blessings be upon him) and Prophet Issa (Jesus) (Allah’s blessings be upon him) were lifted up alive.

11. Hazret Hussain (Allah be pleased with him), the grandson of our beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) , was martyred at Karbala in Iraq. (My personal view is that every day is Ashura and every land is Karbala - not everyone will agree or understand this but it’s a personal statement ) the whole Ummah should be commemorating by renewing commitments to prevent oppression and alleviate the suffering of the innocent.

However the practice of fasting on ‘Ashura’ was known before the martyrdom of Hazret Hussain (RTA)

12. The day of resurrection and judgement will take place on this day (Ashura)

Another point to note for the month of Muharram is the authentic hadith by the prophet mentioned in Sahih Muslim (hadith # 1163) where he (s.a.w.s.) says, “The best fasting after Ramadan is the month of Muharram, and the best prayer after the obligatory prayer is prayer at night.”

Please correct/add if I have erred or missed anything.

silenthillcoffeebeans  asked:

i have a question abt ramadan, if u dont mind me asking !! how does the fasting work ? are you allowed to eat ? if so, when ? [ im curious but i wanna be respectful ;o; ]

Ramadan is a month within the Islamic Calender and the holiest of them, when this holy month falls, every Muslim in the world partake in a ritual called “Sawm” (=fasting), fasting is one of the pillars of Islam, therefore, it is incumbent on all able-bodied/sound-minded Muslims. 

The Muslim must fast from Sunrise to Sunset. Between the period of Sunset to Sunrise, a Muslim may do whatever they want. But during the period between Sunrise and Sunset, a Muslim is restricted from the following things:

Eating, Drinking, Sexual intercourse, Masturbating, smoking, deliberate inhalation of smoke (second-hand), remaining in the state of Janabah (uncleanliness due to seminal discharge) till dawn, taking injections whereby nourishing liquids reach the stomach, deliberate vomiting, blasphemy, intentionally passing an object through the throat or any other natural opening and travelling to a far distant place.
Some hadiths also state that Lying and Oppression/persecution will break the fast.

However, fasting does not only refer to what you consume, since it’s a month of spiritual and personal improvement. Therefore, the purpose of fasting is to - through the obedience to God - seek patience, to seek closeness to God, to eliminate bad habits, to reconcile with kins and friends and to improve your spiritual virtues. 

Once the holy month ends, we enter the holiday of Eid-al Fitr, which is the day the Qur’an was revealed, it is impermissible to fast on this day.

Common Mistakes During Ramadaan

1) Focusing on food; to the extent that people begin to worry about eating more than actually fasting. This also goes along with spending large amounts of money on Iftaars even though a person does not need to eat that much food.

2) Making Suhoor way before Fajr. Some people eat Suhoor a few hours after Taraweeh or Isha Salah, this is wrong. It should be eaten closer to the time of Fajr.

3) People don’t make Niyyah (intentions) to fast for Ramadaan. This is something in the heart and does not need to be verbal.
According to the Hanbali school it’s considered one worship and only needs to be done once, at the beginning of Ramadaan unless there is a break in the fasting.
According to Shafii, Abu Hanifah and some Hanbalis the intention must be renewed nightly.

4) If you find out late that Ramadaan started, you should stop eating and fast for that day, making that day up after Ramadaan/Eid ends.

5) Many people don’t think you pray Taraweeh on the first night of Ramadaan. They believe you pray it after the first day you actually fast. They forget that the Islamic calender runs on the moon, maghrib is the start of the new day.

6) Many people believe if you eat or drink by accident this breaks your fast. This is false, if you do this by accident then you continue fasting and do not need to make up the day.

7) Some people take the opinion that if they see someone eating or drinking they should not remind the person that he/she is fasting. According to Shaykh Bin Baz (rahimahullaah), this is incorrect and it is an order from Allaah for us to ordain the good and forbid the evil. Thus we tell the person, because we are forbidding the evil this way.

8) Many sisters believe they cannot use Hennah while fasting. This is incorrect, they are allowed to use it during Ramadaan.

9) Some people believe when you are cooking you cannot taste the food to see if it has the right spices/flavours. This is false, and allowed in Islam as long as the person cooking is not eating and swallowing the food. Rather they can taste it to see if it needs salt, or more spices.

10) Many people think you cannot use a Miswak or toothbrush during Ramadaan. This is false, for the Prophet (salAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) used to use a miswak during Ramadaan. Also you CAN use toothpaste; the reasoning by the scholars is that the Miswak has flavor, thus toothpaste is okay to use (if you are not eating it).

11) Some people make the Fajr Adhaan early. They do this so people will stop eating before Fajr and not invalidate their fast. This is wrong and something we should not do.

12) Some people make the Maghrib Adhaan late. They do this so people will start eating late, just in case Maghrib has not come in yet. This too is wrong and we should not do this.

13) Many many people believe you cannot have intercourse with your spouse during the whole month of Ramadaan. This is false, you cannot do this only during the times when you are fasting. Between Maghrib and Fajr it is permissible.

14) Many women believe that if their period has just ended and they did not make ghusl, they cannot fast that day (considering their period ended at night, and they went to bed without Ghusl, waking up without having a chance to make it). This is incorrect, if a woman has not made Ghusl she can still fast.

15) Many men believe that if he has had intercourse with his wife and did not make ghusl (similar to the above) then he cannot fast the next morning. This is also incorrect, for he can fast even if he has not made Ghusl.

16) Some people pray Duhr and Asr prayers together during Ramadaan. (mainly in Arab countries) This is incorrect and should be avoided.

17) Some people believe you cannot eat until the Muadhin is done calling the Maghrib Adhaan. This is incorrect, as soon as he starts a person can break their fast.

18) Many people don’t take advantage of making du'aa before they break their fast. Allaah accepts a fasting persons du'aa. Many Ulama recommend it right before Maghrib.

19) Many people make the mistake of spending the later part of Ramadaan preparing for Eid, neglecting Ramadaan. This is incorrect and these people lose the concept of what Ramadaan is about.

20) Many parents do not let their children fast during Ramadaan (young children). This is something counter productive to a child. By allowing him to fast he will grow up to know he must do this act.

21) Many people think Ramadaan is just about not eating and forget about controlling their tempers and watching what they say. In actuality we are supposed to control our tempers and mouths even more during Ramadaan.

22) People often waste their time during Ramadaan. They go to sleep during the day and get nothing done. We should be taking advantage of this blessed month by doing extra Ibaadat.

23) Some people don’t go on trips or travel during Ramadaan. They think they have to break their fast when traveling. This is actually optional, if you want to break your fast while traveling you can (with making it up later), and if you don’t you can continue fasting.

24) Many people who are able don’t make Itikaaf at the masjid. We should take advantage of our good health and spend lots of time at the Masjid, expecially the last 10 days of Ramadaan.

25) Some people believe they cannot cut their hair or nails during Ramadaan. This is also false.

26) Some people say you cannot swallow your spit during Ramadaan. This too is false. However you cannot swallow mucus that has entered your mouth.

27) Some people say you cannot use scented oils or perfumes during Ramadaan. This too is false. (women should NOT leave the house with it on).

28) Some people believe bleeding breaks the fast. This is not true.

29) Some people believe if you throw up by accident it breaks your fast. This is not true, however if you do it intentionally it does.

30) Some people think you cannot put water in your nose and mouth during wudu in Ramadaan. This too is incorrect.

31) One should not fast a day or two before Ramadaan, unless it is a day on which one is in the habit of fasting (i.e. voluntary fasting that coincides with that day).

- [from the lesson on Fiqh of Ramadaan]

Islam Basics: What is Ramadan?

“O you who believe! Observing al-sawn (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become al-muttaqoon (the pious).” (Qur'an, al-Baqarah 2:183)

Many of you may be wondering, what is this thing called ‘Ramadan’? Every year Muslims seem to get very excited about this ‘Ramadan’. You may know a family member, neighbour, co-worker, friend who is fasting throughout Ramadan.

What is it and what makes it so significant?

Ramadan is the name of the ninth month of the Islamic Calender, and the month in itself changes by 11 days each year as it follows the lunar cycle. However Ramadan is like no other month for Muslims, as it is a month in which we perform one important pillar of our religion-fasting.

Every year for 30 days, over a billion Muslims from all over the globe abstain from eating, drinking, smoking, as well as foul/unpleasant language and anything that is ill-natured or excessive; from dawn until the sun sets. It is a holy month for Muslims and a chance for them to review themselves, their spirituality and their character so they can improve for the better. Just as large corporations have annual reports, the Muslim analysis his/her own self and their relationship with God and others in this one month in order to note down what they have been doing wrong (and strive to change that) and to improve their good aspects.

Ramadan is also significant for several other reasons:

God says in the Qur'an:

“The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur'an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion…” (Qur'an, al-Baqarah, 2:185)

The Qur'an was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) in the month of Ramadan, and this is of huge significance to a Muslim as the Qur'an is a close companion to the Muslim. It is what we believe to be God’s word which speaks to each Muslim on a personal level, yet also addresses all of Mankind.

Ramadan also offers Muslims a chance for all their previous sins to be forgiven. It offers three opportunities:

1-: By fasting in Ramadan, if with sincerity, they will be forgiven their previous sins
2-: By praying at night in Ramadan and
3- By praying during the last 10 nights of Ramadan as one of those nights will be 'The night of decree’, as in the specific night the Qur'an was revealed.

This is because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Whoever fasted the month of Ramadan out of sincere Faith (i.e. belief) and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his past sins will be forgiven, and whoever stood for the prayers in the night of Qadr out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven .” (Sahih Bukhari, Book 32, Hadith 231)

And:

“Whoever prayed at night in it (the month of Ramadan) out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.” (Sahih Bukhari, Book 32, Hadith 226)

Ramadan conveys an extraordinary sense of emotional enthusiasm and religious eagerness among Muslims of all ages. Even though fasting is compulsory for capable adults alone (children, the elderly and the ill are exempt from fasting), children as young as eight readily observe or take part in partial fasting with their elders. Children look forward to the thrill of the moon sighting and eating unique meals with their relatives. Adults are grateful for the chance to double their rewards from God and ask for pardon for their past sins. Ramadan highlights Muslim brotherhood and sisterhood, customs and brings about a special feeling of closeness, both to God, and the community.

INDONESIA, Jakarta, Java : Indonesian Muslims perform the “tarawih” prayer marking the first eve of Islam’s holy month Ramadan as the world’s most populous Muslim-majority country perpares to celebrate the month at Istiqlal mosque in Jakarta on June 28, 2014. Muslims around the world celebrate Ramadan, the holiest month in the Islamic calender, in which they abstain from eating, drinking and sex from sunrise to sunset. AFP PHOTO / ROMEO GACAD

Months of the Islamic Calendar: Meanings

There are twelve months in the Islamic lunar calendar. Since their names are in Arabic, their meanings might be somewhat difficult to grasp for a non-Arabic speaking audience. In this short piece, we briefly examine these terms.

1. Muharram: is named so because the Arabs used to prohibit fighting during it.

2. Safar: is named so because the Arabs used to leave their homes during that month as they used to set out to fight their enemies. It is also said that they used to leave their homes to escape summer heat.

3. Rabi` al-Awwal: is named so because it usually coincides with the spring time.

4. Rabi` al-Akhar: is named so because it usually coincides with the winter time.

5. Jumada al-‘Ula: The Arabs named it so because water gets frozen at winter time, and that coincides with the time of Jumada al-‘Ula.

6. Jumada al-‘Ukhra: is named so because it coincides with winter time.

7. Rajab: is derived from the Arabic word ‘rajaba’ which means to ‘sanctify’ something. The Arabs used to sanctify the month of Rajab by putting a halt to fighting during that month.

8. Sha`ban: The Arabic word Sha`ban is derived from the word ‘tash`aba’, which means to go in different directions. It is said that Sha`ban takes such a name because the Arabs used to go in different directions fighting their enemies.

9. Ramadan: The word Ramadan is derived from ‘Ar-ramda’ which refers to extreme heat. Ramadan time used to coincide with that extreme climate of heat in the Arab Peninsula, and that is why it is called Ramadan.

10. Shawwal: The name Shawwal is derived from the Arabic word ‘tashawwala’, which refers to the scarcity in she-camels’ milk.

11. Dhu al-Qa'dah: refers to Arabs decline to go out fighting their enemies as the early Arabs used to call it a sacred month.

12. Dhu'l-Hijjah: is named so because the Arabs used to perform Hajj during that month. 

INDONESIA, Medan, Sumatra : Indonesian students of an Islamic boarding school read the Koran, in the city of Medan, located on the island of Sumatra, on June 30, 2014, as the world’s most populous Muslim-majority country celebrates the holy month of Ramadan. Muslims around the world celebrate Ramadan, the holiest month in the Islamic calender by prayers and fasting. AFP PHOTO / SUTANTA ADITYA