islamic inscription

Viking Chain Necklace with Pendants, 9th-12th Century AD

A bronze double ring linked chain with eight pendants, four in silver, consisting of one with pseudo-Islamic inscription; two with conjoined pelta pattern to the center and with pelta border; two with geometric loop pattern; one with eagle with wings outspread; one with sunburst motif; one with two ravens facing one another; hook and eye catch to the top.

“This unique glass vessel reflects religious, historical, and cultural connections between Islam and Christianity. The work dates from the Crusader period (1097-1291), when Islamic imagery, including inscriptions in Arabic, as here, was often combined with Christian themes. It includes compositions in which figures resembling saints alternate with two-storied, domed structures that may represent monastic communities.”

Syrian glass vessel, ca. 1260