With all these issues that our Muslim brothers and sisters are facing in this modern world, we have to realize that Islam influenced most of the laws that are established and made in different countries around the globe. Alhamdulillah.
But have you ever thought how things were dealt with during the time of the propagation of Islam? How the great caliphs dealt with them? If ever you have time and you study about how they have dealt with this, you will find it very amusing on how they were this stern on the rulings accordingly to the Qur’an and Sunnah. And how abiding the Muslims were during those days. It is indeed a beautiful motivation for each and everyone.
Hence, have you ever wondered when was the first courthouse ever established in Islam? Yes, we did have courthouses too!
It was during the caliphate of ‘Uthmaan Ibn Affan Radiyallahu Anhu. It is considered one of the many legacies that this great caliph has left behind as a contribution to the Muslim Ummah. Alhamdulillah.
The two caliphs, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar Radiyallahu Anhum were reported to settle disputes or hear cases in the masajid while ‘Uthmaan was the first one to set up courthouses. It was clear from a report narrated by Ibn Asakr from Abu Salih (the freed slave of Al Abbas RA) who said: “Al Abbas sent me to ‘Uthmaan to invite him and I found him in the courthouse…”
It is also good to note that the first ever case that ‘Uthmaan dealt with was a case of murder. It was such a heavy case to be dealt with for the first time as caliph.
With this, he also left behind fiqh rulings in the fields of qisas, offences, hudood punishments, ta’zeer punishmeents, acts of worship and transactions between people, which had a clear effect on the schools of fiqh.
Here are some of the most famous judges during his caliphate:
• Zayd Ibn Thabit in Madinah
• Abu Ad Darda in Damascus
• Ka’b Ibn Soor in Basra
• Abu Musa Al Ash’ari in Basra (in addition of him being the governor there)
• Shura’ih in Kufah
• Ya’la Ibn Umayyah in Yemen
• Thamaamah in San’a
• ‘Uthmaan Ibn Qays Ibn Abi Al’As in Egypt
What a great line up of judges!
Remember how I shared the story of Shura’ih RA on how ‘Umar Ibn Al Khattab referred to him as a just judge! Ma sha Allah. It is so amazing how such people could have so many beautiful characters in one soul. The blessings and guidance of Allah is just incredible! Alhamdulillah.
Such are the people we should be studying about, researching about and eventually be emulating. Indeed, Allah has presented to us beautiful role model to learn from.
And we pray that Allah helps us in our quest for knowledge that He enables our heart to preserve the words of the Qur’an and yearn to please Him each passing day.
Stories were taken from
• Ashhar Mashaheer Al Islam, 4/740
• ‘Asr Al Khilafah Al Rashidah, pp. 159-160
• Seeratul Uthman Ibn Affan, pp. 214-217