isabella of hainault

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Royal Birthdays for today, April 5th:

Isabella of Hainault, Queen of France, 1170

Go-Fushimi, Emperor of Japan, 1288

James III, King of Majorca, 1315

Bianca Maria Sforza, Holy Roman Empress, 1472

Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine, 1604

Alexander of Battenberg, Prince of Bulgaria, 1857

Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine, Marchioness of Milford Haven, 1863

Ubolratana Rajakanya, Princess of Thailand, 1951

Maria Paloma of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Archduchess of Austria, 1967

Camilla of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duchess of Castro, 1971

Shakespeare’s English Queens Simplified in Easy-to-Memorize Gifs

Eleanor of Aquitaine:

Philippa of Hainault:

Anne of Bohemia/Isabella of Valois:

Katherine of Valois:

Margaret of Anjou:

Elizabeth Woodville:

Anne Neville:

Elizabeth of York:

Katherine of Aragon:

Anne Boleyn:

Elizabeth I:

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Top 10 Favorite Historical Female Figures in History: (Requested by Anonymous & Not in Order).

1. Artemisia I of Caria: She was the ruler of Helicarnassus and Cos, and was a commander of 5 ships during a naval battle (Battle of Salamis) in 480 B.C during the 2nd Persian Invasion of Greece. She was famous enough to warrant the Greeks ordering her capture which did not occur.

2. Philippa of Hainault: She was the Queen of England as consort to Edward III. She was a wise and competent Queen, serving as regent on behalf of her husband during his war campaigns. She also famously pleaded for mercy in 1347 for the lives of the Burghers of Calais and was successful.

3. Margaret I of Denmark: She ruled as regent on behalf of her son Denmark, and then later Norway and Sweden. Margaret was a successful ruler and was in power even after her son came of age. Her political maneuverings and warfare lead to the Kalmar Union in 1397 which bound the three countries together until the early 16th century.

4. Margaret of Anjou: She was the Queen of England as consort to Henry VI. With the decline of her husband, her power increase and when he was deposed she fought on behalf of him and her son, Edward of Westminster, successfully re-installing them in 1470 though they were deposed the following year. Margaret was a ruthless yet formidable foe even though in the end, she suffered defeat.

5. Isabella I of Castile: She was the Queen Regnant of Castile and Leon and consort in Aragon as the wife of Ferdinand II of Aragon. She was a successfully ruler, establishing a joint rule with her husband in which she shares the accomplishments which included the end of the Reconquista when Granada fell in 1492, and sending Christopher Columbus to the New World.

6. Caterina Sforza: A ruthless and powerful Italian Noblewoman and through marriage the Countess of Forli and the Lady of Imola. She also served as regent on behalf of her son. A passionate war woman, she even once attacked a fortress, while she was heavily pregnant. She is infamous for her defiance against Cesare Borgia at the Siege of Forli.

7. Katherine of Aragon: The Queen of England as the consort and 1st wife of Henry VIII of England. She served as regent in England in 1513 and was the first female ambassador in Europe. When her husband proceeded with trying to obtain and annulment, Katherine defied him every step of the way until the very end of her life.

8. Mary I of England: She was the only child of Henry VIII and Katherine of Aragon that survived into adulthood. During her parents troubles, she sided with her mother, refusing to give up until after her mother’s death in 1536. She was the first Queen Regnant in England, and she was able to hold her position until her death. She is most widely known for restoring the Catholic Church during her reign.

9. Anna Nzinga: Anna Nzinga also known by her full name of Ana de Sousa Nzingha Mbande, was Queen of Ndongo and Matamba. Her reign was long, and during it she engaged in conflict with the Portuguese. She is known for her political acumen, and military prowess, dying at the age of 80 in 1663.

10. Catherine the Great: The 18th century Empress of Russia, who continued the modernization of Russia. She came to power after a coup in which her husband was deposed. Under her reign, the border of Russia expanded, arts, education, and literature was supported, and her reign was known as the Golden Age of Russia. 

Note: I made this post on my old account, so this is a repost, but I have changed the gifs.

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“She made broken look beautiful
and strong look invincible.
She walked with the Universe
on her shoulders and made it
look like a pair of wings.” x

Happy birthday my dear Chelsee and Cassidee!

Index of Mini-Biographies  -Ordered by name

1.       Adela of Normandy letter (1109) 

2.       Adelaide del Vasto (c1075 – 1118) 

3.       Adeliza of Louvain (c1103 –1151)

4.       Æthelburg, Queen of Wessex (c.673 – 740)

5.       Agnes of Antioch (1154 – c.1184)

6.       Agnes “Black Agnes” Randolph (c1312 – 1369)

7.       Aliénor de Poitiers (c1445 – 1509) 

8.       Anna Porphyrogenita (963 – 1011)

9.       Anne of Kiev (c1030 – 1075)

10.     Beatriz “La Latina” Galindo (c1465 – 1534)

11.     Bertha of Holland (c1055 – 1093)

12.     Bertrade de Montfort (c1070 – 1117)

13.     Börte Üjin, Mongol Khatun (c1161 – 1230)

14.     Catherine of Siena, Saint (1347 – 1380)

15.     Christine de Pizan (c1364 – 1430) 

16.     Clare of Assisi, Saint (1194 – 1253)

17.     Clementia of Hungary (1293 – 1328)   

18.     Constance of Aragon (1179 – 1222) 

19.     Cymburgis of Masovia (1397 – 1429) 

20.     Dagmar of Bohemia (c1186 – 1212)

21.     Dervorgilla at war (1315 – 1316)

22.     Elizabeth Báthory (1560 – 1614)

23.     Elizabeth of Hungary, Saint (1207 – 1231) 

24.     Elizabeth of Poland (1305 – 1380) 

25.     Elizabeth Richeza of Poland (1286 – 1335)

26.     Emma of Normandy (c985 – 1052)

27.     Fredegund, Queen Consort of Neustria (?-597)

28.     Gisela of Swabia (c990 - 1043)

29.     Hedwig Jagiellon (1457 – 1502) 

30.     Helena of Serbia (c1109 – c1146)

31.     Inês de Castro (1325 – 1355) 

32.     Irene of Athens (c752 – 803)

33.     Isabella MacDuff (c1285 – c1313)  

34.     Isabella of France (1295 – 1358)   

35.     Isabella of Hainault (1170 – 1190)  

36.     Isabella of Valois, child bride (1396) 

37.     Isabella of Villehardouin (c1263 – 1312)

38.     Jeanne “the Hatchet” Laisné (1456 - Unknown)

39.     Jeanne de Montbaston, her smutty art (1300’s) 

40.     Jelena of Bulgaria (c1310 - c.1376)

41.     Joan of Acre (1272 - 1307)

42.     Joan of Kent (1328 – 1385)

43.     Joan, Lady of Wales (c1191 – 1237)

44.     Joanna “la Flamme” of Flanders (c1295 – 1374)

45.     Joanna I of Naples (1326 – 1382)

46.     Judith of Brittany exhumation (982 – 1017)

47.     Marfa Sobakina, Tzarina of Russia (1552 – 1571)

48.     Margaret of Scotland, Saint (c1045 – 1093)

49.     Margery Kempe (c1373 – 1438)   

50.     Marguerite Porete (Unknown – 1310)

51.     Maria Angelina Doukaina Palaiologina (c1350 - 1394)

52.     Marie de France (1100’s) 

53.     Matilda of England, Empress (1102 – 1167)

54.     Matilda of Tuscany ‘love’ letter (1089)

55.     Melisende of Jerusalem (1105 – 1161)

56.     Nzinga of Ndongo and Matamba (c1583 – 1663)

57.     Olga of Kiev (c890 - 969)

58.     Rogneda of Polotsk (962 – 1002)

59.     Sanchia of Provence (c1228 – 1261)

60.     Shajar al-Durr, Sultana of Egypt (Unknown – 1257)

61.     Sorghaghtani Beki (late 1100’s – 1252)

62.     Tamar the Great of Georgia (1160 – 1213)

63.     Theophanu, Holy Roman Empress (c955 – 991)

64.     Trota of Salerno and women’s medicine (1100s) 

N.B. There is a great deal of other work on this page (both mine and reblogged) about the daily lives, activities and representations of women in the medieval and early modern periods. This list is just to index the mini-bios that I have personally written so far. I have many fascinating women I intend to write about going forward but if you have suggestions please feel free to inbox me.  

Queens and Queen Consorts of England, as portrayed on film, from 1303 - 1685. 

-> Kings and Queens of England

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To be a queen and wear a crown is a thing more glorious to them that see it, than it is pleasant to them that bear it. 

Queen Consorts of England from 1066-1603. [kings] + [insp.]

Index of Mini-Biographies - Ordered by date

1.     Fredegund, Queen Consort of Neustria (?-597)

2.     Æthelburg, Queen of Wessex (c.673 – 740)

3.     Irene of Athens (c752 – 803)

4.     Olga of Kiev (c890 - 969)

5.     Theophanu, Holy Roman Empress (c955 – 991)

6.     Rogneda of Polotsk (962 – 1002)

7.     Anna Porphyrogenita (963 – 1011)

8.     Judith of Brittany exhumation (982 – 1017)

9.     Emma of Normandy (c985 – 1052)

10.   Gisela of Swabia (c990 - 1043)

11.   Anne of Kiev (c1030 – 1075)

12.   Margaret of Scotland, Saint (c1045 – 1093)

13.   Bertha of Holland (c1055 – 1093)

14.   Bertrade de Montfort (c1070 – 1117)

15.   Adelaide del Vasto (c1075 – 1118) 

16.   Matilda of Tuscany ‘love’ letter (1089)

17.   Trota of Salerno and women’s medicine (1100s) 

18.   Marie de France (1100’s) 

19.   Matilda of England, Empress (1102 – 1167)

20.   Adeliza of Louvain (c1103 –1151)

21.   Melisende of Jerusalem (1105 – 1161)

22.   Adela of Normandy letter (1109) 

23.   Helena of Serbia (c1109 – c1146)

24.   Agnes of Antioch (1154 – c.1184)

25.   Tamar the Great of Georgia (1160 – 1213)

26.   Börte Üjin, Mongol Khatun (c1161 – 1230)

27.   Isabella of Hainault (1170 – 1190)  

28.   Constance of Aragon (1179 – 1222) 

29.   Dagmar of Bohemia (c1186 – 1212)

30.   Joan, Lady of Wales (c1191 – 1237)

31.   Clare of Assisi, Saint (1194 – 1253)

32.   Sorghaghtani Beki (late 1100’s – 1252)

33.   Shajar al-Durr, Sultana of Egypt (Unknown – 1257)

34.   Elizabeth of Hungary, Saint (1207 – 1231) 

35.   Sanchia of Provence (c1228 – 1261)

36.   Isabella of Villehardouin (c1263 – 1312)

37.   Joan of Acre (1272 - 1307)

38.   Isabella MacDuff (c1285 – c1313)  

39.   Elizabeth Richeza of Poland (1286 – 1335)

40.   Clementia of Hungary (1293 – 1328)   

41.   Isabella of France (1295 – 1358)   

42.   Joanna “la Flamme” of Flanders (c1295 – 1374)

43.   Marguerite Porete (Unknown – 1310)

44.   Jeanne de Montbaston, her smutty art (1300’s) 

45.   Elizabeth of Poland (1305 – 1380) 

46.   Jelena of Bulgaria (c1310 - c.1376)

47.   Agnes “Black Agnes” Randolph (c1312 – 1369)

48.   Dervorgilla at war (1315 – 1316)

49.   Inês de Castro (1325 – 1355) 

50.   Joanna I of Naples (1326 – 1382)

51.   Joan of Kent (1328 – 1385)

52.   Catherine of Siena, Saint (1347 – 1380)

53.   Maria Angelina Doukaina Palaiologina (c1350 - 1394)

54.   Christine de Pizan (c1364 – 1430) 

55.   Margery Kempe (c1373 – 1438)   

56.   Isabella of Valois, child bride (1396) 

57.   Cymburgis of Masovia (1397 – 1429) 

58.   Aliénor de Poitiers (c1445 – 1509) 

59.   Jeanne “the Hatchet” Laisné (1456 - Unknown)

60.   Hedwig Jagiellon (1457 – 1502) 

61.   Beatriz “La Latina” Galindo (c1465 – 1534)

62.   Marfa Sobakina, Tzarina of Russia (1552 – 1571)

63.   Elizabeth Báthory (1560 – 1614)

64.   Nzinga of Ndongo and Matamba (c1583 – 1663)

N.B. There is a great deal of other work on this page (both mine and reblogged) about the daily lives, activities and representations of women in the medieval and early modern periods. This list is just to index the mini-bios that I have personally written so far. I have many fascinating women I intend to write about going forward but if you have suggestions please feel free to inbox me.

Seal-die of Isabella of Hainault 

Seal-die’s were used to imprint a picture into hot wax in order to seal a document. The seal-die’s of medieval kings and queens very rarely survived as they were destroyed when the monarch died.The seal-die of Isabella of Hainault, wife of Philip II of France, survived because it was placed in her coffin when she died in 1190. In 1858, Isabella’s coffin was moved and opened and the seal-die and several other items were discovered and removed. The Latin inscription around the sides translates as ‘Isabella, by grace of God, queen of France’ and the image depicts her crowned and holding regalia.