isabella of hainault

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Top 10 Favorite Historical Female Figures in History: (Requested by Anonymous & Not in Order).

1. Artemisia I of Caria: She was the ruler of Helicarnassus and Cos, and was a commander of 5 ships during a naval battle (Battle of Salamis) in 480 B.C during the 2nd Persian Invasion of Greece. She was famous enough to warrant the Greeks ordering her capture which did not occur.

2. Philippa of Hainault: She was the Queen of England as consort to Edward III. She was a wise and competent Queen, serving as regent on behalf of her husband during his war campaigns. She also famously pleaded for mercy in 1347 for the lives of the Burghers of Calais and was successful.

3. Margaret I of Denmark: She ruled as regent on behalf of her son Denmark, and then later Norway and Sweden. Margaret was a successful ruler and was in power even after her son came of age. Her political maneuverings and warfare lead to the Kalmar Union in 1397 which bound the three countries together until the early 16th century.

4. Margaret of Anjou: She was the Queen of England as consort to Henry VI. With the decline of her husband, her power increase and when he was deposed she fought on behalf of him and her son, Edward of Westminster, successfully re-installing them in 1470 though they were deposed the following year. Margaret was a ruthless yet formidable foe even though in the end, she suffered defeat.

5. Isabella I of Castile: She was the Queen Regnant of Castile and Leon and consort in Aragon as the wife of Ferdinand II of Aragon. She was a successfully ruler, establishing a joint rule with her husband in which she shares the accomplishments which included the end of the Reconquista when Granada fell in 1492, and sending Christopher Columbus to the New World.

6. Caterina Sforza: A ruthless and powerful Italian Noblewoman and through marriage the Countess of Forli and the Lady of Imola. She also served as regent on behalf of her son. A passionate war woman, she even once attacked a fortress, while she was heavily pregnant. She is infamous for her defiance against Cesare Borgia at the Siege of Forli.

7. Katherine of Aragon: The Queen of England as the consort and 1st wife of Henry VIII of England. She served as regent in England in 1513 and was the first female ambassador in Europe. When her husband proceeded with trying to obtain and annulment, Katherine defied him every step of the way until the very end of her life.

8. Mary I of England: She was the only child of Henry VIII and Katherine of Aragon that survived into adulthood. During her parents troubles, she sided with her mother, refusing to give up until after her mother’s death in 1536. She was the first Queen Regnant in England, and she was able to hold her position until her death. She is most widely known for restoring the Catholic Church during her reign.

9. Anna Nzinga: Anna Nzinga also known by her full name of Ana de Sousa Nzingha Mbande, was Queen of Ndongo and Matamba. Her reign was long, and during it she engaged in conflict with the Portuguese. She is known for her political acumen, and military prowess, dying at the age of 80 in 1663.

10. Catherine the Great: The 18th century Empress of Russia, who continued the modernization of Russia. She came to power after a coup in which her husband was deposed. Under her reign, the border of Russia expanded, arts, education, and literature was supported, and her reign was known as the Golden Age of Russia. 

Note: I made this post on my old account, so this is a repost, but I have changed the gifs.

Shakespeare’s English Queens Simplified in Easy-to-Memorize Gifs

Eleanor of Aquitaine:

Philippa of Hainault:

Anne of Bohemia/Isabella of Valois:

Katherine of Valois:

Margaret of Anjou:

Elizabeth Woodville:

Anne Neville:

Elizabeth of York:

Katherine of Aragon:

Anne Boleyn:

Elizabeth I:

‘Photo album’ of the queens of England, 1066-1422.

1. Matilda of Flanders (1031-1083)

Queen consort to William I, ‘the Conqueror’, 1066-1083.

2. Matilda of Scotland (1080- 1118)

First queen consort of Henry I ‘Beauclerc’ 1100-1118.

3. Adeliza of Louvain (1103-1151)

Second queen consort of Henry I ‘Beauclerc’, 1121-1135.

4. Empress Matilda (1102-1167), the ‘Lady of the English’

Never crowned, but I thought she belonged on here because of her efforts to secure her claim. Matilda was the disputed claimant to the English throne from 1141-1148. She would have been the first queen regnant of England if crowned.

5. Matilda of Boulogne (1105-1152)

Queen consort of Stephen I, 1136-1152.

6.Aliènor of Aquitaine (1122-1204)

Queen consort of Henry II, 1154-1189. From 1172-1183, she held the title jointly with Marguerite of France, the wife of Henry the Young King.

7. Marguerite of France (1157-1197)

Queen consort of Henry the Young King. Co-queen with Aliènor of Aquitaine.

8. Berengaria of Navarre (sometime between 1165-1170- 1230)

Queen consort of Richard I ‘Lionheart’, 1191-1199.

9. Isabella of Angoulême (1188-1246)

Queen consort of John I ‘Lackland’, 1200-1216.

10. Eleanor of Provence (1223- 1291)

Queen consort of Henry III, 1236-1272.

11. Eleanor of Castile (1241-1290)

First queen consort of Edward I ‘Longshanks’, 1272-1290.

12. Marguerite of France (1279-1318)

Second queen consort of Edward I ‘Longshanks’, 1299-1307. She was never crowned, though she did use the title of queen.

13. Isabella of France (1295-1358), the ‘She-Wolf’

Queen consort of Edward II,  1308-1327. Regent for her son Edward III from 1327 to 1330.

14. Philippa of Hainault (1314-1369)

Queen consort of Edward III, 1330- 1369.

15. Anne of Bohemia (1366-1394).

First queen consort of Richard II, 1382-1394.

16. Isabella of Valois (1389-1409)

Second queen consort of Richard II, 1397-1399. Older sister of Catherine of Valois.

17. Joan of Navarre (1370-1437)

Queen consort of Henry IV ‘Bolingbroke’, 1403-1413.

18. Catherine of Valois (1401-1437)

Queen consort of Henry V, 1421-1422. Younger sister of Isabella of Valois.

Seal-die of Isabella of Hainault 

Seal-die’s were used to imprint a picture into hot wax in order to seal a document. The seal-die’s of medieval kings and queens very rarely survived as they were destroyed when the monarch died.The seal-die of Isabella of Hainault, wife of Philip II of France, survived because it was placed in her coffin when she died in 1190. In 1858, Isabella’s coffin was moved and opened and the seal-die and several other items were discovered and removed. The Latin inscription around the sides translates as ‘Isabella, by grace of God, queen of France’ and the image depicts her crowned and holding regalia. 

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Royal Birthdays for today, April 5th:

Isabella of Hainault, Queen of France, 1170

Go-Fushimi, Emperor of Japan, 1288

Bianca Maria Sforza, Holy Roman Empress, 1472

Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine, 1604

Alexander of Battenberg, Prince of Bulgaria, 1857

Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine, Marchioness of Milford Haven, 1863

Prince Carl Christian of Hohenzollern, German Prince, 1962

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Royal Birthdays for today, April 5th:

Isabella of Hainault, Queen of France, 1170

Go-Fushimi, Emperor of Japan, 1288

Bianca Maria Sforza, Holy Roman Empress, 1472

Alexander of Battenberg, Prince of Bulgaria, 1857

Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine, Marchioness of Milford Haven, 1863

Prince Carl Christian of Hohenzollern, German Prince, 1962

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Royal Birthdays for today, April 5th:

Isabella of Hainault, Queen of France, 1170

Go-Fushimi, Emperor of Japan, 1288

Bianca Maria Sforza, Holy Roman Empress, 1472

Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine, 1604

Alexander of Battenberg, Prince of Bulgaria, 1857

Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine, Marchioness of Milford Haven, 1863

Ubolratana Rajakanya, Princess of Thailand, 1951

Prince Carl Christian of Hohenzollern, German Prince, 1962

Maria Paloma of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Archduchess of Austria, 1967

Camilla of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duchess of Castro, 1971