General Robert E. Lee at Appomattox Court House, when he found out that one of the high-ranking Union officers he was surrendering to was Seneca. Ely Samuel Parker – a lawyer, engineer, diplomat and one of Grant’s top aides – was not just present during the solemn meeting, he is the one who drafted the terms of surrender. Parker replied: “Sir, we are all Americans.” This was not the only notable thing about Ely Parker. He was the highest-ranking Native American officer during the American Civil War. At age fourteen, the Council of Chiefs for the Tonawanda Seneca Nation appointed him to translate dealings with the state because of his English. He studied to become a lawyer, but was not licensed to practice law because of his heritage. So Parker studied engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy. He later met Grant in Galena, Ill., where Grant worked as a clerk in his father’s general store. When the Civil War broke out, Ely Parker volunteered, and because he was an engineer, he was commissioned as a captain. Parker was reunited with Grant at Vicksburg, and the following year Grant appointed Parker his official military secretary, and Parker drafted all of the general’s legal papers. Including the surrender terms at Appomattox Court House.