Dialogue: Exposing the Rhetoric of Exclusion through Medieval Manuscripts

By Kristen Collins and Bryan Keene, originally published on the Getty Iris

We invite your thoughts on an exhibition-in-progress at the Getty that addresses the persistence of prejudice as seen through lingering stereotypes from the Middle Ages.

As curators in the Getty Museum’s department of medieval and Renaissance manuscripts, we are interested in how books, and museum collections more broadly, can spark dialogues about inclusivity and diversity. Our manuscripts collection at the Getty consists primarily of objects from Western Europe, which can present challenges when trying to connect with a multicultural and increasingly international audience. 

We are striving to make connections between the Middle Ages and the contemporary world—connections that may not be immediately evident, but are powerful nonetheless. Museums are inherently political organizations, in terms of the ways that collections are assembled, displayed, and interpreted. This year’s meeting of the Association of Art Museum Curators addressed how institutional narratives and implicit bias can skew ideas of history and culture in ways that exclude minorities and gloss over the shameful aspects of our past. Groups such as the Medievalists of Color, the Society for the Study of Disability in the Middle Ages, the Society for Medieval Feminist Scholarship, and the Society for the Study of Homosexuality in the Middle Ages, among others, are applying similar lines of inquiry, seeking to decolonize and diversify the field of medieval studies. We stand with these groups.

We were also inspired by Holland Cotter’s call to arms, as he exhorted museums to tell the truth about art, “about who made objects, and how they work in the world, and how they got to the museum, and what they mean, what values they advertise, good and bad. Go for truth (which, like the telling of history, is always changing), and connect art to life.”

Here is our description of the exhibition, still in draft form:

Medieval manuscripts preserve stories of romance, faith, and knowledge, but their luxurious illuminations can reveal more sinister narratives as well. Typically created for the privileged classes, such books nevertheless provide glimpses of the marginalized and powerless and reflect their tenuous places in society. Attitudes toward Jews and Muslims, the poor, those perceived as sexual or gender deviants, and the foreign peoples beyond European borders can be discerned through caricature and polemical imagery, as well as through marks of erasure and censorship.

As repositories of history and memory, museums reveal much about our shared past, but all too often the stories told from luxury art objects focus on the elite. Through case studies of objects in the Getty’s collection, this exhibition examines the “out groups” living within western Europe. Medieval society was far more diverse than is commonly understood, but diversity did not necessarily engender tolerance. Life contained significant obstacles for those who were not fully abled, wealthy, Caucasian, Christian, heterosexual, cisgender males. For today’s viewer, the vivid images and pervasive narratives in illuminated manuscripts can serve as a stark reminder of the power of rhetoric and the danger of prejudice.

We begin the exhibition with a masterpiece of Romanesque painting, shown above. This manuscript, with its gilded pages and geometric symmetry, reveals the institutionalized antisemitism that formed the basis of Christian rhetoric about the triumph of the Church.

Ecclesia, the personification of the Christian Church, is seen above and to Christ’s right, while the Jewish Synagoga appears on Christ’s left. Often represented as a blindfolded figure, here Synagoga (in red robes) points at Christ, glaring. She holds a banderole representing Old Testament law that proclaims “cursed be he who hangs on the tree.” Below, two additional personifications echo and intensify the antithetical positions of these two figures. In a roundel below Ecclesia, the fair-skinned figure of Life (at far left) gazes calmly across the composition at Death, whose dark complexion and hook nose are seen in caricatures of Jews in other twelfth-century images.

We’d Like Your Comments

We are in the early stages of writing this exhibition, which is scheduled to be presented in the Getty’s manuscripts gallery in January 2018. As we create both the thematic content and the individual object texts—which we will be posting periodically on the Getty Tumblr—we are curious to receive community input. Specifically, we are curious to know any or all of the following:

  • Your level of interest in an exhibition of medieval and Renaissance art exploring these themes
  • Comments on the wording of the exhibition description we’ve shared above (as a whole or in any part)
  • Suggestions for perspectives and points of view we should consider in developing the exhibition
  • Any and all other suggestions or criticisms

Please reblog with your comments, DM us, or contact the curators directly by email at

My Candy Love - Episode 35 Guide

(Thanks for understanding for the delay with getting the guide up due to the death I had in my family)


-      Negative result for LOM
/      Neutral result for LOM
+     Positive result for LOM

/ or + Means my Love’O’Meter is at 100 so the result is either neutral or positive

If an answer does not have -, /, or + beside it, it means I don’t know the result

LOM: Love’O’Meter; Low LOM is around 75 points or lower. High LOM is 75 and over.

Action Points: 400-600 Action Points depending on how lucky you are on finding people within the episode.

Illustrations: There are 5 Illustrations in total. One Illustration with each boy. Illustration is based on outfit choice and one dialogue choice. Four episode replays are needed to get all Illustrations. 

Auntie: Found during the objective: ‘Go back to the high school.’ She can be found at the Park Entrance at Night, or the Café at Night. The gift is a Polaroid.

Keep reading

Did Iris View Barry As A Brother?

It’s really interesting to me that people say Iris viewed Barry as her brother growing up. In the pilot there’s a line where Iris says “We’re kinda like brother/sister but since we’re not brother/sister it may be weird for you to talk to me about girls”

Antis have taken this and run w it to say Westallen is invest but let’s analyze this. 

From early on in the series it was obvious Barry & Iris had a very close, intimate relationship. Some (s*owbarries) wanted to liken it to a sibling relationship. This is from ep 1.02 Iris and Barry walking linking arms. On its own, it’s not bad. But it certainly isn’t something you see from brothers/sisters. Perhaps when they’re children but not when they’re adults. If we look at this from the lens of Iris views Barry as a brother it’s a little suspicious. She’s touching and invading his personal space. 

This was just so ????? Boundaries do not exist for Barry & Iris. Iris just came out of nowhere and wiped food off Barry’s face. I don’t know any pair of siblings who act like this. It’s not normal. It’s why after this date Eddie and Linda side eyed both of them. Eddie already suspected Barry had feelings for Iris but after this date he knew Iris had feelings for Barry too. Again if we look at this through Iris sees Barry as a brother lenses, then homegirl has a serious messed up idea of what siblings act like. 

Again boundaries????? Iris is sharing intimacy w Barry she doesn’t share with her own boyfriend Eddie. Who shares this kind of intimacy w their brother? Who allows their brother to touch them like this??? Where did Iris get the idea that this is how brothers & sisters behave w one another? What’s more telling is Eddie’s reaction. If looks could kill Barry would’ve dead right then and there. If Barry & Iris had a typical sibling relationship Eddie would have never felt threatened. 

Keep reading

Recently unfollowed some people. Need new blogs to follow

Like/Reblog this if you post any of the following and I’ll follow you:

  • Homestuck
  • Steven Universe
  • Brooklyn Nine-Nine
  • Young Justice
  • DC
  • Marvel
  • Arrowverse
  • Voltron
  • The Good Place
  • Powerless
  • Archer
  • Timeless
  • Pokemon
  • Fakemon
  • Classic TV Shows
  • Friends
  • Parks and Recreation’
  • Harry Potter
  • Percy Jackson
  • Avatar
  • Rosemary/Kanrose
  • Davekat
  • Mystery Pearl
  • Amedot
  • Lapidot
  • Peraltiago
  • Dianetti
  • Spitfire
  • Bluepulse
  • Snaibsel
  • Harley x Ivy
  • Barry x Iris
  • Wally x Jesse
  • Eleanor x Tahani
  • Amourshipping
  • Percabeth
  • Solangelo
  • Anything about screenwriting, especially original TV show ideas. I love seeing those from other people
Being Barry’s sister and dating Jesse would include...

Requested by: Anonymous
Tags: @geeky-girl-394

  • Trying to hide your relationship from Barry at first
  • Because
  • A) He has enough to deal with already
  • B) You didn’t know how this would change the dynamic of Team Flash
  • C) He’s never really approved of any of your significant others
  • Someone on the team [cough] CISCO [cough] accidentally letting it slip
  • Barry being surprised at first
  • But he eventually came to terms with it
  • Him wanting to get to know Jesse better
  • So he sets up double date with you and Jesse and him and Iris
  • Wally making a joke about how the two of you are sleeping together
  • Causing you to get angry at him and Barry to go into denial mode™
  • “What? Y/N? My baby sister? She’s a virgin… right?”
  • Barry acting weird around you for three whole weeks after he finds out
  • But he eventually comes to terms with it
  • Although he still can’t bear to watch the two of you kiss
  • Barry eventually seeing Jesse as his own sister
  • And after a while
  • He realizes that you two are a perfect match
  • And he knows Jesse will eventually become family

Wow! I can’t believe I reached 15k. Like, thank you so much guys for following me, I appreciate you all <3. I always said if I ever reached this much I would make a follow forever, so here you go lol. To the people on this list, you guys make my dash so much better and or made tumblr a wonderful experience for me :). I hope I didn’t forget anybody (if I did, sorry)

In no particular order because i’m lazy :)

@flicitysmoak @smoakarrows @philcollinsjr @crestaes @gwenstacye @alecsstaminarune @jemsdrug @maliatale @mockingday @maveybarrow @lizsutton @elektrenatchios @simonsfangs @youarethefirstdreamofmysoul @ladygriffins @magnus-bane @scarwitch @ladymidnt @victorjohanna @katyswartz @sunfuckinbak @matthew-daddario @natasharomanoff @bigtimerushx @harrys-shums @matthewdaddaryo @stisaac-obrien @stephen-amell @simonlewic @claryherrondale @colorfultulips @sttydia @ladybellarke @itmoveslikejagger @gwendoline-christies @daisysridley @clareyfray @ichabodycranes @lysvirgily @simontheshadowhunter @kingsmanspy @oliverqsmoak @bellamyhalpert @stiles-sarcasm @underbellamy @iriswes @ricksflag @warriorocteivia @winsloschott @ofgreywaren @hollandrodyns @clacelightwood @calebhaaaas @fhreya @emuraudetoubia @peterparkers @hayleysklaus @dixonsreedus @angelsanarchy @spencerseid @clarkeqgriffin @rileyblu @troikanprince @aprilludgaten @truebluekris @arrowarlock @zoellas @clexasraven @lightwoodprincess @jeromemonaghan @mickoymilkovich @badasssmoak @halestilinski @khylinrhambo @temperancesmoak @bellamyhsblake @alsclightwood @tchlalla @yavengers @frankkcastles @winterscldierr @organas @simon-lewis @bellamyis @aaronwarner @dyanohbrien @hwells @ohliverfelicity @smoakstilinski @meghansmoak @finnsreyy @barryalleins @henryhcavill @cesaray @mattsmurdccks @clarkegriffinboobs @aleclyghtwood @oknaj @westallenss @stevesrgers @smoakromanoff @gracepoehler @solicitys @triedtoforget @charlesxaviers @-rockuntilitflies @may0osh @felicittysmoake @smoakisqueen @felciityqueen @olicitykisses @garrickjay @jamescarstairs @stilesstiliskni @octuviablake @barryallhen @jamesbarne-s @theo-raeken @amelliwood @scottymccall @jessicajoned @alecbluewood @mindyskaling @thomasangester @izzylightwoo @matts-daddyrio @clariesfray @paulwxsleh @fredsweasleys @kingdamens @matthewsaddario @richard-harmon @jessicastrish @stilinskivs @matthewdaddarino @rxphaelsantiagos @imalittleredtorvette @junostjames @spicehnoodles @nimahamin @ishipitlove @witchlights @flytoyourhearts @hannamarnin @reysstormpilots @emilybetttrickards @mrsmeadows @leofitzimmons @daylightspeaks @alecljghtwood @faithsumners @that-bookish-nephilim @izzylcwis @kyloo-rennn @jemcarstairz @isabelleherondales @ingrates @quinnfabrays @obrience @clarkesgriffin @theaqceens @mattdaddariox @alsaheemsmoak @heylittlearcherboy @toxicmundane @mattdaddarioed @murdockys @ragnaroeks @redhooding @felicitysm0ak @felicity-smoak-is-my-goddess @jacevayland @alectightwood @imrobin @hronsdale @clarythehunter @emmxcarstairs @jaceclary @smoaqueens @harpersjones @aleclightwqqd @mtthewdaddario @alecslighwood @kingsman-alpha @perfectlittlecliche @rickscosnett @lightwoodclan @clarissfrays @mvgnvsbane @amorverus @mattylightwood @isabellenightwoods @cxptainshield @raevenrys @nogitsunestlies @ourstartingpoints @youwereneverastray @chane3l @clarystele @snowsjon @kissingjace @peofinn @coloringpencils @unthinkable-you-and-me @shayemitchell @bellamyslightwood @olversqueens @toubia-rosende @alecmagns @walsh-castillo @jacces @jemswalker @matthewsdadario @propunks @alecmagnu @elektranatchio @magxusbane @alberto-rosendes @phoebelightwoods @aleclightwoodse @bobs-morley @shelleyhenign @alecwarlock @simmonsfitz @maxcarver @cat-grant @shadowhunttrs @mattysdaddarios @katmcnamiara @sussoria @brockrumlow @harryrshum @matthewdaddario-s @queensmoak @mundanelewis @daddarios @stilesmccoll @obrienslydia @lightvoods @raphaelsanstiago @clexasraven @matthewddadario @starlightstauriel @isqbellelightwood @jygarrick @raphaelsuntiago @peteparkour @aleqbane @lewisimon @mcnamra @ggrinted @nephilimschildren @claryisabelle @aprilludgte @alexanderbanes @alecligthswoods @harry-matthew @mallec @alec-izzy @octaviablakae @lightwwoods @alectrueblood @noelfmilkovich @matt-dadario @perfectlystiles @ligthwoodalec @smolandrew @holland-rodens @alecslightwud @puppypayne @alecmagnvs @bellamhblake @hisbanshee @damnddario @dylandaddario @alecsseraph @katwcnamara @alecsnotstraight @shonda-rhimes @parabateibond @fabraeys @shumsdaddario @shum-daddario @henstridgebabe @madaddario @raphaelsantiagos @aleclightswoods @albertosrosende @lightwoods-bane @savealeclightwood @matt-daddaryo @dylans-obrien @mortalecs @morgenstens @morganapendragons @mightygladers @nogitsunestlies @lilycolloway @anakinluke @ninadobrvea @maximoffwidow @stevebarnes @dylxncbrien  @daisysjohnsvn @gamecube

Okay now that i’ve gathered up my thoughts, things I loved in the trailer

  • Barry coming clean to Iris right off the bat
  • Hopefully that means she is instrumental in her own saving in some way
  • Showing Iris be vulnerable and rightfully scared (AND CANDICE KILLED IT)
  • Barry being there for her (I MISSED THIS)

I’ll tell them how I survive it. I’ll tell them that on bad mornings, it feels impossible to take pleasure in things because I’m afraid it could be taken away. That’s when I make a list in my head of every act of goodness I’ve seen someone do. It’s like a game. Repetitive. Even a little tedious after more than twenty years.

But there are much worse games to play.


i was tagged by @gansesy (twice!!! i never did the first one) @itselizataylor @gyffindor @halcys @hermiunes @starksren and i think some other people for the ‘20 beautiful people’ tag!!! thank you all!!! ♥︎ pls ignore my hair i just took a bath and it’s a mess

i tag: @lilyewans @draqoh @clarietemple @felicityr @kirayukimura @blondefelicity @perksofbeingafanboy @swifs @vesperlxnd @winselt @communderlexa @alpharesco @glitteringspark @daniels-gillies @eowyns @ohrossum @hungergasmes @primriose @beeslyp @czzerny @erinmoriarty @iriswes @melopeas @crownedcarl (if you don’t want to do this or already have, feel free to ignore this!!)

ok this will be my first follow forever since i made this blog for like 4 years ago. so this is just a list of blogs that makes my dash v nice and cool. and i also i cannot believe that most of u r mutuals like how did i end up with so many cool (much cooler than me) to follow me lmao. and also thanks to my mutuals who haven’t unfollowed me yet even tho i always get a new obsession like every week or so (it feels like that lol). HAPPY HOLIDAY!!!! may it be awesome 

@anaukin @camillepreake, @crestaes, @gfhalsey, @girlmeetswrld, @llucasfriar, @rosetyleres@sebsstanz@troybarncs ✨


@aaronswarner, @adrianivashkovs, @adriansydney, @aleksandermorozovas, @allisonsargent, @aryastarks, @beauquets, @blondefelicity, @castielchaos, @charliesgardnr, @cherrylips-blankspaces, @cobaltrose, @coreyfoglemanis, @coryymatthews, @daisycalloway, @detectivehalstead, @dlvergents, @dnniebarnes, @dovescameron


@elziabetholsen, @emillysbett, @emliaclake, @evangelinessamos, @fangirlingfairy, @felicitysss, @flicitysmoak, @fqrkleminkus, @friarberry@hartbrokens, @hartxfriar, @hecataes, @henrywvinter, @ifweburnyouburnwithus, @iriswes, @jessaminelovelace, @katmcnamara, @kestrelsarins, @kristenstrewart


@l-friar, @ladykestrel, @laurelance, @laurlelances@loranhale, @loren-hale, @lucayae, @lucsfriar, @martym, @mayaxhart, @midniqht-heir, @missybrdford, @mrfriar, @noahfoshaw, @nymphdoras, @octevia, @odairannies, @ohmayahart, @persefcne, @peterspetrellis, @poedaumeron@potterlilys, @prettiestlittleminds, @princegansey, @psychopierce


@raevnclaw, @ravcnboys, @rcwblanchard, @reindeerhart, @richaerdsgansey, @riderstrong, @rilayas, @rileylmatthews, @ringpower, @rowanblanchart, @rucasisincest@rudysvalentino, @rykemeadovvs@rykesmeadow, @sarasbolger, @sentence-fragments, @shawns-hunters, @siriusorion, @sirxusblack, @sobforsirius@starklys, @sunshinematthews, @sydriansmadness, @tesskendrick, @thehumanandthebanshee, @timdrakeds, @tommymerlyns, @troybollton, @vanesssaives@wesandresons, @whitecanarys, @zensdaya

+blogroll ‘cause i’ve might have forgotten some idk

merry happy holidays!!! 

hey, thanks for making my dash groovy and bitchin! i love you


@aaronswarner  @adriansydney  @alexparrishes  @alexskrycek  @argentie  @blondefelicity  @bluejeeps  @bootymccall  @chachibieber  @chaosnthecalm  @cleamour  @dallisons   @daniels-gillies  @daniesharman


@feelobrien  @felicitysmoak  @fitzsimmonss  @flintsbooty  @foxmulder1993  @gooutofstyle @gordonlevitts @horantreats  @iriswes


@jameswesleys  @kidsizzler  @kubriq @lastisle @likeravens @lushcola  @martinski  @mason-hewitt  @melopeas  @mittai  @natasharomanoff  @neptunepirate  @niehauscosima  @norvsos


@owenselliot  @problematicassharry  @ramimaleks  @richieganseys  @rickscosnett  @sterek  @thatforeign  @theminorarcana  @tommymerlyns  @torplebells


@vanessayves  @wesleygibbins  @williamgrahames  @yonceknowles  @zolomalik  @zustin