invasion of crete

New Zealanders of the 28th (Maori) Battalion enjoy some relaxation in Egypt following their evacuation from Crete. after just under a week of fighting for the island, the Allied forces had no choice but to evacuate, beginning to do so on May 28th, 1941. The fully Maori raised unit had already conducted a fighting retreat down the Grecian peninsula, and on Crete distinguished themselves with a successful bayonet charge against German positions. Fighting through North Africa and Italy, they ended the war as New Zealand’s most decorated battalion.

(Alexander Turnbull Library)


favourite sultana meme: 6 relationships ♦ nurbanu and the republic of venice

“Shortly before her death, the valide sultan may have performed her greatest service to her homeland by preventing a possible Ottoman invasion of Crete, a Venetian possession. Upon learning that the admiral Kılıç Ali Pasha planned to propose such an invasion as one of a number of possible plans for the following year, Nurbanu sent word to him that under no circumstances should war be waged against Venice, since that would bring more harm than good to the sultan’s realm. In addition, she warned that in no way was the admiral to raise the possibility with Murad.” – Leslie P. Peirce - The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire

Sultanate of women : Emetullah Rabia Gülnuş Sultan (  کلنوش سلطان)

Haseki Sultan of Ottoman Sultan Mehmed IV and Valide Sultan to their sons Mustafa II and Ahmed III. The last imperial concubine to be legally married to an Ottoman Sultan.She was originally named Evmania Voria and she was an ethnic Greek, the daughter of a Greek Orthodox priest.  She was captured by the Ottomans during the invasion of Crete in 1645, then renamed Mahpare (meaning “a slice of the moon”) and was given a thoroughly Turkish and Muslim education in the harem. 

Soon she attracted the attention of the Sultan, Mehmed IV. They had two sons both of whom became the future Sultans, Mustafa II and Ahmed III. Her rivalry with Gülbeyaz, an odalisque of Mehmed IV supposely led to a tragic end. One day, as Gülbeyaz was sitting on a rock and watching the sea, Gülnuş slightly pushed her off the cliff and drowned the young odalisque  or according to others she ordered Gülbeyaz’s strangulation. 

Some writers stress the fact that Gülnuş was a ruthless person claiming that she attempted to have her husband’s brothers killed, but that Mother Turhan Hatice Sultan had hindered these attempted murders.

The main fighting over and the island theirs - for the most part - German Fallschirmjäger enjoy some relaxation on Crete. The local population would continue to resist throughout the occupation however, a continual thorn in the Germans’ sides.