intestinal infections

2

Bees make propolis, which they use to glue the materials of their hives together, by mixing beeswax and other secretions with resins from the buds of conifer and poplar trees. Those resins have natural germicidal properties. For centuries, people have used propolis on wounds and as a remedy for ailments ranging from acne to cancer, osteoporosis, itching, and tuberculosis. Today, propolis is used in the manufacture of chewing gum, cosmetics, creams, lozenges and ointments and is being investigated as a dental sealant and tooth enamel hardener. A number of studies have tested its effectiveness in humans and animals as a treatment for burns, minor wounds, infections, inflammatory diseases, dental pain, and genital herpes. 

Dental Health

  • According to the National Institutes of Health, initial studies demonstrate that using a mouthwash containing bee propolis may inhibit oral bacteria, reduce inflammation associated with periodontitis and prevent the formation of dental plaque.

    Immune Function

    • Animal-based and in vitro studies indicate that bee propolis may stimulate the immune system and may deter various viral infections, including herpes simplex virus and intestinal infections caused by Helicobacter pylori.

      Inflammatory Disease

      • NIH notes that there is sufficient evidence to indicate that bee propolis exerts anti-inflammatory effects, which suggests that this substance may help to treat various inflammatory disorders, such as rheumatism.

        Minor Burns

        • A study submitted to the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine by Scott R. Gregory, MSII, and fellow colleagues of the School of Medicine at the University of Texas, showed that bee propolis speeds the healing of minor burns.

persomnus  asked:

I almost died because my dad refused to take me to the ER despite severe abdominal pain, fever, and generally being out of it. My siblings literally screamed, cried and begged him for hours before he would take. I had a severe intestinal infection and had to be hospitalized. This isn't the only case, just the most severe. We literally have to cry and beg to get any medical attention. Is this abusive? My dad as a horrible fear of medical debt so I know it's not out of malice. (Can Publish)

In circumstances like this, intent doesn’t really factor in. It’s abusive, and possibly illegal, for a parent to deny medical care to their child. Part of becoming a parent is accepting that your child’s well-being will have to become your #1 priority and that debt is ultimately irrelevant when it’s a matter of whether your child lives or dies.

Why Thief Bakura eats raw garlic - (A hypothesis/head canon)

Okay so many of you Yu-Gi-Oh! Fans will remember this scene from the manga and anime and I’ve seen many people saying “why is he eating raw garlic” or “i wonder why he eats it raw”. Anyway I’m into Egyptology and I was reading about an ancient Egyptian medical scroll called the Ebers scroll. In this scroll it talks about the uses of garlic for medical reasons including treatment of wounds, infections, intestinal parasites and tumours now i doubt Bakura had a tumour or parasite (for one thing he’d need medical training to be able to notice this himself and I doubt the king of thieves can just walk up to a physician all like ‘hey I’ve notice some pain in my intestine fancy giving it a look over’ i feel the response to this would have just been 'GUARDS!’) anyway in the scroll it also mention a cure for asthma - eating raw garlic - so maybe Bakura was asthmatic and he was diagnose in Kul Elna before the massacre (asthma is also easier to spot than a tumour or parasite).

So yes, although he is a thief and has to steal to eat i think the garlic is more a medical reason than one of choice i mean really he’s the king of thieves i think he could steal at least some bread if he tried.

This is just my theory I’m not saying this is right and if someone has already pointed this out I’m sorry :D

anonymous asked:

I don't understand how vegan doesnt harm life on earth? Plants die? Your causing deforestation for your farming needs? If you care so much about animals why are you allowing their homes to be torn down because your hungry? Your causing more damage than needed. You eating a steak is one cow Out of millions But you eating a tropical fruit kills thousands of animals natural habitat. You vegetarians and vegans are the reason half our oxygen will be depleted, your breathing and your habits .js

First of all, what you need to understand is that just by you being human you’re impacting negatively this planet and its ecosystem. Being vegan just means that you’re trying to minimize the harm we inflict upon this planet and its earthlings. 

Now, let’s break this down: 

Your causing deforestation for your farming needs?

Land required to feed 1 person for 1 year:

  • Vegan: 1/6th acre
  • Vegetarian: 3x as much as a vegan
  • Meat Eater: 18x as much as a vegan

“If you care so much about animals why are you allowing their homes to be torn down because your hungry? Your causing more damage than needed. You eating a steak is one cow Out of millions But you eating a tropical fruit kills thousands of animals natural habitat. ”

Animal agriculture is the leading cause of species extinction, ocean dead zones, water pollution and habitat destruction.

Animal agriculture is responsible for 91% of Amazon destruction.  Animal agriculture is responsible of 51% of the entire gas emissions that are affecting the planet, raising the temperature levels. Understand that the animal agriculture uses a lot of fresh water for animals that are going to be killed just for a stake.

One hamburger requires 660 gallons of water to produce – the equivalent of 2 months worth of showers. No matter how they were raised, it doesn’t matter if they were grass fed or if they were in a factory farm.

It takes 1000 gallons of water are required to produce 1 gallon of milk.

“You vegetarians and vegans are the reason half our oxygen will be depleted, your breathing and your habits .”

As vegans we actually:

Reduce global warming

  • Global warming poses one of the most serious threats to the global environment ever faced in human history. Yet by focusing entirely on carbon dioxide emissions, major environmental organizations have failed to account for published data showing that other gasses are the main culprits behind the global warming we see today. As a result, they are overlooking the fact that the single most important step an individual can take to reduce global warming [faster than any other means] is to adopt a vegetarian diet.1
  • In its 2006 report, the United Nations said raising animals for food generates more greenhouse gasses than all the cars and trucks in the world combined.2

Avoid excessive CO2 production

  • According to the UN Report, when emissions from land use and land use change are included, the livestock sector accounts for 9% of CO2 deriving from human-related activities, but produces a much larger share of even more harmful greenhouse gases.3

Reduce methane/nitrous oxide production

  • Cows and sheep are responsible for 37% of the total methane (23 times as warming as CO2) generated by human activity.4 With methane emissions causing nearly half of the planet’s human-induced warming, methane reduction must be a priority
  • The livestock industry generates 64 per cent of ammonia, which contributes significantly to acid rain.5
  • The livestock industry also generates 65 per cent of human-related nitrous oxide, which has 300 times the Global Warming Potential (GWP) of CO2. Most of this comes from manure.6
  • In addition to having the advantage of immediately reducing global warming, shifting away from methane-emitting food sources is much easier than cutting carbon dioxide7:
  • First, greenhouse gas reductions through a vegetarian diet are limitless. In principle, even 100% reduction could be achieved with little negative impact. In contrast, similar cuts in carbon dioxide are impossible without devastating effects on the economy. Even the most ambitious carbon dioxide reduction strategies fall short of cutting emissions by half.
  • Second, a shift in diet can lower greenhouse gas emissions much more quickly than shifts away from the fossil fuel burning technologies that emit carbon dioxide. The turnover rate for most ruminant farm animals is one or two years, which means that decreases in meat consumption would result in an almost immediate drop in methane emissions. The turnover rate for cars and power plants, on the other hand, can be decades. Even if cheap, zero-emission fuel sources were available today, they would take many years to build and slowly replace the massive infrastructure our economy depends upon today.
  • Similarly, unlike carbon dioxide which can remain in the air for more than a century, methane cycles out of the atmosphere in just eight years. Therefore, lower methane emissions translate to cooling of the earth quickly.

Save large amounts of water

  • Estimates of the water required to produce a kilo of beef vary, from 13,000 liters8 up to 100,000 liters9. Whichever figure you use, the damage is plain when you consider that the water required to produce a kilo of wheat is somewhere between 1,000-2,000 liters.

Avoid further pollution of our streams/rivers/oceans

  • Pollution of our waterways is caused by animal waste, antibiotics and hormones entering the water cycle alongside chemicals from tanneries, fertilizers, and the pesticides used to spray feed crops.
  • Manure, or waste water containing manure, severely harms river and stream ecosystems. Farmed animals produce about 130 times as much excrement as the entire human population of the United States. Since factory farms don’t have sewage treatment systems as our cities and towns do, this concentrated slop ends up polluting our water, destroying our topsoil, and contaminating our air.10
  • Once factory farm pollutants—including nitrogen, phosphorus, antibiotics, and pesticides—reach the waterways they cause a great deal of damage to aquatic and human life. Algal blooms are a particular problem, blocking waterways, using up oxygen as they decompose and killing the natural populations of fish.11
  • • In large amounts, animal waste can present major problems to the waterways and their surrounding environment. More than 2 billion tons of animal manure was produced worldwide during the late 1990s. Assuming average nitrogen content of around 5%, this makes 100 million tons of nitrogen12 finding its way into our water system.

Reduce destruction of topsoil & tropical rainforest

  • Thirty percent of the earth’s entire land surface—a massive 70% of all agricultural land—is used for rearing farmed animals. Much of this is grazing land that otherwise would host natural habitats such as valuable rainforests. And, of the entire world’s land suitable for growing crops that would otherwise directly feed humans, a third of it is used to produce feed for farmed animals.13
  • Livestock farming can lead to overgrazing causing soil erosion, desertification and deforestation14. Twenty percent of the world’s grazing land has already been designated as degraded due to the rearing of animals for their meat.15
  • Livestock production is responsible for 70% of deforestation in the Amazon region of Latin America, where rainforests are being cleared to create new pastures.16
  • Deforestation increases greenhouse gas emissions by releasing carbon previously stored in the trees. It is also a major driver in the loss of biodiversity – a pressing concern when one considers the fact that just a few species of livestock now account for about 20% of total terrestrial animal biomass.17

Reduce destruction of wildlife habitats & endangered species

  • The livestock industry is responsible for widespread deforestation and cultivation of vast tracks of land. Wide-spread cultivation of the land ruins animals’ natural habitat and forces millions of them to be evicted from their homes each year, causing long-term harm to our wildlife.

Reduce use of antibiotics, growth hormones, and chemicals

  • Farmed animals and fish are fed a wide variety of drugs to fatten them faster and to keep them alive in conditions that would otherwise kill them. These drugs enter the human food chain through direct consumption or through pollution of our waterways.
  • The effect on humans of consuming low levels of these drugs during a lifetime is unknown but could be serious. Antibiotics given to farmed animals include penicillin, erythromycin, and inorganic arsenic (the most toxic form of arsenic).
  • Antibiotics contain significant amounts of the most carcinogenic form of arsenic. USDA researchers have found that “…eating two ounces of chicken per day—the equivalent of a third to a half of a boneless breast—exposes a consumer to 3 to 5 micrograms of inorganic arsenic, the element’s most toxic form.” Daily exposure to low doses of arsenic can cause cancer, dementia, neurological problems, and other ailments in humans. 18
  • Antibiotics reduce the amount of bacteria in animals’ intestines and preventing infection, to which crowded, stressed animals are predisposed. Routine antibiotic use leads to antibiotic-resistant bacteria, thereby reducing antibiotics’ effectiveness when treating people suffering from food poisoning or other infectious diseases. 19
  • Farmers give hormones to animals to increase growth and productivity. Widely used in the United States, these hormones are known to cause several types of cancer and reproductive dysfunction in humans.20 While U.S. farmers claim that using hormones to promote growth is safe, the European Union has prohibited this practice since 1995.21
  • Fish farming contributes directly to the pollution of our waterways:
  • Large numbers of fish kept long-term in a single location produces a significant amount of feces concentrated in a small location, which can enter local waterways.
  • Because of parasite problems, some aquaculture operators frequently use strong antibiotic drugs to keep the fish alive. Many fish still die prematurely at rates of up to 30%.22 The residual presence of these drugs in human food products has become controversial because the use of antibiotics in food production is thought to increase the prevalence of antibiotic resistance in human diseases.
  • These drugs enter the food chain through direct consumption of the farmed fish itself and through the highly concentrated feces deposits that contaminate water supplies. Reports indicate that Scottish salmon farms alone have breached pollution limits more than 400 times in the past 3 years.23

Reduce ecological footprint

  • By choosing a vegetarian diet instead of one loaded with animal products, individuals can dramatically reduce the amount of land, water, and oil resources that they consume and the amount of pollution they otherwise might cause. Of course, reducing one’s ecological footprint should also mean causing less harm to the Earth’s non-human inhabitants. By switching to a vegetarian diet, each person can save more than 100 animals each year from the horrific cruelty of the meat industry24.

Help ensure environmental sustainability

  • There were approximately 6.5 billion people living on earth in 20052526 , and as the world’s population continues to grow, our requirement for food will also increase. Worldwide food production requires 30% of the total soil available, 20% of fossil fuel energy and a major part of the fresh water flow27. Raising cattle is one of the most damaging components of agriculture28. In addition to their gaseous emissions and manure products, it causes the most environmental damage of any non-human species through over-grazing, soil erosion, desertification and tropical deforestation. Studies on world food security estimate that an affluent diet containing meat requires up to 3 times as many resources as a vegetarian diet29.
  • Global production of meat has increased dramatically from 130 million tones in the late 1970s to 230 million tones in the year 200030. Meat is now the single largest source of animal protein in all affluent nations31 and demand for animal flesh is expected to more than double by the year 205032. In order to meet this growing appetite, animals will no doubt be reared more intensively and cheaply with factory farming and aquaculture (fish farming) causing further pollution, water demand and land usage. If nothing is done, the environmental impact of meat production can only increase.
  • Adopting a vegetarian diet is an important tool to achieve environmental sustainability.


So, yeah, maybe you should re-evaluate your life choices; I mean, if you’re truly concerned about everything you mentioned, then adopt a plant-based diet and be coherent. Actions speak louder than words. 

Sources:

Keep reading

Summer + Your Period: The Spot On Guide to Summer

At Planned Parenthood, we understand that your period is a normal (if not always welcome) part of life — and that it can be harder to track your period and manage your birth control method in the midst of vacation schedules and travel. This summer, Spot On, Planned Parenthood’s free period tracker and birth control app, makes it easier for you to understand your unique cycle so that you can rule it, instead of it ruling you.

Here is a helpful guide to having the best summer ever, period or no period.

By Dr. Raegan McDonald-Mosley, Chief Medical Officer at Planned Parenthood Federation of America


Swimming? Use a tampon or menstrual cup if you’re going to be in the water while on your period.

During summer, you don’t have to avoid cooling off in the water just because you have your period. Tampons or menstrual cups should keep you leak-free.

Remember to change out of your bathing suit or wet clothes to avoid infection.

It’s actually normal for yeast to live and grow in your vagina – as well as your mouth and intestines. A yeast infection occurs when yeast, also called candida, grows too much – often when the normal conditions of the vagina have changed and the balance is thrown off. It can happen for a lot of reasons: certain antibiotics, changes in hormone levels, pregnancy, etc. Yeast likes to grow in damp places, so one way to prevent an infection is to keep your genital area as dry as possible: rinse and dry thoroughly after showers, use dry towels, and – you guessed it – avoid sitting around in a wet swimsuit.

In addition to avoiding sitting around in a wet pair of underwear or a wet bathing suit for very long, you should be cautious about spending too much time in fabric that doesn’t breathe well – like some exercise shorts – which can trap moisture and heat and put you at a higher risk of yeast or bacterial infections.

Symptoms of a yeast infection include abnormal vaginal discharge that is thick, white, and odorless, as well as itching or burning. There are many different treatments for a yeast infection including pills, creams, suppositories and vaginal and oral tablets, and many of these are available over the counter. Check with your provider or a Planned Parenthood health center before picking up over-the-counter medications so you can be sure that you’re following the right treatment plan.

It’s ok to go commando.

Giving your vulva a chance to breathe can be  a good thing – and there’s nothing inherently unhealthy about going without undies. Vaginal discharge is perfectly normal, but it can leave a stain on underwear or clothing. Most people wear underwear to feel comfortable and keep their clothes clean, but it’s totally up to you.

If you do wear underwear, make sure you change into a clean, dry pair every day. The most important thing is to wear what makes you comfortable while simultaneously keeping your vulva clean and dry.  You can do this by wearing cotton underwear or clothes, or a similar fabric that wicks away moisture from the skin.  If you’re not inclined to give up daytime underwear, you might want to lose your underwear at night and just wear a comfy pair of cotton pajamas.

Traveling can mess with the timing of your period.

Sometimes when we’re headed out on vacation, our periods can be late catching the flight. There are a lot of reasons your menstrual cycle may change, including your birth control method, illness, medication, over-exercising, poor nutrition, stress, sudden weight gain or loss – and traveling.

So it’s normal to see differences in your period if you’re traveling – but if you’ve had unprotected sex or think you might be pregnant, take a pregnancy test or visit your local Planned Parenthood health center.

If wedding season is cramping your style, know that you don’t have to get your period every month.

That’s right: If you are using hormonal birth control, like birth control pills, the implant, or the IUD, there’s no medical reason why you need to get your period every month. Combination birth control pills can be used to control when and how often you have your period.  Some pills are specially packaged for you to have only a few periods a year, and others can also be used continuously to prevent having periods.

Sometimes periods cause severe health problems (like anemia or painful cramps), and sometimes people just simply don’t want to bleed or have cramps every month. Sometimes you have a really important date with a bridesmaid dress and you don’t want to be thinking about your period. Either way, it’s totally fine to use hormonal birth control to regulate or eliminate your period. If you want to skip or stop having periods, talk with your doctor or nurse about how this is done.

Nix the sex on the beach.

Sex on the beach or in a pool might seem romantic in the movies but, sex and water – chlorinated, natural, or salt water – generally don’t mix well. Water washes away your natural lubricant, so you could experience more chafing and discomfort. If you’re using a condom, less lubrication means more risk that the condom could rip or tear. The odds are even worse in a hot tub, since heat increases the risk of tearing.

The natural water of lakes and rivers contains bacteria, which could find its way into your vagina during sexual activity, putting you at risk for infections. Chlorinated water can also contain bacteria, so pools aren’t necessarily safer. And the chemicals used in pools and hot tubs could disrupt your body’s natural balance and cause a yeast infection, as well as irritate your more sensitive regions. Bottom line: it’s best to stay out of the water if you’re planning to get intimate.

Wherever you get lucky this summer, remember to use condoms to prevent sexually transmitted infections.

Stay away from “feminine washes” or douching, year round.

You don’t need to use feminine washes or douches to be fresh and clean – and they can actually actually be harmful to your body. Scented products often have harsh chemicals that strip away the natural and healthy bacteria that are in the vagina. This can irritate vaginal skin, and leave the vagina prone to infection from other bacteria. The vagina is self cleaning, so you don’t need to add all of these cleaning products. Just use a mild soap and rinse thoroughly.


Follow your period this summer and beyond with our new birth control and period tracker app, Spot On. Now available on iOS and Android.

Argh Korben is so cute I love him so much

He was surrendered to the humane society apparently because he had bad intestinal infections or something and his people could not afford his medical care. They filled out his forms pretty thoroughly and he apparently used to live with a large female cat named Panda and a teenage human with parents. His name used to be Captain. Sometimes I think about the teenager. Like, we’ve only had Korben a few years and I know how expensive vet bills can be and he wasn’t available for adoption for months because he wasn’t healthy enough (and he has still always had issues with food, we’ve gotten that figured out now hopefully but his food is very expensive now), and imagine if you were a teenager with two cats and you had to give one up because your parents couldn’t afford to keep him? I would basically have collapsed. I wish I could let that kid know that their fluffy sweet cat is being taken care of and he is happy and has an annoying little cat brother to make him run around a bunch, I would invite them over for Korben cuddling as long as they promised to not ever ask for him back. Oh it’s so sad but I’m so glad I get to live with Korben.

I type as he gallumphs around the entire house and up and down the stairs at 7 in the morning

ooc

Sorry for just up and disappearing. What I’d thought was the flu last week was actually a combo of an intestinal infection and a kidney stone. Needless to say I’m still like ridiculously sick, so I’ll probably not be active on tumblr for at least a few more days. 

MY cheat code to dieting, exercise, sugaring, school,work and life.

Disclaimer: This is just my personal opinion views and ideas on how to make exercise,work,school and sugaring easier for me. I just thought I’d share. It’s not 100% effective,but it’s hopefully helpful. Also this is pretty long. So if you’ve got time and interest sit and have a read!


Opening:
I’m extremely excited to be going into the  New Year as a new SB and hope this year will be filled with love, success and joy. :) So as a means to not only help this along I’ve decided to start eating better,working out and I know you all think “Oh no here we go a girl who plans her diet for the new year” But, I’m here to tell you lovelies that I’ve been able to do diets and be healthier before. I also don’t plan on slacking. Once I set my mind to something I’m good for it. So I’ll be keeping a log of things i do every day to help me be healthier,snack smarter and feel better in general.

Exercise:
So, I’m a college student and snacking smart,eating healthy and exercising in general just seems like way too much to keep up with along with working and since I’ve added sugaring to my list. I figured I’d give some things I think would be helpful for to make these things easier.

If you’re a student going to school right now and want to add exercise to your list. The simplest thing to do is add a physical education course to your schedule. It’s only twice a week, it’s mandatory and an easy A. So, not only are you getting a grade. You’re getting healthier and earning a grade. I personally prefer early morning workout classes. Reasons why? It’s early so it’ll wake you up and pump you up for your day. You’ll feel amazing once you get back from your class and take a shower and your mind will be clear! How great is that?!

Snacking and eating right:

Now, on to food. I know eating healthy is hard at school. The cafeteria is disgusting and trust fast food is so tempting, but never fear healthy snacks cheap are here! (These things you do not have to buy all at once. Slowly add them to your room and restock as needed.) Hopefully you have a fridge in your room because not only is that essential but it’ll keep your food fresh.



Berries: keep you mentally sharp, sweet and can help fight late night sugar cravings.

nuts: Protein, fiber, Omega-3 and fatty acids. Vitamin E (can help stop plaque in your arteries)

water: Necessity to live, obvi. You’re mostly made of water so you need it to live. Great for skin and complexion. Stay hydrated kids. just understand water is good for you.

peanut butter: Super filling and tasty. Has the same properties as nuts just in a creamy tasty buttery? form :)

celery: only 10 calories,reduces inflammation, great for acne, Magnesium (which is also a stress reliever. I recommend this for hardcore study sessions), regulates alkaline balance which is a great way to protect yourself from acid reflux, you can sleep better,has “good” salt (yes there is bad salt. Hypertension is not your friend ladies!)  Amp up your sex life! and at last but definitely not least. Vitamin A.

Carrots: Eyesight is key, Beta-carotene (helps slow aging) protects teeth and gums,  Can help assist the liver in flushing out toxins!
Dried cranberries: Fiber, lower heart problems, antioxidants. Sweet and delicious and taste great!

granola: Helps prevent constipation and digestion ( a little gross,but no one likes to be backed up), grat for fiber and  helps you feel full.

Honey:  A wonderful substitute for sugar

Cheese: Cheese contains a host of nutrients like calcium, protein, phosphorus, zinc, vitamin A and vitamin B1. Also,calcium is a great for your hair! (

If you do a search on the web about the importance of calcium for healthy hair, you will find enough contradictions to make you want to pull your hair out.  Of course I’m joking, but in reality there’s a lot of misinformation about the importance of calcium for healthy hair and the avoidance of hair loss.

What’s the real answer?  Calcium plays a part in the growth of healthy hair because its part of the big picture of incorporating a well-balanced nutritional plan into any hair growth or hair loss prevention program.

Calcium alone is not the secret hair bullet which will instantly stop hair loss or grow six inches of hair overnight.  However, if there is a calcium imbalance it can definitely have an impact on the growth of healthy hair.

Should you talk calcium pills?  If your physician or nutritional consultant recommends it, by all means you should. Will get into pills in a bit.)


Yogurt: “live and active cultures” on the container mean that your yogurt has probiotics, beneficial bugs that live in your digestive tract and help crowd out harmful microorganisms that can cause intestinal infections. (Only a very small number of companies put yogurt through a post-pasteurization process that kills off all bacteria. so it should be pretty easy to find some healthy for you yogurt.) loaded with vitamins and help you.

Bananas:Potassium ,potassium,potassium! I’m extremely allergic to banas and cannot eat them. So i’m stuck taking potassium vitamins, but let me tell you. Even though you won’t find ALL the potassium you need in the magical fruits. You’ll definitely get plenty. It’s relieves heart problems such as stroke. It can help with anxiety and stress levels and even with your metabolism.

Citrus: Vitamin-C! Great for your immune system, They’re tasty and refreshing! And you can eat them on the go!

K, so you don’t have to have all these things in your dorm room at once and obviously you won’t always be eating in your room,but if you’re a girl(or guy) on the go the things I’ve listed above are great! If you do decide to eat in the cafeteria I suggest heading for the salad bar and save splurging on unhealthy stuff on a night out on the town. Like if you have a POT date. Eat some steak ,get dessert and totally have that drink! But, remember Moderation si always key. just like eating healthy is good for you. Eating too healthy can be your worst enemy. I know I said earlier that things like berries are great for late night sweet cravings, but you don’t always have to ignore them. If you completely ignore your cravings it can be your enemy. If you want  a candy bar take it! It’ll save you from gorging yourself later because you denied yourself now! :)


Studying:
We all know studying can be a pain for us sometime and woah is it even worse when it’s a subject you hate (*cough* math *cough*). No worries my beautiful,brilliant babies! (try saying that five times fast!) I have some study tips that are sure to help!

Friends: We all love our friends,but not all friends are good for you!( pay attention this info will come in handy for you later) If you have a friend who loves to be around you ALL the time and you want to study; that’s totally fine,but do not and I mean DO NOT let them be a distraction to you. The main goal you’re trying to reach is getting good grades and no one wants to fail because they’re bestie decided to play Beyoncé and have a YASSSSS fest in the study lounge. I mean who can honestly resist Queen Yoncé?! (trust me it happens.) If your friend is a distraction you can’t beat around the bush. Be firm but gentle in a way that gets your point across,but also won’t hurt their feelings in the end. Say something along the lines of “ I’m glad you wanted to hang out,but I really need to study and you’re kind of being a distraction right now. How about we hang out later?” It’s gets your point across,but still firm and you leave open the option for you and your friend to hang out later.

Noise and music: If you’re a person who can study with music and noise going on! More power to you honey! But, personally myself it honestly depends on what subject I’m studying. English ,literature and history! No problem! But, math. Negative. I enjoy quiet when looking at things like math so I can truly focus on it. So, get out of your room and away from your computer! I repeat step away from Facebook and SA! Put down the phone ,put away the headphones and truly focus. Noise and distractions are not your friend. Find a place that’s quiet and you feel safe and give yourself the silence you need! ( this does not include your room, sadly. Way too many distractions and you can suddenly decide to “clean” your room instead of studying.)

Repetition and Recording: Ask your professor if it’s okay to record their class. (most are actually okay with this,but asking first is always best)  The main reason i say to record: if you’re in a lecture hall and there’s no notes. There is absolutely no way you can catch every single thing your professor says and if you can teach me your magic! So, take down notes and record. Study what notes you could get about four times. Not back to back, but between subjects so that way you won’t burn yourself out and you can retain info! In your free time listen to what you did record from the class. Like on your way somewhere. (not the most fun method,but it works and is pretty effective.) If flash cards are your thing; totally go for it. (they’re not really mine) While you’re in the shower say things like definitions or facts to yourself and then check them once you get out.

I hope these study methods will help you become successful and get good grades in the new year!

LIFE: Okay kids! Time for a little fun thing called life!

Drama: I know every year we all say we’re not going to feed into drama and people’s bullshit (excuse the french) ,but let’s be honest. if you maintain any kind of relationship with anyone drama is sure to come! So here’s helpful ways to deal with the stress that comes with it!

People: So many people say if there’s someone toxic in your life then cut them off immediately. Fall back game needs to be strong! They’re right! If there’s someone in your life who brings absolutely nothing to the table then you need to cut them off with the force of a coursing river and  the strength of a great typhoon! That’s easy if this is a person you’ve known only a few days or weeks. But, it’s not so easy if this is someone you’ve known for a long time or is a family member. These people are much more hard to leave behind,so my best advice is to keep them at arms length. Do not use them, do nut cut them off completely, but invite them into no parts of your personal problems of your own. Be there for them,love them dearly, but DO NOT and I repeat DO NOT allow them to destroy your peace of mind with negativity,putting you down and hassling you. Look out for red flags. Does this person only talk to you when they need money? (do not give them money. No matter how bad the sob story. Tell them you have none.) Does this person tell you everyone’s business when these people confided in them and only them? Does this information sound like something that a person does not want everyone to know?! You know what kind of information I’m talking about. If this person does this. Tell them nothing. Tell them your life is going fine (even if it’s not. Tell them it is. it protects you and keeps you from being weaker and letting people, use you blackmail you and guilt trip you. ) If you need someone to confide in. Go on tumblr hit anon and let it all out. It doesn’t have to be to me, but if you feel you just need to let someone know your situation there’s plenty of nice people with nice blogs willing to listen and give you advice. But, do not let people be a source of sadness in your life. You are far too beautiful and gorgeous for that!

School: Hopefully my study tips helped,but if you still aren’t getting the results you want, go to the student tutoring center for help. It sounds embarrassing, but what’s more embarrassing? Flunking out of school because you were too prideful for help? or sitting in the student Help center for 30 minutes- an hour to get the extra help you need. You can also make an appointment with your professor for extra help. It’ll show you care about your grades and will give you an extra edge in your teacher’s eyes. I know this sounds crazy,but it works. They’ll be more willing to help you toward the end of the semester with things like extra credit or curving your grade up a bit if you’re sincere,sweet and are truly trying.

Relationships: See people. ^^^

Stress Relievers:

Hot showers

Facial masks

playing in makeup

Doing your hair

Dancing in your underwear to some energetic great music

Treat yourself to frozen yogurt

Go on a walk

Sugaring: I have NOT been sugaring for long, but I can tell you now. This is definitely not something you go blabbing about to everyone and telling people! Keep your business your business. Meaning: keep it to yourself. Everyone is not your friend,honey. Someone in the regular world or sugaring world could get jealous and try to expose you! Keep your identity safe, stay smart and always stay ahead. Sugaring is a hustle and to hustle you have to be smart and always have a safety net. I suggest finding a friend in the sugaring world and in the regular world you trust to help keep you safe for things like POT dates. Let your friend in the sugaring world know you have a POT date,let them know where you’ll be and create a safety word for you to text them with to let them know things have gone sour. Try peaches! (your sugaring friend does not have to be local) Tell your regular friend that you have a date with someone you met online. ( This is all they need to know. They don’t need to know they’re a POT or anymore information like that.) What they do need to know is. Where you’ll be how long you’ll be there and what you’ll be wearing so if things go sour they can help you. Also, find a safety word for them. i suggest this word should also be the same that you texted your sugaring friend so you won’t become forgetful in the case that things get stressful! Excuse yourself to bathroom to “powder your nose” Show no signs you’re stressed. Let the hostess know you do not feel safe and while you’re in the restroom text your friends and tell them whether or not they need to send help! Make up an excuse to leave! Any reason in the world. Say someone died for all you care, just do whatever you have to to leave safely without this person following you. Be safe my dears!

Now, in the case you’ve created a safe word to let your friends know your not feeling safe. You should let them know you are fine as well. Just excuse yourself to the restroom and let them know you are doing fine. Don’t take too long though. No one likes to be kept waiting :) I hope this helps! Sugar safe babies!

Excuse any grammar or spelling mistakes. This was a long post and I honestly don’t feel like rereading it right now to make what’s wrong grammatically right. I hope this information is helpful,useful and most of all interesting.I will edit as need be. Be safe and enjoy the new year!


XoXo, Chanel and Sugaring!

Chamomile

How to Grow: Water your chamomile regularly when it’s young, once it’s established it only requires occasional watering. Trim off all your flowers when they’re fully bloomed. In the fall, trim the plants down close to the ground, and cover them with a few inches of leaves, or another insulating material, to keep them protected from winter weather, and rake away the leaves again in spring.

Medicinal Properties: Good for helping you relax and sleep, reducing stress, relieving or lessening menstrual cramps (it’s a proven antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory), treating stomach cramps, relieving nausea, and it’s an antimicrobial agent that’s good for treating stomach/intestine infections such as a stomach flu.

Magical Attributes: Associated with water.

DISCLAIMER! I am not a trained herbologist, or a doctor. Plants, herbs, and natural remedies do not negate the need to see a doctor for chronic, ongoing conditions, sudden illnesses, or modern medication. This is just stuff I’ve read, or picked up over the years. Be sure to let your doctor know if you plan on starting any kind of herbal treatment, as it may interfere with your regular medications. If you explain to your doctor that you really want to try naturals, they’ll usually work with you to see what they can do.

“awesome weight loss tips!!” I’m tired of seeing

stop over hydrating. 2 liters a day is enough. 3 liters is max. Do you want to need a kidney transplant at age 30? No? Then stop stressing your kidneys

Same with green tea. It’s good for you but on te right quantity. It is a diuretic and will stress your kidneys like crazy. 2 cups a day max

I’ve seen the “take an aspirin a day to boost your metabolism” weight loss tip run around a few times and just NEVER DO THIS; 1 you’ll stress your liver, 2 it’s complete bullshit, 3 you’ll become resistent to the medication so when you do need to take it it won’t work

restricting your diet too much is worse than over eating. All you are doing is dehydrating yourself, stressing your organs and fucking up your metabolism. The lowest you can go is 800 calories a day. Anything less and sure you lose weight but it will come back just as quick, your weight loss will stop after a few days, and you’ll lose all your cardiac muscle. Besides the calorie change has to be gradual. You can’t be on a 2000c diet and suddenly jump to a 100c. Your body will freak out thinking you are under distress and stop using your fat reserves to preserve energy. You need to take away 50-100 cals a day so it can work properly

Laxatives are extremely dangerous and should only be taken for medical reasons as prescribed by a doctor. The n1 cause people get intestine infections other than perforation is reckless use of laxatives, and an intestine infection is not only one of the worst things you can go through, but has one of the biggest death rates. All laxatives do is dehydrate you and stress your intestines

It’s not worth having your “dream body” if you are gonna fuck it up in the process. I don’t care how much you hate yourself, trust me, you don’t want to go through these things. You don’t want to die from these things. It’s a painful and miserable way to go

Lets Talk About Crypto

Introduction:

Cryptosporidium parvum is a zoonotic protozoan organism that causes diarrhea in calves (as well as other mammals, including humans). This protozoan invades enterocytes in the distal small intestine and large intestine. 

Transmission:

Crypto’s infective stage is the oocyst which is shed in the feces of an infected animal. Each oocyst contains four sporozoites. Healthy animals become infected with Crypto by ingesting the oocyst making Crypto predominately a fecal-oral transmission route. 

After ingesting the oocyst, the sporozoites are released and these go on to invade the cells in the intestine. The sporozoites go on to make more oocysts and the cycle continues. Invasion of intestinal cells leads to destruction of these cells which results in atrophy and fusion of intestinal villi, which causes diarrhea. 

Clinical Signs in Calves:

Calves usually present with Crypto between 1-4 weeks of age. These calves are lethargic and weak and have loose to watery stool (scours) which may be mild to severe in its intensity. Oocyst shedding begins with diarrhea and continues for several days after the resolution of clinical signs. This is important to consider when evaluating a calf after a period of isolation. 

Clinical Signs in People:

Signs of infection usually present 1 week post-exposure. Clinical signs usually consist of severe watery diarrhea, dehydration, lack of appetite, weight loss, stomach cramps, fever, nausea, and occasionally vomiting. Symptoms can last up to two weeks in length. It is for this reason that every vet student is aware of Crypto and it fondly gets the title of “the 15lb weightloss plan”. 

Diagnosis:

Diagnosis is generally made on signalment, history, and clinical signs. Crypto can present as other disease like Salmonella and E. coli. Definitive diagnosis can be made with either Giemsa or acid-fast stain. 

Treatment:

No treatment is available for Crypto for calves or people. Supportive treatment is often required. 

Crypto in Cattle:

In a study by Atwill et al. 92% of calves 7-21 days old were actively shedding oocysts in their feces. This is why calves are not cute. Repeat it out loud, Calves-Are-Not-Cute! They are diarrhea making machines in the waiting. Never touch a calf without gloves, and always practice strict biosecurity when handling calves. 

Herb of the Week-Apple

Common names

Apple
The very potent medicinal properties of the humble apple are often forgotten, despite the old adage that states “an apple a day keeps the doctor away.” The apple is one of the most common fruits and has been a part of the human diet since antiquity. The scientific name of the apple is M. communis, and apples have been in cultivation since Roman times - the plant probably originates from somewhere in the Caucasus Mountains. In the ancient world, ripe apples were often used as a laxative, while, raw apples were used to counter diarrhea and related digestive disorders. According to a widely held ancient medical system, namely Galenical medicine, most apples were thought of as being cool and moist and good for digestion. Apple based juices and herbal fruit infusions were often prescribed for the treatment of persistent fevers and all kinds of eye infections in the ancient world.

Remedies prepared from the apples were also used many years ago to gain relief from metabolic disorders like the gout, for the treatment of bilious constitutions, to heal skin eruptions and to aid nerve impairment. All sorts of superstitious beliefs and traditions have been connected with remedies made from the apple, these beliefs gained ground as the remedies are so popular across the world. Apples mixed with saffron were often used by peasants of Westphalia to cure cases of jaundice decades ago. A legend connected to the healing ability of the apple is still extant in Devonshire, England; the belief is that an apple rubbed on a wart can make it disappear. Prussian peasants in one particular province used to eat an apple on Easter morning as an insurance against fever.

Keep reading

2

Vibrio cholerae

Vibrio cholerae is a “comma” shaped Gram-negative bacteria with a single, polar flagellum for movement. There are numerous strains of V. cholerae, some of which are pathogenic and some of which are not. The most wide sweeping pathogenic strain is the Vibrio cholerae serotype O1 El Tor N16961 strain that causes the pandemic disease cholera

The bacteria infects the intestine and increases mucous production causing diarrhea and vomiting which result in extreme dehydration and, if not treated, death. It is usually transmitted through the feces of an infected person, often by way of unclean drinking water or contaminated food. Since water treatment and sanitation is more advanced in the United States, cholera is not nearly as high of a public health threat in the US as it is in densely populated, economically reduced areas like India or sub-Saharan Africa where water and sewage treatment technology is low.

Key characteristics: Gram(-), catalase(+), oxidase(+), sacarose(+), lysine(+), ornithine(+), mannitol(+).

Medication Cost Help

Its with a heavy heart that I need to ask you for help.

I’m still struggling with the insurance to get one of the medications, one that I’m likely to be on for the rest of my life, covered. I get the finale Gastroenterologist letter at the end of next week to attach to the paperwork and send in, approval can be anywhere from one to four weeks after that.

I’ve already had to pay out $600.00 that I don’t have on this medication, and have to spend another $300.00 this week in order to refill them. We have cut back to the bare minimums, and still are struggling to make sure bills and expenses and even food gets bought because of the unexpected cost of medications.

I am on a cocktail of drugs to ensure that my body can start healing from a five year severe flair of my Crohn’s disease. During this time I’ve had two minor surgeries, four hospitalizations, blood-work multiple times each month, the development of extreme social anxiety bordering on agoraphobia, and a major surgery that removed eighteen inches of infected intestines. This brings me up to having two and a half feet of small intestines missing.

I have been sick for so long and I’m so tired and I just want to get better, I need help to pay for this medication just a little while longer so I can get better. I know its a lot to ask, but even a couple of dollars from even a sliver of you would be enough to make sure I can get through this.

My paypal is: alex.zalir@gmail.com

Again, thank you, boosters and donators alike, your help means so much to me.
–Boss

ahungryvegan-deactivated2015040  asked:

Hey I just transitioned from vegetarian to vegan a bit ago and my friends still don't understand me! I know being vegan is good for the planet overall but What are the positive environmental affects being vegan?

Hi there! I gathered some facts with its sources, see below :) And for more info please watch Cowspiracy :)

Reduce global warming

  • Global warming poses one of the most serious threats to the global environment ever faced in human history. Yet by focusing entirely on carbon dioxide emissions, major environmental organizations have failed to account for published data showing that other gases are the main culprits behind the global warming we see today. As a result, they are overlooking the fact that the single most important step an individual can take to reduce global warming [faster than any other means] is to adopt a vegetarian diet.1
  • In its 2006 report, the United Nations said raising animals for food generates more greenhouse gases than all the cars and trucks in the world combined.2

Avoid excessive CO2 production

  • According to the UN Report, when emissions from land use and land use change are included, the livestock sector accounts for 9 per cent of CO2 deriving from human-related activities, but produces a much larger share of even more harmful greenhouse gases.3

Reduce methane/nitrous oxide production

  • Cows and sheep are responsible for 37% of the total methane (23 times as warming as CO2) generated by human activity.4 With methane emissions causing nearly half of the planet’s human-induced warming, methane reduction must be a priority
  • The livestock industry generates 64 per cent of ammonia, which contributes significantly to acid rain.5
  • The livestock industry also generates 65 per cent of human-related nitrous oxide, which has 300 times the Global Warming Potential (GWP) of CO2. Most of this comes from manure.6
  • In addition to having the advantage of immediately reducing global warming, shifting away from methane-emitting food sources is much easier than cutting carbon dioxide7:
    • First, greenhouse gas reductions through a vegetarian diet are limitless. In principle, even 100% reduction could be achieved with little negative impact. In contrast, similar cuts in carbon dioxide are impossible without devastating effects on the economy. Even the most ambitious carbon dioxide reduction strategies fall short of cutting emissions by half.
    • Second, a shift in diet can lower greenhouse gas emissions much more quickly than shifts away from the fossil fuel burning technologies that emit carbon dioxide. The turnover rate for most ruminant farm animals is one or two years, which means that decreases in meat consumption would result in an almost immediate drop in methane emissions. The turnover rate for cars and power plants, on the other hand, can be decades. Even if cheap, zero-emission fuel sources were available today, they would take many years to build and slowly replace the massive infrastructure our economy depends upon today.
    • Similarly, unlike carbon dioxide which can remain in the air for more than a century, methane cycles out of the atmosphere in just eight years. Therefore, lower methane emissions translate to cooling of the earth quickly.

Save large amounts of water

  • Estimates of the water required to produce a kilo of beef vary, from 13,000 liters8 up to 100,000 liters9 . Whichever figure you use, the damage is plain when you consider that the water required to produce a kilo of wheat is somewhere between 1,000-2,000 litres.

Avoid further pollution of our streams/rivers/oceans

  • Pollution of our waterways is caused by animal waste, antibiotics and hormones entering the water cycle alongside chemicals from tanneries, fertilizers, and the pesticides used to spray feed crops.
  • Manure, or waste water containing manure, severely harms river and stream ecosystems. Farmed animals produce about 130 times as much excrement as the entire human population of the United States. Since factory farms don’t have sewage treatment systems as our cities and towns do, this concentrated slop ends up polluting our water, destroying our topsoil, and contaminating our air.10
  • Once factory farm pollutants—including nitrogen, phosphorus, antibiotics and pesticides—reach the waterways they cause a great deal of damage to aquatic and human life. Algal blooms are a particular problem, blocking waterways, using up oxygen as they decompose, and killing the natural populations of fish.11
  • • In large amounts, animal waste can present major problems to the waterways and their surrounding environment. More than 2 billion tons of animal manure was produced worldwide during the late 1990s. Assuming average nitrogen content of around 5%, this makes 100 million tons of nitrogen12 finding its way into our water system.

Reduce destruction of topsoil & tropical rainforest

  • Thirty percent of the earth’s entire land surface—a massive 70% of all agricultural land—is used for rearing farmed animals. Much of this is grazing land that otherwise would host natural habitats such as valuable rainforests. And, of the entire world’s land suitable for growing crops that would otherwise directly feed humans, a third of it is used to produce feed for farmed animals.13
  • Livestock farming can lead to overgrazing causing soil erosion, desertification and deforestation14. Twenty percent of the world’s grazing land has already been designated as degraded due to the rearing of animals for their meat.15
  • Livestock production is responsible for 70% of deforestation in the Amazon region of Latin America, where rainforests are being cleared to create new pastures.16
  • Deforestation increases greenhouse gas emissions by releasing carbon previously stored in the trees. It is also a major driver in the loss of biodiversity – a pressing concern when one considers the fact that just a few species of livestock now account for about 20% of total terrestrial animal biomass.17

Reduce destruction of wildlife habitats & endangered species

  • The livestock industry is responsible for widespread deforestation and cultivation of vast tracks of land. Wide-spread cultivation of the land ruins animals’ natural habitat and forces millions of them to be evicted from their homes each year, causing long-term harm to our wildlife.

Reduce use of antibiotics, growth hormones, and chemicals

  • Farmed animals and fish are fed a wide variety of drugs to fatten them faster and to keep them alive in conditions that would otherwise kill them. These drugs enter the human food chain through direct consumption or through pollution of our waterways.
  • The effect on humans of consuming low levels of these drugs during a lifetime is unknown but could be serious. Antibiotics given to farmed animals include penicillin, erythromycin, and inorganic arsenic (the most toxic form of arsenic).
  • Antibiotics contain significant amounts of the most carcinogenic form of arsenic. USDA researchers have found that “…eating two ounces of chicken per day—the equivalent of a third to a half of a boneless breast—exposes a consumer to 3 to 5 micrograms of inorganic arsenic, the element’s most toxic form.” Daily exposure to low doses of arsenic can cause cancer, dementia, neurological problems, and other ailments in humans. 18
  • Antibiotics reduce the amount of bacteria in animals’ intestines and preventing infection, to which crowded, stressed animals are predisposed. Routine antibiotic use leads to antibiotic-resistant bacteria, thereby reducing antibiotics’ effectiveness when treating people suffering from food poisoning or other infectious diseases. 19
  • Farmers give hormones to animals to increase growth and productivity. Widely used in the United States, these hormones are known to cause several types of cancer and reproductive dysfunction in humans.20 While U.S. farmers claim that using hormones to promote growth is safe, the European Union has prohibited this practice since 1995.21
  • Fish farming contributes directly to the pollution of our waterways:
    • Large numbers of fish kept long-term in a single location produces a significant amount of feces concentrated in a small location, which can enter local waterways.
    • Because of parasite problems, some aquaculture operators frequently use strong antibiotic drugs to keep the fish alive. Many fish still die prematurely at rates of up to 30%.22 The residual presence of these drugs in human food products has become controversial because the use of antibiotics in food production is thought to increase the prevalence of antibiotic resistance in human diseases.
    • These drugs enter the food chain through direct consumption of the farmed fish itself and through the highly concentrated feces deposits that contaminate water supplies. Reports indicate that Scottish salmon farms alone have breached pollution limits more than 400 times in the past 3 years.23

Reduce ecological footprint

  • By choosing a vegetarian diet instead of one loaded with animal products, individuals can dramatically reduce the amount of land, water, and oil resources that they consume and the amount of pollution they otherwise might cause. Of course, reducing one’s ecological footprint should also mean causing less harm to the Earth’s non-human inhabitants. By switching to a vegetarian diet, each person can save more than 100 animals each year from the horrific cruelty of the meat industry24.

Help ensure environmental sustainability

  • There were approximately 6.5 billion people living on earth in 20052526 , and as the world’s population continues to grow, our requirement for food will also increase. Worldwide food production requires 30% of the total soil available, 20% of fossil fuel energy and a major part of the fresh water flow27. Raising cattle is one of the most damaging components of agriculture28. In addition to their gaseous emissions and manure products, it causes the most environmental damage of any non-human species through over-grazing, soil erosion, desertification and tropical deforestation. Studies on world food security estimate that an affluent diet containing meat requires up to 3 times as many resources as a vegetarian diet29.
  • Global production of meat has increased dramatically from 130 million tones in the late 1970s to 230 million tones in the year 200030. Meat is now the single largest source of animal protein in all affluent nations31 and demand for animal flesh is expected to more than double by the year 205032. In order to meet this growing appetite, animals will no doubt be reared more intensively and cheaply with factory farming and aquaculture (fish farming) causing further pollution, water demand and land usage. If nothing is done, the environmental impact of meat production can only increase.
  • Adopting a vegetarian diet is an important tool to achieve environmental sustainability.
Sources: 

Keep reading

Toxocara canis

Toxocara canis is a roundworm harboured in almost all puppies. The adult worm can reach up to 18cm in length and live in the small intestine of the dog. Puppies with a small number of worms often show no symptoms, however large numbers can be fatal, causing a pot belly, diarrhoea, vomiting, weight loss and intestinal obstruction.


The worm infects all members of the ‘canid’ family including foxes and wolves.


It has a complicated life cycle that varies as the dog ages. In puppies up to 2 months of age, the infective egg is ingested and passes through the stomach in to the small intestine. Throughout this route the egg’s shell is digested and a larva released. This larva then burrows through the intestinal wall and through the hepatic portal system, reaching the liver. From here it enters the vena cava leading it to the heart where it then travels to the lungs and finally reaches the trachea. It then migrates up to the pharynx where it is swallowed back in to the intestines. Throughout this journey the larva undergoes a series of moults to reach its mature, adult form. This migratory route is typical of the ‘ascarid’ family of worms to which Toxocara canis belongs.


The adult then resides in the small intestine, producing eggs. The time frame from infection to egg production is 4-5 weeks. These eggs are tough and can survive in the environment for years. When the puppies are around 6 weeks of age, there tends to be a spontaneous expulsion of worms which can be a disgusting sight in their faeces!


In dogs older than 2 months, the worms take a different route. The eggs make their way through to the small intestine as with puppies and the larvae then penetrate the intestinal mucosa and enter the venous portal system to the liver, continuing their route to the heart. From here, they migrate to the lungs and then back to the heart. They then enter multiple tissues of the dog such as the liver, kidney and muscles where they reside in a ‘waiting state’.


Waiting for what? Well. In female dogs, the larvae are waiting for pregnancy. When the hormonal changes that come with pregnancy are detected, the larvae awaken and migrate to the placenta and mammary glands. Here they infect the puppies before they are born, and enter the milk ready to further infect the puppies at birth. Not all larvae are activated during a bitch’s first pregnancy, so infections of every litter are likely.


The ‘waiting’ larvae are around 0.5mm in length. If a male dogs becomes infected, he is a dead end host and no further infection occurs.


The worm’s life cycle is described as ‘direct’, as it only needs one host to complete its cycle. It can however have ‘paratenic’ hosts. This means a host, non-essential to the worm’s life cycle, in which no development happens. These include, rodents and birds. Eggs infect these hosts and develop in to ‘waiting’ larvae which reside in the tissue of the animal until it is eaten by a member of the canid family. Humans can also be paratenic hosts. The ‘waiting’ larvae in humans can cause serious pathogenic effects. The worm is associated with three disease syndromes in humans:


- Visceral larval migrans – this is where the larvae migrate though tissues and can cause inflammatory reactions, fever and asthma

- Ocular larval migrans – here the larvae migrate to the retina of the eye causing impaired vision

- Covert toxocarosis – this produces non-specific clinical signs


Around 55 cases of Toxocara canis infections in humans are diagnosed every year. Around 2.5% of British people are confirmed as seropositive for the infection, showing most cases are asymptomatic. Sadly it is mostly children who pick up the infection through playing in mud and sandpits infected with eggs from canine faeces.


Puppies, along with some adult dogs (and wildlife such as foxes), shed eggs in their faeces, constantly infecting the environment and making infection hard to control. Treatment tends to be regular worming of puppies from 2 weeks of age. Most treatments only to kill the adult worms, however this prevents the eggs from entering the environment, breaking the life cycle where possible. The ‘waiting’ larvae are very hard to kill and treatment involves dosing a pregnant bitch every day from day 40 of pregnancy until 2 days post whelping. This would costs the breeder £70-£75 per bitch, so it is clear why most breeders don’t opt in to this treatment.


In general, our aim as veterinarians is to control the disease as much as possible and provide clients and the public with knowledge of the worm for their own safety as well as their pet’s.  

Hospitals and Romanticism - Liam Payne One-Shot

This One-Shot is dedicated to my best-friend worthwhilegame! Get better soon, babe! I hope you like it xx

The first symptomwas nausea. When you woke up to go to work on that dreadful day, you felt like you were about to throw up. Thinking it was something you had eaten the previous night, you decided to go to work hoping that awful feeling would go away.

It didn’t.

You had been at work for about two hours only when things started to get worse. Besides feeling nauseas, you were now dizzy.

It was on your way to the bathroom that things went downhill.

You had decided to throw some cold water on your face to see if it helped, but unfornutely you didn’t even get the chance to get to the bathroom. Crying out in pain in the middle of the hallway, you put your hands over your stomach and threw up.

Your first instinct was getting embarrassed of doing such a thing in front of all of your colleagues, but this feeling soon left you when you felt dizziness over coming you and suddenly you couldn’t stand anymore.

Thank God you had friends on work who helped you immediately.

“(Y/N), what happened? What are you feeling?” you heard (Y/F/N) asking you, but the only sound that left your mouth was a groan. “I’m taking you to the hospital and then I’m calling Liam.”

In a normal situation, you would have protested against calling Liam. You hated to interrupt him in the studio, but this was somewhat important. Besides, you didn’t have energy enough to fight her.

Although you spent the whole trip to the hospital oscillating between unconsciousness and consciousness, you knew that you had gone on your friend’s car instead of an ambulance and that you had managed to keep the rest of you breakfast inside you instead of in the car’s floor.

Liam was already there when you arrived and he was quick to run to the car and carry you bridal style to the hospital. Honestly, you thought he was being a little exaggerated but who was you to complain?

“Hold on, babe.” He whispered and you chuckled. He sounded so frightened.

“Liam, I’m not dying. It’s probably just a stomach bug.”

You were right, but not quite. It wasn’t too serious and you were far from dying, but it wasn’t a stomach bug either. You had an intestinal infection, which could be quite serious and deadly depending on the bacteria that caused it or if not treated correctly.

But you had gone to the hospital before the infection could spread and thankfully the bacteria inside you wasn’t a deadly one. So all you had to do now was rest and take four different medicines.

5 days at home, 4 medicines and several aliments you could not ingest. That was the doctor’s order.

You, being the stubborn person you were, wasn’t to kneel on following through the orders, but luckily for you, your boyfriend was going to be there with you making sure you were doing everything correctly.

“Liam, I’m fine.” You sighed, tired after the long day. You knew Liam had the best intentions in the world, but he was tiring you with all the questions. “All I want is to take a shower, because I smell like hospitals. Then, I just want to sleep.”

“You have to eat first though.” He stated.

You groaned. The thought of food made your stomach complain. “I don’t think eating is going to be a good thing.”

“Well, it has to be. You heard the doctor, babe, you have to put some food in your stomach before taking the medicines or it will only get worse.” Helping you take your clothes off, Liam planted a kiss on your forehead and left you to take your shower in peace.

He was wonderful and you couldn’t help but think how the hell did you end up with someone as amazing as him?

After your bath, you went directly to bed. Maybe if you were quick enough to fall asleep before Liam was back with your food he would let you sleep, right? Wrong.

You didn’t even had time to close your eyes when he came back.

“Oh, no. It looks like (Y/N) fell asleep. What am I supposed to do now? Should I throw away this marvelous soup or should I wake her up?” he dramatically said, sighing exaggeratedly after. You fought hard to not make a sound, but his voice tone and the amazing smell coming from the bowl he was caring made difficult for you to keep the cover. “Well, seems like throwing away it is.”

“No!” you exclaimed before he could get out of the room. “Please, don’t.”

“Is sleeping beauty awake now?” he was making fun of you and you knew, so you pouted. “Aw, don’t pout babe, you know that even if you were sleeping I would have waken you up. You need to eat.”

Liam got closer to the bed and asked you to sit up, before placing the trail in your lap. Sitting beside you in bed, Liam offered to feed you but after laughing, you denied.

“I’m not a child, Liam!” you exclaimed, laughing.

“I was just trying to be romantic and helpful.” He whined.

“I know, babe, and I’m very thankful for that.” You spoke truthfully “What would I be without you, Liam Payne?”

“A starving person probably, because God forbid you, your cooking skills when it comes to soup are the worse!” looking at him with a fake offended expression, you playful slapped his arm. You knew he was right after all. You were an amazing cooker but not when it came to soup or vegetables.

“Way to ruin the moment.” You grumbled, putting another spoonful of soup in your mouth.

“You know I love you, (Y/N).” his voice was soft and light, but you knew he was being serious in his eyes.

You smiled, pecking his lips.

“And I love you, Liam. Very much.”


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The Curse on the Poltergeist Movie Is Real and Here Is the Evidence!

Spooky going-ons have always plagued the Poltergeist movies ever since filming began on the original movie in 1982. Accidents, deaths and tragedy seemed to follow the cast, as well as strange things happening on set that make what happened in real life seem scarier than the movie itself!

Famously dubbed the ‘Poltergeist Curse,’ whether you believe in curses or not you will have to agree that the series of events seem too unexplainable and deeply saddening to be just a mere coincidence.

The cute little child star Heather O'Rourke, who played Carol Anne died on February 1st 1988, at the tender age of 12 after suffering a cardiac arrest caused by septic shock. She died just four months before Poltergeist III was released.

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Featured Essential Oil

Rosemary

Rosemary oil is extracted from Rosmarinus officinalis 

This crisp and clean smelling essential oil is great for stimulating the brain, improving memory and mental clarity, while helping with a variety of congested respiratory tract problems, stiff muscles, coldness as well as boosting the liver and gall bladder. It is also used for improving hair and scalp health.

Oil properties

Rosemary oil has a clear, powerful refreshing herbal smell, is clear in color and watery in viscosity.

Origin of rosemary oil

it is a shrubby evergreen bush that grows up to 1.5 meters (4 feet) high with green-gray needle-shaped leaves and pale blue/lilac flowers that bees just love and is originally from Asia, but is now cultivated in France, Tunisia and Yugoslavia.

The name is derived from the Latin ‘Rosmarinus’ or 'sea dew’, as it is rather fond of water. The Egyptians, Hebrews, Greeks and Romans considered the herb as sacred and even in the Middle Ages it was used to ward off evils spirits and used as a protection against the plague. It was burnt in French hospitals during epidemics.

Precautions

Rosemary oil should not be used during pregnancy and is unsuitable for people with epilepsy or high blood pressure. For more information on epilepsy and essential oil please click here.

Uses rosemary oil

Rosemary oil has a pronounced action on the brain and the central nervous system and is wonderful for clearing the mind and mental awareness, while having excellent brain stimulant properties, as well as improving memory.

It is often used by students during exam times because it increases concentration and helps in studying efficiently. It stimulates mental activity and is a good remedy for depression, mental fatigue and forgetfulness. Inhaling rosemary oil seems lift your spirits immediately. Whenever your brain is tired, try inhaling a little rosemary oil to remove boredom and renew your mental energy.

It helps with headaches, migraines, neuralgia, mental fatigue and nervous exhaustion and the antiseptic action of rosemary oil is especially suitable for intestinal infections and diarrhea, easing colitis, dyspepsia, flatulence, hepatic disorders and jaundice and relieving pain associated with rheumatism, arthritis, muscular pain and gout. It also helps for arteriosclerosis, palpitations, poor circulation and varicose veins.

The diuretic properties of rosemary oil are useful with reducing water retention during menstruation, and also with obesity and cellulite.

On the respiratory system, it is effective for asthma, bronchitis, catarrh, sinus and whooping cough. Because of its astringent action, it is also effective for countering sagging skin. Its stimulating action benefits scalp disorders and encourages hair growth.

On the skin, it helps to ease congestion, puffiness and swelling and can also be used for acne, dermatitis and eczema, but a very popular use of this oil is the use in hair care products, as it has a pronounced positive effect on the health of the hair and scalp. It increases the circulation to the scalp and is therefore also effective for promoting hair growth