internal construction

Toni Morrison’s “Ten Steps Toward Fascism”, (Excerpt from speech delivered at Howard University, March 2, 1995)

“… Let us be reminded that before there is a final solution, there must be a first solution, a second one, even a third. The move toward a final solution is not a jump. It takes one step, then another, then another. Something, perhaps, like this:

(1) Construct an internal enemy, as both focus and diversion.

(2) Isolate and demonize that enemy by unleashing and protecting the utterance of overt and coded name-calling and verbal abuse. Employ ad hominem attacks as legitimate charges against that enemy.

(3) Enlist and create sources and distributors of information who are willing to reinforce the demonizing process because it is profitable, because it grants power and because it works.

(4) Palisade all art forms; monitor, discredit or expel those that challenge or destabilize processes of demonization and deification.

(5) Subvert and malign all representatives of and sympathizers with this constructed enemy.

(6) Solicit, from among the enemy, collaborators who agree with and can sanitize the dispossession process.

(7) Pathologize the enemy in scholarly and popular mediums; recycle, for example, scientific racism and the myths of racial superiority in order to naturalize the pathology.

(8) Criminalize the enemy. Then prepare, budget for and rationalize the building of holding arenas for the enemy–especially its males and absolutely its children.

(9) Reward mindlessness and apathy with monumentalized entertainments and with little pleasures, tiny seductions, a few minutes on television, a few lines in the press, a little pseudo-success, the illusion of power and influence, a little fun, a little style, a little consequence.

(10) Maintain, at all costs, silence.

In 1995 racism may wear a new dress, buy a new pair of boots, but neither it nor its succubus twin fascism is new or can make anything new. It can only reproduce the environment that supports its own health: fear, denial and an atmosphere in which its victims have lost the will to fight.

The forces interested in fascist solutions to national problems are not to be found in one political party or another, or in one or another wing of any single political party. Democrats have no unsullied history of egalitarianism. Nor are liberals free of domination agendas. Republicans may have housed abolitionists and white supremacists. Conservative, moderate, liberal; right, left, hard left, far right; religious, secular, socialist–we must not be blindsided by these Pepsi–Cola, Coca–Cola labels because the genius of fascism is that any political structure can become a suitable home. Fascism talks ideology, but it is really just marketing–marketing for power.”

via: Dr. Ray Winbush 

janxangel  asked:

I made a donation! Steve is really excited about space and the idea of exploring the universe.

(Setting this in the comic book universe, because it’s fun, but also moving it up a little timewise :D)

Two weeks after the Avengers pulled Steve out of the ice, he stormed into Tony Stark’s office.

“We went to SPACE?” Steve demanded.

Tony looked up, saw the expression on his face, and set his paperwork aside. 

“Yuri Gagarin, 1961, first man in space,” Steve read from the book in his hand. “1969, America lands a man on the moon. 1998, the International Space Station begins construction; the first residential crew arrives in 2000. 2004, Spirit Exploration Rover lands on Mars. We went to space?”  

“Sure. Are still going, though not at the rate we used to be,” Tony said, leaning back in his chair.

“Why didn’t you tell me this the minute I woke up?” Steve asked excitedly. 

“Captain, of the millions of wonders of the twentieth century, it didn’t occur to me that space is what you’d be a nerd about,” Tony replied.

“Have we met aliens yet?” Steve asked. “Google seems untrustworthy when it comes to aliens.”

“Not yet,” Tony allowed. 

“Is Stark Industries working on space exploration?”

Tony cocked his head. “Not directly. I’ve been thinking about it, but Elon Musk really wanted to take the first stab at private space tourism.”

“But what about Iron Man?”

“The suit’s not space-safe yet. Why? Want me to build you one?” Tony joked.

“Would you? A space suit that would take me to the moon?” Steve asked. “Or – or Mars?” 

“Calm down, Space Cowboy,” Tony said, laughing. “I can’t build you a suit that’ll get you to Mars, but I could build you a rocket. It’s a long journey, at least a year to get there and back, realistically more like two. But if you want to go, I can put R&D on it. You’re the most likely to survive, honestly.”

“You’d do that for me?” Steve asked.

“Well, for you and for the good of all mankind,” Tony said. 

“I – well, maybe let’s start with the ISS,” Steve replied. “If it’s not a bother.”

“I’ll call NASA,” Tony replied. “Can I tell them it’s a request from Captain America?”

Steve drew himself up, chest puffing out. “You can tell them I’d find it a personal honor to serve the space program.” 

“Nerd,” Tony said, holding the phone to his ear. “Stick around, they’ll probably want to ask you your measurements for a flight suit.” 

Ne Creative Process

My recent discussion lately with someone over Elizabeth Shaw in Prometheus put me in mind of talking about Ne’s adaptive skills. I think a good example of being able to innovate on the fly (Ne) is in a discussion on writing approaches. I enjoy figuring out others’ processes and discussing mine, which is very Ne. Not in the sense that I start in the middle and write helter-skelter (as some Ne’s do) but it’s effortless for me to revise “on-site,” change an entire scene’s tone, and change tactics when I reach a problem in the narrative.

One of my Ni-dom friends said she can spend up to a year internally constructing a story before she even writes it down; once it’s all in her head, she puts it on paper and moves on to the next project with very little revision, because all the Ni-scheming happened before she picked up a pen. She also does this with papers for school; she’ll think them out fully first, then write and turn in a first draft. Done! (C.S. Lewis also wrote this way.)

Sometimes I have a specific idea in mind; other times I have an impression that I “want to write about this topic” but will figure it out when I get there. (Ni: future internal planning, Ne: wing it on the spur of the moment.) This is more likely with short pieces than longer ones; writing a novel is different than writing an article. For an upcoming article, I want to talk about power dynamics within the Catholic Church of the Renaissance, why there was corruption and immorality within the upper ranks, and which several cardinals I’m focusing on from history, but I’m not doing much “advance thinking” about the project; when the mood strikes or the deadline nears, I’ll read the information necessary, decide what my focus will be, and write it then. (Often the focus shifts while I’m writing it, because I start ‘organizing’ the information and moving it around. OR… I might start watching HBO’s Young Pope and get a BETTER idea than this one. ;)

Novel-writing is different; I plan in advance, I have an idea of where I’m going, I’ll be thinking about the ending working on the beginning and the middle; I’m structuring things in my mind, trying to see where and how separate plot lines can connect together in a cohesive whole by the conclusion, and discarding ideas that might go nowhere or derail the main focus. A book starts because an idea comes into my head, tied to a specific thing I want to reach or explore – a conversation, confrontation, plot twist, big “reveal,” an idea, a moral concept. It gets bigger as it goes along; I’ll spend some time fretting about problem-solving (I inserted this plot, how can I later resolve it?) but know the answer will present itself as I continue to write – and it does. I know what to do when I get there.

Writing unlocks bigger ideas as I go along and I’ll discard older ‘good’ ideas in favor of better ones. I didn’t know until I got there that my “villain” (he isn’t, he’s just misunderstood but people will hate him – silly people) was going to be in a different place, in order to carry the narrative forward, than I’d planned. This shifted ALL the subplots in the second half of the novel; I didn’t bat an eyelash, just kept going, letting them shift / re-focus in the back of my mind, connecting them in advance while working on the current thread (okay, so he’s here, which means he can resolve this plot thread, so she is free to do this instead, which changes this, and makes that resolution possible…).

(I have a panic attack about ¾ths of the way through every book, when I melt down thinking I can’t possibly tie all of this together and resolve everything in the amount of pages I have left – but I don’t know WHY I do that, since I’m the queen of logical resolutions/creative ideas in the moment; I literally deal with things as they happen, and get ideas as I go, so future planning in depth is a total waste of my mental energy, since it’s going to change.)

Yesterday, the solution to a subplot presented itself, and also decided that this character has great future potential and may be important later in the series; I hadn’t given them a second thought until I realized it ‘fit’ and then my Ne started creating outward around them, reaching forward and backward to tie threads together, and give them ‘Importance.’ Ne immediately saw ‘greater potential.’ Of course, there is a downfall to this – Ne writing means going back and clarifying a position earlier, or dropping more bread crumbs, or weaving an idea more into the narrative to support a later event – characters can become important or unimportant, meaning I have to rewrite – and take them out or insert them in, erase ideas that didn’t work, deepen the ones that did.

(A lot of Ne’s get bored with this process. I don’t. It’s fun to see things ‘change.’)

It’s common when I conclude revisions for a lot to have shifted, changed, expanded, or vanished; for the second draft to be much different from the first, for some characters to be replaced with others, or have a larger part. In the end, it’s more external work (revision) than writing with Ni (I assume this revision is internal for Ni, where for me I’m working with literal words on pages) and it lacks a similar singular purpose, but it’s also great in that I can shift gears without pause, so no structural problems remain problematic long.

- ENFP Mod


Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language in the world. It has its own literature, music, films, and even some traditions. It’s easy to learn and aims to be a universal second language, while respecting and celebrating all cultures.

For @robinhasnightwings


Find a Great Commercial Construction Company | Stephen Rayment

The problematic circumstance that a modern thinker needs a book of 400 or more pages in order to express something of what he has to say is an unerring sign that modern thinking stands outside the realm of the primordial thinking. In this connection we might recall Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason and Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit. Such signs make us realize that for a long time now the world has been out of joint and man is on the path of error. We must, however, also bear in mind that the book grounding modern philosophy, Descartes’ Meditations de prima philosophia comprises little more than a hundred pages and that decisive treatises of Leibniz require only a few sheets of letter writing paper. These facts, apparently only extrinsic, point out that in these treatises, very concentrated and simple as regards their internal construction, a transformation of thinking is enacted, one which, to be sure, does not arrive at the beginning but which once more approaches its perimeter. Because we have been forced, for a long time now, to procure our knowledge by a process of selection from the excess of what is spoken and written, we have lost the capacity to hear the few simple things said in the words of the primordial thinkers.
—  Maritn Heidegger, Parmenides
As we discussed sadomasochism in our study group we often found a sense of “too much”- too much need, too much arousal, too much humiliation, too much dominance and submission. The mind searches for a way to manage this “toomuchness” and constructs internal images of a scene entailing ‘the battle of life and death forces.’ By life and death struggle, we refer to forces within each individual and in the relationship that are intent on destruction (death), and at the same time, preservation (life).
—  Battling the life and death forces of sadomasochism

Toyota Debuts 2017 Tacoma TRD Pro at Chicago Auto Show

  • Up front, 2.5-inch Fox coil-overs are paired with TRD springs 
  • Out back, Fox 2.5-inch shocks paired with TRD leaf springs
  • All shocks feature aluminum construction and internal bypass technology that helps adapt to any terrain …on and off the road …providing an exciting and predictable ride everywhere the TRD Pro goes.

When the going gets tough …adventurers can be confident knowing that the TRD Pro comes standard with features like:

  • Four-wheel drive with an Auto LSD
  • Crawl Control and Multi-Terrain Select
  • Locking rear differential
  • And a ¼-inch thick aluminum skid plate

The 2017 Tacoma TRD Pro will be available as a double cab …with a choice of a 6-speed manual or a 6-speed automatic …and they will all be built at Toyota’s plant in San Antonio, Texas.

Sunguard Site Write Day #19: Giving Aid

Dearest Sister,

I must thank you again for your support in my continued endeavors to assure that our ties to the Alliance of Lordaeron remain strong despite King Anasterian’s departure as I know it cannot have made you very popular in the court. Part of me wishes that you had been the one to take up the administrative duties as Lady of Ash in mother’s passing, but then I remember that dealing with nobles is hard enough when it’s in the family alone. If you get the chance, be sure to poke the beehive that is House Indaris for me, I’m sure they’d love the drama.

Reconstruction of the Ashfort is coming along well, despite the orcs having no magical ability themselves. Still, they are cheaper labor than the magisters we contracted to remake the enchantments that were overloaded from dragonfire, and the Alliance is even giving us funding to construct an internment camp on our lands. Considering the growing lethargy among their race I don’t think they pose a threat to the Groves, and their potential for manual labor would be a great boon in renting them out to the other houses. Perhaps the Emberlight…

Once again I cannot thank you enough for your help transitioning the House into the post-war world. If there is anything you need in Silvermoon do not hesitate to ask.

May the Sun shine down on you,


@thesunguardmg || @korkrunchcereal @felthier for mentions

Introverted Thinking (Ti) in all positions:

Dominant Position (INTP and ISTP): Views everything through the lens of logic. Confidently recognizes the logical correctness and appropriateness of things in reality in accordance to their own internal systems/constructs of logic. Holds rules where exceptions don’t exist, behaves critically towards those who don’t follow the set of rules that have been established (by themselves or someone else) and therefore might appear to have high standards. They are attached to their own understanding of something. Dislike when others criticize and devalue their logical judgement and therefore prefer to be around those who do not dispute their logic. They clarify and analyze new information thoroughly, sometimes even from simple questions. 

Auxiliary Position (ENTP and ESTP): Like Ti-doms they can easily generate logical systems to explain a set of phenomena that they have experiences or studied. They are more willing to improve or discard this logic if they experience something new. Enjoys explaining their logic in creative and detailed ways to make others understand and is drawn to an unknown topics and fields of research where they can develop their own understanding.

Tetiary Position (ISFJ and INFJ): They seek clarity in their logical beliefs and understanding, and enjoy philosophical discussions where a new conceptual system of logic is introduced. They tend to show uncertainty of the logical clarity behind their actions and dislike admitting that they don’t understand something.

Inferior Position (ESFJ and ENFJ): Prefers clear and concise explanations of concepts rather than lots of background information. They are often uncertain with their logic and can become flustered, unable to act rationally. Avoids a situation where logic is unclear and shows reluctance to concepts which are difficult to understand. They would ideally like to be in an environment or surrounding where everything is understandable.

For The Men

I just wanted to say thank you for all of the hard work you do. I was on my way to work yesterday and I couldn’t help but look at all of the homes and businesses I passed along the way. I realized that none of it would be possible without you. You do what so many people aren’t willing to.

You are our foundation. You keep us going. You give us incredible things. Your strength, both mentally and physically, is a gift to humanity.

I just wanted to make sure you knew that you are appreciated.

Happy International Men’s Day

Skyscrapers under construction on the Avenue of the Americas area, north of Rockefeller Center in Fall of 1962. View looking southeast from Park Sheraton Hotel. Buildings under construction are the New York Hilton Hotel (William B. Tabler-Harrison & Abramovitz, 1963) at left; and the 45-story Sperry Rand Building (Emery Roth & Sons, 1963). The 42-story Equitable Life Assurance Building (Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, 1961) are at right. Above it is the top of 70-story Rockefeller Center’s R.C.A. Building (Associated Architects, 1933).

Photo: Andreas Feininger.

Source: Andreas Feininger, Kate Simon. “New York” (New York, Viking Press, 1964).

The Channel Tunnel as we know it today, that joins the UK and France underneath the English Channel, was opened in 1994. But plans for a cross-Channel link came a lot earlier. These illustrations come from a pamphlet in our archives from 1869, and detail a proposal for a metal tube which could deliver a steam train travelling between the two land masses.

The dark line in the top illustration is labelled ‘cast iron railway tube’. Below is a transect through the tube housing a train, and a detailed illustration of the internal structure of the construction.

im so mad i hate myself this is why i almost got a c in computer science during the 3rd quarter i was literally .05% away from getting my first c ever i had a 79.52 or somethin it was because i was doing THIS instead of my internal assessment . i was constructing memes out of our schools background. cheap meme labor. 

Aerial view looking north of the new 110-story Twin Towers of the World Trade Center (Minoru Yamasaki-Emery Roth & Sons, 1966-1973) under construction, in September, 1971. The Woolworth Building (Cass Gilbert, 1913) are visible at right.

Photo: Unknown.

Source: Architectural Recod. November, 1971.

East is a relational category, depending on the point of observation: East Germans are “eastern” for the West Germans, Polew are “eastern” to the East Germans, Russians are “eastern” to the Poles. The same applies to the Balkans with their propensity to construct their internal orientalisms, aptly called by Milica Bakic-Hayden the process of “nesting orientalisms.” A Serb is an “easterner” to a Slovene, but a Bosnian would be an “easterner” to the Serb although geographically situated to the west; the same applies to the Albanians who, situated in the western Balkans, are perceived as easternmost by the rest of the Balkan nations. Greece, because of its unique status within the European Union, is not considered “eastern” by its neighbors in the Balkans although it occupies the role of the “easterner” within the European institutional framework. For all the Balkan peoples, the common “easterner” is the Turk, although the Turk perceives himself as Western compared to real “easterners,” such as Arabs. This practice of internal orientalisms within the Balkans corresponds to what Erving Goffman has defined as the tendency of the stigmatized individual “to stratify his ‘own’ according to the degree to which their stigma is apparent and obtrusive. He then can take up in regard to those who are more evidently stigmatized than himself the attitudes the normals take to him… It is in his affiliation with, or separation from, his more evidently stigmatized fellows, that the individual’s oscillation of identification is mostly sharply marked.” With the exception of the Turks, in whose self-identity the East occupies a definite, although intensely discussed, place, all other Balkan nations have renounced what they perceive as East and think of themselves as, if incompletely Western, certainly not Eastern. They would allow to have been marked by the East, but this is a stain, not a sign in any fruitful way. Although competing in their pretense to be more “European” than the rest, and creating their internal hierarchies of less and more “orientalized” members, the only constituents who are brandished by an ultimate and absolute “orientalness” are the Turks.

What is symptomatic and, admittedly, disquieting is the perception that the state of transition, complexity, mixture, ambiguity is an abnormal condition. In-betweenness is rejected not only by Western observers and hurled on the Balkans as stigma, but is considered an intolerable state of existence by a majority among the observed.

—  Imagining the Balkans, Maria Todorova

Telescope Opposition Gains Momentum With Rallies, Walk-Out and International Support

Opposition to the construction of a giant copy.4 billion telescope on top of sacred Mauna Kea Mountain gained momentum Monday, April 13 when hundreds of students and faculty members at the University of Hawaii at Manoa staged a walk-out, thousands rallied on the Big Island and Oahu to call for an end to the project, and support poured in from around the world.

The Mir base module was launched on 20 February 1986. Large expansion modules, launched on Proton rockets, were periodically added to the station. These modules used automated docking techniques developed during the missions of Salyut 6 and 7.

Crews were launched using Soyuz rockets and capsules. Progress spacecraft, also launched on Soyuz rockets, carried food, fuel, water, and other supplies to the station.

Starting in July 1995, several American space shuttles docked with the Mir station. Seven American astronauts lived onboard the station for extended periods of time. Shannon Lucid’s six month tour was the longest American stay on the station.

Cosmonauts performed many long duration stays aboard the station. Several spent over one year on the station. Dr. Valeri Polyakov lived aboard the station for a record 438 consecutive days.

With the International Space Station under construction in the late 1990’s, Mir was abandoned. Using progress tugs, Russian controllers were able to re-enter the station over a remote area of the Pacific ocean.

Operated in orbit for over a decade, the Mir space station proved human outposts could be maintained for extended periods of time.