royal meme | facts [1/5]

An oft unknown fact is that Cleopatra VII ( she would have spelled it as ‘Kleopatra VII’, being a Greek name) was indeed a mostly Macedonian Greek woman with a pinch of Persian. Her dynasty, the Ptolemies, were descended from Ptolemy, right hand of Alexander the Great, and refused to intermingle with the Egyptian population, instead inter breeding and occasionally marrying Persian nobility; they set themselves up above the Egyptians and created Alexandria, a Greek center of learning. Indeed, none of the Ptolemies spoke Egyptian, until Cleopatra herself decided learn the language to further appeal to the people.

“Well she descends from one of the generals of Alexander the Great who are Greek Macedonians. So there is no question there that she comes from a line of Greeks. It gets a little bit more certain because they tend to…they intermarried. The 13 or 14 marriages in her dynasty, ten of them were brother-sister marriages. So there’s really no foreign blood whatsoever in this dynasty, they are truly Greek Macedonian to the hilt. There may have been a Persian princess who slipped in there somewhere, but otherwise you’re really talking about a woman who was as Greek in terms of ethnicity, in terms of culture, in terms of education, as you could be in that world.”

Historian Stacy Schiff

“Cleopatra VII was born to Ptolemy XII Auletes (80–57 BC, ruled 55–51 BC) and Cleopatra, both parents being Macedonian Greeks.”

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

“For ten generations her family had styled themselves pharaohs. The Ptolemies were in fact Macedonian Greek, which makes Cleopatra approximately as Egyptian as Elizabeth Taylor. The word “honey skinned” recurs in descriptions of her relatives and would presumably applied to hers as well, despite the inexactitudes surrounding her mother and paternal grandmother. There was certainly Persian blood in the family, but even an Egyptian mistress is a rarity among the Ptolemies. She was not dark skinned.”

Cleopatra, A Life - Stacy Schiff

“Cleopatra (69- 30 BC), the Greek queen of Egypt, belonged to the Ptolemaic family, the Macedonian Greeks who ruled Egypt during the Hellenistic Age.”

Western civilization: ideas, Politics, and society by Marvin Perry, Margaret C Jacob, Myrna Chase, James R Jacob

(sourced compiled by @tiny-librarian here )

( pictured: fancast of the Greek actress Tonia Sotiropoulou as Cleopatra VII;  coin of Cleopatra; portraiture bust of Cleopatra; & a famous painting).

Followup on the question of Westeros as a politically unified entity:

The problem with Stannis’ argument that “the land is one” (beyond, y’know, all the islands that would leave out) is that it ignores that the people are not one. Look at your title, Stannis: it makes mention of the Andals, the Rhoynar, and the First Men. These are different peoples; they’re not inherently “made” to share a single polity. They’ve intermarried widely, of course, but that’s exactly my point–you have to make that unity happen. It’s not natural. It’s not innate. It’s something you have to actively forge. As such, the “talk” of seven kingdoms isn’t folly any more than the talk of one kingdom. 

If my sims have more than one child, I make those children have one child each for a few generations, and eventually intermarry the descendants so that I don’t have to choose favorites.

Deuteronomy 7:1-3
7 When the Lord thy God shall bring thee into the land whither thou goest to possess it, and hath cast out many nations before thee, the Hittites, and the Girgashites, and the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and mightier than thou;

2 And when the Lord thy God shall deliver them before thee; thou shalt smite them, and utterly destroy them; thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor shew mercy unto them:

3 Neither shalt thou make marriages with them; thy daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, nor his daughter shalt thou take unto thy son.

1 Kings 11:1-2
11 King Solomon, however, loved many foreign women besides Pharaoh’s daughter—Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Sidonians and Hittites. 2 They were from nations about which the Lord had told the Israelites, “You must not intermarry with them, because they will surely turn your hearts after their gods.” Nevertheless, Solomon held fast to them in love. 3 He had seven hundred wives of royal birth and three hundred concubines, and his wives led him astray.

2 Of the nations concerning which the Lord said unto the children of Israel, Ye shall not go in to them, neither shall they come in unto you: for surely they will turn away your heart after their gods: Solomon clave unto these in love.

anonymous asked:

hi i'm a patrilineal jew and my local (modern orthodox) synagogue recognises me as jewish, i went to cheder and did a bat mitzvah and go semi regularly. i'm really touchy about the fact that my mum isn't jewish and it's not something i disclose. i'm moving away to uni soon and i intend to join another orthodox synagogue there. would they want me to convert?? or could i (preferably) not mention that my mum isn't jewish.

I have been struggling with your ask ever since you sent this because, although the answer is straightforward, it’s still a tough one. 

Orthodoxy (Modern Orthodoxy included) doesn’t recognize patrilineal descent. I’m very glad that they did not exclude you growing up and that they provided you with a welcoming, warm environment. The thing is: there are efforts within Modern Orthodoxy to do kiruv (outreach) to intermarried families, so the Jewish partner (and Jewish child/ren, if applicable) is/are drawn closer to Judaism. Your shul is not alone on this. Attending a cheder or celebrating your 12th birthday have no halachic implications from their standpoint, and help the individual feeling ‘at home,’ particularly if this is someone who will convert (Orthodox) once they become a legal adult. 

i’m moving away to uni soon and i intend to join another orthodox synagogue there. would they want me to convert??

If you’re happy being a non-Jew in the eyes of Orthodoxy, they will not want you to convert. Most likely you’ll be welcome as a guest. However, to be accepted as a Jew, an Orthodox conversion is necessary if you want to be a part of an Orthodox community.

or could i (preferably) not mention that my mum isn’t jewish.

That’s your choice. I cannot say what you should or shouldn’t be doing. 

What I will say, though, is: it’s possible that you can get away without talking about it (in which case you are under no obligation to broadcast your mother’s status), and it’s equally possible that people will straight up ask you if your mother is Jewish. People might feel hurt when they find out that you lied to them, and/or led them to believe that something was true when it wasn’t — i.e., you might not have said that your mother was Jewish, but you led them to believe that she is.

I’d advise you to talk, very honestly, to the Rabbi of that shul about your status once you move, if you do decide to join an Orthodox community.

House Royce, Lords of Runestone and Gates of The Moon, We Remember

House Royce of Runestone are an old and powerful noble house of the Vale, sworn to House Arryn. Their seat is the ancestral castle Runestone, located on the coast of the narrow sea north of Gulltown. There is a cadet branch occupying the non-hereditary seat of the Gates of the Moon, located on the path that leads to the Eyrie. The Royces of Runestone blazon their arms with black iron studs on bronze, bordered with runes.

The house is thought to have started in the Age of Heroes, though supposedly, their history goes back as far as the Dawn Age. This means they predate Arryn rule quite a bit and trace their blood to the days of the early First Men, who once populated the Vale, although no doubt they have since been heavily intermarried with the Andals who conquered the Vale millennia ago. They were once High Kings of the Vale until they were supplanted by the Arryns. These ancient kings, also known as the Bronze Kings of Runestone, they house owns several sets of ancient bronze plate armor inscribed with runes that are thought to make their wearers immune to injury, however quite a few Royces have died wearing them.

Yohn Royce, better known as Bronze Yohn, is the current Lord of Runestone and head of House Royce. He is sworn to House Arryn. Lord Nestor Royce is the senior member of the cadet branch of House Royce and Keeper of the Gates of the Moon, he has been High Steward of the Vale for the fourteen years prior to Lord Jon Arryn’s death, and has a daughter Myranda who befriends Alayne Stone.

Low-key ships

@moonnott asked me to describe three of my low-key ships and then tag five other people.

Narcissa/Sirius. Yeah, I know they’re technically related, and that’s kind of squicky for some people, even though we know pureblood families intermarry. I read a really haunting short story where they were together until Lucius broke them up and obliviated Narcissa, and it just worked for me in that context. 

Tom Riddle/Minerva. I think he’s just old enough that he was out of Hogwarts by the time she started, but I like the idea of a young, just out of school Minerva being captivated by a darkly handsome Tom Riddle, and them having a brief relationship that ended very badly.

 Neville/Luna. I just love the idea of them traveling the world together to study rare plants and animals and having Hogwarts as their homebase where they teach herbology and care of magical creatures.

tagging @ariel-riddle @shirlynmerlin @nauticalparamour @bex-la-get @olivieblake

Not only does the movie seem to be humanizing Nazis, but it also appears to humanize African-American men and racist German women who intermarried while the black soldiers had families at home. The synopsis is not getting any better. This is all too difficult for me to take in as a black American woman.

Daily Monster 266: Merrow

Region of origin: Ireland

Water faeries of the Irish seas, the merrow had a conflicted relationship with humanity. Believed by many to be dangerous, stories warned the females, who appeared as beautiful women with the lower body of a fish, sang beautiful, hypnotic songs that lured people into the water where they drowned or were viciously torn apart by the merrow while the males, more monstrous and porcine in appearance, captured souls of drowned sailors and kept them in cages under the sea. Contrary to these negative depictions there were tales of merrow coexisting with people, shedding their skin like a selkie to take on a more human form when they came on land. Some even formed relationships and intermarried with the humans, although it was said any merrow living away from the sea would eventually languish and desire to return. The merrow wore a hat, known as a cohuleen druith, that if stolen would prevent them from being able to return to the sea.

Powerful Women Rulers of the 19th Century (1 of 12)

Queen Victoria of Great Britain

Lived: May 24, 1819 - January 22, 1901
Reign: June 20, 1837 - January 22, 1901
Coronation: June 28, 1838

Queen of Great Britain, Victoria gave her name to an era in western history. She ruled as monarch of Great Britain during a time of both empire and democratization.  After 1876, she also took the title Empress of India. She was married to her cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, for 21 years before his early death, and their children intermarried with other royalty of Europe and played major roles in 19th and 20th century history.

Heathenry is not a closed religion. The original culture has been dead for a long time. Many people are attempting to revive the culture. If we know anything about ancient heathens, it’s the fact that they did intermarry with other cultures of various regions. They also traded with various cultures. That culture however is no longer in existence.

Cultural appropriation doesn’t apply to Heathenry because number one, it wasn’t closed and they often welcomed that anyone could worship their gods. People of today have this silly notion that you can’t be involved with Norse gods if you’re not European decent. How do you know your family didn’t marry off to another culture at some point or bring someone else in? We can only track our families history so far until the records end.

If a friend of mine wants to practice and they happen to be Black, Latino, or whatever, that doesn’t matter to me. Let us not forget that Thor himself and even Odin are gods who come from the giant tribes. Thor is also the protector of all human kind. So every time you say things, you’re actually disrespecting him and Odin because of their double race status. I suggest that you take off your big heads and start thinking about being compassionate towards people. Shaming and blaming others is wrong and you’re all nothing but school bullies. Let’s get out of high school okay? If anyone doesn’t welcome anyone it’s the heathens who don’t believe in racism and fundamentalism. We want you out of Heathenry. Now go sit in your box of shame because you’re being inappropriate!

PSA that a Jew is a Jew is a Jew regardless of level of observance, political opinions, belief in G-d, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, or gender identity. Jews are Jews whether they are Jews by choice or Jews by birth; whether they’re intermarried, married to another Jew, or not married at all; whether they have one Jewish parent or two Jewish parents; whether they were born to Jewish parents or adopted by Jewish parents. People who police Jewish identity are annoying and alienate people who may otherwise immerse themselves into this wonderful culture, religion, community, and history we have.

Going off some of my headcanons, I think its safe to assume the Swans are one of the oldest families residing in Forks. They’ve always kept to themselves but have become more involved in the town’s going on over the years.

Some of the early members did intermarry with the Quileute indians.


Seminole/Black Seminole- The Seminole are a Native American tribe originally from Florida. The Seminole are actually a fairly new tribe, being created from several indigenous tribes fleeing the British in the 18th century. After they began to establish their own cultural identity, the Seminole created trade networks with the British and Spanish colonial governments. Following the US incorporation of Spanish Florida, the Seminole Wars erupted between the US government and the Seminole. By 1842, the majority of Seminole had been forcibly deported to Oklahoma, where the most still live today. 

A notable sub-group of the Seminole are the Black Seminole, who are of both Seminole and African descent. Although there are many “Black Indian” groups, the Black Seminole are arguably the most famous. The original Black Seminole where escaped slaves or free Blacks, who fled oppression in British or American society to live in the swamps of Florida. These people joined and intermarried into the Seminole tribes, with some such as Billy Bowlegs/Cofehapkee, becoming important tribal leaders.


(( uses a million effects to mask that this art is shit lmfao

DOVAHKIIN MARIA (Some MUSIC to set the mood)
Here’s the Skyrim AU I oh so craved <3
God, I love playing my game– naturally as an OC owner, my game character isn’t me but its Maria. I drew her accurate to the way I built her in-game (except she usually wears a helmet in my game but i wasnt going to draw it lol then you wouldn’t see her)

My child is an absolute shit mage and strategist. She cant think about battle at all, instead she wears heavy armour and carries a high-damage weapon. Her optimum in losing is the fact that she doesn’t think things through, the optimum in winning is effective use of The Thuum (shouts). 

To get Maria’s regular appearance I’m thinking she’d need to be mixed race.  NPCs do intermarry in races within the game, and there’s even a quest for getting this Nord guy a Redguard book for his Redguard wife. Her parents would be like that.

Race: Redguard & Imperial mix
Weapon: Champions Cudgel 
Armour: Full Ebony set (+Ebony mail)
Active Effects: Chaos Damage, Imperial Luck, Poison Damage, Muffle.

Also, she is very Dragonborn-DLC-based because that was my favourite DLC, and thats where I got her Ebony armour + weapon. I love the Ebony mail, the way she lights up black is intenseeee

everyone should make skyrim aus //flops on the ground ))

Roughly half of Jewish families in America are intermarried. Without counting unmarried couples, this means roughly a quarter of the American Jewish community is gentile. Gentile spouses and partners often take an active role in encouraging, providing for, and participating in their Jewish spouse or partner’s Jewish life. More importantly, they do this for their children, who today maintain a connection to their Jewishness in unprecedented numbers. According to Pew, 60% of children from such families born in recent decades continue to identify as Jews into adulthood, whereas this number drops to about 25% among such individuals born mid-century. In a world that puts enormous pressure on us to shed our Jewishness, this change could not have taken place without the enormous support of gentiles in securing Jewish education, ritual and communal life for their Jewish children. We need to recognize that this change in the composition of the Jewish community has occurred and validate it so that Jews of all backgrounds have a place and stake in the community, and so that the future of our community in modern society is secured.

theamazingcat replied to your post “There’s so much hate and people being bitter about Albert on my…”

Victoria’s only options for marriage was a cousin of sorts. The royal houses of Europe are all intermarried. Even Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip today are cousins, Diana and Charles were related. Kate’s the first not to be in a really long time. I don’t want to add incest plots into more stories but for royals you cannot find a way around it. They married their relatives.

This is one of those things where they put it in present context and leave it at that (which is irritating.) If it wasn’t going to be Albert, it was going to be Ernest, right? I wish these people would open a history book or go to Google and actually understand the norms of the time and why it was always going to be Albert. 

Queens of Spain from The Royal House of Habsburg (1/2)

The Royal House of Habsburg was one of the most influential royal houses of Europe. Rudolph of Habsburg become King of Germany in 1273 and the dynasty of the House of Habsburg was truly entrenched in 1276 when Rudolph became ruler of Austria, which the Habsburgs ruled until 1918.  From the sixteenth century, following the reign of Charles V, the dynasty was split between Austrian and Spanish branches. Although they ruled distinct territories, they nevertheless maintained close relations and frequently intermarried. 

Isabella of Portugal (24 October 1503 – 1 May 1539) was an Infanta of Portugal, by birth, and a Holy Roman Empress, Queen of Germany, Italy, Spain, Naples and Sicily, Duchess of Burgundy etc. as the spouse of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. She was the daughter of Manuel I of Portugal and Maria of Aragon. She served as regent of Spain during the absence of her spouse for long periods.

Mary I of England (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558) was the only child of Henry VIII and his first wife Catherine of Aragon to survive to adulthood. She was the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 after the dead of her younger half-brother, Edwar VI  (son of Henry andJane Seymour). In 1554, Mary married King Philip of Spain, becoming Queen consort of Habsburg- Spain on his accession in 1556. 

Elisabeth of Valois or Isabel de Valois (2 April 1545 – 3 October 1568) was the eldest daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de’ Medici. The 14-year-old Elisabeth married the 32-year-old King Philip II of Spain on 2 February 1560. His second wife, Mary I of England, had recently died, making Elisabeth as Philip’s third wife. Elisabeth had originally been betrothed to Philip’s son, Carlos, Prince of Asturias, but political complications unexpectedly necessitated instead a marriage to Philip. They had 2 daughters, Infantas Isabella and Catherine of Spain. 

Anna of Austria (1 November 1549 – 26 October 1580). She was the eldest daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II, and Maria of Spain.  She was Queen of Spain by virtue of her marriage to her maternal uncle, King Philip II of Spain. She was Philips’ fourth and most beloved wife. 

Margaret of Austria (25 December 1584 – 3 October 1611) was  the daughter of Archduke Charles II of Austria and Maria Anna of Bavaria.  Margaret married Philip III of Spain, her first cousin, once-removed, on 18 April 1599 and became a very influential figure at her husband’s court. Philip had an “affectionate, close relationship” with Margaret, and paid her additional attention after she bore him a son in 1605.