insurgent groups

some thoughts about Jedha from your local diaspora kid who grew up hearing stories about dodging shells and the military knocking on doors  

  • Jedha is a warzone and is under Imperial occupation. It’s being stripped of its natural resources for the Empire’s purposes. It’s also a holy place, people were going on pilgrimage to the Holy City despite the constant struggle between the Imperial forces and insurgent groups. 
  • only the city was actually destroyed by the Death Star, however the entire moon will face the repercussions and will probably crumble. This means that there will be refugees (unlike Alderaan whose only survivors would’ve been offplanet) 
  • also Jedha is basically part of space!asia: all the background characters that we see are predominantly asian (plus Chirrut, Baze, and Bodhi, of course) 

So what’s it like to live under occupation, to live as a refugee?

  • Language: The Empire likes everything black and white. It’s also very discriminatory (they almost exclusively employ humans). It’s be very easy to assume Imperials (maybe not even consciously) would force citizens to speak basic. Whether our characters speak another language(s) is up to you. (Personally I think Jedha is composed of a myriad of cultures and thus languages, but people always switch to basic when talking to Imperials). (Did any of our trio speak another language? Can they read and write? Or is it just a few words, or can they only understand?) 
  • Restrictions: Stormtroopers and other personnel are always around, whether they’re directly involved with taking kyber or not. So it would be common to be stopped by troops, or even have them knock on your door. (Would there be harsh Imperials who would mistreat children for merely running around, would leer at people and make them uncomfortable? Would there be kinder ones who would let things slide, turn a blind eye to people smuggling extra portions? I think there would be both). Either way everything was very highly regulated. You’d need identification on you at all times. I can picture a young Bodhi being scolded for staring too long or talking too loudly.
  • Culture: Like I mentioned, I think Jedha is composed of many, many cultures. I think the Guardians have their own thing going on, but they would also be very familiar with the many different cultures on Jedha. But what about Bodhi? It’s clear he grew up on Jedha, but after working with the Empire? Was he forced to lose his culture, or did he forget it? Or did he hold on to every last thing he had? There’s a lot of room for development here. 
  • Rebellion: Was Bodhi’s family sympathetic to the Rebels? Or were they too afraid of the Empire to join them? From experience, even rebel groups that oppose an awful regime can be ostracized by the public, whether it be fear for their own safety, displeasure with their methods or even harassment. (The Empire may knock down doors, but rebels could be hiding in those houses. How would it feel?) There might be silent support, or people might even rally behind them. (Basically: are the rebels heroes or just trouble?) 
  • Afterwards: how would the refugees of Jedha feel, specifically our Guardians & Bodhi? Would there be regret for not learning enough, a sense of duty/need for revenge, a weight on their shoulders (the responsibility of being the caretakers of their culture)? Baze is the clearest for me: he wants to avenge his city. But what about Chirrut and Bodhi? 

Have Fun, Shippers!

Apathy

An Absence of involvement in the entire troll romance system. Only applies to non-non trolls.

Matespriteship Flushed

Involves two people who have positive feelings of affection for each other. Often involves sexual or reproductive activity.

Unspriteism F/F/F/A

When the main troll in a spriteship is forced out of it by the friend group that they themselves have founded.

Spriteship Flushed/Flushed/Ashen

When one is in a Spriteship, they surround themselves with multiple Matesprite candidates, but does not reproduce with anyone. What a tease.

Triospritism F/F/A/F/A

When a group is gathered around the spectacle of a particularly ravenous Auspisticism.

Matespicism Flushed/Ashen

A situation where two otherwise indifferent people begin to have flushed feelings for one another, under the encouragement or force of a third individual.

Alpha Duostorgiation F/A/F/A/A/F

One of the two Duostorgiation final results. In this result, the relationship of the monitors becomes more flushed as the relationship of the second couple becomes more violent.

Duostorgiation Flushed/Ashen/Ashen/Flushed

Similar to a Storgiation, except instead of a relationship growing under pressure, the relationship will grow when love is encouraged in others. The success of the Duostorgiating trolls is directly affected by how successful the relationship that they encourage turns out to be.

Beta Duostorgiation F/A/A/F/A/F

In the second Duostorgiation, the relationship of the monitoring couple becomes more flushed as the second couple’s relationship becomes more flushed.

Storgiation Ashen/Flushed

Two people work together to resolve conflict and find themselves developing red feelings for one another. This relationship can fade easily, and can sometimes only be strengthened when put under a pressure comparable to the one that instigated it.

Spewterism A/F/A/F/A

The opposite of a Scalemateship. This is when the monitor of an Auspisticism begins to have flushed feelings for both of the other trolls involved. These two trolls must decide how to respond to their monitor’s redrom persuasion.

Scalemateship Ashen/Flushed/Ashen

A very rare time when an Auspistice finds both of their monitored enemies flushed for them. The Monitor must now choose which of their courtiers they will continue on with and which one they will kill. If they do not kill either of the violent lovers, the two may develop an Infinism.

Polyscalemateship A/F/F/A

When the members of two separate Auspisticisms become violent with each other, a third Auspisticism must step in to be the monitor. The monitor of the monitoring Auspisticism is usually put under intense pressure. Nicknamed ‘The Inception’

Auspisticism Ashen

A scenario where a mediator is required to keep a relationship between two people civil and avoid bloodshed.

Metabollegiance A/A/A/C

Surrounding trolls are naturally drawn to this central troll.

Chromership Ashen/Ashen/Caliginous

When an Auspistice becomes unreliable, an additional Auspistice may become involved in order to monitor the original Auspistice. This is usually done to avoid the development of Infinisms or Scalemateships.

Crosscorosion A/A/C/A/C

Where a Kismesissitude constantly vicilliates between stability and requirement of an Auspistice

Clovership Ashen/Caliginous

A delicate balance in which the four participating individuals harbour a strong hatred for the other three. Together, the relationship is made stable and civil. If a participant is removed from the Clovership, relationships can progress to Kismesissitude unless a mediator becomes involved or the Clovership is re-completed.

Carcatuition A/C/A/C/C/A

When a troll causes ambient conflicts in all surrounding trolls.

Counter-ClovershipAshen/Caliginous/Caliginous/Ashen

A counter clovership is the opposite of a clovership. It is a group of four trolls who, while usually very friendly or indifferent, will become extremely vicious and violent when the full Counter Clovership comes together. While the members of a Clovership must be kept together, the members of a Counter Clovership must be kept apart at all costs.

Flagism A/C/C/A/C/A

Where a troll can only seem to have romantic feelings for other trolls of a similar caste.

Infinism Caliginous/Ashen

A form of Kismesissitude, but the people involved can only have a successful black relationship if constant intervention is involved. Otherwise, their hate is so strong that they will take any opportunity to murder their Infinist.

Infimoaillegiance C/A/C/A/C

Where four trolls are compelled by fate to become an Infimositude.

Infimositude Caliginous/Ashen/Caliginous

An Infinimositude is an extremely rare and very volatile series of events. The two hateful enemies that make up an Infinism will find themselves monitored by the members of a completely different Infinimositude. The result is something not that different from a clovership. Two pairs of trolls who hate the other troll in their pair have to keep the members of the other pair from killing each other. This results in either a brutal bloodbath or a mysterious harmony.

Voidance C/A/C/A

The Absense of any romantic persuasion in a troll. Can be romantically occurring or the result of a Counter Philiasma.

Kismesissitude Caliginous

A mixture of of mutual sexual attraction and hate. Leads to reproduction.

Gladiem C/C/C/P

When a troll is hypnotised or contractually forced into a relationship.

Descellegiance Caliginous/Caliginous/Pale

Many trolls that are part of a Kissmelegiance are actually part of a Descellegiance. This is when, due to the placebo effect, two trolls will become Kismesissitude because they believe that they are a Kissmelegiance. Unlike a Kissmelegiance which can be long and drawn out, these are short and violent, but they are also stoppable. When these two trolls are convinced that they are in a Descellegiance, they will be able to end their Kismesissitude. However, it is often hard to tell the difference between a potent Kissmelegiance and a light Descellegiance.

Literositude C/C/P/C/P

A troll who is attracted to fictional characters, and can only fulfil sexual desires through fictional literature. This is a quadrant that is prominent in cherubs.

Kissmelegiance Caliginous/Pale

A troll in a Kissmelegiance is compelled by fate to make an enmity with the other participant. This can progress to Kismesissitude or Infinism.

Sedatespriteship C/P/C/P/P/C

A relationship where a troll is the Matesprite or Kismesiss of another troll, without the second troll’s knowledge.

Double Agency Caliginous/Pale/Pale/Caliginous

A Double Agency is when two trolls, who have flushed feelings for one another, both pretend to have black feelings. This tends to happen when the personalities clash, usually competitive trolls. Usually, both trolls will suspect that the other actually has flushed feelings for them but neither is willing to reveal themselves in case their suspicions are wrong.

Interagency C/P/P/C/P/C

A relationship that begins with powerful love but slowly dulls to hate over time.

Erosissitude Pale/Caliginous

The two trolls are compelled by fate to constantly and simultaneously vacilliate, but are both on opposite ends of the spectrum. When one troll feels extreme red feelings, the other will express loathing. They both usually vacilliate at the same moment, meaning that they will never be able to have a stable and reproductive relationship. 

N-way Moirallegiance P/C/P/C/P

A Moirallegiance with an unprecedented number of trolls. Usually ends with one or many Kismesissitudes.

Insurgence Pale/Caliginous/Pale

An Insurgence is a group of four Moiralls that each feel a powerful romantic and protective love for one another that is harmonious and will not end with bloodshed between the Insurgents. However, they are all destined never to have sex or any form of troll reproduction.

Auspinsurgence P/C/P/P

Two sets of Moiralls clash and require a monitor to keep them safe. There I sthe possibility that these two sets of Moiralls are themselves Moiralls. While trolls A and B are Moiralls, and trolls C and D are moiralls, Moirallegiances AB and CD also become moiralls.

Moirallegiance Pale

A couple encouraged by fate to protect one another and ensure stability in the other troll/person’s life.

Stabbance P/P/P/F

If someone is a stabbance, they are a troll that has a fate-given gift of destroying the relationships of others.

Constituency Pale/Pale/Flushed

A Constituency is when one troll in a pair believes that they are the Moirall of another troll, but the second troll does not think that this is a Moirallegiance.

Matestituency P/P/F/P/F

A barrier by fate or destiny that completely blocks two trolls from having a relationship.

Stituency Pale/Flushed

A couple that is formed by defying fate. This can be done by destroying a Moirallegiance in order to form a new relationship or by turning A Kismelegiance into a Moirallegiance. 

Webship P/F/P/F/F/P

A relationship that can only remain stable when it takes place online. This can function through pesterlogs or trollian.

Envelopment Pale/Flushed/Flushed/Pale

An Envelopment is when a troll intentionally does not reveal their true feelings on who they have powerful red or black feelings for, because they do not want to cause conflict with an existing Matesprite or Kismesiss.

Masquerade P/F/F/P/F/P

A Masquerade is when two trolls can only have a stable relationship through roleplay.

Philiasma Flushed/Pale

A Philiasma is when, due to outside intervention, a Kissmelegiance or Erosissitude is broken. When a Moiraillegiance is formed, it becomes unbreakable. The status of this love becomes unconditional and cannot do anything but grow stronger.

Fatespriteship F/P/F/P/F

A scenario in which a trolls A and B are in a Kismesissitude, C and D are in a Matespriteship. Both of these relationships are destroyed, sometimes by a Stabbance. A will pair with C or D and B will pair with the troll that A does not pair with.

Counter Philiasma Flushed/Pale/Flushed

This is a situation that is just as rare, if not more rare than an Infimositude, because when one person in a Philiasma dies, the other usually commits suicide immediately. However, when the living troll does not kill themselves, they will always withdraw from the troll romance system entirely and have feelings only of depression and apathy until they die.

Laytherithm F/P/F/F

When troll A is flushed for troll B, but troll B is black for troll A and flushed for troll C. Troll C Is black for troll B and flushed for troll D. Troll D is black for troll C and flushed for troll E. There is a possibility of the Laytherithm linking into a circle, where Troll E would be flushed for troll A but troll A would be black for troll E, or they can end on their own.

Una volta che le formazioni insorte ebbero accesso ai depositi e agli armamenti tedeschi, si poté dare vita a un vero e proprio esercito conosciuto come Armia Krajowa, l'Esercito Nazionale. Quella che era nata come una rivolta si trasformò in una battaglia cittadina, che vide numerose unità della Wehrmacht e delle SS coinvolte in disperati combattimenti contro il movimento di resistenza polacco. L'AK dimostrò gran valore nelle lotte intraprese, non solo strada per strada, ma anche in condotti fognari e gallerie sotterranee; infatti, l'Esercito Nazionale, composto da volontari, era equipaggiato sommariamente e con armi leggere,contro la forza ottimamente armata soldati tedeschi.

–To, co zaczeło sie jako powstanie, stało siᶒ krwawą walką uliczną, w której wzieły udział rózne jednostki Wehrmachtu i SS w desperackich walkach przeciwko AK, aby stłumić powstanie. AK okazała wielką odwagᶒ w walkach, nie tylko ulicznych, ale takze w kanałach.

NO POLITICAL PURPOSE – REENACTMENT ONLY Copyright: Paolo Prandini Fabio Berg Natasha Guarnieri

5

What Aleppo, Syria looked like before the civil war

Before Syria’s ruinous civil war struck Aleppo, the country’s largest city was a busy commercial powerhouse and a proud historic center – its long heritage on display in ancient landmarks still used by modern day traders, travelers or worshippers.

But the war that erupted across Syria in 2011 exploded into Aleppo in the summer of 2012, when rebel fighters took over the east of the city.

The rebels hoped their march into Aleppo marked the beginning of the end for President Bashar al-Assad, while the government in Damascus pledged to swiftly drive them out.

Neither side achieved those goals, and the war in Aleppo dragged on more than four years. As the fighting ground on, Aleppo became the biggest prize of the civil war, even as the city itself crumbled under air strikes from government forces and bombardment by both sides.

Sections of the medieval souq, or market, have been ruined or burnt down, and the 11th century minaret at the Umayyad mosque was destroyed three years ago.

Modern structures have also suffered. The Shahba shopping mall on the outskirts of the city has closed – taken over by various insurgent groups during different phases of the fighting around Aleppo.

The Baron Hotel, whose guest list included Kemal Ataturk, founder of modern Turkey; British colonial officer T.E. Lawrence, better known as Lawrence of Arabia; and King Faisal of Syria and Iraq, found itself abandoned on the front line.

Now the Syrian army, backed by Assad’s Russian and Iranian allies, has recaptured the city. But Aleppo is changed. Much is in ruins, and much has been lost – surviving only in pictures and memories. (Dominic Evans/Reuters)

(Photos: Ihlow/ullstein bild via Getty Images, Eric Laffourge/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images, DEA / C. SAPPA/De Agostini/Getty Images, AFP/GettyImages, DEA / C. SAPPA/De Agostini/Getty Images)

See more images from before the war on Yahoo News.

_____

See slideshows from Aleppo now:

Syria regime troops celebrate Aleppo victory; executions reported >>>
Death toll rises in Aleppo - 50,000 flee in four days >>>
Warplanes pound Aleppo – Dozens dead >>>

Tano and Kenobi: Fight or Flight

Previously on Tano and Kenobi…

Assigned to protect the Duchess of Mandalore, Ahsoka Tano and Obi-Wan Kenobi have spent two months working to uncover the mastermind behind the assassination of the late Duke and Duchess Kryze. But the peace of Mandalore is brutally shattered by an attack on a hospital by the insurgent group Culling Blade.

First | Previous | Next | AO3



“We have to go back! Please, Ben! Make them turn around and go back!”

“Duchess, we can’t! We have to get you to safety!”

Satine pleaded with Obi-Wan and her guards for the entire speeder ride back to turn around so that she could help her people. Tears ran down her cheeks as she beat her fists against Obi-Wan’s chest, begging him to understand and have compassion for the victims.

“They need me!” Satine cried, gesturing to the ever-growing black plume of destruction overhead. “They need to see me! To know that I am there with them! That I am fighting with them!”

“They need to know you are safe so that they can do their jobs.” Obi-Wan’s answer was short and to the point, masking his own fears and worries. “Forgive me, Your Grace, but my orders are clear.”

Almost hysterical with grief, Satine whirled around on Obi-Wan, her cheeks flushed, finding a safe harbor in righteous fury. “Orders? I am the ruler of Mandalore and I demand you turn this speeder around and return me to my people!”

“Pardon me, Duchess Kryze, but when last I checked, a Jedi Padawan is only beholden to his master, who ordered me to get you to safety! And that’s what we’re doing!” Obi-Wan shot back before he could think better of it, immediately regretting the words the second they slipped past his lips. He was opening his mouth to apologize when Satine cut him off, trying to rise imperiously from her seat.

“How dare you! You, you jetii! I opened my family’s home to you and your master and this is how you repay my kindness?” Satine shouted, taking all of her terror and grief out on Obi-Wan, who blinked up at her, confused by her anger with him. He was only trying to protect her. “I want you and your master gone! Do you hear me? Gone! Immediately! You and your vaunted Jedi senses are worthless! You’re… you’re… worthless…”

Keep reading

Have Fun, Shippers!

General Sectors

Apathy

An absence of involvement in the entire troll romance system. Only applies to non-non trolls.

Matespritship Flushed

Involves two people who have positive feelings of affection for each other. Often involves sexual or reproductive activity.

Unspritism F/F/F/A

When the main troll in a spritship is forced out of it by the friend group that they themselves have founded.

Spritship Flushed/Flushed/Ashen

When one is in a spritship, they surround themselves with multiple Matesprit candidates, but does not reproduce with anyone. What a tease.

Triospritism F/F/A/F/A

When a group is gathered around the spectacle of a particularly ravenous Auspisticism.

Matespicism Flushed/Ashen

A situation where two otherwise indifferent people begin to have flushed feelings for one another, under the encouragement or force of a third individual.

Alpha Duostorgiation F/A/F/A/A/F

One of the two Duostorgiation final results. In this result, the relationship of the monitors becomes more flushed as the relationship of the second couple becomes more violent.

Duostorgiation Flushed/Ashen/Ashen/Flushed

Similar to a Storgiation, except instead of a relationship growing under pressure, the relationship will grow when love is encouraged in others. The success of the Duostorgiating trolls is directly affected by how successful the relationship that they encourage turns out to be.

Beta Duostorgiation F/A/A/F/A/F

In the second Duostorgiation, the relationship of the monitoring couple becomes more flushed as the second couple’s relationship becomes more flushed.

Storgiation Ashen/Flushed

Two people work together to resolve conflict and find themselves developing red feelings for one another. This relationship can fade easily, and can sometimes only be strengthened when put under a pressure comparable to the one that instigated it.

Spewterism A/F/A/F/A

The opposite of a Scalemateship. This is when the monitor of an Auspisticism begins to have flushed feelings for both of the other trolls involved. These two trolls must decide how to respond to their monitor’s redrom persuasion.

Scalemateship Ashen/Flushed/Ashen

A very rare time when an Auspistice finds both of their monitored enemies flushed for them. The Monitor must now choose which of their courtiers they will continue on with and which one they will kill. If they do not kill either of the violent lovers, the two may develop an Infinism.

Polyscalemateship A/F/F/A

When the members of two separate Auspisticisms become violent with each other, a third Auspisticism must step in to be the monitor. The monitor of the monitoring Auspisticism is usually put under intense pressure. Nicknamed ‘The Inception’

Auspisticism Ashen

A scenario where a mediator is required to keep a relationship between two people civil and avoid bloodshed.

Metabollegiance A/A/A/C

Surrounding trolls are naturally drawn to this central troll.

Chromership Ashen/Ashen/Caliginous

When an Auspistice becomes unreliable, an additional Auspistice may become involved in order to monitor the original Auspistice. This is usually done to avoid the development of Infinisms or Scalemateships.

Crosscorosion A/A/C/A/C

Where a Kismesissitude constantly vicilliates between stability and requirement of an Auspistice

Clovership Ashen/Caliginous

A delicate balance in which the four participating individuals harbour a strong hatred for the other three. Together, the relationship is made stable and civil. If a participant is removed from the Clovership, relationships can progress to Kismesissitude unless a mediator becomes involved or the Clovership is re-completed.

Carcatuition A/C/A/C/C/A

When a troll causes ambient conflicts in all surrounding trolls.

Counter-ClovershipAshen/Caliginous/Caliginous/Ashen

A counter clovership is the opposite of a clovership. It is a group of four trolls who, while usually very friendly or indifferent, will become extremely vicious and violent when the full Counter Clovership comes together. While the members of a Clovership must be kept together, the members of a Counter Clovership must be kept apart at all costs.

Flagism A/C/C/A/C/A

Where a troll can only seem to have romantic feelings for other trolls of a similar caste.

Infinism Caliginous/Ashen

A form of Kismesissitude, but the people involved can only have a successful black relationship if constant intervention is involved. Otherwise, their hate is so strong that they will take any opportunity to murder their Infinist.

Infimoallegiance C/A/C/A/C

Where four trolls are compelled by fate to become an Infimositude.

Infimositude Caliginous/Ashen/Caliginous

An Infimositude is an extremely rare and very volatile series of events. The two hateful enemies that make up an Infinism will find themselves monitored by the members of a completely different Infimositude. The result is something not that different from a clovership. Two pairs of trolls who hate the other troll in their pair have to keep the members of the other pair from killing each other. This results in either a brutal bloodbath or a mysterious harmony.

Voidance C/A/C/A

The absence of any romantic persuasion in a troll. Can be romantically occurring or the result of a Counter Philiasma.

Kismesissitude Caliginous

A mixture of of mutual sexual attraction and hate. Leads to reproduction.

Gladiem C/C/C/P

When a troll is hypnotised or contractually forced into a relationship.

Descellegiance Caliginous/Caliginous/Pale

Many trolls that are part of a Kismelegiance are actually part of a Descellegiance. This is when, due to the placebo effect, two trolls will become Kismesissitude because they believe that they are a Kismelegiance. Unlike a Kismelegiance which can be long and drawn out, these are short and violent, but they are also stoppable. When these two trolls are convinced that they are in a Descellegiance, they will be able to end their Kismesissitude. However, it is often hard to tell the difference between a potent Kismelegiance and a light Descellegiance.

Literositude C/C/P/C/P

A troll who is attracted to fictional characters, and can only fulfil sexual desires through fictional literature. This is a quadrant that is prominent in cherubs.

Kismelegiance Caliginous/Pale

A troll in a Kismelegiance is compelled by fate to make an enmity with the other participant. This can progress to Kismesissitude or Infinism.

Sedatespritship C/P/C/P/P/C

A relationship where a troll is the Matesprit or Kismesis of another troll, without the second troll’s knowledge.

Double Agency Caliginous/Pale/Pale/Caliginous

A Double Agency is when two trolls, who have flushed feelings for one another, both pretend to have black feelings. This tends to happen when the personalities clash, usually competitive trolls. Usually, both trolls will suspect that the other actually has flushed feelings for them but neither is willing to reveal themselves in case their suspicions are wrong.

Interagency C/P/P/C/P/C

A relationship that begins with powerful love but slowly dulls to hate over time.

Erosissitude Pale/Caliginous

The two trolls are compelled by fate to constantly and simultaneously vacilliate, but are both on opposite ends of the spectrum. When one troll feels extreme red feelings, the other will express loathing. They both usually vacilliate at the same moment, meaning that they will never be able to have a stable and reproductive relationship. 

N-way Moirallegiance P/C/P/C/P

A Moirallegiance with an unprecedented number of trolls. Usually ends with one or many Kismesissitudes.

Insurgence Pale/Caliginous/Pale

An Insurgence is a group of four Moirails that each feel a powerful romantic and protective love for one another that is harmonious and will not end with bloodshed between the Insurgents. However, they are all destined never to have sex or any form of troll reproduction.

Auspinsurgence P/C/P/P

Two sets of Moirails clash and require a monitor to keep them safe. There I sthe possibility that these two sets of Moiralls are themselves Moiralls. While trolls A and B are Moiralls, and trolls C and D are Moiralls, Moirallegiances AB and CD also become Moirails.

Moirallegiance Pale

A couple encouraged by fate to protect one another and ensure stability in the other troll/person’s life.

Stabbance P/P/P/F

If someone is a stabbance, they are a troll that has a fate-given gift of destroying the relationships of others.

Constituency Pale/Pale/Flushed

A Constituency is when one troll in a pair believes that they are the Moirail of another troll, but the second troll does not think that this is a Moirallegiance.

Matestituency P/P/F/P/F

A barrier by fate or destiny that completely blocks two trolls from having a relationship.

Stituency Pale/Flushed

A couple that is formed by defying fate. This can be done by destroying a Moirallegiance in order to form a new relationship or by turning A Kismelegiance into a Moirallegiance. 

Webship P/F/P/F/F/P

A relationship that can only remain stable when it takes place online. This can function through pesterlogs or Trollian.

Envelopment Pale/Flushed/Flushed/Pale

An Envelopment is when a troll intentionally does not reveal their true feelings on who they have powerful red or black feelings for, because they do not want to cause conflict with an existing Matesprit or Kismesiss.

Masquerade P/F/F/P/F/P

A Masquerade is when two trolls can only have a stable relationship through roleplay.

Philiasma Flushed/Pale

A Philiasma is when, due to outside intervention, a Kismelegiance or Erosissitude is broken. When a Moiraillegiance is formed, it becomes unbreakable. The status of this love becomes unconditional and cannot do anything but grow stronger.

Fatespritship F/P/F/P/F

A scenario in which a trolls A and B are in a Kismesissitude, C and D are in a Matespritship. Both of these relationships are destroyed, sometimes by a Stabbance. A will pair with C or D and B will pair with the troll that A does not pair with.

Counter Philiasma Flushed/Pale/Flushed

This is a situation that is just as rare, if not more rare than an Infimositude, because when one person in a Philiasma dies, the other usually commits suicide immediately. However, when the living troll does not kill themselves, they will always withdraw from the troll romance system entirely and have feelings only of depression and apathy until they die.

Laytherithm F/P/F/F

When troll A is flushed for troll B, but troll B is black for troll A and flushed for troll C. Troll C Is black for troll B and flushed for troll D. Troll D is black for troll C and flushed for troll E. There is a possibility of the Laytherithm linking into a circle, where Troll E would be flushed for troll A but troll A would be black for troll E, or they can end on their own.

 

Hemosectors (Any similarities between these sectors and any existing characters are purely coincidental.)

Morteros

A relationship that stretches across multiple lifetimes.

Triospicism

A 3 way quadrant involving a couple and a third person that one troll in the couple has cheated on the other with.

Tixicitation

A relationship that can only remain functional while one or both trolls are under the effects of a drug or other substance that modifies mental state.

Demispritship

A Matespritship that does not end even though one of the trolls involved no longer has flushed feelings This is because that troll is concerned about the way the Matesprite will react to the end of the romantic pairing.

Gemintercourse

A troll who is most comfortable having sexual interaction with two trolls at once.

Vicilliatspritship

A flushed or black coupling in which one of the trolls has a dual personality. Depending on the controlling personality, the status of the relationship can change or vicilliate completely.

Confusism

A troll who’s relationship is so conflicted and complicated that no one can conclusively class it as a Matespritship or a Kismesissitude.

Alter-Vicilliation

Similar to an Erosissitude, except instead of constantly vicilliating in their contrasting feelings for one another, the two trolls have a consistent relationship. For example, a troll has flushed feelings for another, but the other troll has black feelings for the original troll.

Sacrificitude

A flushed relationship where one troll dies to save the other. Whether this saviour is successful or not is irrelevant. Both trolls involved and also the killer will be a part of this quadrant.

Jiffilation

A troll who’s sexual advances are done successfully and entirely without the use of words. This can include images, videos, sign language or simply no communication at all.

Lucusest

A troll that has a sexual relationship with a Lusus.

Playahrithm

When a troll habitually and almost addictively cycles through innumerable flushed or caliginous flings.

Mendaciolum

A Kismesissitude formed on false information.

Controvissitude

A flushed or black relationship that is made purely to garner attention

Mortism

A single troll quadrant of when a troll causes the death of their Matesprite deliberately. The offending troll remains in this quadrant permanently, even if the murdered trolls come back to life.

Philiositudology

The trolls in question achieve sexual fulfilment by theorising about the sexual activities of species other than their own, but find little pleasure in the details of their own species.

Strongallegiance

A relationship with sexual interaction that is based entirely on fetishes.

Hoofbeastiality

A sexual coupling between a troll and an animal or entire species of animal.

Moiralissitude

A relationship in which a past Moirallegiance becomes an enmity or Kismesissitude.

Messiasma

The one sided pair that is a Kismesissitude or Matespritship between a troll and a deity or the subject of a religion.

Counter Constituency

A Moirallegiance that is broken because a Moirall abandons their duty towards it. This couple is permanently blocked from access to the quadrant of Moirallegiance.

Dematism

The single-troll quadrant that someone belongs to before they have their first matespritship. Similar to Human concepts of virginity. Sometimes lasts an entire lifetime. All Voidanced trolls belong here too.

Stabbanspritship

A troll couple that comes into existence at the price of one or multiple moirallegiances belongs in this quadrant.

Aquestrissitude

A troll couple who can only have enjoyable sex when under water, despite their ability to breathe above it. Preferably salty water.

 ALSO CLICK HERE IF YOU WANT TO SEE LEPRECHAUN SHIPPING

Thrawn (2017) spoilers (chapters 23-Epilogue, and other thoughts)

This will be pretty long, because it’s the sprint to the end, and I have many thoughts re Nightswan and Thrawn, how the book ties into the current Star Wars timeline, and the future of Thrawn in the franchise:

Governor Pryce of Lothal has a Rebel situation. But no big, it’s nothing they can’t handle. Such a tiny Rebel situation. So very insignificant. Won’t lead to anything of note at all.

Commander Faro is now the Chimaera’s captain, good for her.

Thrawn is so competent that he doesn’t even have to be physically present at the battle of Sammun to make sure they win there.

“Admiral Durril is convinced he’ll have no difficulty capturing Scrim Island. I am interested in seeing if he is correct.” Good thing Thrawn isn’t given to gloating, no?

“…you’re a weapons smuggler named Horatio Figg.” Of course Thrawn must have at least a dozen alternate identities for himself and his crew, complete with fake identification and backstories unto their first traumatic childhood event.

To play the part of Horatio Figg, Eli must wear Thrawn’s overly large tunic. There’s a bunch of ways to feel about that.

Aaaaand, despite Eli’s above average ability to role-play a smuggler, he is checkmated by Nightswan. This is not surprising at all. Thrawn definitely isn’t surprised.

Nightswan doesn’t like to kill people unnecessarily. A lot like Thrawn. Yet another ‘enemy mine’ thing between them.

What the -hell- happened between Thrawn and Anakin Skywalker during the clone wars?? I need to know this. Thrawn’s tactical mind with Skywalker’s power. What could have possibly stood against them? Or were they fighting each other? Because I’d like to see that too.

Keep reading

Ahsoka Tano,

  1. Held her own against General Grievous, someone who ate more experienced Jedi than her for breakfast, TWICE.
  2. Also fought toe-to-toe with Asajj Ventress, the apprentice of Count Dooku himself, who even a Jedi master like Luminara Unduli struggled to fight alone.
  3. Resisted the Blue Shadow Virus, which is essentially the Black Plague in space, for a whole day.
  4. Helped destroy a massive Seperatist droid factory, and survived in the rubble long enough to call for help.
  5. Got her stolen lightsaber back before her master even realized it was ever gone.
  6. Saved Duchess Satine Kryze from her own traitorous Prime Minister.
  7. Took down Aurra Sing, one of the deadliest bounty hunters of her time, twice.
  8. Survived the Citadel, a prison infamous for being nearly impossible to escape, and killed the warden.
  9. Escaped a group of Trandoshians that attempted to hunt her for sport and killed their leader, while inspiring her fellow prisoners to believe in themselves and fight back.
  10. Was one of only two people to not get captured during the battle of Mon Cala.
  11. Helped take down the Zygerrian slave empire.
  12. Escaped the clutches of a Mandalorian terrorist group and in the process of doing so, fought toe-to-toe with their leader, decapitated four of them at once, and stabbed one of them i the gut with a makeshift spear, all while dragging her useless idiot of a love interest around.
  13. Stood up to three deadly criminals to protect her unconscious master.
  14. Helped a group of insurgents overthrow a corrupt king and take their planet back.
  15. Protected six younglings from pirates, and later from Grievous.
  16. Avoided capture after being framed for murder for what appears to have been a whole night.
  17. Stopped Darth Sidious, THE most powerful sith lord of ALL TIME, from getting into a holocron vault.
  18. Fought Darth Maul, someone who killed a jedi master, twice.
  19. Was a major figure in the growing Rebel Alliance.
  20. Took down two sith inquisitors without breaking a sweat.
  21. And last but certainly not least, fought toe-to-toe with Darth Vader, the jedi killer, the chosen one himslef, in a collapsing sith temple, and lived.

YOUR. FAVE. COULD. NEVER.

Les Misérables Royalty AU where Grantaire is secretly a prince and the society of the Friends of the ABC doesn’t let him in in the first place because I imagine it would be pretty difficult to hide the fact that you’re a literal prince from a radical republican insurgent group

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history meme | four out of ten moments

↳ Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (19 April 1943 - 16 May 1943)

The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising that occurred in the Warsaw Ghetto, the largest ghetto in German occupied Poland, in 1943 was the single largest Jewish revolt during World War II.

On 18 January 1943, the German forces began the second deportation of the Jewish in the Warsaw Ghetto. While families hid in “bunkers”, fighters of the ŻZW joined with the ŻOB and engaged the Germans in direct clashes. 5,000 instead of the targeted 8,000 were deported.

Hundreds were ready to fight. Both adults and children were armed with handguns, gasoline bottles, and few other weapons that had been smuggled into the ghetto by resistance fighters. Most of the fighters were not fighting to save themselves but instead they saw fighting as a battle to retain the honor of the Jewish people and to protest the world’s silence.

The ŻZW and the ŻOB took control of the ghetto soon after the fighting that occurred on 18 January. They built fighting posts and built prisons to hold and execute traitors and Nazi collaborators (including Jewish Police officers, member of the fake [German sponsored] resistance organization Żagiew, and Gestapo & Abwehr agents).

On 19 April 1943 — the eve of Passover — police and SS forces entered the Warsaw Ghetto, planning to complete the deportation of the Jewish inhabitants in three days, but were ambushed by Jewish guerrillas who fired and tossed Molotov cocktails and hand grenades from alleyways, sewers, and windows. Two vehicles were set aflame by insurgent petrol bombs. That afternoon, two boys took to the rooftops and raised two flags — A red and white Polish flag and a blue and white ŻZW flag. The flags remained on the rooftop for three days. The flags reminded hundreds of thousands of not only the Jewish cause but the cause and strength of the Polish.

As the battle continued in the ghetto, the Polish insurgent groups AK and GL engaged the Germans at six different locations outside of the ghetto walls between the 19 and 23 April. In one attack, three units of the AK joined up in a failed attempt to breech the ghetto wall with explosives. The ŻZW eventually lost all of it’s commanders and, on 29 April, the fighters of the organization escaped the ghetto through the Muranowski tunnel and relocated to the Michalin forest. This marked the end of the significant fighting.

On 8 May, the Germans discovered a large dugout at Miła 18 Street which served as a ŻZW command post. Most of the remaining leadership and dozens others committed mass suicide by ingesting cyanide. Deputy Mark Edelman escaped the ghetto with comrades through the sewers two days later. On 10 May exiled member of the Polish government, Szmul Zygielbojm, committed suicide in protest of lack of reaction from the Allied governments.

The uprising was officially suppressed on 16 May 1943 when the Great Synagogue of Warsaw was demolished.

It is estimated that 13,000 Jews were killed during the uprising and most of the remaining 50,000 inhabitants of the ghetto were sent to concentration and extermination camps. Only 17 Germans deaths were recorded, although it is suspected their are much more.

youtube

L’église de Saint-Merry

This is mostly for the architecture nerds around here but why not others too if you want to have a look at the church that was turned into a little fortress by a group of insurgents who rang the tocsin all throughout the night and all through the next day until the church was retaken by the authorities. The video above is mainly about the interior, the video below is about the renovation of the church and talks more about the exterior. (Both are in French, sorry.)

In 1832 the church was completely squished between narrow streets and the surrounding houses by the way. Now there’s a plaza on the north side but back then it was just buildings all around. Even now it’s a bit hard to get a good look at the church from the outside because it’s mostly hidden from view and to see it you have to be so close that you can’t see the higher structures.

7

The SKS Semi Automatic Rifle,

Before World War II the Soviet Union had intended to update their small arms arsenal by phasing out the Mosin Nagant bolt action rifle and replacing it with a semi automatic design.  This process began with notable models such as the AVS-36, SVT-38, and the SVT-40. However, due to the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, such plans could not be fully realized and as a result the bolt action rifle remained the backbone of the Red Army. As the war drew to a close Soviet ordnance officials once again began the search for a new semi automatic rifle to become the standard infantry arm of the Soviet military.  However, unlike other designs, the new weapon was to be of carbine length, based on lessons learned from brutal urban combat on the Eastern Front, and use an intermediate cartridge similar to the German STG-44.

In 1944 the Soviet small arms designer Sergei Simonov began work on a new semi automatic carbine which used a recently invented intermediate cartridge, the 7.62X33mm.  The new SKS (Samozaryadnyj Karabin sistemy Simonova - Self Loading Carbine) was a simple, rugged, and effective weapon which used a gas operated tilting bolt semi automatic action. It incorporated a ten round fixed magazine which was loaded using stripper clips (some models would use 30 round detachable magazines). The stock was made of hardwood, and later laminate, while the receiver and magazine were of stamped sheet metal. Like most Russian small arms, the SKS was designed with simplicity, economy, and ease of manufacture in mind. As a result, the SKS was relatively simple to mass produce, making it one of the most prolifically mass produced firearms in history with over 15 million manufactured. Most models tend to have a folding bayonet attached underside the barrel. A cleaning kit is also located in a compartment within the stock.

Apparently pre-production trial runs of the SKS began in the waning months of World War II, although I have never seen any sources that confirm this. The SKS was officially adopted in 1949, only a few years after the invention of the AK-47. While the AK-47 was the much better weapon, with a select fire system and 30 round magazine, it was difficult to mass produce, had many production issues, and had some reliability issues to be worked out.  Thus the AK-47 did not become a mainstay of the Soviet military until an improved model called the AKM was introduced in 1959. Until then the SKS would serve as the backbone of the Soviet Armed Forces. In addition to Soviet production, Communist allies often produced their own models and variants.  The most common example is the Chinese Type 56, which was adopted by the Chinese military in 1956 and continued in official use for over 30 years. Other Communist bloc producers include Romania, Poland, Yugoslavia, Albania, North Korea, Vietnam, and East Germany. Millions were also exported to Soviet and Chinese influence countries around the world.  As a result of the SKS’s availability, they have been used in every conflict around the world for the past 50 years.

Today, the SKS has been officially withdrawn from most militaries, and are typically relegated as a reserve weapon or a ceremonial arm.  They are still common among small militias, terrorist organizations, freedom fighters, guerrillas, and other insurgent groups.  Many more are sold as military surplus on civilian markets as popular hunting rifles and sporting arms.

Matespriteship Flushed

Involves two people who have positive feelings of affection for each other. Often involves sexual or reproductive activity.

Spriteship Flushed/Flushed/Ashen

When one is in a Spriteship, they surround themselves with multiple Matesprite candidates, but does not reproduce with anyone. What a tease.

Matespicism Flushed/Ashen

A situation where two otherwise indifferent people begin to have flushed feelings for one another, under the encouragement or force of a third individual.

Duostorgiation Flushed/Ashen/Ashen/Flushed

Similar to a Storgiation, except instead of a relationship growing under pressure, the relationship will grow when love is encouraged in others. The success of the Duostorgiating trolls is directly affected by how successful the relationship that they encourage turns out to be.

Storgiation Ashen/Flushed

Two people work together to resolve conflict and find themselves developing red feelings for one another. This relationship can fade easily, and can sometimes only be strengthened when put under a pressure comparable to the one that instigated it.

Scalemateship Ashen/Flushed/Ashen

A very rare time when an Auspistice finds both of their monitored enemies flushed for them. The Monitor must now choose which of their courtiers they will continue on with and which one they will kill. If they do not kill either of the violent lovers, the two may develop an Infinism.

Auspisticism Ashen

A scenario where a mediator is required to keep a relationship between two people civil and avoid bloodshed.

Chromership Ashen/Ashen/Caliginous

When an Auspistice becomes unreliable, an additional Auspistice may become involved in order to monitor the original Auspistice. This is usually done to avoid the development of Infinisms or Scalemateships.

Clovership Ashen/Caliginous

A delicate balance in which the four participating individuals harbour a strong hatred for the other three. Together, the relationship is made stable and civil. If a participant is removed from the Clovership, relationships can progress to Kismesissitude unless a mediator becomes involved or the Clovership is re-completed.

Counter-Clovership Ashen/Caliginous/Caliginous/Ashen

A counter clovership is the opposite of a clovership. It is a group of four trolls who, while usually very friendly or indifferent, will become extremely vicious and violent when the full Counter Clovership comes together. While the members of a Clovership must be kept together, the members of a Counter Clovership must be kept apart at all costs.

Infinism Caliginous/Ashen

A form of Kismesissitude, but the people involved can only have a successful black relationship if constant intervention is involved. Otherwise, their hate is so strong that they will take any opportunity to murder their Infinist.

Infimositude Caliginous/Ashen/Caliginous

An Infinimositude is an extremely rare and very volatile series of events. The two hateful enemies that make up an Infinism will find themselves monitored by the members of a completely different Infinimositude. The result is something not that different from a clovership. Two pairs of trolls who hate the other troll in their pair have to keep the members of the other pair from killing each other. This results in either a brutal bloodbath or a mysterious harmony.

Kismesissitude Caliginous

A mixture of of mutual sexual attraction and hate. Leads to reproduction.

Descellegiance Caliginous/Caliginous/Pale

Many trolls that are part of a Kissmelegiance are actually part of a Descellegiance. This is when, due to the placebo effect, two trolls will become Kismesissitude because they believe that they are a Kissmelegiance. Unlike a Kissmelegiance which can be long and drawn out, these are short and violent, but they are also stoppable. When these two trolls are convinced that they are in a Descellegiance, they will be able to end their Kismesissitude. However, it is often hard to tell the difference between a potent Kissmelegiance and a light Descellegiance.

Kissmelegiance Caliginous/Pale

A troll in a Kissmelegiance is compelled by fate to make an enmity with the other participant. This can progress to Kismesissitude or Infinism.

Double Agency Caliginous/Pale/Pale/Caliginous

A Double Agency is when two trolls, who have flushed feelings for one another, both pretend to have black feelings. This tends to happen when the personalities clash, usually competitive trolls. Usually, both trolls will suspect that the other actually has flushed feelings for them but neither is willing to reveal themselves in case their suspicions are wrong.

Erosissitude Pale/Caliginous

The two trolls are compelled by fate to constantly and simultaneously vacilliate, but are both on opposite ends of the spectrum. When one troll feels extreme red feelings, the other will express loathing. They both usually vacilliate at the same moment, meaning that they will never be able to have a stable and reproductive relationship. 

Insurgence Pale/Caliginous/Pale

An Insurgence is a group of four Moiralls that each feel a powerful romantic and protective love for one another that is harmonious and will not end with bloodshed between the Insurgents. However, they are all destined never to have sex or any form of troll reproduction.

Moirallegiance Pale

A couple encouraged by fate to protect one another and ensure stability in the other troll/person’s life.

Constituency Pale/Pale/Flushed

A Constituency is when one troll in a pair believes that they are the Moirall of another troll, but the second troll does not think that this is a Moirallegiance.

Stituency Pale/Flushed

A couple that is formed by defying fate. This can be done by destroying a Moirallegiance in order to form a new relationship or by turning A Kismelegiance into a Moirallegiance. 

Envelopment Pale/Flushed/Flushed/Pale

An Envelopment is when a troll intentionally does not reveal their true feelings on who they have powerful red or black feelings for, because they do not want to cause conflict with an existing Matesprite or Kismesiss.

Philiasma Flushed/Pale

A Philiasma is when, due to outside intervention, a Kissmelegiance or Erosissitude is broken. When a Moiraillegiance is formed, it becomes unbreakable. The status of this love becomes unconditional and cannot do anything but grow stronger.

Counter Philiasma Flushed/Pale/Flushed

This is a situation that is just as rare, if not more rare than an Infimositude, because when one person in a Philiasma dies, the other usually commits suicide immediately. However, when the living troll does not kill themselves, they will always withdraw from the troll romance system entirely and have feelings only of depression and apathy until they die.

 

2

With a can of spray paint in hand, local Afghan female artists have taken to the streets to paint the plight of women in Afghanistan and channel their frustrations and aspirations about the future of their country through art. 24-year-old street artist Malina Suliman provides a visual backdrop to the daily struggles and hardships of Afghan women whose voices have been largely silenced by the Taliban and insurgent groups. “Some people who face injustice and the lack of rights take the bomb to kill us or narcotics to kill themselves. Graffiti is a peaceful way of fighting against the government, against all wrong things,” she says.

Kabul-based graffiti artist Shamsia Hassani embeds motivating messages in her painted murals with hopes of bringing a pop of color into the lives of passersby. Her art commonly feature over-sized women with explicit female figures in striking turquoise burqas. “My women are big, strong and modern. I capture them in movement and draw them bigger than in real life. I want people to perceive these women differently,” Hassani explains.

Read more via Mint Press News.

anonymous asked:

I'm immune to that memetic. Doctor, you do realize the Chaos Insurgency was a defect group, one that had high authority relative to the other sections? Sadly, our member has died from a heart attack caused by that memetic. Now, Geo. I see that the entities have killed off the doctor. You can refer to me as a leader of the Chaos Insurgency. You have seen that they'll kill off anything that is a threat. They are acting on fear alone and not any common sense. The SCP Foundation must be erased. -CIL

Seems like the CI Leader, or simply just CIL, is trying to persuade the program to join the Chaos Insurgency’s side. Problem is, the poor thing didn’t want to bring harm to anybody in the first place. None of this was even started by them, and if they could they’d definitely leave their own well-being out of this, too.

Is this what they get for interacting with anons and other beings of the internet realm? All they wanted was to be left alone in peace at this point, maybe greet some people passing by…

[ Isn’t there some way I can step out from this fight at all? I don’t think it concerns me anymore, I’m not doing anything, I was just being used and manipulated - doesn’t that at least give me a chance to rest??? ]

[ I understand that this is just bringing danger to more and more people, and.. and I know it’s in my programming to prevent any harm to come on living beings. ]

[ And yet, I’m just beginning to realize.. it’s like some of you seek these things..! Not to mention you all have your own will to take actions of your own.. Whether I do or want something or not, each one of you are able to do something yourselves regardless! ]

[ It’s.. It’s just making me question when it really is necessary to follow safety procedures for living beings. I’m so confused, just how linear do these protocols go? ]

[ I just.. I want some time to think… I need some time to think. So many things have been happening that it gets so hard to absorb it in. ]

[ At the very least, you people are still able to take action of your own.. ]

Abridged version of Rhodesian Bush War and the Rhodesian army (mostly RLI and Selous Scouts because <3)

From (not so) Humble Beginnings

The Brits and South Africans began colonisation of Southern Rhodesia in the 19th century. Mineral and land rights were acquired from the local traditional leaders under treaties. The colony was administered by the British until 1965 when the government unilaterally declared themselves independent of British rule. The main reason for the unilateral, as opposed to the formal grant which the Brits were willing to do, was due to a new British policy of “no independence before majority rule”. In other words, until Africans were the single ruling gov’t, Rhodesia could not have its independence. While nice on paper, due to what happened in the Belgian colony of Congo when immediate majority rule was approved. In Belgian Congo, when independence was going through, there was a great deal of violence focused against people of European origin. As the government of Rhodesia didn’t want this to happen, they declared independence. However, they still planned to move towards majority rule though at a more controlled rate.

War were declared

The Rhodesian Bush War actually began before the declaration of Rhodesian independence. The first killings were executed by Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) insurgents. ZANU was an African nationalist party under Robert Mugabe, who alongside the Zimbabwe African People’s Union (ZAPU) made up the majority of “opposition” (read, terrorist) forces. Though the two groups initially clashed for reasons of tribalism and ideals, they made up and took on Rhodesia in the end. It should be noted that both terrorist groups were supplied by the USSR and China respectively, though Rhodesia proper was only occasionally supported by South Africa, and Portugal during the early war.

Immediately after Rhodesia declared independence, they had sanctions placed on them by the British government, including an arms embargo. However, they were able to secure arms from Portugal (who ruled Mozambique until 1975) and produced licensed version of their weapons.

The war was relatively low-key until the 1970s, with a few major engagements happening, but mostly small scale.

Fireforce

In the early 1970s, a new tactic was introduced by the Rhodesian Light Infantry (RLI). Its purpose was effectively as a QRF, though much heavier handed. Generally involving 32 infantry troops, three helicopters, and one command aircraft (K-Car) which was generally a DC-3 or Cessna Skymaster. Occasionally a second aircraft called a “Lynx” was used, but more often than not there wasn’t one involved.

One of the reasons for the effectiveness of the tactics was the immediate superiority of force it gave to the Rhodesians. As the ZANU/ZAPU forces had no air force of their own and no way to shoot down the incoming craft effectively,it proved devastating. As well, many contacts were made with squad sized (9-12 troops) forces of insurgents, giving the Rhodesians the advantage in numbers as well as firepower.

The new tactic yielded an 80-1 kill ratio in favour of the Rhodesians, and often ended contacts in minutes (though a full Fireforce operation could take hours). As such, the RLI and other regiments (Rhodesian African Rifles, British South African “Police”) were quick to be regarded as some of the most effective in the world.

Pamwe chete

On the complete opposite side of fireforce tactics were the now famous Selous Scouts. In essence, they were the terrorists to the terrorists. Their tactics ranged from basic intel gathering and interrogation, to assassinations, bombings, and other such things. Another thing that made them quite special when compared to other units was that Africans made up 50-80% if their ranks, including the first African commissioned officers (in the Rhodesian Security Forces). 

By far the most famous operation executed by the Scouts was Operation Eland, a cross-border raid into Mozambique. Disguising themselves as FRELIMO (Mozambique Liberation Front) they snuck into a ZANU camp that had over 4000 troops in it. They assembled the vehicles on the camps parade square, and the leader of the group announced over his vehicles loudspeaker (in Shona) “We have taken Zimbabwe”. The ZANU troops began cheering and crowding into the parade square and around the vehicles. At this point, the Rhodesians opened fire and continued to shoot until there was no movement left on the parade square, at which time they returned to Rhodesia. Around 1000 ZANU insurgents were killed, and only four Scouts were wounded in the fight.

As well, the operational tactics and composition of the unit led the insurgent groups to occasionally engage in friendly fire, fearing that their allies were in fact Scouts.

There’s a great deal more information out there, and plenty more stories. But this is the short version, and just has the best stuff and content for basic understanding.

Submitted by absitplague, thanks pana! 

@smokeinganddrinking there you go.

Forest Whitaker’s character has been one of the more closely held secrets of Rogue One: A Star Wars Story, but Lucasfilm is ready now to make his identity official: this shadowy freedom-fighter is Saw Gerrera, a figure with a surprisingly deep background in galactic history.

The warrior — seen in the Rogue One trailer asking, “If you continue to fight, what will you become?” — was actually first seen in season 5 of The Clone Wars animated series, when he was a young man on the planet Onderon, unleashing guerilla combat on the droid army of Separatists who took over his world.

Along with his sister, Steela, he fought alongside Darth Vader — back when the Sith lord was just an impetuous young Jedi named Anakin Skywalker. In the episode A War on Two Fronts, which aired in October 2012, Saw and Steela were part of an insurgent group being unofficially trained by Anakin, Obi-Wan Kenobi, and the padawan Ahsoka Tano.

Whitaker’s Saw Gerrera is bulkier, more battle-hardened with the years, and maybe a little shellshocked. He has continued to fight; and, as he suggested in the trailer, he has become something — and it’s not quite a hero. Rather, he’s a man who has tried to do the right thing by occasionally doing questionable things.

[source]