Zheng Zhenxiang (b.1929) is one of China’s first female archaeologists. She is a leading expert on the Shang Dynasty of China (1600-1046 BCE).
She is best known for her excavations at Yinxu, where she discovered the tomb of Lady Fu Hao, the wife and military general of King Wu Ding. Lady Fu Hao’s tomb is still to this day the only Shang royal tomb excavated by archaeologists that was intact and undisturbed.
Zheng’s work at Yinxu not only confirmed the historicity of Fu Hao (whose existence was previously only known through the Oracle Bones), but provided valuable insight into the material culture of Shang Dynasty China. It is this reason that she has been referred to as the “First Lady of Chinese Archaeology.”
Zheng Zhenxiang is affiliated with the Institute of Archaeology at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.