Crochet Coral Reef, (2005–present), an ongoing project by Margaret and Christine Wertheim and their Los Angeles–based organization, the Institute For Figuring. On view at the MAD Museum through January 22, 2017.
The black haired girl - Izzy - had brought you into an old church, calling it the iIstitute. It looked really bad on the outside but inside… well after that monster - a demon - it didn’t shock you anymore that magic seemed to exist.
Shadowhunters, that’s what Izzy called herself and the others who were running around in the Institute. They all wanted to figure out who you actually were, as you could see demons and, after a little test, clearly could wear runes. You were one of them, that was clear to them, but you were still waiting to wake up from your dream. As an orphan you had always asked yourself who your actual parents were, but all this information was a little bit much, all at once.
It took a while but it seemed they had a lead to who your real parents were, when you were called into an office. Izzy was there with her brothers Alec and Jace, who already helped trying to explain you most thinks without making your head explode.
There was also an older man. The way he looked down when he saw you wasn’t feeling good, so you kind of did the same.
“Could everybody stop starring please?”, you asked, trying not show how insecure you felt. “I didn’t think we would see you again,” the older man started talking. “But it seems that some things are faith. I don’t ask you for forgiveness or anything.”
“Forgiveness? What does that mean?” “It means that he is your father”, Izzy explained with a hard gaze to the man. “As he is ours too. He had an affair while being married to our mother.”
News you hadn’t expected. They all had told you that there was a war around 18 years ago, so your real parents were probably dead. Hearing that your father was alive should be a good think but it felt wrong. You were a bastard…literally.
“Why.. how did I end up in an orphanage?” At least that you wanted to know. “Your mother died shortly after your birth. We were already on the eyes of the clave and my wife… I couldn’t ask her to raise another child, that wasn’t hers.”
“So you threw me away.” The thought hurt more than you could have imagined. Maybe it would have been better, if you had never known.
The Crochet Coral Reef is a project created by Margaret Wertheim and Christine Wertheim of the Institute For Figuring, a Los-Angeles based non-profit that pioneers creative new methods for engaging the public about scientific and mathematical issues by putting people and communities at the core
Now, scientists at Murdoch Children’s Research Institute in Australia have figured out the right recipe to create very simple kidneys. The top image is the full “organoid”, the bottom GIFs show series of cross sections. In all the images, the colors label different proteins that indicate specialized structures.
These organoids don’t have all the functionality of a real kidney, but they represent a step in the right direction. The ultimate goal? Grow fully functional kidneys for people who need transplants. Because the grown kidneys would be derived from the patient’s own cells, rejection of the transplant by the host immune system wouldn’t be a problem.
Augustus’ ascendancy as the first Roman Emperor in 27 BC, followed by
confirmation of his powers in 23 and 19 BC, marked a clear,
irrevocable, yet necessary change in Roman political philosophy. No
longer were the Imperators, or ruler generals of the former Republic, in
position to challenge Republican constitutional ideals. With the
institution of the emperor into figure-head status, along with literal
supreme power of the entire Roman world, the social and political
squabbles of the old system gave way to new challenges.
political ills of the Republic were soon to be replaced with royal
family intrigue and Praetorian corruption mixed in with the occasional
interference of the Senate, which still existed as a governing body,
though largely stripped of any real power.
At first, however, Augustus largely avoided these problems through
shrewd political manipulation, the overwhelming support of the masses,
and complete unadulterated control of the legions. While later
successors, especially those within his own Julio-Claudian line, proved
themselves incapable or undeserving of their positions, which were
granted largely due to family ties, Augustus was the perfect, if not
only man capable of settling the civil wars of the former Republic.
The Principate (from the imperial title Princips for ‘first among
equals’) as the early empire was known, was established simply through
the brilliance of Augustus, and of course through the efforts of those
who supported him. Without him, including his personality, prestige and
dignity, along with the ever popular name of Caesar as validation, the
Roman nation and all its provinces may have slid into a continual
degeneration of political upheaval and civil war. Because of him, this
potential and destructive further slide into historical oblivion was
avoided, at least for another 5 centuries.
After years of civil war and general instability the entire Roman way
of life was in danger of collapse, both internally and from external
enemies. Great empires like Parthia challenged Roman authority in the
east, while the many individual tribes of places like Germania and even
mostly Romanized Hispania provided considerable reason for concern along
the frontiers. A final settlement of resistance to Roman rule, which
had so easily propped up in the wake of attention given to internal
conflicts, was necessary on a fairly wide scale.