innovation discoveries

Sixty Years of Exploration, Innovation, and Discovery!
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Exactly sixty years ago today, we opened our doors for the first time. And since then, we have opened up a universe of discovery and innovation. 

There are so many achievements to celebrate from the past six decades, there’s no way we can go through all of them. If you want to dive deeper into our history of exploration, check out NASA: 60 Years and Counting

In the meantime, take a moonwalk down memory lane with us while we remember a few of our most important accomplishments from the past sixty years!

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In 1958, President Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act, which effectively created our agency. We officially opened for business on October 1

To learn more about the start of our space program, watch our video: How It All Began. 

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Alongside the U.S. Air Force, we implemented the X-15 hypersonic aircraft during the 1950s and 1960s to improve aircraft and spacecraft. 

The X-15 is capable of speeds exceeding Mach 6 (4,500 mph) at altitudes of 67 miles, reaching the very edge of space

Dubbed the “finest and most productive research aircraft ever seen,” the X-15 was officially retired on October 24, 1968. The information collected by the X-15 contributed to the development of the Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, and Space Shuttle programs. 

To learn more about how we have revolutionized aeronautics, watch our Leading Edge of Flight video. 

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On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first humans to walk on the moon. The crew of Apollo 11 had the distinction of completing the first return of soil and rock samples from beyond Earth. 

Astronaut Gene Cernan, during Apollo 17, was the last person to have walked on the surface of the moon. (For now!)

The Lunar Roving Vehicle was a battery-powered rover that the astronauts used during the last three Apollo missions. 

To learn more about other types of technology that we have either invented or improved, watch our video: Trailblazing Technology.

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Our long-term Earth-observing satellite program began on July 23, 1972 with the launch of Landsat 1, the first in a long series (Landsat 9 is expected to launch in 2020!) We work directly with the U.S. Geological Survey to use Landsat to monitor and manage resources such as food, water, and forests. 

Landsat data is one of many tools that help us observe in immense detail how our planet is changing. From algae blooms to melting glaciers to hurricane flooding, Landsat is there to help us understand our own planet better. 

Off the Earth, for the Earth.

To learn more about how we contribute to the Earth sciences, watch our video: Home, Sweet Home. 

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Space Transportation System-1, or STS-1, was the first orbital spaceflight of our Space Shuttle program. 

The first orbiter, Columbia, launched on April 12, 1981. Over the next thirty years, Challenger, Discovery, Atlantis, and Endeavour would be added to the space shuttle fleet. 

Together, they flew 135 missions and carried 355 people into space using the first reusable spacecraft.

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On January 16, 1978, we selected a class of 35 new astronauts–including the first women and African-American astronauts. 

And on June 18, 1983, Sally Ride became the first American woman to enter space on board Challenger for STS-7. 

To learn more about our astronauts, then and now, watch our Humans in Space video.

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Everybody loves Hubble! The Hubble Space Telescope was launched into orbit on April 24, 1990, and has been blowing our minds ever since. 

Hubble has not only captured stunning views of our distant stars and galaxies, but has also been there for once-in-a-lifetime cosmic events. For example, on January 6, 2010, Hubble captured what appeared to be a head-on collision between two asteroids–something no one has ever seen before.

In this image, Hubble captures the Carina Nebula illuminating a three-light-year tall pillar of gas and dust. 

To learn more about how we have contributed to our understanding of the solar system and beyond, watch our video: What’s Out There?

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Cooperation to build the International Space Station began in 1993 between the United States, Russia, Japan, and Canada. 

The dream was fully realized on November 2, 2000, when Expedition 1 crew members boarded the station, signifying humanity’s permanent presence in space!

Although the orbiting lab was only a couple of modules then, it has grown tremendously since then! 

To learn more about what’s happening on the orbiting outpost today, visit the Space Station page.

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We have satellites in the sky, humans in orbit, and rovers on Mars. Very soon, we will be returning humankind to the Moon, and using it as a platform to travel to Mars and beyond.

And most importantly, we bring the universe to you

What are your favorite NASA moments? We were only able to share a few of ours here, but if you want to learn about more important NASA milestones, check out 60 Moments in NASA History or our video, 60 Years in 60 Seconds

Make sure to follow us on Tumblr for your regular dose of space: http://nasa.tumblr.com.

Every happy ending, every discovery, every innovation could have gone in a horribly different direction. Every success could have just as easily failed. Every person that made a shred of a difference in this world went against hundreds of people saying it couldn’t be done. So don’t forget there are going to be a million reasons why you shouldn’t, but it only takes one good one why you should.

Let’s talk astrology basics: main planets 🌙

we have the main planets and then the planets that lot of people don’t consider looking at all the time, so here’s a master post of the main ones, part 2 will hold some more that also appear in the birth chart! and AS & MC.

S U N || rules your personality (this transits every month or so), represents the Self, one’s way of being in the world.Can also display  both the ego and the higher Self or soul purpose. your conscious mind, what’s your basic identity, how does the world see you on a basic level. The energy of your chart, where you can find your great power.

M O O N ||  moods and emotions (transits every two to three days), how do we deal with our emotions, how do react to problems, where does our sense of security stand, intuition, the inner you. Can reveal our instincts,habits, reactions, us in private, deepest feelings, the inner layer of who you are. 

M E R C U R Y || rules your mind and how you communicate (this transits every three to four weeks) day to day expression, beliefs, ideas. How are we making day to day decisions? How do we process the information we receive? Your mind, intellect, reason,language, intelligence. 

V E N U S || rules your love and attraction, the way you see beauty, the way you define beauty. (transits every four to five weeks).also rules money, our sentiments, values, the pleasures we seek in life, sexual pleasures, marriage, indulgences, simple pleasures as well as complex ones. 

M A R S || rules your drive and energy (tranits every six to seven weeks). Action and desire, your animal instincts in a sense.  Passion, what drives you, aggression, the raw energy that lies within us, sexual matters as well, our true compassion,courage.

J U P I T E R || rules your luck, how you can grow, and your wisdom (transits every 12-13 months). How will you expand in this lifetime? your natural knowledge. How is our generosity is expressed? tolerances. Higher learning, both spiritually and mentally. 

S A T U R N || what disciplines you, what you may need for discipline, fears, challenges, (transits every two to three years). What limits you? what limits will you need to push past? what gives you more structure. Our boundaries, responsibilities, commitments, where we need self control. Deeper ambitions.

U R A N U S || how you experience change, our originality (transits every seven years) us going into transcendence. Where we will constantly look forward, innovation, discovery, everything progressive. Where we will let our wings go, where we will be our raw selves. 

N E P T U N E || your dreams and how you heal, what you heal. (transits every ten to twelve years ). Our  inspiration, dreams, psychic receptivity, illusions, confusions, where we wonder. Spiritual enlightenment and our intuitions. Can also show us our guilt and trickery.  

P L U T O || your power, how you will transform, transits every (twelve to fifteen years, but this fluxiates a lot). Everything below the surface, subconscious forces, renewal, rebirth. Our spiritual growth,  changes, upheaval, power struggles, destruction, some of our dark side. 

A S ||    represents the environment and conditioning a person may be influenced by during their childhood. The mask that we show to the world, natural defenses and how we show ourselves. Influences your physical traits. Image, style, mannerism, your autopilot. 

M C || Career, social standing, visible achievementsour sense of responsibility and standing in the world, insight to your place in life, what you should use to reach your full potential.

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NASA’s 60th Anniversary: Home, Sweet Home

Earth is a complex, dynamic system. For 60 years, we have studied our changing planet, and our understanding continues to expand with the use of new technologies. With data from satellites, instruments on the International Space Station, airborne missions, balloons, and observations from ships and on land, we track changes to land, water, ice, and the atmosphere. Application of our Earth observations help improve life now and for future generations. Since we opened for business on Oct. 1, 1958, our history tells a story of exploration, innovation and discoveries. The next 60 years, that story continues. Learn more: https://www.nasa.gov/60

Make sure to follow us on Tumblr for your regular dose of space: http://nasa.tumblr.com.

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The Beatles + Planets: George/Uranus 

Uranus, the god of the sky, represents originality, individuality, rebellion, technology, innovation, discovery, progressiveness, enlightenment, and ingenuity in astrology. Uranus may be considered to be odd/eccentric, erratic, controversial, radical, original, inventive, independent, free-spirited, and brilliant/intelligent. These individuals think outside the box, and set trends by being themselves.  

“When you’ve seen beyond yourself, then you may find, peace of mind is waiting there.” - George Harrison

 [John] [Paul] [Ringo]

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One Of These Four Missions Will Be Selected As NASA’s Next Flagship For Astrophysics

“Choosing which of these missions to build and fly will, in many ways, inform our plans for the next 30 years (or more) of astronomy. NASA is the pre-eminent space agency in the world. This is where science, research, development, discovery, and innovation all come together. The spinoff technologies alone justify the investment, but that’s not why we do it. We are here to discover the Universe. We are here to learn all that we can about the cosmos and our place within it. We are here to find out what the Universe looks like and how it came to be the way it is today.

People will always argue over budgets — the penny-pinchers are always happy to propose something that’s faster, cheaper, and worse — but the reality is this: the budget for NASA Astrophysics as a whole is just $1.35 billion per year: less than 0.1% of the federal discretionary budget and less than 0.03% of the total federal budget. And still, for that tiny amount, NASA has steadily built a flagship program that’s the envy of the free world.”

Every 10 years, NASA performs a decadal survey, where it outlines its highest mission priorities for the next 10 years. The 2020 decadal is happening imminently, and once the recommendations are submitted to the National Resource Council at the National Academies of Science, the four flagship finalists will be ranked. This will determine NASA astrophysics’ direction for the 2030s.

James Webb is the flagship for the 2010s; WFIRST is it for the 2020s. What will we choose for the 2030s? It will be one of these four finalists! Dream big, everyone.

“lol you must have failed high school [class or academic discipline]!”

translation: I have never taken a class in that subject beyond high school, and so assume that the discipline is just as uncomplicated and easy to understand as it was when it was a simplified basics class designed for teenagers. I also assume that no further discoveries or innovations have been made since I was a literal child, and so the academic understanding of the subject must be as static as mine

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NASA’s 60th Anniversary: How It All Began

Congress passed the National Aeronautics and Space Act, on July 16 and President Eisenhower signed it into law on July 29, 1958. We opened for business on Oct. 1, 1958, with T. Keith Glennan as our first administrator. Our history since then tells a story of exploration, innovation and discoveries. The next 60 years, that story continues. Learn more: https://www.nasa.gov/60

Make sure to follow us on Tumblr for your regular dose of space: http://nasa.tumblr.com.

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NASA’s Next Flagship Mission May Be A Crushing Disappointment For Astrophysics

“This is NASA. This is the pre-eminent space agency in the world. This is where science, research, development, discovery, and innovation all come together. The spinoff technologies alone justify the investment, but that’s not why we do it. We are here to discover the Universe. We are here to learn all that we can about the cosmos and our place within it. We are here to find out what the Universe looks like and how it came to be the way it is today.

It’s time for the United States government to step up to the plate and invest in fundamental science in a way the world hasn’t seen in decades. It’s time to stop asking the scientific community to do more with less, and give them a realistic but ambitious goal: to do more with more. If we can afford an ill-thought-out space force, perhaps we can afford to learn about the greatest unexplored natural resource of all. The Universe, and the vast unknowns hiding in the great cosmic ocean.”

While the Trump administration just proposed a new branch of the military, a “space force” if you will, NASA has just demanded that every one of the proposed astrophysics flagship missions abandon their large ambitions and present a scaled-down, sub-$5 billion version of their proposal. That means smaller telescopes, reduced capabilities, and less knowledge that will be revealed about the Universe. Every single one of the four will suffer from this, but the biggest losers may be us. In terms of science, society, spinoffs, and civilization, we’ll all be poorer if we fail to invest in something that truly makes a difference in this world.

Why grandstand when you can literally grandly stand where no human has stood before: at the frontiers of knowledge? It’s time to invest in something that matters.

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NASA’s 60th Anniversary: Humans in Space

It is part of the human spirit to explore. During 60 years, we have selected 350 people as astronauts to lead the way. For nearly two decades, humans have been living and working aboard the International Space Station in low-Earth orbit to enable future missions forward to the Moon and on to Mars while also leading discoveries that improve life on Earth. Since we opened for business on Oct. 1, 1958, our history tells a story of exploration, innovation and discoveries. The next 60 years, that story continues. Learn more: https://www.nasa.gov/60

Make sure to follow us on Tumblr for your regular dose of space: http://nasa.tumblr.com.

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NASA’s 60th Anniversary: The Leading Edge of Flight

Aeronautics is our tradition. For 60 years, we have advanced aeronautics, developed new technologies and researched aerodynamics. Our advancements have transformed the way you fly. We will continue to revolutionize flight. Since we opened for business on Oct. 1, 1958, our history tells a story of exploration, innovation and discoveries. The next 60 years, that story continues. Learn more: https://www.nasa.gov/60

Make sure to follow us on Tumblr for your regular dose of space: http://nasa.tumblr.com.

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NASA’s 60th Anniversary: What’s Out There

In the past 60 years, we’ve advanced our understanding of our solar system and beyond. We continually ask “What’s out there?” as we advance humankind and send spacecraft to explore. Since opening for business on Oct. 1, 1958, our history tells a story of exploration, innovation and discoveries. The next 60 years, that story continues. Learn more: https://www.nasa.gov/60

Make sure to follow us on Tumblr for your regular dose of space: http://nasa.tumblr.com.

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NASA’s 60th Anniversary: Trailblazing Technology

Technology drives exploration. For 60 years, we have advanced technology to meet the rigorous needs of our missions. From GPS navigation to water filtration systems, our technologies developed for space improve your daily life on Earth. We continue to innovate and explore. Since we opened for business on Oct. 1, 1958, our history tells a story of exploration, innovation and discoveries. The next 60 years, that story continues. Learn more: https://www.nasa.gov/60

Make sure to follow us on Tumblr for your regular dose of space: http://nasa.tumblr.com.