All about closed comedones
What are closed comedones?
A comedo (the singular form) is a clogged hair follicle (pore) in the skin. Keratin (skin debris) combines with oil to block the follicle. A comedo can be open (blackhead) or closed by skin (whitehead), and occur with or without acne. But when most people refer to closed comedones they are references bumps like the one in the image. Non inflamed, skin coloured bumps, often found on the forehead.
Caused of closed comedones
There are many causes. Pro-inflammatory cytokines (cell signalling proteins), produced by cells lining the follicle in response to activation of the innate immune system. Free fatty acids made from sebum by acne bacteria
Overhydrated skin premenstrually, from moisturisers or in humid conditions
Contact with certain chemicals including oily pomades, isopropyl myristate, propylene glycol and some dyes in cosmetics. Rupture of the follicle by injury such as squeezing pimples, abrasive washing, chemical peels or laser treatments. Smoking – comedonal acne is more common in smokers than in non-smokers. Certain dietary factors may contribute to comedonal acne, particularly milk products and high glycaemic-index foods (sugars and fats).
How to treat from the inside out
- Stop smoking if you smoke.
- Reduce the processed sugars in your diet.
- Increase consumption of anti inflammatory foods such a leafy green veggies.
- Attampt to cut out dairy from your diet.
- Ensure you stay hydrated, drinking at least 2 litres a day so that you aren’t relying on heavy moisturisers.
How to treat with skincare products
Apply one of these once or twice a day as a thin layer.
If your comedonal acne persists seek advice from your doctor or dermatologist.
Hope this helps you guys! Keep treating yo skin right