injury disease


In sectoral heterochromia one part of the eye is different from it’s remainder. Heterochromia, in general is the result of excessive pigment. It can be inherited or caused by disease & injury. 


A Soyuz spacecraft is seen as it lands with astronaut Shane Kimbrough of NASA and Russian Flight Engineers Sergey Ryzhikov and Andrey Borisenko near the town of Zhezkazgan, Kazakhstan on Monday, April 10. Kimbrough, Ryzhikov, and Borisenko are returning after 173 days in space onboard the International Space Station. 

While living and working aboard the space station, the crew members contributed to hundreds of experiments in biology, biotechnology, physical science and Earth science aboard the world-class orbiting laboratory. For example, the Microgravity Expanded Stem Cells investigation had crew members observe cell growth and other characteristics in microgravity. 

Results from this investigation could lead to the treatment of diseases and injury in space, and provide a way to improve stem cell production for medical therapies on Earth.

Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)

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Last prompt for @averca. I’m so sorry this is late! I’m hoping to at least get started on some of the other stuff that’s sitting in my ask box, and hopefully I can post more writing once I get out of school on Thursday. Thank you all for being patient!

Prompt: “You fainted, straight into my arms. You know, if you wanted my attention, you didn’t have to go to such extremes.”

“I can’t believe you dragged me here,” Will said as he stared at the building in front of him. It was a squat, brick structure situated in the middle of a large parking lot. It could’ve easily passed for another abandoned shopping center if not for the dark coverings over the windows, the enormous line stretching out the front door, and the sign beside the road that read: MELANCHOLY’S REALM: AMERICA’S MOST TERRIFYING HAUNTED HOUSE!

“C’mon, Will, don’t be such a buzzkill,” Cecil said. “I heard they use real chainsaws at this place. That’s, like, illegal in fifteen states.”

“I’m pretty sure that’s illegal in every state,” Will muttered, rolling his eyes. Cecil ignored his comment and joined the end of the line.

“What’s your problem with haunted houses, anyway?” Cecil asked as Will followed him.

Will bit his lip and shifted awkwardly, “They’re just… stupid and cheesy, that’s all. A bunch of halloween bogus to scam suckers out of their money.”

“I’m the one who’s paying for this, why do you have a problem with it?” Cecil said. A look of realization crossed his face, “Wait a minute, you aren’t actually scared, are you?”

Will threw up his hands defensively, “What? No, of course not!”

Cecil smirked, “Whatever you say, Solace.”

After several minutes of waiting, they reached the front of the line. A heavy set asian guy took the wad of cash Cecil forked over and gestured for them to enter.

They pushed through a pair of plain looking doors and found themselves in what looked like an abandoned grocery store. The room had no real walls, instead it was divided by enormous sheets of black plastic hanging from the ceiling that seemed to transform the room into a maze of twisting corridors and cramped rooms. Multi-colored lights played across the space, bathing everything in a medley of acid greens, neon pinks, and electric blues. Clouds of dry-ice smoke covered the floor and permeated the air with a sour odor. Shrieks and giggles echoed throughout the facility.

Will’s gut clenched as Cecil grabbed his arm and pulled him toward a group of several other patrons gathered in a corner. Will peered over the heads of the crowd and spotted a tour guide at the heart of the assembly. The guide was small and had an impish face peeking out from under a curly mop of dark hair. A dangerous spark glittered in his eyes, and his mouth was twisted into a devilish smirk.

“Hello, hello, hello,” The guide said. His eyes scanned the crowd as if he were a cat searching for prey. “Welcome to Melancholy’s Realm, the most terrifying place in America. My name’s Leo, and I am here to take you on a journey to meet the awful spirits that haunt this place.”

While he knew that the speech was hogwash, Will couldn’t help the chill that raced down his spine as he listened to the way Leo’s words seemed to drip with a certain eeriness. His gaze darted to Cecil, who hung on the guide’s every word, transfixed.

“The story of Melancholy’s Realm is an unfortunate one,” Leo continued. “Long ago, there was a hospital that was said to have the cure to any injury or disease one could suffer from. People started hearing about this place of miracles, and soon enough they were arriving by the truckload, begging to be helped. The nurses and doctors did as they promised, and even those with the trickiest illnesses were healed.

“However, strange things began happening to the patients. They would wander out of their beds at night, say things to the doctors that made no sense, and they began having violent mood swings. The doctors did everything they could to solve the problems, but nothing worked. Finally, one night the patients suddenly climbed from their beds and formed a sort of army. They smashed equipment and murdered the workers, and once they were done, they collapsed. Bodies littered every room of the hospital, and even the police were too horrified to enter. Finally, they removed the dead and investigated, but no one ever figured out what happened to the patients. It remains a mystery to this day. But, many say that at night you can hear the screams of the dead patients, telling of their guilt over killing the staff, and how they were transformed into the monsters that destroyed the hospital.”

The story’s end was punctuated by silence from the group, accompanied by far-off cries coming from the opposite end of the room.

Leo cleared his throat, breaking the quiet. “But now, it’s time for us to discover the truth, and venture into the dark depths of Melancholy’s Realm!” He stepped towards the entrance to the labyrinth of black plastic and gestured for the group to follow.

Will moved with everyone else, making sure to stay close to Cecil. His heart thudded in his ears as they made their way through a narrow passage and filed into a room.

The room was tiny, barely large enough to fit the patrons, actors, and props. A hospital bed stood in the center of the space, covered by a white sheet spattered with fake blood. Two actors wearing tattered scrubs loomed over the bed, their faces hidden by the darkness as they murmured to each other in hissing whispers.

“This is the operation room,” Leo said. “There are some gruesome rumors about this place. You never know what might come out of here.”

Suddenly, a figure shot up from the bed, tossing aside the sheet as a horrible cry tore through the air. The patrons shrieked and all dashed for the door at once.

Will’s heart was thundering in his chest now. Blood roared through his ears and the room seemed to tilt dangerously. Without warning, his knees gave out, and Will felt himself toppling downward as the world sank into darkness.

The only thing Will was aware of was the rough caress of asphalt against his back. His thoughts were muddled, and the world around him was lost in a murky haze. He blinked several times to clear his vision, and found himself lying in the middle of a parking lot, gazing up at a night sky dotted with stars.

“Are you alright?” a voice asked.

Will turned his head and spotted a boy with raven black hair and olive skin kneeling beside him. “I-yeah, I guess,” Will replied.

“My name’s Nico,” the boy said. A slight grin played on his lips, “I work in the haunted house and I saw your group going through. You must’ve been pretty freaked out, though. You fainted straight into my arms. If you wanted my attention, you didn’t have to go to such extremes.”

Will’s cheeks colored, “Oh, I, uh, sorry, I guess?”

Nico laughed and waved his hand dismissively. “Don’t worry about it,” he said.

“How long have I been out?” Will asked.

Nico shrugged, “About ten minutes, nothing huge.”

“And my friend-Cecil-he was with that tour. Does he know where I am?” Will said, propping himself up on his elbows.

“I’m not even sure if he saw you,” Nico replied. “He seemed to be having the time of his life. Don’t worry, you’ll be reunited as soon as the group comes out of the building.”

Will’s eyes twinkled with amusement, “That sounds like him.”

“I take it you don’t go to haunted houses much?” Nico asked.

“No, not really,” Will admitted, “I only came tonight because Cecil insisted. Honestly, I’m terrified of stuff like this.”

“You aren’t the only one. You wouldn’t believe how many people I’ve had in this same situation over the last few weeks,” Nico said.

An amused smile spread across Will’s face, “You mean other people have fainted in there?”

“Yep. My friends decided to rent this abandon grocery store about a year ago start a haunted house. I agreed to work for them so I could make an extra buck. Although, I hate showing my face, so most of the time I just end up playing covered hospital corpses like I was tonight. Our place must actually be pretty terrifying, though. The number of people I’ve had to pull out of there is shocking,” Nico explained.

Will shrugged, “Good to know I’m not the only one.”

Their conversation came to an abrupt end when will heard Cecil shouting for him across the parking lot.

“I’ve got to go,” he said.

He turned to walk away, but before he could move, Nico snatched his wrist. “Wait, before you go, let me give you my number.”

Will gaped at him and Nico averted his eyes. “Y-you know, for safety purposes,” he said. “I want to make sure you get home okay.”

Will’s face lit up like a thousand light bulbs, “Sounds fine to me.”

What Science is Launching to Space?

The tenth SpaceX cargo resupply mission launched to the International Space Station on Feb. 18, and is carrying science ranging from protein crystal growth studies to Earth science payloads. Here’s a rundown of some of the highlights heading to the orbiting laboratory.

The CASIS PCG 5 investigation will crystallize a human monoclonal antibody, developed by Merck Research Labs, that is currently undergoing clinical trials for the treatment of immunological disease. Results from this investigation have the potential to improve the way monoclonal antibody treatments are administered on Earth.

Without proteins, the human body would be unable to repair, regulate or protect itself. Crystallizing proteins provides better views of their structure, which helps scientists to better understand how they function. Often times, proteins crystallized in microgravity are of higher quality than those crystallized on Earth. LMM Biophysics 1 explores that phenomena by examining the movement of single protein molecules in microgravity. Once scientists understand how these proteins function, they can be used to design new drugs that interact with the protein in specific ways and fight disease.

Much like LMM Biophysics 1, LMM Biophysics 3 aims to use crystallography to examine molecules that are too small to be seen under a microscope, in order to best predict what types of drugs will interact best with certain kinds of proteins. LMM Biophysics 3 will look specifically into which types of crystals thrive and benefit from growth in microgravity, where Earth’s gravity won’t interfere with their formation. Currently, the success rate is poor for crystals grown even in the best of laboratories. High quality, space-grown crystals could improve research for a wide range of diseases, as well as microgravity-related problems such as radiation damage, bone loss and muscle atrophy.

Nanobiosym Predictive Pathogen Mutation Study (Nanobiosym Genes) will analyze two strains of bacterial mutations aboard the station, providing data that may be helpful in refining models of drug resistance and support the development of better medicines to counteract the resistant strains.

During the Microgravity Expanded Stem Cells investigation, crew members will observe cell growth and morphological characteristics in microgravity and analyze gene expression profiles of cells grown on the station. This information will provide insight into how human cancers start and spread, which aids in the development of prevention and treatment plans. Results from this investigation could lead to the treatment of disease and injury in space, as well as provide a way to improve stem cell production for human therapy on Earth.

The Lightning Imaging Sensor will measure the amount, rate and energy of lightning as it strikes around the world. Understanding the processes that cause lightning and the connections between lightning and subsequent severe weather events is a key to improving weather predictions and saving life and property. 

From the vantage of the station, the LIS instrument will sample lightning over a wider geographical area than any previous sensor.

Future robotic spacecraft will need advanced autopilot systems to help them safely navigate and rendezvous with other objects, as they will be operating thousands of miles from Earth. 

The Raven (STP-H5 Raven) studies a real-time spacecraft navigation system that provides the eyes and intelligence to see a target and steer toward it safely. Research from Raven can be applied toward unmanned vehicles both on Earth and in space, including potential use for systems in NASA’s future human deep space exploration.

SAGE III will measure stratospheric ozone, aerosols, and other trace gases by locking onto the sun or moon and scanning a thin profile of Earth’s atmosphere.

These measurements will allow national and international leaders to make informed policy decisions regarding the protection and preservation of Earth’s ozone layer. Ozone in the atmosphere protects Earth’s inhabitants, including humans, plants and animals, from harmful radiation from the sun, which can cause long-term problems such as cataracts, cancer and reduced crop yield.

Tissue Regeneration-Bone Defect (Rodent Research-4) a U.S. National Laboratory investigation sponsored by the Center for the Advancement of Science in Space (CASIS) and the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, studies what prevents other vertebrates such as rodents and humans from re-growing lost bone and tissue, and how microgravity conditions impact the process. 

Results will provide a new understanding of the biological reasons behind a human’s inability to grow a lost limb at the wound site, and could lead to new treatment options for the more than 30% of the patient.

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anonymous asked:

Hello! Hope you're feeling better by the time you get this message! I have a story set in ancient Rome and I have a character who got hit with an arrow to his thigh. It didn't hit a major artery and the medics managed to get it out in one piece. Would it still be plausible for him to use a crutch or get infections from the wound, or does this seem too outrageous?

Hey there! Your story could be quite interesting! (And I am most definitely feeling better; thanks so much for your concern!!)

The answer to your question is yes. Your character could very well need crutches, or even have an ongoing disability for the rest of his life.

The thing with flesh wounds in the leg, especially the thigh, is that the muscles involved are very large, very strong, and responsible for a LOT of movement. If the arrow severs a tendon or damages the femoral nerve, they may have difficulty using the distal leg or simply be unable to use the leg for the most part.

As for the question of infection, infections were very common in that time, especially with deep puncture wounds (or, in this case, most likely a perforation – a wound that goes all the way through). Bacteria could enter the wound with the arrow, or the wound could be exposed to dirt, dirty bandages, or a dirty hand grabbing at it or tending to it. Hand-washing was not a huge aspect of medicine for a long time after the gladiators ceased to fight. In any event, you don’t need to justify an infection either.

The wound could seep or ooze some pus or bloody fluid, be warm to the touch,and become extremely painful if it becomes infected. It could also smell foul indeed.

The question isn’t justifying their disability, it’s justifying their recovery. You may choose to have the character continue to limp or have this be their “weak leg” for the rest of their lives – which, in gladiatorial Rome, may be very short-lived indeed. They may, with luck and several weeks of rehab, gain full function of the leg back, but this could also end their career.

The power, as they say, is yours.

xoxo, Aunt Scripty


alaeevolare  asked:

Hello! Is a respiratory system similar to the ones found in the creatures of Avatar (the one with the blue alien people) possible? It basically looks like their nostrils, for the lack of a better term, are at the base of the neck, closer to the lungs. What kind of issues, i.e. diseases and injuries, could a creature with it face? This is specifically for a flying creature if that helps. Thank you!

Okay, so, Avatar is like, MY FAVORITE SCIENCE FICTION-VERSE EVER. Like, I can’t even put it into worlds, it’s just so beautiful, the ecology, the culture, the world, and the interconnectedness theme, and just UGHGHGHGH LOVE IT.

Okay, spazz moment over. I’m guessing that what this ask is referring to the many animals on Pandora that have these things.

In-verse, these things are called Operculum. It’s explained in the avatar Wiki as basically a nostril that feeds directly into the lungs. The animals in question (Direhorses, Banshees, Viperwolves, and the Toruk) all have a need for large amounts of oxygen(Or whatever the heck they respirate with on Pandora) when they are running/flying and hunting. Because they’re all much larger than Earth’s fauna and the air of Pandora was so different, the operculum allow a much larger intake of air for the animals cells to metabolize aerobically rather than anaerobically, which would cause them to build up lactic acid and likely not be able to maintain the movement they need in order to survive.

The only disadvantage I could see to this is that the nostrils would prevent the animals from swimming, as water would come in and flood the lungs causing it to drown, but considering how much larger the animals in Avatar were and how they either had six legs, or were high and fast fliers, this actually really isn’t a bad system to breath with. Some respiratory infections are likely a common cause of death for older animals and they would need to find shelter in the rain, or keep their operculum covered.

Thanks for asking and I hope this helped!

Good luck!

Operculum Source

Forensic Science: what is it?

WATSON REALIZED SOMETHING IMPORTANT!! And by that she means she was hit with the sudden realization that both Sherls and Watson never covered what Forensic Science is. And given the massive influx of new followers (thank you everyone, you guys are amazing!) Watson thought she should define forensic science and cover the sub-disciplines in the field. Due to the interdisciplinary nature of forensics, Sherls and Watson have a pretty general science background, so don’t be afraid to ask us about anything. 

Forensic science, in the most broad definition, is the application of any science to the court of law (both criminal and civil). Essentially, it is using the scientific method to help with court trials. It’s important to keep the law part in mind, because everything we do in the field, scene processing, evidence collection, evidence analysis, all the tasks are done with a goal in mind: to preserve the integrity of evidence so that it is viable in court. Their third job is to search, find, and collect possible evidence in an efficient manner to ensure fragile evidence isn’t lost, but also in a careful way so that the evidence is preserved properly and not contaminated. With that said, we have a very general knowledge of law, and it mainly pertains to the Criminal Code of Canada, while @scriptlawyer​ is the better person to go to for detailed law knowledge. 

The most publicly know facet of forensic science is crime scene investigation. These are the people that come in a scene in full Protective Personal Equipment/PPEs (bunny suit, gloves, goggles, mask, boot covers, etc.). Their first job is to protect the scene, make sure nothing is tampered with. The second job is to record and document the scene in a thorough manner (photography, video tape, hand written notes), to ensure that the scene can be revisited later in the future. 

Below, in no particular order, are brief synopsis of forensics in a given sub-discipline: 

Pathology – they are the coroners and the medical examiners, performs autopsy and is responsible for determining manner of death, cause of death, and estimating Post Mortem Interval/time of death (PMI) 

Biology/DNA – looks at the biology of the scene, including DNA and any other bodily fluids (blood, semen, saliva, urine, etc), when looking at DNA, will be intimately familiar with a process called Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), will also look at hair and fibre samples, botanical material, and soil 

Toxicology – the chemistry side of the science, examines compositions of drugs, glass, paint, explosives, soil, determines presence/absence of drugs and poison, alcohol, uses lots of fun equipment, refer to @scriptchemist​ 

Firearms – looks at firearms (we are hoping that is obvious), discharged bullets, spent cartridge cases, shotgun shells, ammunition, gun shot residue (GSR), approximating how far from the target a weapon was fire 

Fingerprinting – studying minutiae of fingerprint, comparing prints left behind in a crime scene to prints from known origin, there’s actually not a lot of work being done on how accurate fingerprint is, and fingerprinting is under a lot of scrutiny right now for lack of organizational structure (some one should change that) 

Computer/Digital – one of the new emerging fields, basically finding, collection, preserving, and examining data from digital devices (computers, cell phones, etc.) Sherls and Watson do not have enough technological background so we will refer everyone to @scripthacker​ 

Anthropology – deals with skeletal remains, differentiating between human and animal remains, determining approximate gender, age, height, race, and any physical injuries or osteo-diseases 

Entomology – uses insect (mainly flies and necrophilious insects), flies life cycle, and the cycle of arthropod successions to determine long term PMI 

Psychology/Behavioural – this is a subfield of psychology/psychiatry. In criminal cases, work tasks might include determining if a person is fit to stand trial, evaluate for behavioural disorders, looking at behavioural patterns to set up a profile. In civil cases, they might determine if an individual is competent to decide when preparing a will, settling property, or refusing medical treatment. Both of us do not have much experience in this field, and would like to refer you to @scriptshrink 

Documents – document analysis studies handwriting, type-writing, type of paper and ink, tries to authenticate sources, basically anything to do with documents, neither Sherls or Watson has much experience with this 

Odontology – this field looks at dental evidence when the body is unrecognizable. Enamel in the teeth are hardy substances and can last for a long time, identification of the person can be made based of characteristics of the teeth, their alignment of the mouth, the great thing about living is the first world country is that almost every one has a dental record. Bite marks compared to dental cast has also been used as evidence in court (see Ted Bundy), but Sherls and Watson are both leery about this particular field, since there are not a lot of research proving that there is a scientific basis behind the field

Engineering – looks at failure analysis, accident reconstruction, and causes and origins of fires/explosions, mainly looks at the structure sides of things (is there an engineering scripty around? Because Watson would love to see one)

Others Watson found while researching: theres units for polygraph and voiceprint analysis too apparently. We do not know much about these two fields either.

*Phew* We know there is a lot of information on this post, we are planning to break down a few things we mentioned here and go into more detail in future posts. Send us asks if you lovelies have any questions.

gettingvetted  asked:

This weekend I visited a zoo and watched a juvenile chimpanzee fish a toad out of the water in its exhibit and proceed to hurl it around the enclosure. It was nauseating, as you could tell the toad was slowly and painfully dying as it went from trying to escape to just turning over when it landed on its back to not responding at all. I am hoping upon hope that this chimp wasn't deriving pleasure out of torturing an animal and was just playing with a moving object. Do you have any insights?

Chimps, like most apes, are not nice in the ways humans would like them to be. Given that the toad was chosen specifically, and that is was a juvenile, I would assume that the chimp was probably playing with it. Now, that doesn’t meant it was enjoy it’s suffering - there’s no way to know if it even is able to conceptualize of a toad being conscious and able to suffer, much less understand that it’s play behaviors would cause that - but it’s still ‘animal manipulating other animal for selfish funtimes’. Which is awful and hard to watch, but also one of the brutal truths of nature. 

(In the future, when animals are doing things like that, I’d suggest finding a staff member - if it’s an item not approved enrichment it could be dangerous to the animal, and a toad or other random live animal could be toxic or a carrier of disease). 

it-jez  asked:

Team-45? Maybe after they all catch space flu.

It’s the 1000 Followers Special!  Based on these prompts.  Prompts are now closed.  Don’t want to see all 35 of these?  Block ‘1000 Followers Special’.  Can’t read on mobile?  These will slowly be posted to AO3 starting in a few days as ‘Hold Up Half the Sky’.  A huge thank you to Xagrok for the beta’ing!

This was probably inevitable.

With the number of disasters they responded to, it wasn’t really a surprise that the team ended up running into a lot of injury and disease.  Even with the advanced technology of many of the species they encountered, some things couldn’t be fully prevented.  After all, even the pods couldn’t curse illness, only injury.

Shiro was the first to get it.  It was just a little sniffle, he’d thought.  A stuffy head.  Barely even a cold: maybe he was just allergic to something around here.  No big deal.

It had been so minor he’d barely mentioned it.  Until Lance had started to sniffle next, and Hunk made and went through a huge pot of tea all by himself.

Soon all of the humans were done with what was essentially a nasty cold: strong enough to keep them from using Voltron if it wasn’t an emergency, but not bad enough to mean they needed constant medical attention.

Allura took about an hour to get fed up with the sick paladins, and instead dumped them all in the rec room with enough snacks, drinks and games to get them through a siege.  She told them to call her in case of an emergency, then left them to suffer together.

She had not been amused when Lance had immediately paged her for ‘the good snacks.’

(Read More Below)

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30 Things to Love About Exercise (None of Which Have Anything to Do with Your Weight, Your Size, or What You Look Like)

I got this from the book called  “ The Unapologetic Fat Girl’s Guide to Exercise and Other Incendiary Acts” by Hanne Blank. I found it both enlightning and motivational, so I decidd to share :)

1. Working out is an immune-system booster, which is great since no one actually enjoys being a mobile snot fountain.

2. Exercise builds ferociously sturdy little old ladies (and men): it’s fantastic for your bones, reduces the risk of Alzheimer’s, and improves balance and coordination.

3. Exercise reduces symptoms of both depression and anxiety. Organic, legal DIY mellowness is a pretty sweet side effect.

4. Working out helps regulate your blood pressure, reducing the effects of things like traffic jams and not being allowed to strangle that one coworker who really, really needs it.

5. Exercising makes you smarter: research shows that exercise incorporating complex movement, especially, makes people learn better and faster.

6. Working out hath charms to soothe the savage metabolic system, encouraging insulin sensitivity and making diabetes management a little easier.

7. Regular exercise tends to generate major mojo. And by mojo, I mean increased sex drive and sexual responsivity. Yeah, baby.

8. If you suffer from insomnia, exercise helps, and not just because it tires you out; it also helps your body regulate its own rhythms.

9. Workouts boost levels of neurochemicals like dopamine and serotonin, which is like getting a biochemical massage in terms of counteracting stress.

10. You’ll be able to sing louder and dive deeper with your improved lung capacity.

11. Your joints get stronger and less prone to injuries and diseases, including tricky ones like repetitive stress injuries and arthritis.

12. It enables you to satisfy those urges to reenact dance numbers from Broadway musicals. So what if you’re in the grocery store?

13. Will you be able to snatch a speeding bullet out of the air? Maybe not, but working out does improve people’s reaction time.

14. Endorphins—mmmmm, sweet, sweet endorphins: the “runner’s high” isn’t just for runners, ya know.

15. Outrunning the zombies.

16. It makes you strong. You never know when you’ll need to be that person who can carry the suitcase full of gold bars through the airport without anyone being able to tell that it’s so heavy.

17. Your body and your brain get superbly and thoroughly oxygenated, which tends to make you feel peppy and full of mischief.

18. Most of us like to think we’re flexible people who can roll with the punches. Exercising makes it more likely that it’ll literally be true, not just figuratively.

19. If, God forbid, you should get sick, being a regular exerciser can help reduce the length and severity of your illness. It has even been shown to reduce cancer mortality for some kinds of cancer.

20. Exercise can help pregnancy and labor go a lot more smoothly. Afterward, it helps you keep up with the kid.

21. Probiotics and antacids have their place, but if you want to give your digestive system the best possible advantage, there’s nothing like fiber, water, and exercise.

22. Physical competence—just knowing you can count on your body to do stuff effectively and without trouble—is pretty damn nice.

23. It makes your heart happy and efficient to the point that your resting heart rate may get lower.

24. Four words: Exercise-induced mitochondrial biogenesis— exercising can increase the number of mitochondria in your muscle cells, which is just completely geeky cool.

25. Stamina: “Another ten rounds? Sure,” you say. “Bring it … if you can.”

26. You’re much less likely to fall and much more likely to be able to get right back up and brush yourself off if you do.

27. It’s kind of nice not to think twice about getting down on the floor to look for that thing that just rolled under the entertainment center or about how you’ll get up again.

28. It’s eco-friendly. No matter how much you sweat or howhard you breathe, you will not produce toxic waste or greenhouse gases.

29. It gives you a bulletproof excuse. “Sorry, Aunt Linda, of course I’d love to hear all about your colonoscopy, but I have to go or I’ll be late to Pilates.”

30. Juicy ideas and spicy epiphanies seem to be attracted to sweat and gym socks. Moving your body is a fantastic way to jump-start your brain.

Character development Q’s

Send in a number!

  1. Where did you go to school?
  2. How many times have you moved in your life?
  3. When did you move to where you live now?
  4. When you were a child, what did you dream of being when you grew up?
  5. What jobs have you held and what years? (What does your resume look like?)
  6. Who important to you has died in your life and how did you cope with their deaths?
  7. What is your favorite color?
  8. What is your favorite book?
  9. What is your favorite movie?
  10. What most annoys you about (i.e your mom, dad, brother, sister, wife, son, daughter, best friend, boss, co-worker)?
  11. Which of your buttons does your mother (sister, brother, son, wife, girlfriend, etc.) like to push that sets you off?
  12. If you could describe yourself in one sentence, what would you say?
  13. Do you have any medical problems, diseases, injuries?
  14. Do you have any siblings? What are their names, birthdates, and birth order?
  15. What is your father’s name?
  16. What is your mother’s name?
  17. What are your grandparents’ names?
  18. Who was your best friend as a child?
  19. Who was your best friend in high school?
  20. What is the worst thing that ever happened to you?
  21. What is the best thing that ever happened to you?

anonymous asked:

Idk if this has been done before but... Pevensies as college/university students please?

hope u like anon!! i rlly enjoyed this one! modern aus are my jam xx

College / Uni students modern AU


·      We all know peter studies medicine c’mon

·      Studies until midnight because he just wants to help people already

·      Friends have to drag him out to parties so he’ll have fun

·      Susan dragged him to a few

·      Is the literal definition of uni hippie

·      Man buns, vintage coffee shops and immaculate notes are his things

·      Becomes a hypochondriac accidentally because he learns so much about diseases and injuries

·      Whenever he sees Ed he has a new bruise and it always freaks Pete bc he’s like eD WHAT DID U DO NOW

·      “I got into a fight with some bikers” is what ed’s response is ofc

·      (lucy bet him to the chocolate and he fell over in defeat)

·      Pete’s the uni student that always has dark circles under his eyes

·      Listens to a LOT of james Arthur, taylor swift, bon iver, and

·      He. Loves. Hamilton. Wicked. Les Mis. On repeat.

·      He always gets high destinction on his thesuses because he’s just so dedicated

·      He gets a placement in a hospital and all his fam are rlly proud

·      Then ed breaks his arm

·      And Peter has to fix it.


·      Okie but susan is literally elle woods

·      She’s legally blonde af

·      She’s the girl who walks into the lecture theatre of law with immaculately polished shoes and amazing fashion sense.

·      She’s gorgeous and she’s fierce

·      And she knows what tf she’s  doing and she shocks everyone when she gets high distinction on everything bc she’s so effin good at what she does

·      She has rings under her eyes a lot

·      Her notes are clean and simple and she knows exactly where to look because she’s memorised them

·      dEPENDS on her morning coffee

·      but she always works hard and studies and gets shit done

·      studies in the coffee shops

·      when she goes to parties (w peter a lot of the time) she PARTIES

·      She rlly lets her hair out bc she knows she’s effin earned it.

·      Listens to a lot of classical music

·      (and the legally blonde soundtrack)


·      Also studies law

·      Likes the feeling of making things right in the world after feeling guilty for so long

·      He feels a little bit inferior compared to his sibling Elle Woods herself

·      But he tries

·      And he gets the marks

·      And he drinks a lot of coffee

·      But he actually loves tea more

·      Its very relaxing

·      And he and lucy often have tea together in his dorm

·      His notes are always a bit messy but boy he knows what he’s doing

·      And he plays for the campus football team

·      And all of his siblings go to support each game

·      (he also has a lot of bruises from this)

·      (Pete is not pleased)

·      His fave coffee shop is in the corner of the city

·      It’s so cute and small and its g8 for studying in

·      The four of them have study sessions and test each other in there

·      They all love it

·      He listens to a lot of video game soundtracks because they help him to focus

·      He also LOVEs metro station (he secretly lives in 2009)

·      He also listens to a lot of arctic monkeys

·      He’s the one havin deep convos w everyone in the corner of every party

·      You never know whether he’s drunk or not when he does this

·      (but usually you know he’s smashed when he starts yelling Sherlock quotes across the dance floor)


·      Lucy actually studies animal studies

·      She loves being able to heal animals like she did in Narnia

·      It makes her feel like she’s doing some good

·      Listens to meditation tracks to help her sleep

·      Only drinks tea

·      Rarely attends parties, and when she does she’s the sober one dancing her heart out

·      Her notes are a highlighted mess of drawings in the margins and footnotes, but she studies hard and her dissertations are graded well

·      Always looks forward to Ed’s football games and meeting up with her siblings each week

·      Goes to each of Susan’s and Edmund’s mock court cases

·      “Accidentally” falls over so Pete can treat her when he gets a placement at the hospital

·      Smuggles animals into her dorm room and looks after them

·      Edmund helps look after them and helps her get them out

·      She starts volunteering at a shelter as well

·      Listens to a lot of Ed Sheeran, the beetles, and lorde

anonymous asked:

I was wondering, what's your opinion on the "animals are property" laws and how does that interfere with the hippocratic/veterinarians oath? I worked at a vets for a year and the worst thing I saw was a perfectly healthy, happy spaniel puppy be euthanised because the owner "couldn't be bothered" (his words) to treat the dogs mild demodex, and refused to allow the vet to treat him for free or rehome him the same day. it sucked, but i don't see any other way the situation wouldve ended.

There are different Veterinarian Oaths internationally, but they all basically agree to promote animal health and welfare, not to prolong life. There is nothing about ‘doing no harm’. There is nothing about ‘animal rights’. While animals are generally considered property, society has progressed to the point where they are generally seen as property with requirements.

There are three different levels in how we approach animal laws:

  • Prevention of Cruelty is the most basic. It basically covers directly causing  harm and deliberate cruelty, but neglect and positive welfare states aren’t really considered. This is a minimum standard
  • Animal Welfare includes prevention of cruelty, but also states an animal needs the five freedoms: Freedom from Hunger & Thirst, from Discomfort, from Injury & Disease, from Fear 7 Distress and to Express Normal Behaviors.
  • Animal Rights, in a nutshell, is the idea that animals own their own lives and that their needs/interests are just as important as those of humans.

The Veterinarian’s oath is to promote animal welfare. It’s not about lifting the ceiling for animal rights, it’s about making sure the floor doesn’t collapse beneath you.

In your situation with the puppy, even though the vet has offered free treatment or re-homing, the owner is still legally within their right to request euthanasia of their dog. It sucks, but they are.

The veterinarian is not legally obliged to do it though, neither are they morally or ethically obliged. Some will still do it, depending on other circumstances, and whether they think it might be in the best interest of the animal. For example, if the human lives in a rural region and you know owns guns, you might elect to euthanize rather than risk the animal getting shot or dumped.

Personally, if I’m not comfortable that euthanasia is in the animal’s interest, then I wont do it. I need to sleep at night. I can deny service and refuse to perform the euthanasia, but I can’t seize the animal from its owners.

I would hope that by being refused service after being offered multiple options in their pet’s best interest these humans would realize what they are doing is morally objectionable.

I’ve refused service before. It probably doesn’t save the life of the animals in question, but at least I’ve tried. While animals are property humans are permitted to make these decisions. We can only guide.

It’s worth remembering, however, that there are some circumstances worse than death.

Red is associated with Hathor, partially in her Sekhmet aspect, and at Edfu she was called ‘Mistress of the red cloth’. Like Hathor, red has a dual aspect in that it represents life-giving and life-taking. Red is the colour of the Nile during the inundation which gives it connotations of fertility, it is also linked to menstruation and childbirth… red is the colour linked to blood so linked to rage, injury, disease and death.
—  p. 21: Jackson, L., (2013) Hathor a Reintroduction to an Ancient Egyptian Goddess. Avolonia, London

anonymous asked:

Wait, so you don't have BPD but you want to write parse with bpd as your representation? How does that work? I'm really sorry, I like your Parse stories and read them and I don't mean to say that you shouldn't write them, but I don't understand where you're coming from on this. Is it really that difficult to identify with any of the characters of color on the same level?

I’ll answer your questions backwards so the long personal story can go under a readmore:

“Is it really that difficult to identify with any of the characters of color on the same level?“

That’s something I’ve been thinking about a lot over the last few weeks. Like, mental health is my wheelhouse, that’s a huge thing I write about; what about writing mentally ill characters of colour?  I can do it pretty easily with my OCs (cf. Luis and Maida) but feeling my way into mental health themes with canon characters of colour is more difficult while Kent and Jack are kind of like… low-hanging fruit, for me.

It’s why I’ve started bugging @abominableobriens with thoughts about BPD Nursey, gone back to trying to work my way into Ransom’s anxiety (I can’t find the post where I talk about where I was with this a couple months ago).  It’s not a smooth process, though–I’m flopping around being like “but how do I respect Ransom’s personality and preferences but get him some TREATMENT and REST” and “Okay but I haaate conflict-laden relationships and Nursey and Dex’s canon relationship is so full of sniping, how do I write Nursey without Dex?” and that’s the kind of flailing and experimentation I have to do internally or talking to a few people. Mostly the for-public-consumption stuff that’s come out of that process so far has been fluffy romantic headcanons.

So we’ll see how that goes. It’s partly that positive depictions of BPD/the kind of complex trauma I’m interested in are really rare. Before OMGCP, I spent most of my time writing straight-up OCs in fandom contexts because I couldn’t find what I wanted in the source material.  ¯\_(ツ)_/¯

Oookay, and now for the long bit: Why I care really personally about representations of BPD even though I don’t have it myself.

Keep reading

I felt like doing a little study with the hero boys
Head over to this post fort Part I

“So … what’s your deal?”, Pyre asked, handing him a can of shitty beer. “Invincible?” Those narrow eyes watched him closely as Marco cracked open the can and took a sip. It tasted as horrible as the label had lead him to believe.
“Immutable”, he said, pulling a face and Pyre squinted at him, throwing the second can over at Eren who caught it easily. “It’s, uhm… I’m basically immune. To everything, I think. Disease, injury, other powers…”
Pyre climbed onto the little coffee table, crossing his legs as he studied Marco closely.

“So that’s why I can’t manipulate you. Sounds … interesting”, he hummed after a while and Marco shrugged.
“It gets old fast. I can’t get drunk or even cut my hair but then again, it doesn’t grow in the first place, so…” He let out a dry little laugh and Pyre smirked at him. Then he looked over at Eren who seemed to have made himself at home, shoes kicked off and legs pulled up onto the couch.

“And you?”, Pyre asked, something about his expression hardening the slightest bit. But Eren had kicked down his front door, after all. “You’re … special too, aren’t you?”
Eren took a languid sip, regarding their reluctant host over the rim of his beer can, and shrugged.
“Hulk smash”, he answered and then, when Pyre didn’t seem to get what he was talking about, he added: “I punch things really hard.”
“He also has incredible self-healing abilities”, Marco added as he noticed Pyre’s expression turning sour, amber eyes flicking over to the haphazardly fixed front door.

“So superhuman strength and regeneration. Charming”, he drawled and Eren scoffed.
“We can’t all hit the telekinesis jackpot, can we?”, he spat, voice turning bitter at the perceived attack on his abilities. Marco knew he took pride in being gifted, or special, as Pyre had put it, and that he never sat back and took it when anyone made snide comments or so much as dared to look down on him.
“It’s only a jackpot if you know how to handle it”, Pyre shrugged, mostly unperturbed by Eren’s anger. He was confident, almost arrogant, from the way he used his voice and held his body to how he looked at them, knowing he’d have the upper hand in any scenario. It was infuriating and unfairly attractive.

Then something clicked.
“Applied physics”, Marco said and Pyre’s eyes flicked over to him, surprised and a little impressed.
“Yes”, he agreed with a firm nod. “You know, it all boils down to manipulating matter and the more you know about matter…”
“The better you can manipulate”, Marco finished for him, watching Pyre’s eyes light up with excitement. Pale hands grabbed the remote, holding it up for them to see. Then they uncurled and let the little device float centimetres above Pyre’s palm.
“Any telekinetic can do this”, he explained.

But then, with a subtle wave of his hand, the remote came apart. The cover at the end opened, letting the battery float out, the buttons moved and slipped from the plastic shell, wires unravelling and metal inner workings unwinding. Every piece broke down into smaller ones, plastic and rubber and metal separating, melting into their basic components, each one tinier than the last until they could barely be seen with the naked eye.
“But breaking down objects into their molecules, rearranging atoms…” Slowly, bit by bit, the pieces came back together again but not as a remote anymore. When Pyre was done there was a little statue of a horse rearing above his palm, it’s body pitch black with silver hooves and an incredibly detailed mane billowing behind it.

Marco couldn’t help but gape at the sight, blinking at Pyre with disbelief and gaining a crooked smirk in turn.
“That’s not everything”, he hummed and placed the little statuette on the table so he could slide over towards Eren, looking at him with an incredibly intense gaze. “Once you get the hang of atomic manipulation…”
It took a minute but then Eren flushed a deep crimson red, lips parting and eyes growing wide, staring back at Pyre with something like horror in his eyes. That … that couldn’t be good…
“What did you…” But before Marco could finish the sentence Pyre shrugged and waved a hand at him.

“Relax, He’s fine! Better than fine, he’s in love…”, he grinned and Marco felt himself freeze in shock. That couldn’t be possible, could it? He watched Eren swallow hard. “Adrenaline, Dopamine, Serotonin, a little bit of Oxytocin … it’s all in there, just needs to be let free to make someone all jittery with infatuation … isn’t that right?”, Pyre grinned.
“Stop it!”, Eren snarled, baring his teeth and clenching his hands into tight fists.
For a second Marco was worried this might escalate way worse than he could’ve imagined. But how could he ever have known this man wasn’t only able to manipulate objects but also brain activity and probably just about everything else…?

But then Pyre shrugged.
“Okay, okay…”, he hummed, looking at Eren again.
“There”, he said after a while. “Good as new.”
Eren just snarled at him again before jumping to his feet and making his way over to the little bathroom, throwing the door closed behind himself with a loud bang.
Marco sighed, regarding their supposed ally with a critical look. This cooperation might turn out harder than expected.

[If you enjoyed this story, please consider buying me a coffee <3]

Just chiming in with a bit of meta for you all. @lucasnator2 made a really good point when reblogging my recent parallels post about the possibility that Roy and Ed could have a scar in very similar locations. Roy seared his wound closed, so there’s no question that he has a scar from it. Ed, however, “heals” his wound with medical alchemy. Like @lucasnator2 said, we don’t know a ton about medical alchemy, but we do know that it can treat injuries as well as diseases. However, I have doubts that using it on an injury would eliminate the possibility of scarring. 

In episode 41 when Ed is injured in his fight against Kimblee, he specifically states that he managed to “stop the bleeding.” That doesn’t mean he’s healed. He also requires further medical attention. That leads me to believe that his grasp of medical alchemy (which is quite basic) would’ve have allowed him to flawlessly heal such a serious wound. 

But we have another example. 

When Riza’s throat is slit in episode 58, Mei is able to save her life with the Xingese equivalent of medical alchemy. However, she also states that she “stopped the bleeding” and that Riza will “still need to see a doctor.” No argument, Mei has a much deeper knowledge of medical alchemy than Ed. If she is unable to completely heal a much less serious (It’s hard to compare getting a gigantic metal rod shoved through your guts to anything.) wound, that leads me to have serious doubts on medical alchemy’s ability to flawlessly heal the human body without leaving some sort of trace. 

In both of these cases, all medical alchemy seems to do is “stop the bleeding.” Granted, neither person who performed the transmutations were doctors. 

Also, when Riza is shown recovering in the hospital room, she has a bandage around her neck. 

You don’t put a bandage on a wound that doesn’t exist.