injury advice

BS Medical Tropes that Need to Die, 2/? : Making People Unconscious

For Part 1 of the BS Medical Tropes series, click here!

So I got an ask the other night about a character choosing not to kill people, but knocks them out with blows to the head instead. And it’s not an unreasonable thing for writers to think is legitimate. In fact, in fiction, there are dozens of ways to produce unconsciousness! A sharp hit to the head; a sedative drug injected right into the neck, bro!, or even Darkly Dreaming Dexter with his special horse paralytic.

Hell, on Person of Interest the main characters routinely produce unconscious enemy combatants by shooting them in the @$#RY)G!@#% knees

Here’s the thing: Every single one of those is complete bullshit.

Poppycock. Nincompoopery. Asscrap. And you’d realize that it’s a crock of crap if you thought about it this way for even half a minute:

Keep reading

anonymous asked:

So it's obvious that trying to knock people out is mostly unrealistic and often times lethal. But what about when someone is tired from their injuries? Is there a difference between passing out and being knocked out? Where's the line? Can trauma from head hits not knock someone out, but result in passing out? Can being knocked out for more than a few seconds be bad news, but passing out for hours just be regenerative, and if so what would cause that distinction to physically manifest?

The distinction between passing out and knocking out is very simple:

1) Passing Out: Your body is so tired that it can’t go on.

2) Knocking Out: Someone else is traumatically forcing your brain to rapidly shut itself off by convincing it that its dying.

When you’re talking about hitting someone in the head as opposed to strangulation, this generally means a concussion. They have hit your head so hard your brain has bruised itself against the inside of your skull and you have now gone unconscious. When you punch someone in the head, you have zero control over what actually happens to them. You can hope, but you can’t control it. In comparison to a choke hold, where you have almost total control over their body and can feel for the moment they go limp (and a mistake is still going to potentially end their life), it isn’t worth it as a tactical choice.

Humans are persistence predators, they can go and go and go for a very long time. You have to work pretty hard to physically exhaust them to the point where they’ll collapse on the battlefield. Their brain/body will usually stop them long before that point arrives. When you’re talking about combat, they’re far more likely to die before they ever reach a point of total exhaustion. We’re talking days without rest, the kind you’re only ever likely to encounter in mass battles or with a character who is being hunted.

The truth is that if you see a character who has been consistently knocked out multiple times on screen, they’d either be suffering from serious damage to their brains or dead. Most of them would be dead. If you ever feel like testing the theory out, go check out the late life prospects for boxers and football players who’ve sustained several concussions over the course of their careers.

The whole “knock someone out to get rid of them” is a Hollywood trope built for narrative convenience. The actual process of physically subduing someone is long, drawn out, and takes a great deal more energy and effort than a one, two punch or a knife to the gut.

The “Knocking Out” Contrivance in media acts like character death but without the audience having to evaluate the protagonist’s morals or the narrative’s values. They maintain their “good guy” street cred, and the audience doesn’t have to ask the questions. We switch easily from one scene to the next without any of the hoopla. The audience gets their action sequence and no one needs to feel bad. It’s a bloodless death. Or it’s a scene transition, or someone’s been taken prisoner without the author having to figure out how they move tie them up, move them, and get them from Point A to Point B. (Nevermind that it’s actually much harder to move dead weight than it is someone who is conscious.)

It’s lazy.

No, yeah, it is.

It’s there for shock value when the protagonist is taken prisoner.

Still, if you want to use this narrative contrivance in your story you can. No one will stop you. The vast majority of general audiences won’t question it. Judging by the number of questions we’ve received about this topic alone, people do commonly think the knockout genuinely works as a tactic for subduing the enemy. However…

The “Knockout” is prevalent in media because it is a convenient narrative tool.

If you’ve got a burning need to use it then use it, just don’t sit there and try to say it’s “realistic” or safe after the fact. It isn’t. Accept the narrative knockout for the bit of smoke and mirrors it is, and move forward.

It’s part of a collection of tropes that I like to call “Feel Good Violence”. They have no relationship to reality or responsibility, but they’ll make the audience feel good and the character seem powerful. It is “Feel Good”.

So, that’s it. I have nothing more to say that we haven’t covered in previous posts about head injuries. Unless @scriptmedic has anything they’d like to add, we’re done with the topic for now.

-Michi

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anonymous asked:

(Same old deseace anon) It's okay you can take your time to answer this. Your health is much more important than this, after all! I'm having trouble picking a decease, actually... I've thought about it and I still can't find anything, and I thank you so much for taking your time to help me!! I really appreciate it!!

Hi again, love!  I’m very sorry for the wait, but I think I’ve found something that will help you…

Coming Up with Illnesses for Your Characters

WebMD has a feature called the Symptom Checker, which is actually pretty awesome!  You start by entering your character’s gender & age range (to increase accuracy) – then it gives you a full body model (I winked out a sensitive area), with body parts to click on and expand.  Here’s an example:

Each symptom you click will add to the list in Section 2, which screens the WebMD database for compliant illnesses, diseases, disorders, etc.  Some symptoms will prompt questions to get more information:

This gives you more of an idea of how the symptoms affect your character’s daily life.  Once you’re finished, Section 3 will give you a list of possible conditions, listed by accuracy of the match.  For example: I started the test with bruising and color change (they were at the top of the list) and added headaches, and I wound up with these results:

So.  Give this a shot – start with the symptoms you want (I believe you mentioned headaches & general chronic pain?) and maybe add a few more, then see what you come up with.  You’re probably going to need to be more specific for the engine – because a lot of diseases cause chronic pain and headaches, which made this question nigh impossible to answer.  But hopefully, this is a better answer than I could’ve brainstormed!

Again, sorry for the wait!  I wish you great luck with your story, love :)


If you need advice on general writing or fanfiction, you should maybe ask me!

anonymous asked:

Could you explain how recovering from amnesia works? I know a lot of times in movies and books that people just suddenly get all their memories back. Is that how it always works? Or is that how it works in some cases? (Thank you for answering all those questions you get!)

There’s a lot of misconceptions about what amnesia actually IS. I’m going to give you just a snippet from the Mayo Clinic site on amnesia (emphasis mine): 

Isolated memory loss doesn’t affect a person’s intelligence, general knowledge, awareness, attention span, judgment, personality or identity. People with amnesia usually can understand written and spoken words and can learn skills such as bike riding or piano playing. They may understand they have a memory disorder.

As to what amnesia actually is, it’s problems making or retrieving memory. There are two types: anterograde (new memories are affected), and retrograde  (old memories are affected). There’s a really good overview from, surprisingly, Medical News Today, located here.

It’s important to know that most types of amnesia don’t affect a person’s understanding of self; they don’t forget who they are, although they may forget other people or other things. Anterograde amnesia–forming new memories–is much more likely than retrograde amnesia–affecting memories of the past.

Amnesia comes from a lot of causes. For example, I had some brief anterograde amnesia following my concussion when I was a teenager. I also had some brief anterograde amnesia following my dentist giving me an amnestic (there are a few of these, in the benzodiazepine class especially), because I am deathly afraid of dentistry, and not remembering getting dental implants is awfully convenient, you guys. Amnesia can be related to a stroke, or a head injury.(It can be an emotional response to an extremely stressful stimulus, but let’s assume it’s not, shall we? That trope is so boring, and more importantly, we can do better.).

Most people with amnesia have anterograde problems, issues storing short-term memory. For that, occupational therapy and a variety of tools, including smartphones, alarm, notebooks, etc. with reminders, can be very helpful.

Skills that have been lost from retrograde amnesia can also be replaced, again, with occupational therapy. But it takes time, and especially if they have anterograde issues as well, it can take a lot of frustrating effort to re-learn skills they already knew.

Some amnesia is brief, like from a sedative or, hopefully, a concussion. (Some people, like my friend @towertumblng​, have long term issues after concussions, so YMMV.) This might resolve quickly, or over a few weeks; the episodes I’ve had have resolved within hours, although it’s worth noting that I have significant memory gaps in the 24 hours following my head injury. (The sedation for dentistry lasted about 12 hours.)

Some people regain their memories, some never will, though it does, typically, get better. Sometimes the damage to memory is so severe that people have to live in inpatient or assisted-living facilities because of their memory loss. It’s a whole spectrum of disease out there.

I hope this was helpful with your story!

xoxo, Aunt Scripty

Disclaimer.

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anonymous asked:

Would actual sword fights end with a lot of cuts on both combatants or is it more of a "you get tagged first and your out" kind of deal?

Yes?

This one can really go either way, depending on injuries sustained. So, let’s parse this out a bit, because I might not have been really clear about this in the past.

Shallow nicks won’t do much. You’ll lose blood, but not at an appreciable rate. You’ve almost certainly sustained a few of these in your life. From a writing perspective these are basically cosmetic. From a medical perspective they’re not much more. A sword or knife can absolutely inflict these.

There are rare circumstances where these immediately relevant. Cuts to the forehead can cause blood to get in the victim’s eyes. In combat, this is a debilitating situation. Blood that gets onto the palm can make it more difficult to grasp objects or weapons. (Fresh blood is quite slick. As it dries it will become sticky, so the effect is reversed at that point.)

When you’re talking about lots of cuts, then you’re probably talking about this kind of injury. Individually these aren’t dangerous, but if they start stacking up, blood loss is cumulative, so they can potentially become life threatening, but that’s not a likely outcome for a duel.

Incidentally, if you’re writing a scene where characters are dueling to first blood, then these cuts qualify. In fact, that’s what the duelists will aim for. It’s the easiest kind of injury to sustain, and if the participants don’t want to kill one another, this is the safest route to victory.

When I’ve been talking about injuries that create a decisive advantage, I’m talking about deeper cuts; ones that open up veins or debilitate limbs. Injuries where bloodloss will lead to impairment and death.

In a duel, these will kill you. When I say things like, “with first blood, the clock is ticking, and your character will die if they don’t find a way to turn the fight around,” I’m talking about these deeper injuries. A person can survive a few shallow cuts without much ill effect, and in most cases can survive quite a few without aid. Deep cuts are immediately dangerous.

Here’s the problem with this: I’m talking about these like they’re two separate kinds of wounds; they’re really not. They’re both cuts. If we’re being technical, the deeper variety are “lacerations.” But, that makes it sound like there’s a clean delineation between these injuries which simply doesn’t exist.

So, I’m going to step back and put this in abstract terms, as they apply to characters for a moment.

Characters can suffer “cosmetic injuries.” These will result in bleeding. As I mentioned earlier, blood After the fight is over, they’ll hurt. Unless your character is getting covered in these things, they’ll never kill them. These can be sustained anywhere, but when you’re talking about strikes to the forearm (except along the inner arm) or to the face, bone will usually stop the strike before it gets to deep.

Characters can suffer “wounds.” These will result in a lot of bleeding, way too much bleeding. These, “start the clock.” Without medical attention, even just self inflicted first aid, these will kill your character. Usually these are sustained to limbs or the torso. Places where you can get fairly deep without striking bone.

In the real world, blood loss will impair the fighter, slowing them down, confusing them, making combat more difficult. This means their defense (if they have one) will suffer, and it will be far easier for their opponent to get through it with a kill strike. A blade through the throat or chest, for instance. This isn’t always true in fiction, but it’s a function of how the human body works that’s worth remembering.

If you’re asking, “is it plausible for a character to win a swordfight with lots of tiny cuts?” Yes. If you’re asking, “is it plausible for a character die in a swordfight with one or two deep, lethal wounds, and to be otherwise untouched?” Again, yes. It really depends on the circumstances of the fight.

I hope that clears things up some, and am genuinely sorry if I’ve confused any of you by glazing over this. That one’s my mistake.

-Starke

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do not get mad at pet owners for making small mistakes. don’t say ‘just give your pet away since you can’t take care of them’. as long as the pet owner catches their mistake in time and fixes it timely, it’s okay to make mess up. sometimes prior research doesn’t prepare owners for everything. every pet is different and sometimes what works for previous pets won’t work for a new one. im not saying animal abuse should be excused, but yelling at children for getting a 340 square inch cage instead of a 360 square cage one isn’t the right way to go. as long as the mistake has been caught on time and the animal is fine, it’s okay to live and learn.

anonymous asked:

When I was 11 and training in martial arts (internationally​ competitive and consistently​ placed in every competition) I had to spar against an adult in clads for practice and did break their ribs with a well placed kick and because they'd forgotten their chest padding. So, just speaking from personal experience that a child could break an adults ribs, but I was a very highly trained kid who'd been in karate for several years at that point.

Well, that was the point of my response. The character in question had no training. You know as well as I do what someone with no martial arts training throwing a kick looks like. What chances would you give them in a managing to successfully perform the technique in a fight for their life? The odds are not in their favor.

Just from my experience teaching martial arts, the number of kids who could what you did at age eleven in a sparring match is tiny. Possibly by dumb luck. If you competed internationally then you were obviously in the top tier, and that puts you in a league far beyond what most kids are capable of. Most adults too, for that matter.

Consider though, the amount of time per day you spent training for your competitions in comparison to your classmates including those in whatever school you went to. In all the karate students in all the world, you were probably in the top percentile of a select group that ever makes it that far. I can list on one hand the number of martial artists I’ve known who went to international competitions. That’ll really skew your perspective.

And, of course, the chances of sparring injuries increase substantially when we forget our pads.

While we’re on the subject of injuries:

My brother almost lost his leg, for example, when he decided to throw a roundhouse kick at Starke when they first met. My brother was eighteen (and a fourth degree black belt, who should know better) and Starke had police self-defense training from a cop in Wyoming when he was a kid. The cop was a little on the crazier side and taught small children the standard joint breaks they were teaching at the time to regular officers. One of them was the defense against the roundhouse kick, which includes a knee break. My brother came very close to walking with a limp for the rest of his life. Instead, he went on to become a boxing national champion in the welterweight division.

Those of you who’ve heard about my brother before might remember the time he almost lost an eye when our instructors were dumb enough to let two young black belts spar with UFC fiberglass gloves and perform head blows. To this day, he is (just a little) walleyed.

Then, of course, there’s the story I got off Starke from one of his karate friends in college. The two brown belts that the black belts let spar without restrictions and each of them ended up with a broken leg.

Not everyone highly trained is smart or responsible. Sometimes, they’re really, really dumb. Or not paying attention. Or criminally negligible.

Let this be a lesson to every writer out there who wants to write a “No Pads” sparring session with beginners or… just in general. There’s a really good chance that if no one’s paying attention someone will be leaving with broken bones even if the match started with the best of intentions.

This also isn’t counting what happens when the kids decide to spar and no one with sense is there to stop it. That happens too.

And then there’s the part that’ll horrify some of the readers out there, which is martial artists swap these kinds of stories around with each other and laugh about it after the fact. The explanation for this behavior is injuries get normalized when you’re in a culture where the chance for experiencing them is high. This happens with soldiers and cops too, in regards to their own. Then martial artists, soldiers, and cops will swap these stories with each other, because its one of the parts of all three cultures which cross over. It’s like the stories you tell about family vacations, and stupid things your friends did, except its about breaking ribs, dislocating joints and the time you watched someone’s leg turn into a screw. Panic in the moment, but funny later.

If you’re outside that culture, the casual disregard will sometimes sound absolutely bonkers. That casual attitude, however, is a nice tell for someone who’s been in the business awhile. The chance being injured or seeing an injury happen on a training mat or walking the beat is something you’ve adjusted too. Not that you want it to, but you’ve seen it. Plus, you’re getting little minor injuries all the time which helps when it comes to handling them.

Figuring out how to present various normalized mental states for characters of different backgrounds is hard because we’re so used to thinking about our state of normal. The problem is everyone’s version of “Normal” is different.

-Michi

anonymous asked:

Do you suppose that a person who's spent about 2.5 years training themselves to withstand/ignore pain by say experiencing 4th degree burns over his entire body, would be able to throw one punch before collapsing after being stabbed in the lung?

Okay, so, two problems up front. The first being that: Fourth degree burns aren’t painful. There may be some exceptions, but the nerve endings are cooked, so nothing remains to transmit to the brain that this should hurt, or even that the injury is occurring. The second is that: Fourth degree burns don’t heal. As I mentioned a second ago, fourth degree burns are where the tissue has been cooked, the meat itself is dead at this point.

Without immediate and extensive medical treatment, fourth degree burns are life threatening injuries. These are where the burn gets into the deep tissue, destroying muscles, ligaments, tendons, and any nerves unfortunate enough to be affected. Usually, fourth degree burns penetrate to the bone, so if it’s a limb, that’s not coming back.

Also, note the word I used above, “cooked.” That’s a pretty good description of the kind of damage we’re talking about here. It’s not something your character can walk away from.

Second, following up on what I said the other day about injuries, pain, and adrenaline. If you missed it, the very short version is that adrenaline actually impairs your ability to feel pain (to a degree), so if you’re in combat and take a bullet, or get stabbed.

To an extent, none of this matters, a character can keep fighting with a collapsed lung, but their ability to breathe will be impaired. Lungs function operate based on controlled air pressure, so when they’re punctured, they tend to deflate, halving the victim’s ability to breathe. They’d suffer everything that comes along with hypoxia: Shortness of breath, lightheaded, easily fatigued, and confusion, (I assume the confusion would take a few minutes, but I’m not 100% certain). A collapsed lung can also cause the victim to go into shock.

There is a point to teaching people to manage pain, and the methods for that, ranging from extremely intensive exercise to some varieties of very controlled physical abuse, but setting someone on fire does not qualify as either, and fourth degree burns are something that will halt your character’s training, it won’t toughen them up, but will turn them into a slab of meat, cooked well done.

The issue is, a lot of writers take the idea of things like extreme training, and push it way past any reasonable stopping point. Fourth degree burns is up there with shooting a character to teach them to control pain. Unless they have superpowers, it will transition from the kinds of pain someone can learn from and into actually killing the student. A character might get to the point where they’re being struck with a staff and taking the blows without injury through proper muscle control, but you’re not going to run them through with a sword, or set them on fire. That doesn’t teach anything, and will seriously injure the student.

Following on that, the purpose of striking a student is to teach them to take blows without being injured. They’re learning to tense the muscles so the impact doesn’t cause harm.

Exercise is where you learn to tune out pain. Someone used to sprinting on wet sand will be far better suited to powering through pain than someone who was repeatedly set on fire by a sadistic instructor. Also, I called this extreme exercise earlier, but this stuff is still pretty tame. It will include things like asking the students to exercise in unpleasant circumstances, not ones that pose an actual treat to them.

So, in short, yes, they can keep fighting, though it’s not going to be as simple as they fall over, they’ll slow down, start losing track of what’s going on, probably get far more seriously injured because they’re still trying to participate against unimpaired foes, and then collapse.

-Starke

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twysted  asked:

hey! i love your blog ❤️ i was wondering the repercussions of being locked in handcuffs for an extended amount of time. My character gets locked with one hand in the actual cuffs, and the other loop is locked around a solid object. She's stuck there for a few days, and eventually has to break free. The handcuffs are much too tight for comfort. So my question is, can you get scars from handcuffs in a situation like this? And would there be damage to the arteries/nerves in the wrist? thanks 😄

Thanks, @twysted !

Handcuffs aren’t a good safe long-term method of restraint, especially if they’re closed too tight. They can cause significant damage to the underlying skin, including abrasions, bruises, and lacerations that may even be circumferential (ie go all the way around the wrist). Because the cuts are in a very mobile area, they’re very likely to repeatedly re-open and scar.

Handcuffs can also cause circulation to the distal hand to be diminished, and cause significant tissue damage, up to and including fingers requiring amputation. There may be some nerve damage, particularly near the base of the thumb , that may take some time to go away, or the nerve could be totally severed and never recover. (There was a neurosurgeon who sued the LAPD and won a $33M judgment over handcuff injuries; this stuff isn’t a joke.)

So you have a range of injuries you could give your characters, everything from skin damage and scarring and bleeding, up to and including a broken wrist or permanent nerve damage. Writers love options; go nuts!

For those of you who use handcuffs, uhh, recreationally, there are also a lot of safety concerns involved with them, especially involving the handcuffed party having a key (because if the other party with a key has a seizure, or a heart attack, or or or, the person needs to be able to get out safely). Suspending someone by them can and will cause fractures. Wider, softer restraints are safer; that’s why we use them in medicine. ;)

Hope this was helpful! xoxo, Aunt Scripty.

Budoblr! Help. I busted my leg

So this Monday I teared a muscle on the upper backside of my leg after a quick start kicking with what ended up being a very short warm up.

I heard a snap and dropped on the floor, scared. It ended up being that, A teared muscle, And I’m afraid my shifu just put me on the bench from 6 to 12 months to recover.

Shifu doesn’t want to see me nowhere near ths school cause he knows I won’t be able to just watch a class. So to fight temptation I’m banned.

I’m trying to stay calm and positive cause its better for me to rest for a while, but in reality I feel frustration, anger and despair.

My trainig is the major activity to reduce my anxiety and I’m afraid of having issues with all this spare time I now have.

I dunno if I need some advice, healing tips or just soothing words, but anything is appreciated.

riddikulus-obsessions  asked:

Yo, sorry to add onto your eons of asks 'n such, but I was just wondering if you know how to smoothly explain the pain of getting bullets removed from yourself by someone else, when you yourself is half conscious and going into shock, so you can't exactly s e e what's going on but you can still feel pain and cold and stuff. This isn't a priority, so no need to answer, like, r i g h t n o w. No rush. Please and thank you! I love you and your account, too <3 <3

In all honesty, I believe the best way would be to not explain it smoothly. I would suggest writing this scene in a stream of consciousness style. In case you don’t know, this style is similar to an internal monologue and is characterized by writing exactly how the character is thinking and perceiving things.

If your character is going into shock and is in severe pain, there’s only going to be so much they manage to process at the moment. Your senses are going to dull and you’re likely to be severely anxious/terrified. It’s also totally possible that your character may pass out, depending on the pain and blood loss. You can always have the character wake up later and have another character explain to them what went on and catch them up on the process, as well!

As a running fanatic, I have struggled shin splints many times in my running life. They have taken a total of 3 months away from running when I was a sophomore in high school, and two more months when I was a freshman in college. Through my pain, experience, research, and recovery, I have learned many things that I now want to share with you.

Shin splints, also known as medial tibial stress syndrome, can be the pain along the bone on the inside (posterior tibial stress syndrome, the one I have), outside (anterior tibial stress syndrome), or front of the shin. It can feel like a sharp or tight pain while running or walking, and can last the whole run. Shin splints can happen to almost any athlete.

Shin splints are the inflammation of the connective tissue that connects the muscles of your lower leg to your bone (tibia). If you keep running on it, the connective tissue separates from the tibia, resulting in a slower healing process.

If you continue to run with shin pain if it’s along a specific area, then there is a chance of developing a stress fracture. Stress fractures are a bone injuries, not a soft tissue.

Symptoms:

1. Pain/muscle tightness along the inner edge of the shin (posterior) that can run along anywhere between your knees and ankle. This pain can be sharp during running and become worse when you stop.

2. Swelling in the most painful area that gets worse when you apply pressure.

3. If the pain is more localized, you should check with your doctor to see if it’s a stress reaction or fracture.

4. Shin splints feel worse in the morning because of tightening, while stress fractures feel better because of rest.

Causes:

1. Increasing your running too much too soon. Just how muscles break down and recover when you train and rest, bone does as well. Shin pain are a sign that you didn’t give your bones adequate rest based on the state your body is in. People who are just starting out running, or coming back after a while are more likely to experience shin splints.

2. Not correcting your running form. Overpronation that causes heel striking is the most common. Running on your toes also causes more pressure to build up in your calves and shin muscles.

3. Running on hard or side sloping surfaces.

4. Running on a hilly terrain (too many downhills, that causes you to push off more on your toes, and uneven surfaces).

5. Too many track/speed workouts (more running on toes)

6. Not properly stretching and warming up.

7. Wearing wrong or worn out shoes. When you are a serious runner looking for shoes, you should always go to a specialty running store or a professional physical therapist/doctor/coach at least once to determine which shoe to buy. If you buy shoes that are not the most compatible with your foot and body structure, it may feel fine at first, but those imbalances accumulate, leading you to run yourself into future injury.

8. Not wearing proper arch support/orthotics. Those with more flat feet (me) are more prone to shin splints because the impact of running is not absorbed by the ankles, rather, the tibia and fibula. Arch support can help lessen the pressure absorbed there.

9. Running in the same direction on a track. This places excessive pressure on one hip.

10. Muscle weaknesses. Weak hip abductors are correlated with a weak core, which are correlated with shin splints. Therefore, additional exercises from just strengthening the shin are required for recovery. I have some exercises that may help you below!

11. Muscle imbalances.

12. Low bone density, which can be caused by genetics or low calcium intake.

Solutions:

1. When you feel initial shin pain, you should ice it. After about 24-48 hours, you should heat, or alternate between heat and ice, depending on which you feel better with.

2. Stretch. Focus on stretching your calves and achilles anytime before, during (after warming up or water break), and after your run.

3. Try lower body exercises that help correct muscle imbalances. Focus on building calf and hip/glute strength because they align with your shins and strong calves and hips/glutes take pressure off your shins when running:

-Write the alphabet with your foot when you’re sitting in class. 

-Calf raises while standing in line.

-Squats when you brush your teeth

-Toe curls. Stand on a towel and try to scrunch up the towel towards you with your shoes.

-Monster Walks. Place a resistance band around your thighs and make big side steps. This strengthens your glutes.  

-Clam shells while laying on your sides. You can also try using a resistance band around your thighs. This strengthens your hips

-Donkey kicks. Go on all fours and kick one leg back and keep it straight. This strengthens your glutes.

-Wear the correct arch support and shoes when you run or walk. Switch between at least two pairs of shoes every day to change up the stresses on your leg (and it also helps your shoes last longer). If you overpronate severely, you may need orthotics.

-Cross train to stay in shape when you feel your shins when you run. Do non impact exercises (non leg lifting/pounding) such as swimming and biking. I also personally find that the elliptical bothers my shins.

-When you return to running, don’t increase more than 10% of your mileage each week.

-Correct your running form. Increase your cadence to about 165 strides/min to prevent overpronation. If you overpronate/heel strike, try to lean forward and focus on landing on your midfoot. If you run too much on your toes, then you place more pressure on your shins.

I have more life tips here!

How to Start Running

How to Start a Healthy Lifestyle

How to Deal with a Running Injury

How to Run in College

curvesandcats  asked:

Do you have any tips for people starting a running regime when overweight?

Hey - I love this question. I wish I had asked it when I started running!

Some of these will apply to all new runners, but I will try to put emphasis on the challenges faced by bigger runners. 

  • Ease into it - My first recommendation for new runners is that they ease into. It is so easy to push yourself too hard and either burn out or get injured, this is especially true for anyone that is really out of shape, like I was. IMHO, the best program for new runners is Couch to 5k (C25K.) The version I used is C25K free by Zen Labs. It is a 8 week program that eases you into running by gradually increasing your runs from 30 second run intervals - to running a 5K non-stop. This gives both your body and your mind time to come to the realization that yes, you are a runner. 
  • Set your own pace - One huge mistake of believing the idea that if I was not running at least 6 mph, I wasn’t running. This caused me to push myself too hard and get injured. Don’t set a speed target for yourself. Use your Heart rate and how you feel to tell you how hard to run. If you are breathing hard and sweating, you are running and don’t let anyone else try to convince you otherwise.
  • Get some good shoes - If you can swing it, investing in good running shoes will pay off in easier miles and fewer injuries. My advice to new runners is forget brand loyalty avoid big box shoe stores completely. You are much better off going to a dedicated running store and getting fitted for shoes. Bring your old shoes with you so they can look at the wear patterns. They will also measure both feet (did you know your feet are probably different sizes?)  They will have you walk and perhaps run in your new shoes so they can watch your gait. This is a very good investment. After you have done this once - and know your size and any adjustments you need - you can buys shoes on-line but I recommend you go to the store for your first time. 
  • Get some more good shoes - OK… the sad news is, these expensive running shoes are going to wear out in 300 - 500 miles (give or take.) This is true for everyone, but big folks have to deal with it even sooner. One trick you can do is try to get 2 pairs on sale and alternate them. You are more likely to get 500 miles out of shoes that are rotated. 
  • Keep track - find a way to track your running. There are lots of great free apps out there. I happen to use Samsung Health, Garmin Connect and Runtastic. Using one of these kinds of apps will help you track your progress. It is so cool to see yourself getting stronger. It’s one of the things that motivates me. 
  • Be Proud - One thing many big runners struggle with is body image issues. (I sure do.) I remember writing several posts a few years ago about how much I dreaded running outside. Now I LOVE it - and prefer it to the dreadmill. :p I know this is easier said than done - but every time I feel bad - I remember that I am doing so much better than anyone else that is sitting in their car or on the couch is doing… 
  • Be confident - at least 50% of running is believing in yourself. I 100% believe that if you think you can do it - or you think you can’t… you are probably right. 

Those are the big hurdles I faced. Here are some old posts I made that might be helpful. 

  • Here are all my C25K posts from my first run at it several years ago. 
  • Here was a very tough day of C25K and how I got past it. 
  • Here is when I finished C25K and the tips I shared then. 
  • More C25K tips, written a year later. 
The positive meaning behind an injury

Sometimes I feel like the only reason I was able to stay so positive during the year of 2014 was because I was having a very successful running career, which led me to have a very positive mindset about life. During that time, everything went perfectly and I had no hint of injury and I improved at almost every race. I’ve dropped my mile from 5:38 to 5:08, two mile from 11:50 to 10:54. I continued to feel very motivated all throughout cross country, with no sign of a mental burnout. I ended my season with improving my 5k from 18:59 to 18:08, claiming the school record for all the courses, finishing 10th at state, and with a trip to footlocker nationals, the biggest accomplishment of my life.

I felt so burnt out and sick of running at my last race. For the first time, a break sounded very apetizing. I still felt no hint of any injuries after all that hard work.

Taking time off if so important to mentally and physically recover. I’ve experienced the benefits of a two week break and went back to training. I still cross trained (very lightly) every day because exercise is an important component to a healthy life.

To be honest, I wasn’t that much excited about running at first, but once I started doing speed work, I felt like myself again.

Shortly after the first few weeks of starting track workouts, i was plagued with metatarsalgia. My metatarsal bones were inflamed and it hurt to stand up. This completely came out of the blue. I’ve never had something hurt so much since I had shin splints in 10th grade. I guess my body just reached it’s threshold and it’s responding. I thought I was doing everything right, but I guess life is full of enigma.

I’ve had an issue in my ankle during cross country, but after taking 3-4 consecutive days off, it completely went away. I tried the same thing this time, but I was wrong.

I ended up taking two weeks off, and now it’s a few days since I’ve gotten back to running, I’m filled with concern that I might not be able to make it.

I let another injury define me in 10th grade. The fact that I couldn’t run destroyed my self esteem and made it hard for me to talk to people because I felt like I wasn’t good at anything, useless, and not worth anyone’s time.

Life has ups and downs. It can’t always be either way. I guess it’s just because I’ve been experiencing too many ups lately, life is trying to balance out.

Instead of seeing it that way, I chose to see the downs as a test. If I am able to remain positive despite the fact that I can’t pursue my passion, I can prove to myself that I’m stronger and more confident than I thought I was.

I used to be so narrow minded. Being successful was the only thing that made me happy. this is life trying to help me broaden my perspectives and be grateful to see that there are so many other wonderful things in this world worth being happy about. Just because I can’t find happiness though running, doesn’t mean I can’t find happiness through life.

Therefore, I’m thankful of the downs I experience because they help me see more things in life worth appreciating.

My goal is to find the positive side to everything in life. I used to think an injury and not being able to pursue my passion was the worst that could happen to me. I’m proud to say that now it’s not.

With this injury, I can prove to myself that I can be proud of my character. I don’t need to be successful in running order to be proud of myself. I am proud of my positivity, motivation, and the people whom told me that I’ve inspired them and made a difference on Instagram/tumblr.

You define your own success. Success doesn’t always have to mean running fast or good grades because that journey is never a straight line for anyone. Success can mean being happy with yourself, stepping out of comfort zones, or making a difference in others because we have more control over that.

This injury happened because I needed a reality check. It is a test to see if I can still be happy with a big component of my life missing. I realize that there is so much more to life. I am more than a runner. This injury does not define me. I’m proud of my grades, my artwork, and my character.

I am confident that I will pass this test and prove to myself that I am stronger and more patient than I thought. If I am able to push through this, then I am confident that I will be able to overcome further obstacles in life.

Bring on the challenge! :D

How to Handle a Concussion in College

One guess as to what I found out about yesterday.

  • Get a doctor’s note. To get a concussion diagnosis, typically you have to visit a doctor. When you get the diagnosis, ask for a note, because you’re going to be told you aren’t supposed to do basically anything for a couple weeks. If your don’t follow that advice, you could end up fighting after-affects of the concussion for months or years, so you’re going to want to take at least a partial break from classes and work. A note’s the best way to justify that.
  • Email all your professors. They’re going to want to know about this. Most professors will be super accommodating with their attendance requirements, at least.
  • Go to the Dean of Students or equivalent. There’s probably an office on your campus that deals with any illnesses or injuries that might affect your classwork - at my school it’s the Dean of Students’ office. I went there this morning, and by noon there was an email to every official on campus that I owed some sort of work to, class OR job-wise, saying that I was to attend class as I could tolerate, and that I really should work as little as possible. It’s super nice. Your own arrangements might differ, depending on your school and level of concussed-ness.
  • DON’T USE YOUR PHONE OR COMPUTER. Sorry mom, I’m breaking this one to write up this post. However, I’m also touch-typing and writing in small chunks to help make the two-hour shift no one was able to cover go a little faster. In general, looking at a screen or reading or doing any visual activity is bad for your brain. It’s poking a bruise. Don’t poke your brain-bruise.
  • If you have a headache, go take a nap. Sure, take some ibuprofen, but a headache while concussed is your brain telling you ‘okay, I’m done, we need to go fix this now, sleeeeep.’ Pain is your body’s way of telling you something is wrong and to stop messing with it so it can get fixed. This applies to brains too.
  • If you feel nauseous, talk to your doctor. Nauseousness and vomiting are signs that your brain is having a Not Good Time At All. Please please please call your doctor or go to the ER if you’re experiencing either of those.

Now go take a nap my concussed friends. I’m definitely going to.

funkytown67rh  asked:

My story begins with the mc getting in a car wreck resulting in a coma for a few months with no, or minimal, lasting damage. What are some realistic injuries that would lead to this? I'm thinking severe head trauma? Anything more specific?

You can’t have your head injury both ways. You can’t have a coma and no brain damage. If there was no brain damage, they would not be in a coma. If they are in a coma for months on end, they have brain damage, in some form, end of story.

They might have speech issues, memory loss, cognitive deficits, or personality changes. They might have issues with hearing or vision because of injury to parts of the brain. They might have issues with movement, due to injuries in those parts of the brain. They might have recurring seizures. But there will be something.

Sorry, but the months-long-coma-with-no-ill-effects thing is a really frustrating trope, because it ignores the wide, wide spectrum of issues following traumatic brain injury, and leads to a societal expectation that everyone with a head injury will be hunky-dory. They will not.

See the TBI tag and the Head Injury tag.

And good luck with your story :) (disclaimer)

xoxo, Aunt Scripty

struggling with an injury - story and advice!

Hey everyone! In some previous blog posts, I mentioned that I’m struggling with an injury to my drawing arm. Although I hoped that the problem would have totally gone away after more than a month of rest, it actually hasn’t, and I’m still struggling with it at this very moment. It’s actually been harder emotionally than it has physically. I’ve decided to go ahead and write a blog entry about it, not only to keep my followers in the loop but also as a cautionary tale to any artists out there who have not yet sustained an injury. If I had been more aware of the risks, maybe this would never have happened to me, so the very least I can do is try to help those who aren’t aware of the risks.

Keep reading

takadasaiko  asked:

This may be a bit of a silly question, but I feel like it's something that I should know, considering how many scrapes I get my characters into. If a person is knocked out via a blow to the head, will that automatically mean that they have a concussion?

Yes, a blow to the head that causes unconsciousness has, by definition, caused a traumatic brain injury. The problem is that “concussion” (AKA milt TBI, or mTBI) is on one end of the brain-injury part of the spectrum (mild), whereas at the end you have seizures/coma/death.

Check out this neat chart:

(source)

So on a scale from 1-9, your character is already at #4 just by losing consciousness!  ( “+ neuroimaging”, by the way, means that something shows up abnormal on a CT scan, whereas “+ acute neuroimaging” means that this person has a scan that reveals something that needs to be corrected.)

I hope this was helpful and useful! Disclaimer

xoxo, Aunt Scripty

3

It seems pretty dumb to say that my love is my sport. In fact, it seems like some sort of cliché you would see in an under quality sports movie.  But after years of running, I have come to the conclusion that running is more like my life partner than my sport. I can survive without it, but why would I want to be without? I can be complete without running, but I feel more whole when it is with me. Of course running and I haven’t always had the perfect relationship. I’ve complained, cried, been angry. We certainly did not have love at first sight. I’ve wanted to give up during workouts and races. But never have I once wanted to quit on running. Never have I once considered that running and I would not grow old together. I knew it was special. It had given me strength in the darkest of times, it had given me revelation upon revelation. It had brought me peace, and it connected me to nature, my friends, my family. And most of all, in times when my soul, my mind, my life felt weak, it made me feel strong.

People always ask how I do it. They call me crazy when I run 7 miles or run in the rain. They act shocked when I say I did an 8 mile interval workout, as if I just pulled it out of my butt, exclaiming that they could ‘never do that.’ But what they don’t see is the countless mornings I roll out of bed at 7am just to struggle on a 2 mile run. They don’t see the sweat, the tears, even the blood on my feet or from the times I have tripped, the scar on my leg from that race sophomore year when a girl spiked me. They don’t see the days I am forced to cross train indoors, longing to be outside in the wind and the sun. They miss the days where I am tired and drained, but I run anyway. They can’t fathom the thousands upon thousands of doubtful thoughts in my head that I am forced to throw aside during each run. They act as if I was born into running. My proposal is that anyone can run. Anyone can work up to 7 miles. Anyone can get up at 7am for a workout. But most people choose not to. Most people don’t like being uncomfortable, being exposed, being raw. I guess that’s what makes runners crazy.

The biggest fight I have with my life partner is over my shins. You see, even though I believe in my heart and soul that running and I were meant to be together, sometimes it feels as if the universe is against us. For years now, my shins have constantly been in defiance against running. They claim I have an unhealthy relationship, and let me tell you, their complaints are heard. Some nights I would practically crawl up the stairs, others I would be forced to wear gym shoes with dresses in fear of the pain. I’ve run my shins down to the wire, air cast after air cast, ice bath after ice bath, until finally I was forced to take almost a year off in the prime years of my collegiate running career. Family, friends, doctors insisted I should leave running, give it up, find a different partner, whisk it away as if we had not been in love all these years, as if it was simply a phase in my life that was ending. I got angry at these people, insulted even. I didn’t get how they thought I could so easily throw something away that had made me who I was. I did not understand at the time that they only wanted me to be healthy and not damage my legs permanently. All I could see was the pain of losing the thing I loved more than anything I had ever loved. I had never imagined that I could lose running, especially forever. I was told that I should become a swimmer. I was told that running and my body would keep causing shin problems. All my dreams of running marathons, being a 60 year old runner, running with my kids one day; those dreams started to feel distant and mangled. I started to lose myself at that point, and I went down a path of laziness, defiance, wanting to be alone, feeling so weak.

It wasn’t until a few months of no running went by that I realized I was a person without my sport. I was not simply defined by my running shoes, like I had always thought. I had more to offer the world. And that was when I realized, running truly is my passion. It’s not some sport I picked up in high school. It is the reason I am who I am today. I’m not very good at it. At best in high school, I was 6th on varsity. I’ve never been top 10 in a race. Heck, I’ve never been top 20. Probably not even top 50, depending on the race size. None of that mattered to me though because running was what I was meant to do. But without it, I am still whole.

Finally, when I started running again, it was frustrating. I am doomed to a cross country season of running every other day and no track season. I will not have good times this season, and I certainly won’t make top 7 like I had hoped. I believe in the underdog, but this is more like a “barely hanging on” situation than a “you might surprise everyone” kind of thing. My teammates will not understand why I run every other day and they might not even ask. I will struggle in workouts, I will be behind the team all season. When I race at my college, my friends will come to watch and I will probably be towards the back of the race. People have asked me over and over why I am continuing this sport on a team, or why I continue it at all. You see, running has never been about winning to me. Of course I am not satisfied when I am in the back, but if I gave everything I had that day, I am proud of myself. This season, I will not take a single step for granted. I will push myself every single damn workout because just 10 months ago, I was told in the doctor’s office that I might not be able to ever run again. I will never complain because it would be stupid to complain about something that is the reason I am here today. And if my shins start to hurt again, I will stop because I want to take care of my body and make sure I can run forever, even if that means running only once a week the rest of my life.

Running is my life partner. Running is the heartbeat to the melody of my soul. It is where some of my best friends and best mentors came from. I hear people complain during workouts, and I want to smack some sense into them. I hear about people who claim to be passionate about running skipping runs simply because they didn’t feel like running that day, and I get angry. I’m not saying you have to dedicate your life to running. I’m not saying off days are not necessary. I’m certainly not saying you should push your body to its breaking point. All I am saying is that if you claim to be passionate about something, be passionate about it. I learned that lesson the hard way. There aren’t many things in life that make your heart beat faster, your soul jump to the sky, your eyes twinkle, and round you into a better person. Don’t take running for granted. Don’t complain. Because complaining won’t get you anywhere. In fact, it will only slow you down. Running is my soulmate. I hope you’ve realized if it’s yours too.