This river is one of a network of thousands at the front line of climate change.
By NYTimes: Coral Davenport, Josh Haner, Larry Buchanan and Derek Watkins
On the Greenland Ice Sheet
— The midnight sun still gleamed at 1 a.m. across the brilliant expanse
of the Greenland ice sheet. Brandon Overstreet, a doctoral candidate in
hydrology at the University of Wyoming, picked his way across the
frozen landscape, clipped his climbing harness to an anchor in the ice
and crept toward the edge of a river that rushed downstream toward an
If he fell in, “the death rate is 100 percent,” said Mr. Overstreet’s friend and fellow researcher, Lincoln Pitcher.
But Mr. Overstreet’s task, to
collect critical data from the river, is essential to understanding one
of the most consequential impacts of global warming. The scientific data
he and a team of six other researchers collect here could yield
groundbreaking information on the rate at which the melting of the
Greenland ice sheet, one of the biggest and fastest-melting chunks of
ice on Earth, will drive up sea levels in the coming decades. The full
melting of Greenland’s ice sheet could increase sea levels by about 20
feet. [bold/itals mine]
“We scientists love to sit at
our computers and use climate models to make those predictions,” said
Laurence C. Smith, head of the geography department at the University of
California, Los Angeles, and the leader of the team that worked in
Greenland this summer. “But to really know what’s happening, that kind
of understanding can only come about through empirical measurements in
For years, scientists have
studied the impact of the planet’s warming on the Greenland and
Antarctic ice sheets. But while researchers have satellite images to
track the icebergs that break off, and have created models to simulate
the thawing, they have little on-the-ground information and so have
trouble predicting precisely how fast sea levels will rise.
Dire report by three excellent Times journalists covering a team of researchers camped out on the icesheets of Greenland. The conclusion is that glaciers and land ice are melting at rates far higher than scientists anticipated, or that climate models have shown. This means that sea levels are rising faster than projected, and many coastal communities are in grave danger.
Richard Mosse’s photography captures the beauty and tragedy in war and destruction. Mosse has shot abandoned plane wrecks in the furthest reaches of the planet and the former palaces of Uday and Saddam Hussein now occupied by US military forces. His most recent series, Infra captures the ongoing war between rebel factions and the Congolese national army in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The Infra series is marked by Mosse’s use of Kodak Aerochrome, a discontinued reconnaissance infrared film. The film registers chlorophyll in live vegetation. The result is the lush Congolese rainforest rendered into a beautifully surreal landscape of pinks and reds. Mosse said in an interview with The British Journal of Photography “I wanted to export this technology to a harder situation, to up-end the generic conventions of calcified mass-media narratives and challenge the way we’re allowed to represent this forgotten conflict… I wanted to confront this military reconnaissance technology, to use it reflexively in order to question the ways in which war photography is constructed.”
Mosse is the winner of the 2014 Deutsche Börse Photography Prize. In 2013, Mosse represented Ireland in the Venice Biennale with the The Enclave an immersive six-channel video installation that utilized 16mm infrared film. The piece is an attempt, as Mosse explained on CNN.com, to bring “two counter-worlds into collision: art’s potential to represent narratives so painful that they exist beyond language, and photography’s capacity to document specific tragedies and communicate them to the world.”