influenza a virus

anonymous asked:

hi I saw this post by you that went... all disease symptoms are an immune response. I kind of get what you mean like to help people make up diseases but. if all symptoms are immune doesn't that mean stopping the immune system would cure the disease??? like isn't death a symptom

Good question! Without an immune response, viruses and bacteria and fungi would just be able to kill us with no resistance. However, the symptoms we associate with illness wouldn’t be there. Take an influenza virus, any influenza virus. When it attaches, the body starts to slough off the cells in order to minimize replication. Immune cells, like neutrophils and macrophages and a host of others, come in and start to eat the virus particles. If that weren’t to happen, the influenza virus would just sort of move through your body and kill every cell it could get its little virus-ey paws on. You’d die, but without fever, without sneezing and coughing, etc. I’m not sure if there would be pain–it very well could be painful. But you would have, more or less, an asymptomatic infection that killed you really quickly.

Dr. Castiel

gif is not mine

Title: Dr. Castiel

Pairing: Castiel x Reader

Word Count: 748

Warnings: Fluff

A/N: This wasn’t requested, but I thought this would be a cute thing to write for all of you <3 <3 Feedback is welcomed and appreciated! I love you all so much!! <3 <3

With Sam and Dean gone on a hunt on the East Coast, Castiel was left with you.  Unfortunately, you were sick.  Castiel wasn’t familiar with the flu, but he was sure it wasn’t life threatening to you.  He made sure to watch you carefully.  

Castiel padded to the kitchen after reading articles on your laptop about the virus.  He was going to make you some toast to test your stomach.  That was one thing the angel could do without setting the bunker on fire.  

Once he prepared the toast, he walked back to your room.  Castiel poked his head into your room, seeing if you were awake.  He learned that humans rested more when they were ill.  You were no exception.  Netflix was streaming on your tv, but you hadn’t moved.  Castiel took it upon himself to enter your room.  He set your toast down on the nightstand nearest to you.  

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Black Cross of Butler County

In 1918,  Winfield Township, PA was overrun with the Spanish Influenza. The virus killed hundreds of workers who had recently immigrated from various European countries. 

Since they were recent immigrants, most of the workers were without family or church to properly bury them. They needed to be buried quickly to avoid the spread of the disease, so they were put into a mass grave. Father O’Callahan from the St. John’s Church in Coylesville became upset at the fact these victims were not given a proper funeral, and performed Catholic burial rights. He commissioned a large grave marker in the form of a cross made out of railroad ties.  The Black Cross, as it came to be known, lasted until 2002 when it was replaced by a proper memorial in a well-attended ceremony. Visitors to the grave site claim to hear babies crying, and many claim the trees feel like they’re reaching out to grab them. Some claim that you can hear the dead speaking Italian from under the ground. 


#Influenza can have a serious impact on #patients with a chronic condition. Ever wondered how your flu vaccine is made? Look no further. #vaccineswork

queenofallcatladies  asked:

Is there a such thing as a feline influenza virus? And can canine influenza infect cats or humans?

Absolutely. There is a flu virus for just about every vertebrate species on the planet. H3N2, one of the canine flu viruses, can infect cats. As far as we know neither the cat or dog flu can infect humans however because flu viruses mutate so quickly I wouldn’t be surprised if sometime in the future they could.

Breakthrough Opens Door to Lifelong, Universal Flu Vaccine

A universal vaccine is on the horizon that could stem influenza’s deadly human toll regardless of what strain of the virus happens to be circulating each year. The breakthrough is being reported today in two influential science journals by a pair of international research teams in the U.S., Japan and Europe.

“The ultimate goal of influenza vaccinology is the development of a universal vaccine that protects against a wide range of strains and subtypes, thereby eliminating the need for seasonal reformulation of vaccines and providing an effective defense against viruses with pandemic potential,” write the authors of one of the studies that appears today in the journal Science

To produce proof-of-concept immunizations, the researchers focused on hemagglutinin (HA), one of the proteins that stud the surface of influenza particles. This protein acts like a grasper that allows influenza to latch onto a host’s cells, like the red blood cells moving through the upper respiratory tract of vertebrates. One part of this protein is the same throughout a range of influenza types, which makes it a promising target for a universal vaccine. 

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Leptospira interrogans, Pandorea norimbergensis, Burkholderia mallei, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Erysipelothrix rhusopathiae, Morganella morganii, Bordetella pertussis, Borrelia burgdorferi.. 

HINT: it’s not Harry Potter spells. 

Originally posted by hogwartsisthebest

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Dad Jokes
Series: Tales of Symphonia 
Characters: Lloyd, Kratos

Lloyd and the others seemed to always have so much energy, Kratos found himself bringing up the rear of the group most of the time. He didn’t mind so much; it gave him the chance to hear what they were talking about. Most of it was childish drivel- well, most of them were children, after all. But one subject that Lloyd constantly brought up drew Kratos’ attention more than he thought it should have.

“…and so Dad says, the elf throws the beer away, the human waves the fly off and drinks the beer, and the dwarf picks up the fly and yells, ‘spit it out, you dirty thief!” 

Lloyd’s tale was followed by a mix of laughter and groaning. Kratos could hear Colette saying something like “Oh, Lloyd, your dad is always so funny!” and Raine commenting that “Dirk certainly likes to tell dwarf jokes, doesn’t he?” and Lloyd proudly exclaiming “I love my dad!”

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anonymous asked:

Hello! Hope you're having a good day! I got an idea from a Hiro x reader a few days ago, it's more of a fluff story than anything else lol but where the reader catches a virus and it only lasts for three days but she has horrible spouts of vomiting, etc. and Hiro goes put of his way to take care of her and goes crazy with ways to 'cure her' lol I got the idea when I caught a virus a couple days ago and watched big hero six a few days later ^^; well anyways love your oneshots! :) *hugs*

Here you go!  Hope you’re feeling better now! (:

Hiro frowns when he steps out of his personal lab space and sees that the room across the hall is still locked up and the lights are off.  It’s almost 9:00 in the morning, and you still haven’t shown up.  He goes out to the main area to see if you’re just hanging out with everyone over there.  As he walks around, he can see everyone working diligently on their projects, but there’s still no sign of you.

Hiro walks up to Honey Lemon and Wasabi who are both discussing something near Wasabi’s tool set. “Hey, have you guys seen (Name) at all, today?” he asks.

They pause their conversation and shake their heads.  “No, actually.  She’s not in her lab?” Honey Lemon asks.

Hiro shakes his head, “No, I’ve checked several times.  It’s not like her to show up this late, though.”

“Maybe you should call her, to check if everything is okay,” Wasabi suggests.

Hiro nods in agreement and begins to walk back to his lab, pulling out his phone and calling you along the way.

“Hiro?” he winces at the sound of your hoarse voice.

“(Name)? Are you okay? Did I wake you up?”

He hears you groan, “No, I was already awake.  I’ve been throwing up all morning and I feel horrible.”

Hiro feels his heart rate pick up as his concern for you grows, “You’re sick? Do you have a fever?”

“I don’t know.  My head is super fuzzy.  But the cold floor feels really good.”

“The floor?  Why are you on the floor?”

You let out a small whimper, “My bed was too hot.”  Hiro’s heart clenches at how vulnerable you sound.

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I am going into the studio to record “Doctor LOVE Bimbo Flu” today… and it should be out tonight… it is one that I am very excited about… I start our as Doctor LOVE in it… explaining how the Influenza virus has mutated into influenza Double D… the Bimbo Flu… as I do I let out a sneeze and giggle… the virus is not like other viruses and must be treated with deep hypnotic conditioning to eliminate it from your mind… I have had this idea a while… and in a flash of inspiration this weekend I wrote the very EROTIC and HYPNOTIC script that I think all you BIMBOS will really LOVE… there will also be a second recording that you can listen to overnight in a loop called Bimbo Flue Overnight

Penyakit Yang di Anggap Ringan, Padahal Mematikan !

Seringkali kita menganggap remeh penyakit yang ada di sekitar kita. Tanpa kita sadari penyakit tersebut dapat merenggut nyawa orang-orang disekitar kita, atau bahkan kita sendiri. Apa saja penyakit itu ? berikut beberapa penyakit sederhana yang dapat menyebabkan kematian.

1. Mendengkur (Ngorok)
Kebiasaan tidur mendengkur yang dianggap biasa oleh semua orang itu ternyata dapat menyebabkan resiko kematian. Menurut Dokter Andreas A.Prasadja dari Sleep Disorder Clinic – RS. Mitra Kemayoran, resiko itu bermula dari masalah gangguan tidur yang bernama Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). Andreas menyebutkan gangguan OSA ini terjadinya penyempitan saluran pernafasa atas saat tidur. Penyempitan ini menyebabkan tidak efektifnya pertukaran antara oksigen dengan karbondioksida pada saat tidur. Akibatnya di pagi hari si penderita merasa tidak segar dan masih kurang istirahat. Tidak jarang ia juga mengeluhkan sakit kepala di pagi hari. Sedangkan pada siang hari karena banyaknya aktifitas mungkin ia tidak merasakan kantuk, tetapi di saat meeting atau sedang mengendarai rasa kantuk yang tak tertahankan bisa menyerang setiap saat. Akibatnya, Kemampuan konsentrasi dan daya ingat menurun, dan nyawa pun banyak yang melayang karena kecelakaan lalu lintas yang diakibatkan oleh rasa kantuk dan berkurangnya reflex untuk menghindar.

2. Gigi Berlubang
Sakit gigi sering dianggap sebagai penyakit yang sepele, terutama bagi orang yang belum pernah mengalaminya. Namun akibat yang ditimbulkan sakit gigi dapat mengganggu aktifitas sehari-hari dan bahkan sangat berbahaya karena bisa menyebabkan kematian. Pasalnya apabila gigi tersebut tidak dirawat Maka gigi yang berlubang dapat menjadi jalan yang cukup besar bagi bakteri untuk dapat masuk ke dalam tubuh. Masalah utama yang menyebabkan sakit gigi adalah lubang pada gigi yang dimasuki oleh bakteri. Infeksi yang terjadi pada gusi dan akar gigi dapat menjalar ke berbagai organ vital, dan bisa menyebabkan berbagai gangguan kesehatan.
Apabila daya tahan tubuh kita sedang lemah, maka infeksi bakteri akan semakin hebat. Bila tidak segera diobati, infeksi akan menyebar ke daerah di sekitar mulut seperti leher dan pipi. Kondisi ini bisa di katakan cukup serius, dan mengharuskan si penderita untuk melakukan operasi pada daerah yang terinfeksi untuk mengeluarkan nanahnya. Bila kondisinya cukup parah, ada resiko terjadinya kematian jika kondisi pasien sangat lemah, disertai komplikasi penyakit lain ataupun perawatan yang kurang intensif.

3. Maag
Penyakit yang sering dianggap sepele oleh sebagian penderitanya, namun sangat berbahaya. jika penyakit ini sudah terlalu parah, bisa menyebabkan Penyakit baru, yaitu gejala Thypus. Bahkan kematian ! Penyebab dari penyakit maag yaitu, pola makan yang tidak teratur atau sering terlambat makan sehingga menimbulkan luka pada lambung yang diakibatkan oleh aktifitas lambung pada saat perut sedang kosong. Kebiasaan buruk ini sering dilakukan oleh banyak orang dengan alasan sibuk dan lain-lain. Penyebab lainnya dari penyakit maag, yaitu stress dan kurang istirahat, kurangnya istirahat bisa menyebabkan turunnya nafsu makan dan dapat menimbulkan maag.
Gejala-gejala dari penyakit maag yaitu: perut kembung, perut akan terasa penuh walaupun perut penderita sedang kosong. mual dan rasa ingin muntah pada saat makan, rasa perih pada perut dan ulu hati, merasa lapar namun tidak nafsu makan, sering bersendawa, sendawa tersebut disebabkan karna asam lambung yg tinggi.
Cara mengatasi maag dengan cepat saat sedang kambuh, yaitu dengan meminum obat yang mengandung Hydrotalcite, Magnesium hidroksia, dan Simethicone yg biasa dijual di apotik dan toko obat. Dan bagi anda yg tidak biasa meminum obat generik, terdapat juga obat tradisional/alami untuk mencegah dan mengobati maag yaitu dengan memakan Singkong Madu mentah 1 potong setiap hari sebelum makan. Selain obat-obat di atas, kita juga bisa mencegah kambuhnya penyakit maag dengan menghindari makanan pedas, asam, makanan yg mengandung santan, serta makanan yg susah di cerna oleh lambung karena membuat luka di lambung semakin parah. Dan juga menghindari minuman yg menyebabkan asam lambung naik, seperti kopi dan minuman soda.

4. Sariawan
Jangan pernah sepelekan sariawan. Apalagi, jika sariawan itu selalu muncul dalam jangka waktu 6 bulan hingga 1 tahun. sering menderita sariawan ternyata merupakan indikasi utama terjadinya penyakit pemfigus vulgaris. penyakit ini tidak bisa disembuhkan, dan akan diidap penderita hingga akhir hayatnya. Bahkan, 50 persen penderita akan meninggal dalam waktu 12 bulan jika tidak segera diberikan pertolongan. Penyakit ini tidak menular, mereka yang beresiko terkena penyakit pemfigus vulgaris rata-rata berusia antara 50 sampai 60 tahun. Dan merupakan keturunan dari bangsa Yahudi, Indian atau Mediteranian.

5. Demam
Demam merupakan penyakit yang sering dialami setiap orang dan biasanya demam terjadi akibat adanya infeksi pada tubuh manusia, penyakit demam yang bisa menyebabkan kematian adalah demam berdarah, yaitu demam yang disebabkan oleh virus dengue. Virus dengue dapat masuk ke dalam tubuh melalui gigitan nyamuk Aedes Aegypti. Gejala yang akan timbul biasanya demam tinggi mencapai 39-40 derajat celcius dan timbul secara mendadak, disertai keringat yang cukup banyak dan tubuh tampak loyo, nyeri di seluruh tubuh, pendarahan yang tampak dari luar maupun dari dalam. Bila sudah terlihat tanda-tanda seperti di atas, ada baiknya si penderita langsung dibawa ke rumah sakit. Kalau tidak maka akan menyebabkan kematian.

6. Keracunan makanan
Saat ini kita sering mendengar banyak anak-anak atau bahkan orang dewasa yang keracunan makanan. Hal ini bisa terjadi karena pengolahan makanan yang tidak sempurna, adanya zat beracun yang terkandung di dalam makanan namun kita tidak mengetahuinya. Hal ini disebabkan adanya persaingan yang tidak sehat diantara para penjual makanan dengan tujuan untuk menghancurkan usaha si lawan agar tidak laku. Atau hanya sedekar mencari keuntungan yang lebih banyak dengan cara jalan pintas. tanda-tanda keracunan makanan adalan perut akan terasa mual dan diare biasanya ini akan sembuh sendiri. Namun banyak juga akibat keracunan makanan yang berujung maut, karena penanganan yang buruk

7. Influenza
Influenza atau yang lebih dikenal dengan sebutan flu, merupakan penyakit yang bisa menular yang di sebabkan oleh Virus RNA dari familia Orthomyxoviriade (virus influenza). Gejala yang di timbulkan dari penyakit ini adalah badan menggigil, sakit di bagian kepala, sakit tenggorokan, nyeri otot, batuk, demam dan rasa tidak nyaman di sekujur tubuh. Influenza biasanya ditularkan melalui udara lewat batuk dan bersin, yang akan menimbulkan aerosol yang mengandung virus. Akhir-akhir ini banyak orang yang meninggal akibat penyakit influenza, flu yang sedang marak tersebar di seluruh dunia ialah flu babi (H1N1) dan flu Burung (H5N1). Bila anda sudah terjangkit segera periksakan diri ke dokter. Karena penyakit ini sangat berbahaya dan bisa merenggut nyawa anda.

8. Diabetes
Penyakit diabetes atau yang sering kita sebut penyakit kencing manis. biasanya disebabkan karena terlalu banyak mengkonsumsi gula. Banyak orang menganggap remeh penyakit ini. Padahal diabetes merupakan salah satu penyakit yang berbahaya karena bisa menyebabkan kematian. Pada tahun 2013 indonesia memiliki sekitar 8.5 juta penderita diabetes yang merupakan jumlah ke-4 terbanyak di Asia dan nomor 7 di dunia. Faktor yang menyebabkan diabetes antara lain: orang dewasa yang umurnya diatas 45 tahun, berat badan yang terlalu gemuk (obesitas), tekanan darah tinggi (140/90 mmHg) dan faktor keturunan.


salam sehat bahagia - @dokterfina

Victime d'Ebola

(CNN) – Here’s some background information about Ebola, a virus with a high fatality rate that was first identified in Africa in 1976.


Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a disease caused by one of five different Ebola viruses. Four of the strains can cause severe illness in humans and animals. The fifth, Reston virus, has caused illness in some animals, but not in humans.

The first human outbreaks occurred in 1976, one in northern Zaire (now Democratic Republic of the Congo) in Central Africa: and the other, in southern Sudan (now South Sudan). The virus is named after the Ebola River, where the virus was first recognized in 1976, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Ebola is extremely infectious but not extremely contagious. It is infectious, because an infinitesimally small amount can cause illness. Laboratory experiments on nonhuman primates suggest that even a single virus may be enough to trigger a fatal infection.

Instead, Ebola could be considered moderately contagious, because the virus is not transmitted through the air. The most contagious diseases, such as measles or influenza, virus particles are airborne.

Humans can be infected by other humans if they come in contact with body fluids from an infected person or contaminated objects from infected persons. Humans can also be exposed to the virus, for example, by butchering infected animals.

While the exact reservoir of Ebola viruses is still unknown, researchers believe the most likely natural hosts are fruit bats.

Symptoms of Ebola typically include: weakness, fever, aches, diarrhea, vomiting and stomach pain. Additional experiences include rash, red eyes, chest pain, throat soreness, difficulty breathing or swallowing and bleeding (including internal).

Typically, symptoms appear 8-10 days after exposure to the virus, but the incubation period can span two to 21 days.

Unprotected health care workers are susceptible to infection because of their close contact with patients during treatment.

Ebola is not transmissible if someone is asymptomatic or once someone has recovered from it. However, the virus has been found in semen for up to three months.

Deadly human Ebola outbreaks have been confirmed in the following countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Gabon, South Sudan, Ivory Coast, Uganda, Republic of the Congo (ROC), Guinea and Liberia.

According to the World Health Organization, “there is no specific treatment or vaccine,” and the fatality rate can be up to 90%. Patients are given supportive care, which includes providing fluids and electrolytes and food.

There are five subspecies of the Ebola virus: Zaire ebolavirus (EBOV), Bundibugyo ebolavirus (BDBV), Sudan ebolavirus (SUDV), Taï Forest ebolavirus (TAFV) and Reston ebolavirus (RESTV)

Click here for the CDC’s list of known cases and outbreaks.

Hate and bigotry have an etiology that reminds me of diseases like influenza. When I study my own mental constructs I can almost always trace my prejudices back to a specific contagion that caused it. I shouldn’t be amazed at how easily I pick up these dis-eases of the mind, but I am. Just like the flu you almost don’t realize how sick you are until you’re in bed with the chills or barfing in the toilet. You can’t always avoid other people who are sick in this way, but learning to be aware of it before you get infected by someone else’s mind viruses can be that “ounce of prevention” your physician is always imploring you to use.
—  The Zen Humanist