industry commerce

Germany‘s Dual System

Have you ever heard of the term “Dual System” or “Vocational training” used when referring to the German education system? It is arguably one of the largest cultural or institutional differences between Germany and the United States, and a staple of the German way of life that they are very proud to showcase.

The dual system’s main characteristic is a cooperation between for the most part small and medium sized companies, on the one hand, and public vocational schools, on the other. This cooperation is regulated by law.

The Vocational Training Act of 1969, which was amended in 2005, introduced this tight-knit alliance between the Federal Government, the federal states (Länder) and companies with a view to providing young people with training in occupations that are recognized nation-wide and documented accordingly through certificates issued by a competent body, i.e. chamber of industry and commerce or chamber of crafts and trades respectively.

Basically, this is to say that vocational training programs are resume builders and given just as legit a certification as a university degree.

Not All About College

In the states, it’s easy to believe that the only way to be prepared for employment is via a university education. However, vocational training holds little to no stigma in Germany and in fact, the economy is short on skilled labor and is such trying to boost numbers of young people who learn a trade.

The German dual system offers an excellent approach to skill development, covering initial vocational education and training, further vocational education and training, careers, employability, occupational competence and identity. Thanks to the dual system, Germany enjoys low youth unemployment and high level skills.

In Germany, about 50 percent of all school-leavers undergo vocational training provided by companies which consider the dual system the best way to acquire skilled staff. This is to say, vocational training not only provides more paths to employment for the worker, but better trained staff for companies. Win-win!

Continuous updating of training regulations

There are currently around 330 officially recognized training occupations. Employer organizations and trade unions are the drivers when it comes to updating and creating new training regulations and occupational profiles or modernizing further training regulations.

As a result, training, testing and certificates are standardized in all industries throughout the country. This assures that all apprentices receive the same training regardless of region and company. Moreover, employers trust in these certificates as they express what an individual knows and is able to do.

Best form of recruitment for companies

Businesses that take part in the dual training scheme consider vocational training to be the best form of personnel recruitment. Training companies do not only save on recruitment costs but also avoid the latent risk of hiring the wrong employee for the job. Investments in first-class training are a key factor for success in an increasingly competitive world.

We love the system because it gives more options and flexibility to young people while providing employers with specialists and more reliable workers.

What are your thoughts on the Dual System?

Der Hamburger Hafen - Hamburg Harbor - is Germany’s largest port, nicknamed “Das Tor zur Welt (Gateway to the World). It’s the 2nd-busiest port in Europe (after Rotterdam in the Netherlands). It’s almost as old as the history of Hamburg itself. Founded in 1189 by Frederick I for its strategic location, it has been Central Europe’s main port for centuries and enabled Hamburg to develop early into a leading city of trade with a rich and proud bourgeoisie.


The Headman

This statue commemorates the contributions of African-Americans as skilled boatment on the James River and its canals and in the development of industry and commerce in the city of Richmond.

Commissioned By
City of Richmond
Virginia Commission for the Arts
Richmond Renaissance, Inc.
Astoria Beneficial Club

Designer and sculptor
P. Di Pasquale

Original Dedication
May 15, 1988

Bronze Dedication
November 25, 1992

Brown’s Island

February 2017

Airbus to set up aerospace skill development centre in Hyderabad

Bengaluru, Feb 15 (IANS) European aerospace major Airbus on Wednesday signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Telangana government, the National Skill Development Corporation and Aerocampus France to set up an aerospace skill development centre in Hyderabad.

The MoU was signed in the presence of Rajiv Pratap Rudy, Union Minister of State for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, and K. Taraka Rama Rao, Telangana’s Minister for Industries and Commerce.

“This first of its kind centre of excellence aims to enhance the employability of young aspirants by imparting the required skills to them,” Rudy was quoted as saying in a statement issued here.

The centre, likely to come up at the Begumpet Airport, Hyderabad, will provide short and long term Certificate and Diploma courses on aircraft manufacturing, logistics, maintenance, Repair and Overhaul (MRO), ground handling and special aviation processes.

“The centre will not only provide training on aircraft maintenance but also on aerospace manufacturing and assembling,” he added.

Rao said the state had taken a lead in setting up India’s first centre of excellence in aerospace manufacturing.

“We understand the importance of skill development in creating a comprehensive and successful aerospace ecosystem,” he said.

He also said the central government will “up-skill the local youth as per international norms”.

Ashish Saraf, Vice President and Make in India officer for Airbus, asserted that the company was sensitive to India’s ambition to have a “thriving indigenous aerospace industry”.

“This centre will play a role in translating this ambition into reality by feeding the industry with a trained talent pool,” Saraf said.

Telangana government will provide space and the initial seed fund for the project, the release said.

The National Skill Development Corporation will channelize the candidates to the training centre.



Syracuse By Moonlight by Johann Culverhouse (1871) – “With the construction of the Erie Canal, Syracuse became a booming center of industry and commerce. Downtown Syracuse was built around the Canal which bisected the city.  Born in Rotterdam, Johann Culverhouse (1820-1895) was a successful painter who began working in the United States in 1843. He established himself in New York City, where he painted charming scenes of people at work and play. His work is in the Dutch tradition of genre painting made famous by Vermeer.“  Original painting is part of the Onondaga Historical Association.

The red coral polyps in this illustration by author Henri de Lacaze-Duthiers are shown feeding with their tentacles fully extended. In 1860, zoologist Lacaze-Duthiers was tasked by the French government to study red coral and his observations on regulating the harvest of this precious commodity were published in Histoire naturelle du corail: organization, reproduction, peche en Algérie, industrie et commerce (Natural history of coral: organization, reproduction, fishery in Algeria, industry and trade) in 1864.

See this and 45 other exquisite reproductions from 33 rare and beautifully illustrated scientific works in the new exhibition, Opulent Oceans: Extraordinary Rare Book Selections from the American Museum of Natural History, now open.
'Narconomics': How The Drug Cartels Operate Like Wal-Mart And McDonald's
The cartels' business models are similar to those of big-box stores and franchises, says Tom Wainwright, former Mexico City bureau chief for The Economist. His new book is Narconomics.

When Tom Wainwright became the Mexico correspondent for The Economist in 2010, he found himself covering the country’s biggest businesses, including the tequila trade, the oil industry and the commerce of illegal drugs.

“I found that one week I’d be writing about the car business and the next week I’d be writing about the drugs business,” Wainwright tells Fresh Air’s Terry Gross. “I gradually came to see that the two actually were perhaps more similar than people normally recognize.”

During the three years he spent in Mexico and Central and South America, Wainwright discovered that the cartels that control the region’s drug trade use business models that are surprisingly similar to those of big-box stores and franchises. For instance, they have exclusive relationships with their “suppliers” (the farmers who grow the coca plants) that allow the cartels to keep the price of cocaine stable even when crop production is disrupted.

With the development and accumulation of bourgeois property, i.e., with the development of commerce and industry, individuals grew richer and richer while the state fell ever more deeply into debt.

It is therefore obvious that as soon as the bourgeoisie has accumulated money, the state has to beg from the bourgeoisie and in the end it is actually bought up by the latter.

—  Marx - The German Ideology 1845
American Protestantism doesn’t really want its religion. American Protestantism has what it wants instead: at one extremity it has the uses of religion appropriated for the aggrandizement of the principalities and powers of commerce, industry, and patriotism and the material, psychological, verbal and carnal appeasement of men privy to these powers. That is what is otherwise known as “positive thinking.”

William Stringfellow, “The Mission of the Church in the Decadent Society,” The ETS Journal: Winter 1962. 

going in

“I’m not against people who have money, who like money, who go crazy for money,”“But in politics we have to separate them. We have to run people who love money too much out of politics, they’re a danger in politics… People who love money should dedicate themselves to industry, to commerce, to multiply wealth. But politics is the struggle for the happiness of all.

Asked why rich people make bad representatives of poor people, he said, “They tend to view the world through their perspective, which is the perspective of money. Even when operating with good intentions, the perspective they have of the world, of life, of their decisions, is informed by wealth. If we live in a world where the majority is supposed to govern, we have to try to root our perspective in that of the majority, not the minority.”

—  President Jose Mujica aka “The World’s Poorest President” talks about why he doesn’t trust rich people and why money should be kept out of politics.“