Scarif was a secluded and tropical planet in the Outer Rim Territories region of the galaxy. Despite its remoteness, it played an important part in the Galactic Empire’s military-industrial complex, becoming a center for Imperial top-secret military research. In this capacity, it housed a multitude of different projects, including the construction of the first Death Star battle station. Because of its importance, the planet was protected by an impenetrable deflector shield that enveloped the entire world, with the only opening being the Shield Gate.
After World War II it was believed that the United States had enough M1 Garand rifles in armory to last several generations. During the Korean War, the government took many of those Garands out of storage and refurbished them for military issue. It was decided that new Garands needed to be produced to keep up with demand, as the United States not only needed them to arm the US military, but was arming various Cold War allies around the world. Thus in 1953 the government contracted Harrington & Richardson as well as International Harvester to produce new M1 Garands.
The choice of International Harvester was unusual, as the company was known for producing tractors, construction equipment, agriculture equipment, and home consumer goods. The reason for contracting International Harvester was very specific. Most US arms production occurred on the East Coast. If the worst case Cold War scenario occurred, an armed nuclear conflict between the US and the Soviet Union, it was expected that urban and industrial centers would be heavily hit. International Harvester’s plant was located in Evansville, Indiana, and thus might be spared from destruction. Production of the International Harvester M1 Garand began in 1953 and lasted until 1956, when Whirlpool bought out their Evansville plant. 337,623 were produced.
Lancaster, Ohio, the home of the Fortune 500 company Anchor Hocking, was once a bustling center of industry and employment. At its peak following World War II, Lancaster’s hometown company was the world’s largest maker of glass tableware and employed more than 5,000 town residents.
Though Anchor Hocking remains in Lancaster today, it is a shell of its former self, and the once thriving town is beset by underemployment and drug abuse. Lancaster native Brian Alexander chronicles the rise and fall of his hometown in his new book, Glass House.
“People are genuinely struggling,” he tells Fresh Air’s Dave Davies. “The economy of the town is struggling, not because there’s high unemployment, [but] because the employment that there is all minimum wage, or even lower than minimum wage.”
Fairfield County, in which Lancaster is located, went 61 percent for Donald Trump in the presidential election — a fact that Alexander attributes to the candidate’s message of disaffection. Alexander says on Election Day one Lancaster woman told him she voted for Trump because she wanted “it to be like it was.”
The worn outer walls of Mead’s Quarry tower high above the lake that had formed in the bottom many years after it had been abandoned. If you look closely, you can see the individual layers in the bedrock where the miners dug into the earth with their pickaxes and machinery. The layers represent different types of rock, with occasional veins of the marble still visible. The “pink marble”, which was primarily excavated from both the Mead’s and Ross quarries, was mined from the area and sent to places such as New York, Washington DC, and Knoxville for use in the construction of monuments and government buildings.
Tennessee Pink Marble is not actually marble. In reality, it is actually crystalline limestone that takes on a pinkish-grey hue. Most of the limestone that has formed in this area was formed over 450 million years ago.
“Cedar Falls was founded in 1845 by William Sturgis. It was originally named Sturgis Falls, for the first family who settled the site. The Sturgis family moved on within a few years and the city was renamed Cedar Falls because of its proximity to the Cedar River. However the city’s founders are honored each year with a three-day community-wide celebration named in their honor – the Sturgis Falls Celebration.
Because of the availability of water power, Cedar Falls developed as a milling and industrial center prior to the Civil War. The establishment of the Civil War Soldiers’ Orphans Home in Cedar Falls changed the direction in which the city developed when, following the war, it became the first building on the campus of the Iowa State Normal School (now the University of Northern Iowa).”
Nibelungen Bridge over the Rhine at Worms by Armin Kübelbeck
Worms in Rheinland-Pfalz, Southwestern Germany, is situated on the Upper Rhein, about 60 km from Frankfurt/Main. A pre-Roman foundation, it was the capital of the Kingdom of the Burgundians in the 5th century and hence the scene of the medieval legends referring to this period, notably the first part of the Nibelungenlied. Worms has been a Roman Catholic bishopric since at least 614, and was an important palatinate of Charlemagne. Worms Cathedral is one of the Imperial Cathedrals and among the best examples of Romanesque architecture in Germany. Worms prospered in the High Middle Ages as an Imperial Free City. Among more than 100 Imperial Diets held at Worms, the Diet of 1521 ended with the Edict of Worms in which Martin Luther was declared a heretic. Today, the city is an industrial center and famed for its Liebfraumilch wine.
A War Over Bananas — The Banana Wars of the 1920’s and 30’s
Before the Spanish American War the United States was a very isolationist nation. Generally, the government and the military did not get involved overseas unless the nation was directly involved. Then, quite suddenly American interests began to expand across the globe with the capture of Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and the annexation of Hawaii. Suddenly then, America became an imperial colonial power, with whole armies stationed overseas and American corporations spreading out to foreign nations. It was the beginning of the time when the US would get involved in international affairs.
By the turn of the century, the United States came to dominate the banana industry, which was primarily centered in Central America. The top dog of the banana business was United Fruit Company (now Chiquita Brands International), which also traded in Central American goods such as coffee, tobacco, and sugar. There were other American competitors in Central America, such as Standard Fruit Company (now Dole Foods), and Cuyamel Fruit Company. The fruit companies became so powerful, they influenced and even controlled their host nations laws, government, and elections. Many government services were run by the fruit companies, whole controlled the national railroads, postal services, radio services, electric services, and telegraph/telephone services. Essentially, the countries of Central America were controlled and run by the fruit companies (and other American companies) who made a fortune in bananas, hence they were often termed the “Banana Republics”.
The fruit companies tended to install conservative politicians in office who supported policies beneficial to the companies. However these politicians tended to be highly unpopular with the people living in those countries. Around the time of World War I, the 1920’s, up to the early 1930’s a series of rebellions and revolutions broke out in Central America, typically liberal revolutions with the purpose of overthrowing conservative (and often oppressive) fruit company controlled governments or pro-America governments. For the American economy, the financial stakes were very high as a disruption of American business in Central America could lead to high losses for those businesses, high losses for stock and bond holders, high losses for banks, and high losses for subsidiary industries that worked with the fruit companies. Not to mention, in this age of imperialism, it seemed vital that the United States maintain Latin America as a strong sphere of influence, especially since a destabilized Central America could pose a threat to US control over the Panama Canal. Finally, it would not be a leap of imagination to assume that the fruit companies had many US politicians in their pockets.
In 1904 President Theodore Roosevelt issued the Roosevelt Corollary, the doctrine that the US had the right to intervene in Caribbean and Central American countries in order to maintain economic stability, especially in nations who owed the US money. Such a policy was totally revolutionary. During the Spanish American War and Philippine War, the justification for foreign intervention was that it was America’s destiny to civilize “backward” nations and spread American style democracy and Christianity around the world — the so called “White Man’s Burden”. Now, the US had no grand moral idealistic pretenses, this was all about protecting America’s cash flow.
Thus in the early 19th century up to 1934, a series of military interventions and occupations would occur to put down on control the various revolutions in Central America, with the goal of protecting US business interests. In 1912, US Marines invaded and occupied Nicaragua. The occupation would last until 1933, would lead to the deaths 125 US Marines, and an untold hundreds of thousands of Nicaraguans. Between 1903 and 1925 hundreds of US troops conducted operations to fight Honduran rebels who threatened the business interests of the United Fruit Company. Finally, while bananas were not involved, the Dominican Republic and Haiti were both occupied in 1915 and 1916 to protect American business interests in the region, and to end German political and military influence in the region as well.
At the time the use of military and political intervention to protect American business interests was something that had rarely ever been done before. The Banana Wars would make such a policy normal routine. From overthrowing the Prime Minister of Iran in 1953 to protect oil interests to supporting tinpot dictators for cheap consumer items, it’s all good business.
“The Greek god of blacksmiths, craftsmen, artisans, sculptors, metals, metallurgy, fire and volcanoes. In Greek mythology, Hephaestus was the son of Zeus and Hera, the king and queen of the gods. In another version, he was Hera’s parthenogenous child, rejected by his mother because of his deformity and thrown out of heaven and down to earth. As a smithing god, Hephaestus made all the weapons of the gods in Olympus. He served as the blacksmith of the gods, and was worshipped in the manufacturing and industrial centers of Greece, particularly Athens. Hephaestus’ symbols are a smith’s hammer, anvil, and a pair of tongs.”
lately, i’ve been seeing claims that bts don’t even like i-armys and that they always want to go back to korea.
i refute one part of that claim: bts does not hate us. it is evident that the members make an effort to communicate with us. namjoon speaking in multiple languages during vlive, jeongguk buying an english learning program, hosoek being the Multilingual Master of the group, etc. (i won’t give them credit for subtitles and translations because kind-hearted translators and a pr team are responsible for those.)
korea is their home. their schedule and industry are not centered around other countries. we’re the extra. the icing on the cake. you can eat cake without the icing, but it’s tastier with it, no? plus you can make it pretty with all kinds of colors (ethnicities) and patterns (opportunities for future concerts and foreign collaborations). but if you don’t got the cake first (korea), then the icing is no good. home is always where it’s gonna be. for bts, it’s korea. we can’t compete. we just can’t.
this is why i, as an i-army, hate idol culture and consumerism. the system is grounded in young, naive infatuation and sometimes those thirsts are sometimes quenched by fan signs, fan meetings, concerts, and music show promotions for domestic armys, meanwhile, we i-armys are forever longing for them from across the globe. they say that a woman in love will wait. always patient, always giving.
it’s like a deal with the devil: we can have access to all this great music, videos, photos, etc. but at what price? to never be recognized by our idol.
we i-armys must live with this condition. it’s inevitable and there’s nothing we can do about it.
bts loves and appreciates all of us, just some more than others. if we truly love them, we wouldn’t make them feel bad for having a favorite, for having a preference. we should let them be with who they want to be with, love who they want to love. let’s just continue supporting them quietly from far away.
it hurts, i know. it’s so fucking tempting to leave. because why waste your heart on someone who doesn’t even look at you, right? but let’s have faith. let’s trust bts that they think about us more than we know. that’s what love is.
Every industrial and commercial center in England possesses a working class divided into two hostile camps: the English proletarians and the Irish proletarians. The ordinary English worker hates the Irish worker as a competitor who lowers his standard of life. In relation to the Irish worker he feels himself a member of the ruling nation and so turns himself into a tool of the aristocrats and capitalists of his country against Ireland.
This antagonism is artificially kept alive and intensified by the press, the pulpit, the comic papers – in short by all the means at the disposal of the ruling classes. This antagonism is the secret of the impotence of the English working class, despite its organization. It is the secret by which the capitalist class maintains its power. And that class is fully aware of it.