individual autonomy

i’ve been thinking about sam and trying to figure out why she’s… not a good person and i realized that i isolated her behavior to how she acts towards her friends and didn’t really look at the influences on her.

when i was thinking about the relationship between danny and his parents, i realized that sam and her parents actually have a very dysfunctional and abusive relationship. her parents want her to be someone that she’s not and refuse to respect her or relent their opinions despite the distress it causes sam. they attempt to control her life by trying to force her into clothes they like versus the clothes she’s comfortable in; they will actually harass her to the point that she has to physically remove herself from her home; and they try to restrict and control who she associates with (see control freaks, reality trip, and reign storm). danny and tucker have never been to her home even though they’ve been friends for years and when they are invited over, sam’s parents aren’t around. sam knows her parents will disapprove of her friends, so she never let them meet tucker or danny. because of this, whenever sam is at home with her parents, she probably is under a great deal of stress and feels extremely isolated. she always has to be on the defensive because she is being emotionally attacked and manipulated by her parents.

which is a problem because sam cares a lot. she cares about the environment, she cares about animals, she cares about individual rights and autonomy, and she really cares about the people who care for her. but the problem is that she’s so used to being aggressive and defensive about her interests and who is she, that she naturally lashes out and gets embarrassed or worried when she lets her guard down. she’s fast to judge harshly because it’s how she protects herself. and she drinks in every time she gets a “win” because it means she actually has control of something. that’s why she is probably so active in so many charities, works out, and is at fentonworks all the time - she’s trying to stay in healthier environments. (and also why she’s not an a-lister - they so similar to her parents)

i just… really want to apologize to sam now. you’re not a horrible person, kid, you’re just trying to get by the only way you know how.

It’s probably not just by chance that I’m alone. It would be very hard for a man to live with me, unless he’s terribly strong. And if he’s stronger than I, I’m the one who can’t live with him. … I’m neither smart nor stupid, but I don’t think I’m a run-of-the-mill person. I’ve been in business without being a businesswoman, I’ve loved without being a woman made only for love. The two men I’ve loved, I think, will remember me, on earth or in heaven, because men always remember a woman who caused them concern and uneasiness. I’ve done my best, in regard to people and to life, without precepts, but with a taste for justice.
—  Coco Chanel

“What about those autistics. You know, the ones who can’t talk, who shit their pants, who bang their head on the wall, who are violent. Don’t they deserve a cure? Don’t we have a moral obligation to improve their life?”


We have a moral obligation to provide what they need to live their life to the fullest as best as they know how. This is not the same thing as a need to improve their life.

Would a cure be the answer to that for some of them?


That does not mean we should start curing everyone. When a person cannot communicate their desire for a cure, they also cannot communicate their desire to not have a cure.

The idea of a cure that we give to non-communicative individuals removes autonomy. It necessarily means we will cure someone who does not want to be cured. We will take away what that person views as themselves.

We have a higher moral obligation to not get it wrong than we do to get it right. This is why, fundamentally, a non-consensual cure should be avoided. We have a moral obligation to everyone to not get it wrong.

It is the same principal we use with the death penalty. Whether or not you agree with it, the idea behind it is that as long as we don’t kill innocent people, it is okay. But if you get it wrong then you have a moral obligation to not kill people.

Whether or not you agree with it, the idea behind a cure is that we don’t cure people who don’t want it. And if you get it wrong, you have a moral obligation to not cure people.

We have no way to guarantee that we get it right 100% of the time. Do some of us autistics want a cure? Absolutely. If they choose to avail themselves of a cure, more power to them.

But if you are willing to use a cure on someone without knowing 100% if they want it, then you are completely missing the point of a cure for autism. You can’t claim to want to give a person a better life when the risk of getting it wrong means that you give them a life they don’t want.

anonymous asked:

What's the difference between Reform Judaism and Reconstructionist Judaism?

Hi anon!

To be completely honest, the Reform and Reconstructionist Movements are incredibly similar.  Both members of the World Union for Progressive Judaism, they both are egalitarian, ardent feminists, liberal/progressive zionists, share equal beliefs about the LGBTQ+ community, believe that the Torah was written by humans, have a lot of music and ruach (spirit) in their services and have very inclusive environments.

Reconstructionist Judaism was founded in the early 20th century by Mordechai Kaplan, who’s ideas focused on an evolving religious life based on community.  Here are some basic tenets:

  • Judaism is more than a religion; it is an evolving religious civilization.
  • Judaism is the creation of the Jewish people themselves, not of God.
  • Jewish law is not the sole decision maker: i.e. the past “has a vote, not a veto.”
  • A belief in a non-supernatural deity: “God is the process that leads to salvation”
  • The driving force behind Judaism is belonging rather than believing.
  • Judaism and working for social justice are inseparable.
  • The State of Israel is vital to Jewish cultural and spiritual survival


All of the above ideas are 100% still used in the modern Reconstructionist movement, and all but one of the above concepts have come into the Reform Movement as time has gone on.  The fourth bullet point is not relevant in the Reform Movement as we understand that God is a difference force for everyone.  But then again, the above source might be old and Reconstructionist Jews might have also evolved with this bullet point.

The Reform Movement is notably larger with more congregations around North America and the world and a larger seminary. But Reconstructionist Judaism is not the smallest movement- that would either be Jewish Renewal or Humanist Judaism.

According to the website I referenced above, where “Reform Judaism values individual autonomy”, “Reconstructionism values communal decision making”.  Additionally, “the Reform Movement uses more traditional God language” where “Reconstructionism uses a more traditional prayer style.”

As you can tell, both movements are extremely similar.

Hope that this helps!


If the individual cannot take the realness, aliveness, autonomy, and identity of himself and others for granted, then he has to become absorbed in contriving ways of trying to be real, of keeping himself or others alive, of preserving his identity, in efforts, as he will often put it, to prevent himself losing his self. What are to most people everyday happenings, which are hardly noticed because they have no special significance, may become deeply significant in so far as they either contribute to the sustenance of the individual’s being or threaten him with non-being. Such an individual, for whom the elements of the world are coming to have, or have come to have, a different hierarchy of significance from that of the ordinary person, is beginning, as we say, to ‘live in a world of his own’, or has already come to do so. It is not true to say, however, without careful qualification, that he is losing ‘contact with’ reality, and withdrawing into himself. External events no longer affect him in the same way as they do others: it is not that they affect him less’ on the contrary, frequently they affect him more. It is frequently not the case that he is becoming ‘indifferent’ and ‘withdrawn’. It may, however, be that the world of his experience comes to be one he can no longer share with other people.

R. D. Laing, The Divided Self

Steve Rogers does not oppose the concept that the Avengers need oversight. 

Steve Rogers opposes The Sokovia Accords as written and that they are presented to the group of people they will affect 3 days before they will be ratified. 

Steve Rogers has concerns over the agendas of the people who would be on the oversight committee.

Steve Rogers does not agree with imprisonment without trial for “Enhanced Individuals”.

Steve Rogers believes in individual autonomy and choice and fights for that.

The great liberal betrayal of this generation is that in the name of liberalism, communal rights have been prioritised over individual autonomy within minority groups. And minorities within minorities really do suffer because of this betrayal. The people i really do worry about when we have this conversation are feminist Muslims, gay Muslims, ex-Muslims - All the vulnerable and bullied individuals who are not just stigmatised but in many cases violently assaulted or killed merely for being against the norm. This is why I don’t like the ‘fellow travellers’ who would hold hands with extremist Islamists and walk along the path with them to illiberal ends, believing they’re doing Muslims a favour, when in fact they’re surrendering all those Muslims who seek reform - to their deaths, in many instances - by quietly acquiescing to regimes and principles which would aspire to have them killed

Maajid Nawaz “The Betrayal of Liberalism”

From ‘Islam and the Future of Tolerance’ by Sam Harris and Maajid Nawaz (p51-52)

I never thought of abortion as a self defense issue til just now. If the pregnancy is going to kill you, you have the right to defend yourself. Self defense isn’t meant to be pretty, but neither is the alternative.

Intro to Upper Class Culture, Part 1: The Opera

Alright so one thing I did when I started sugaring is I tried to become more “cultured” and “sophisticated”. I took some art classes, I read, I watched, I lived and breathed in culture. I see and hear POTs talk about how much they love various upper-crust cultural things all the time so I’m going to start writing mini lessons on various elements of high class culture, because honestly they aren’t as intimidating as you think! 

So tonight’s lesson will be: The Opera! I thought I would absolutely hate opera when I was forced to attend a showing of it for a class in college, but I ended up loving it. Why? Because the opera is melodramatic and at times ridiculous and it makes no apologies for that. It is an art form intended to be over the top and as an Eastern European woman I can appreciate gaudiness when I see it.

A brief history: The first opera, Dafne, was written in 1597, during the Renaissance, in Italy. Its writer, Jacopo Peri, was a humanist, which is very significant to the rest of opera’s story. If you don’t know what a humanist is, I’ll break it down for you. Before the renaissance, during the “dark ages”, little worth was placed onto the individual, life centered around God and if God made you into a peasant, you were supposed to stay that way. Then, humanism (which was inspired by Greek and Roman philosophy) took hold. Humanism places worth on the individual and an individual’s autonomy: now people are worth something, even if they are born a lowly peasant, and, they can change their fate. To us this sounds obvious but back then it was pretty cutting edge stuff (they call it the dark ages for a reason). You’ll find a lot of the stories behind great operas reflect humanist ideals! (As a matter of fact, one entire genre of opera, a verisimo, is defined as: a realistic style of opera that depicts the seamy underbelly of life.)  

Why is this important? Although, like many art forms, opera began as entertainment in the court, it quickly morphed into an art form for the upper middle class and, eventually, the working class. Yes, that’s right, snooty white glove opera was the art form that championed the middle class. And, like Shakespeare’s plays just before them, they were often very funny, and quite vulgar. As a matter of fact, operas were banned in Germany for a while because of their vulgarity (as if we didn’t already think Germans were wound a little too tight).

Now, assuming you’ve gotten over your preconceived hatred of the opera (good for you, try something new!) you might be a little nervous about actually attending your first opera. Lucky for you, there isn’t really too much etiquette behind it! 

First, there is the dress code. You don’t have to dress that nice to go to the opera. You can! If you want to wear a ball gown and a fur coat and diamonds go for it. More than likely there will be other people there doing that, especially if it’s opening night. My friend told me that her grandmother took her to the opera every year and they dressed to the nines and it was her favorite part about going. You do you girl. But if you want to be more low key, that’s ok too. I would say don’t wear anything you wouldn’t wear to church or a nice brunch; keep it decently classy, no yoga pants. 

Second, what do you do during the show? Make no noise. Seriously. Zero noise. Why? The singers use no amplification, and it’s amazing how much sound they produce. But, if someone makes a noise (whether it’s with a cellphone, you rummaging in your purse for chap stick or your fancy little binoculars or whatever) it’s super distracting for everyone within earshot and can drown out the amazing performance. So sit back, and relax. And don’t. Make. A sound.

Third, when is it ok to make noise? Before, during intermission and after, lol. And also when clapping! When should you clap? you might be wondering. Generally, when everyone else is clapping, at the very beginning when the conductor is on stage, at the end of an act and at the end. And when you’re clapping it’s appropriate to yell “bravo” when celebrating a man, “brava” for a woman and “bravi” for a group. 

Alright, a little opera vocab for you and then we’re almost done. 

aria: An emotion-expressing song in an opera; the big number.

bel canto: A style of sweet singing, taught to singers even today, that emphasizes breath control, a beautiful tone, and great flexibility in dynamics

cadenza: A moment near the end of an aria for the singer alone, with lots of fast, high, difficult notes, designed for showing off. (bonus tip: use this to sound fancy, it’ll impress your date)

libretto: The script of an opera.

opera buffa: Funny opera, especially from the 18th century.

opera seria: Formal, serious opera, especially from the 18th century.

prima donna: The singer who plays the heroine, the main female character in an opera; or anyone who believes that the world revolves around her.

recitative: (“ress-it-uh-TEEV”): Speech-singing, in which the singer semi-chants the words, imitating the free rhythms of speech.

Singspiel: (“SING-shpeel”): A German opera with spoken dialogue (instead of recitative) between arias.

Tips On How to Make the Opera More Enjoyable: 

1) Read the plot of the play beforehand. Read it fairly thoroughly, not just a two sentence summary. I promise it will make it more enjoyable if you know what’s going on.

2) In the US a lot of opera houses provide translations on some sort of screen behind the singers (since most of us don’t happen to speak German/Italian/French etc.). But if they don’t it’s ok. I know the idea of sitting through a series of odd sounding dialogues in a language you don’t understand may sound frustrating (welcome to my first year in America!) but it really isn’t that bad. Enjoy the sound of the opera, don’t worry about the dialogue. The music is what is infinitely more important. 

3) Appreciate the other elements of the opera! Whether it’s the lighting, the set, the costumes, the acting, there is so much going on in the opera! Opera, fun fact, literally translates into “work” because it takes so much work to put on an opera (that very last part might be a joke from my opera singer friend, but it might be true).

4) Appreciate how much effort goes into opera singing! It is AMAZING. It is the olympics of breath control. It’s athletic and beautiful and artistic and takes so much practice and work you can’t even imagine. My friend has been singing opera for 17 years and still considers himself an amateur. They project their voices without any amplification and use every single inch of their body to make that much noise and if you don’t find that impressive then I dare you to go try opera singing and come back to me.

Anyway, that’s all I really have! So whether it’s for a date, or a class, or just because you want to try something new that’s outside your comfort zone, hopefully this post will leave you a little more educate on the opera and make you want to experience it for yourself! 

Now go get yourself a ticket and impress someone with all your newfound opera knowledge!

The basic Christian faith is that he who renounces his delusive, individual autonomy in order to receive his true being and freedom in and by Christ is ‘justified’ by the mercy of God in the Cross of Christ. His ‘sins are forgiven’ in so far as the root of guilt is torn up in the surrender which faith makes to Christ. Instead of my own delusive autonomy I surrender to Christ all rights over me in the hope that by His Spirit, which is the Spirit and life of His Church, He will live and act in me, and, having become one with Him, having found my true identity in Him, I will act only as a member of His Body and a faithful citizen of His Kingdom…
—  Thomas Merton, Conjectures of a Guilty Bystander
Esper Abilities

For @whatevsbla, they requested me to make esper abilities and this is the best I can do! I hope you all at least learned a bit from this.

Sources are google, superpower wiki, and mob psycho 100 wiki. Heck not all the abilities are here but I added some headcanons here and there.

    • Aerokinesis – the ability to generate and manipulate wind. A sub-genre of Atmokinesis. (Possible: can be done though telekinesis?)
  • Animation – the ability to control inanimate objects, such as large, wooden puppets. The esper imbues energy to the objects before controlling them with his/her mind waves. (Possible: similar to chlorokinesis/telekinesis/necromancy?)
  • Astral Projection – the ability to separate one’s ethereal body from his/her physical one. This ability can be used to invade another living being’s body to enter the mental world. Also called as Astral Travelling. Some espers needed to lose consciousness and carefully focus first before utilizing this ability.

-          Out-of-body Cloning/Ethereal Cloning – the ability to create multiple duplicates of the ethereal soul. It can be used for combat. Some espers does not lose consciousness to utilize this ability. The clones, although lacks physical mass, can mimic physical force. However, the clone is weaker than the utilizer.

  • Atmokinesis – the ability to control the weather. Even if the esper is not born with this ability, they can do so through immensely powerful telekinesis.
  • Ki – the ability to control one’s ‘life force’ within one’s body. An ancient dojo technique. (Possible: Power Membrane manipulation?)

-          Hardening Ki – the ability to manipulate one’s qi to channel it into limbs or knees to make them more powerful. Enhances durability and strength.

-          Super Ki – the ability to generate the Qi to the outside, as an ‘aura’. A miraculous and new technique, no one is quite sure how this works.

  • Chlorokinesis – the ability to control and generate plants. The esper imbues his/her energy to the plants, and then control them with his/her mind. (Possible: similar to telekinesis/Animation/Necromancy?)

-          (A/N: if an esper manipulates plants, it needs a source of energy to do so. They use their psychic energy instead because the nutrients in the soil are not enough to compensate it to grow plants at incredibly fast or colossal rates.)

  • Clairvoyance – ability to predict/guess beyond normal probability. It can be used as a way to ‘sense’ danger, before it occurs.

-          Third Eye – the ability to ‘see’ the future. Highest form of Clairvoyance.

  • Conjuration – (Sakurai) the ability to convert powerful emotions to be imbued in objects to turn it into psychically-enhanced weapons. (In my opinion) The ability to conjure something out of powerful emotions.

-          Conjuration (Spirit tags) – a sigil is placed on a sacred tag (paper made from ‘divine wood’, same material used for Mukai’s puppets), and can only be activated when one’s emotions is strong enough. The stronger the emotion, the more powerful the conjuration is. Warning: takes up a lot of psychic energy. Known as dormant conjuration.

-          Conjuration (Sigils) – a sigil is placed on a surface or in the air, activated once the sigil is complete. Can be verbal or non-verbal. Known as active conjuration.

  • Cyberkinesis – the ability to manipulate technology. The esper imbues his/her power into the device and ‘hacks’ into the matrix. Currently unknown on how this specifically works.

-          Signal manipulation – the ability to manipulate the signals, whether to nullify or enhance it. (Possible: done through mind signals or manipulating satellites?)

  • Cyrokinesis – the ability to manipulate and generate ice. A possible sub-genre of Atmokinesis. (Possible: can be done through telekinesis?)
  • Electrokinesis – the ability to manipulate and generate electricity. A sub-genre of Atmokinesis. (Possible: can be done through telekinesis?)
  • Ergokinesis – the ability to absorb and transfer energy.

-          (A/N: I would like to use a headcanon that since every esper aura/energy is unique, it is impossible for it to blend, unless it is converted. The energies in the air are all neutral forces, therefore esper energy, although doesn’t blend, flow without clashing with it. However, when two espers fight, for aura doubles as an offensive and defensive mechanism, their auras contrast greatly due to their animosity and clash for offensive/defensive maneuvers. But in a situation where two espers are neutral/positive with each other, their energies will just pulse and flow harmlessly, pushing on each other but never mixing like oil and water. Besides, if one would absorb another’s energy, it would be fatal if not converted, like poison. That’s why ergokinetics convert the energy before putting it their energy pool.)

·         Exorcism – the ability to exorcise spirits.

  • Purification – the ability to purge a being of all evil. Only incredibly powerful espers/psychics are capable of this.
  • Fragokinesis – the ability to generate explosions. Cannot be used in close range. Can be done through telekinesis.

-          (A/N: Telekinesis… Well, an esper can only do this if they manipulate the atoms/temperature.

  • Flyrokinesis – the ability to generate barriers. The main defense of an esper.

-          (A/N: I’ve made a post of this a long time ago. The three layers of an esper’s defense. First is the Power Membrane, Energy Barrier as Ishiguro said which every esper haves. Varies in density depending on the strength of the esper. Flyrokinesis is the Auxiliary barrier. From what I know, elementalists can’t generate one along with the few exceptions like spirit-related powers. In my opinion anyway, because their abilities cannot condense energy. I am not quite sure myself, since psychic powers are after, unfathomable.)

-          (By the way, the barrier is spherical, like an atom. It is possible to focus all energy at one point of the barrier e.g. Koyama attacked Mob, all of the energy is focused on where Koyama’s fist is in contact in the barrier as to reinforce the defense and prevent it from being pierced. Therefore, Mob’s rear is weakened, a chink in the armour so to speak. Espers have to be more careful when fighting more enemies because this may be used against them.)

  • Geokinesis – the ability to manipulate the earth. (Possible: can be done through telekinesis?)
  • Gyrokinesis – the ability to manipulate gravity. (Possible: can be done through telekinesis?)
  • Hydrokinesis – the ability to manipulate water. (Possible: can be done through telekinesis?)
  • Hypnosis – the ability to control one’s mind to allow another to go into a trance or dream like state of awareness.

-          (A/N: many people have seen what Dimple can do. Some are hooked in hypnosis because of crowd mentality; others involve direct contact in doing so.)

  • Illusion – the ability to generate illusions.

-          Hypnosis Illusion – often needs direct contact. Manipulates the mind into believing the façade.

-          Environmental Illusion – vastly different from Hypnosis Illusion, since it manipulates the environment instead (via light manipulation), making it even more believable.

-          (A/N: basically speaking, H.I. attacks the mental reality while E.I manipulates the surroundings. This makes it easier to fool people. Mentally strong people can resist the effects of H.I. But E.I can makes things more convincing depending on the skill of the wielder. Please note that the esper will not be able to see if he’s/she’s invisible or not. Side note that in some situations light behaves like a particle but most of the time it’s in waves. Therefore you can utilize E.I or photokinesis [light manipulation] via wave manipulation. I hope you understood that I wrote this down to prevent confusion. )

  • Ionikinesis – the ability to manipulate highly ionized gas a.k.a plasma.

-          (A/N: not quite sure why this is here. It’s kinda like some espers can manipulate it?? Or I don’t know it just seems interesting so I added it.)

  • Levitation – the ability to levitate matter. Can be done through telekinesis.
  • Materiokinesis – the ability to manipulate matter. Can be done through telekinesis.
  • Mind Control – the ability to undergo involuntary reeducation of basic beliefs and values to the individual whilst impairing one’s autonomy and independent thinking and also disrupting one’s affiliations.

·         • Mediumship – the ability to communicate with spirits.

  • Myokinesis – the ability to manipulate one’s muscle structure. This is done by sending signals to the muscles through the brain.

-          (A/N: I once read that is a human detects danger, the brain signals the heart to pump more blood to the muscles, the liver to release glucose for extra energy. Also, the human body is in fact strong enough to throw yourself across the room. The thing is, there is a higher mind in your brain that prevents you from using your muscles to its full potential. Myokinesis removes this restriction, uses up a lot of energy since if the liver releases glucose it won’t be enough for utilizing your muscles, at best for a few minutes. That’s why myokinetics compensate psychic energy for adrenalin. Therefore it needs mind signals and energy to maintain that strength.)

  • Photokinesis – the ability to manipulate light. Done through wave manipulation Invisibility is possible.
  • Psychokinesis – the ability to manipulate objects. Can be done through imbued energy and mind control.

-         (A/N: the reason why I said this is quite similar to elementumkinesis/animation/or whatever is that the all have the same two factors: imbued energy and control. Two different things that can be done in a variety of abilities.)

  •  Pyrokinesis – the ability to manipulate and generate fire. (Possible: can be done through telekinesis?)
  • Telekinesis – synonymous with psychokinesis. This is considered the baseline to all psychic abilities, when one improves their power, they can utilize nearly any ability known. Incredibly versatile and convenient in countless ways.
  • Telepathy – the ability to coomunicate/read minds. Done through signals. Not quite sure how this works.

i haven’t really seen this come up much within hetalia discourse so i feel the need to discuss it: i don’t think that the personifications are cis or straight, any one of them, and i think there’s enough basis to back that headcanon up (that goes beyond the mere fact that ‘cis’ and ‘straight’ didn’t exist as solid concepts until recently)

i’m not going to really address canon hetalia because that’s…a mess. my argument really isn’t based in canon as much as it is in actual history and queer history, in particular, as well as just the concept of hetalia itself. a quick disclaimer, though: i’m not a historian, nor do i claim to be, so while i’ve done quite an bit of research on the subject of queer history and have engaged with several disciplines that are used to study it, none of what i say is to be taken as fact. 

when one considers how old these personifications are (some far older than even a thousand years!!!) it becomes apparent that they don’t function in the same way that humans do, even though they maintain the appearance of a human and generally follow similar laws. however, they are, inherently, personifications of countries, and my personal take is that they exist thanks to some kind of magic and inhabit more or less human bodies with regenerative capabilities. they’re human enough that they have human bodies, but an entire nation really can’t be perfectly simplified to a single body and a single gender. how can one say that france, for example, is strictly a male country (despite countless historical allusions to france being referred to as a feminine entity) and ukraine is a female country (whereas the ukrainian language refers to home as ‘fatherland’ and gives the country masculine attributes through that.) you really can’t just assign a single gender to a country, because countries don’t inherently have a gender! they’re rocks, they’re soil, they’re people, they’re politics and relations, they’re culture, they’re language, they’re history, but they don’t have a gender, even when they do have a physical form and an assigned sex, as well as individual personalities that may not always align strictly with the country they personify. 

i also find it difficult to believe that any personification would strictly abide to just one specific gender throughout their entire lengthy existence. they may align themselves with one that they prefer (i won’t deny that some might have a preference; they are individuals with autonomy and personality outside of their representative nature) or one that is more convenient (i’m sure a lot of afab countries would be fed up with how they’re treated compared to their amab counterparts veryyyyy quickly) but i don’t think they consistently have to identify with one. some may be genderfluid (like hungary), others may be trans if it benefits them (as is congruent with many instances in history where afab people presented as men to obtain social freedoms and power previously denied to them) or if they simply feel that a gender other than one they were assigned to feels more right (there really doesn’t have to be a reason for them to be trans). i doubt that their gender+presentation would be consistent–every century, hell, sometimes every decade has a different concept of what gender is and how gender should be presented. when one exists for a thousand years or more, it would be clear that the definition of gender, as well as traditional views about what ‘masculinity’ and ‘femininity’ shift constantly. i’ve personally done the most research about the evolution of masculinity in the 18th and 19th centuries in western countries, and that alone is a radical shift–i’m certain there would have been previous shifts like that in earlier history as well that would affect how nations present or think of themselves. 

in the end, there is so much complexity to nations and personifications and history and i feel like a lot of it isn’t explored or even addressed. we’re quick to assign the modern notion of gender to them and ignore the vast history of gender. i think nations would have trouble keeping up with the constantly changing idea of what masculinity and femininity is, they would fail to conform on multiple occasions by accident or on purpose, and would have a very complicated relationship with gender and presentation.

as a final note that’s more just queer history–gender and sexuality has often been closely linked throughout history, so since i headcanon all nations to be pan/bi in the modern conception of the term (it makes sense considering all the alliances and marriages they have), it follows closely that gender would have been quite complicated for them, too. *i might expand on this in a future post since this one is getting reeeeally long and sexuality is another can of worms that i’d rather talk about in detail 

tldr; none of your faves are cis or straight and if you want to further discuss this, please message me!! 

I think that the central idea of being a killjoy is feeling. you become a killjoy because you fight to keep your emotions, positive, negative, everything in between, because that’s what makes us human.

BL/ind is all about taking AWAY feelings, about CONTROLLING feelings through the pills, etc
feelings are unpredictable! they’re unpleasant! they hamper productivity! they must be controlled!

whereas killjoys recognize the chaos of emotions and EMBRACE it

all killjoys run from the city so they can LIVE, truly LIVE
it’s hard, it’s a miserable fucking life, but they’re willing to do it to keep their individuality, their autonomy, their creativity– their ability to FEEL

being a killjoy is all about feeling

Empire of Storms Rant (Spoilers)

First off, I’d like to say a couple of things. One is that I probably should have separated all of this into multiple, subject-based posts, but I don’t particularly feel like it. The second is that when I get angry or upset and I start typing, my ADD (legitimately, like I’m not just calling myself ADD colloquially, I really have been diagnosed) rears its ugly head and I have a habit of jumping subjects without realizing that not everyone’s brain is making the same connections as haphazardly as me. And I have a terrible habit of veering off on tangents of tangents of tangents. So bear with me and if there’s anything you need me to clear up, feel free to ask, and we can have a respectful conversation.

Which is the first thing I wanted to talk about. (NICE SEGUE, SUSANNA). Respect. R-E-S-P-E-C-T. You all learned about it in elementary school, right? You did? I’m not the only one that had the whole Character Counts program, with the pillars of character on the wall in my third grade classroom? Good. Now, if you’ve never heard of or experienced respect, this post is not for you.

But if you have, then you need to review what it is and how to show it to other people. I’m not saying you can’t disagree with Sarah. I’m not saying you can’t be upset by the events of Empire of Storms, or how the ships turn out. You are entitled to your own opinions, and no one can tell you that what you are feeling is wrong. Feelings aren’t wrong, they just are. They’re there, and though you can control which feelings you show to the world around you, you can’t really control feeling them, if that makes any sense. If you’re sad, for example, you can choose (however difficult the choice may be) not to cry. But you can’t really choose to not feel sad. So all that to say that yes. You can be angry. You can be disappointed. You can say to yourself  “To hell with this whole series, I’m never reading any of her books again.” That is your prerogative.

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Hellenistic Era

The Hellenistic Age marks the transformation of Greek society from the localized and introverted city-states to an open, cosmopolitan, and at times exuberant culture that permeated the entire eastern Mediterranean, and Southwest Asia. While the Hellenistic world incorporated a number of different people, Greek thinking, mores, and way of life dominated the public affairs of the time. All aspects of culture took a Greek hue, with the Greek language being established as the official language of the Hellenistic world. The art and literature of the era were transformed accordingly. Instead of the previous preoccupation with the Ideal, Hellenistic art focused on the Real. Depictions of man in both art and literature revolved around exuberant, and often amusing themes that for the most part explored the daily life and the emotional world of humans, gods, and heroes alike.

The autonomy of individual cities of the Classical era gave way to the will of the large kingdoms that were led by one ruler. As Alexander left no apparent heir, his generals controlled the empire. They fought common enemies and against each other as they attempted to establish their power, and eventually, three major kingdoms emerged through the strife that followed the death of Alexander in 323 BCE and persisted for the most part over the next three hundred years.

Several Greek cities became dominant in the Hellenistic era. City-states of the classical Greece like Athens, Corinth, Thebes, Miletus, and Syracuse continued to flourish, while others emerged as major centers throughout the kingdoms. Pergamum, Ephesus, Antioch, Damascus, and Trapezus are few of the cities whose reputations have survived to our day.  None were more influential than Alexandria of Egypt however. Alexandria was founded by Alexander the Great himself in 331 BCE and very quickly became the center of commerce and culture of the Hellenistic world under the Ptolemies. Alexandria hosted the tomb of Alexander the Great, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, the faros (lighthouse) of Alexandria, and the famed Library of Alexandria that aspired to host the entire knowledge of the known world.

At no point would I necessarily label my political convictions as “collectivistic”, as in the opposite of “individualistic”. Randian individualists have a habit of painting the true political spectrum as a rift between the individual and the group, but it’s an oversimplification. Maybe this might make sense in a classless society where free neighbors were trying to strike a balance where the community respects the individual and the individual respects the community. But as it stands now, class divisions – that is, the rift between all-producing laboring classes and parasitic ruling classes – are more important determinants of political shifts. If you are right-wing, you generally favor the established order whereby elite ruling classes arbitrarily own the workplaces and resources and utilities, while the laboring classes sell their capacity to work so they can simply make ends meet; if you are left-wing, you typically favor an overhaul of this order, in effect turning those workplaces and resources and utilities over to common democratic management. While Randian individualists certainly fall into the former rightist camp, you might notice that there’s nothing particularly, well, individual-nourishing about that setup. When the average person lacks ownership stake and input over the things they build and contribute to, and furthermore lacks comfortable livelihood, they fall short of their potential.

With this in mind, the collectivization of the means of production and resources, the goal of the communist project, does not presuppose a suppression of the creative individual. Seeing as self-actualization is a privilege overwhelmingly reserved for those who have sufficient access to resources, I only see an upsurge in plurality following the establishment of a socialist order. What center of ruling class domination will be pumping out cultural hegemony to conform to? What hierarchical market economy will there be to sink or swim in?

Take the famous line from the Manifesto: “The free development of each is the condition for the free development of all.” Actualized individuals create healthy societies. Now swap the two: “The free development of all is the condition for the free development of each.” Common democracy in the social complements individualized autonomy in the personal.

Terry Eagleton takes it a step further: “If human beings are self-realizing creatures, then they need to be at liberty to fulfill their needs and express their powers. But if they are also social animals, living alongside other self-expressive beings, they need to prevent an endless, destructive clash of powers. This, in fact, is one of the most intractable problems of liberal society, in which individuals are supposed to be free, but free among other things to be constantly at one another’s throats. Communism, by contrast, organizes social life so that individuals are able to realize themselves in and through the self-realization of others…In this sense, socialism does not simply reject liberal society, with its passionate commitment to the individual. Instead, it builds on and completes it. In doing so, it shows how some of the contradictions of liberalism, in which your freedom may flourish only at the expense of mine, may be resolved. Only through others can we finally come into our own. This means an enrichment of individual freedom, not a diminishing of it. It is hard to think of a finer ethic. On a personal level, it is known as love.”

The starry-eyed daydreaming kid in me always gets chills whenever I come across descriptions of leftist thought like that. That’s why my main blog is titled “One with the All” – I see political endgame and spiritual truth as a situation where the individual empowers the larger whole and the larger whole empowers the individual. Only a massive overhaul can achieve this, finally giving people direct influence over the institutions they build and contribute to. For the One and the All to achieve actualization, we must abandon class.


In essence, many men who were drawn to these communities because they wanted to get laid and gain self-confidence have found themselves embroiled in a culture war, one that started as a way to boost individual male autonomy and evolved into a way to wrest back control of the country — nay, the world — from shrill feminists and their weakling cuck supporters, which include “libtard” shills in the mainstream media.

Ultimately, these groups found their hero in Donald Trump.