indication. rich

5

Countdown to Cassini’s Grand Finale


After nearly 13 years in orbit around Saturn, the international Cassini–Huygens mission is about to begin its final chapter: the spacecraft will perform a series of daring dives between the planet and its rings, leading to a dramatic final plunge into Saturn’s atmosphere on 15 September.

On 22 April, Cassini successfully executed its 127th and final close flyby of Saturn’s largest moon, Titan.

The manoeuvre put the spacecraft onto its ’grand finale’ trajectory: a series of 22 orbits, each lasting about a week, drawing closer to Saturn and passing between the planet’s innermost rings and its outer atmosphere. The first crossing of the ring plane will occur on 26 April.

With the repeated dives in this yet unvisited region, the mission will conclude its journey of exploration by collecting unprecedented data to address fundamental questions about the origin of Saturn and its ring system.

Launched in 1997, the Cassini-Huygens spacecraft embarked on a seven-year voyage across the Solar System, eventually reaching Saturn in July 2004. Several months later, the Cassini orbiter released ESA’s Huygens probe, which landed on Titan on 14 January 2005 – the first landing in the outer Solar System.

The mission has greatly contributed to our understanding of the Saturnian environment, including the giant planet’s system of rings and moons.
Combining the data collected in situ by Huygens and the observations performed by Cassini during flybys of Titan, the mission revealed the atmospheric processes of this moon and their seasonal evolution, as well as the surface morphology and interior structure, which may include a liquid water ocean.

Enshrouded by a thick nitrogen-dominated atmosphere and partly covered by lakes and rivers, Titan has a weather and hydrological cycle that bears some interesting similarities to Earth. However, there are important differences: the key component there is not water, like on our planet, but methane, and the temperature is very low, around –180°C at the surface.

Over its 13-year mission, Cassini will have covered about half of Saturn’s orbit, in which the planet takes 29 years to circle the Sun. This means that the spacecraft has monitored two seasons on Titan, an object that can teach us much on the past and the future of Earth.

Another of Cassini’s breakthroughs was the detection of a towering plume of water vapour and organic material spraying into space from warm fractures near the south pole of Saturn’s icy moon, Enceladus. These salt-rich jets indicate that an underground sea of liquid water is lurking only a few kilometres below the moon’s icy surface, as confirmed by gravity and rotation measurements.

A recent analysis of data collected during flybys of Enceladus with the Cassini Ion Neutral Mass Spectrometer also revealed hydrogen gas in the plume, suggesting that rock might be reacting with warm water on the seafloor of the moon’s subsurface ocean. This hydrothermal activity could provide a chemical energy source for life, enabling non-photosynthetic biological processes similar to the ones found near the hydrothermal vents on the Earth’s ocean floor and pointing to the potential habitability of Enceladus’ underground ocean.

Following over a decade of ground-breaking discoveries, Cassini is now approaching its end. With little fuel left to correct the spacecraft trajectory, it has been decided to end the mission by plunging it into Saturn’s atmosphere on 15 September 2017. In the process, Cassini will burn up, satisfying planetary protection requirements to avoid possible contamination of any moons of Saturn that could have conditions suitable for life.

The grand finale is not only a spectacular way to complete this extraordinary mission, but will also return a bounty of unique scientific data that was not possible to collect during the previous phases of the mission.

Cassini has never ventured into the area between Saturn and its rings before, so the new set of orbits is almost like a whole new mission.
These close orbits will be inclined 63 degrees with respect to Saturn’s equator and will provide the highest resolution observations ever achieved of the inner rings and the planet’s clouds. The orbits will also give the chance to examine in situ the material in the rings and plasma environment of Saturn.

With its radio science investigation, Cassini will measure Saturn’s gravitational field as close as 3000 km from Saturn’s upper cloud layers, greatly improving the current models of the planet’s internal structure and winds in its atmosphere. Scientists expect the new data will also allow them to disentangle the gravity of the planet from the tiny pull exerted on the spacecraft by the rings, estimating the total mass of the rings to unprecedented accuracy. ESA ground stations in Argentina and Australia will help receive Cassini’s radio science data, providing a series of 22 tracking passes during the grand finale.

The grand finale orbits will also probe the planet’s magnetic field at similarly close distances. Previous observations have shown that the magnetic field is weaker than expected, with the magnetic axis surprisingly well aligned with the planet’s rotation. New data to be collected by the Cassini magnetometer will provide insights to understand why this is so and where the sources of magnetic field are located, or whether something in Saturn’s atmosphere has been obscuring the true magnetic field from Cassini until now.

While crossing the ring plane, Cassini’s Cosmic Dust Analyzer will directly sample the composition of dust particles from different parts of the ring system, whereas the Ion Neutral Mass Spectrometer will sniff the upper atmosphere layers of Saturn to analyse molecules escaping from the atmosphere as well as water-based molecules that originate from the rings.
“At last, we have now reached the final and most audacious phase of this pioneering mission, pushing the spacecraft once again into unexplored territory,” says Nicolas Altobelli, ESA Cassini project scientist.
“We are looking forward to the flow of exciting new data that Cassini will send back in the coming months.”

Resembling festive lights on a holiday wreath, this NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope image of the nearby spiral galaxy M74 is an iconic reminder of the impending season. Bright knots of glowing gas light up the spiral arms, indicating a rich environment of star formation.

Messier 74, also called NGC 628, is a stunning example of a “grand-design” spiral galaxy that is viewed by Earth observers nearly face-on. Its perfectly symmetrical spiral arms emanate from the central nucleus and are dotted with clusters of young blue stars and glowing pink regions of ionized hydrogen (hydrogen atoms that have lost their electrons). These regions of star formation show an excess of light at ultraviolet wavelengths. Tracing along the spiral arms are winding dust lanes that also begin very near the galaxy’s nucleus and follow along the length of the spiral arms.

M74 is located roughly 32 million light-years away in the direction of the constellation Pisces, the Fish. It is the dominant member of a small group of about half a dozen galaxies, the M74 galaxy group. In its entirety, it is estimated that M74 is home to about 100 billion stars, making it slightly smaller than our Milky Way.

The spiral galaxy was first discovered by the French astronomer Pierre Méchain in 1780. Weeks later it was added to Charles Messier’s famous catalog of deep-sky objects.

This Hubble image of M74 is a composite of Advanced Camera for Surveys data taken in 2003 and 2005. The filters used to create the color image isolate light from blue, visible, and infrared portions of the spectrum, as well as emission from ionized hydrogen (known as HII regions).

A small segment of this image used data from the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope and the Gemini Observatory to fill in a region that Hubble did not image.

For additional information, contact:

Ray Villard
Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, Md.
410-338-4514
villard@stsci.edu

Keith Noll
Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, Md.
410-338-1828
noll@stsci.edu

Lars Lindberg Christensen
ESA/Hubble, Garching, Germany
011-49-89-320-06-306
lars@eso.org

Object Names: M74, NGC 628

Image Type: Astronomical

Credit: NASA, ESA, and the Hubble Heritage (STScI/AURA)-ESA/Hubble Collaboration

Acknowledgment: R. Chandar (University of Toledo) and J. Miller (University of Michigan)

Time And Space

stultiloquentia  asked:

Yes!!! Do you have any interest in writing a NurseyDex continuation of your Sprezzatura 'verse? If not, hit me up with some competence kink - Dex POV of Nursey, or Falcs' POV of Bitty, or Jack, or whomever strikes your fancy; I'm so easy. :D

So, uh, this one got long. Here’s a continuation of the Sprezzatura ’verse.


Derek consciously told himself to unclench his teeth and relax his jaw. He hated calculus. So much. His brain simply refused to work the way the book and the professor seemed to think it should and he just needed to get through this class and then he’d have completed his stupid math requirement and never have to worry about it again. But first he had to pass it.

He was going to have to ask for help.

He hated asking for help.

He was going to do it anyway. You don’t have to be perfect at everything, he reminded himself. He was still clenching his teeth again when he texted Dex, though.

Ice: Yo, can you help me with calc?

Fire: Be there in ~15 mins. Need help with English anyway.

Derek sat back in his chair and scrubbed his hands over his face, then rolled his neck from side to side a few times and shook out his arms, trying to just fucking chill already. He found one of his wordless playlists to put on and tried to at least review the examples again before Dex got there so maybe he wouldn’t seem like a complete idiot. Ugh, he hated math.

Well, no, he just hated calculus. Or rather, the way calculus made him feel. He had never found a way to make calculus appear effortless for him, and he was getting really tired of grinding his teeth.

He was glad to get up and answer the door when Dex knocked. “C’mon in, man, you can sit wherever. My roommate has a new girlfriend, so he won’t care.”

Dex frowned at the thought of sitting on someone else’s bed without permission and dumped his bag on Derek’s bed instead. Which Derek had known he would do. He bit back a grin.

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RIDE ME  [ BTS JUNGKOOK ]pt.2

bts member : jungkook x reader

Genre: angst /smut

rated mature :  but not in all the chapters

summary : if you want to and if you don’t want to, things are bound to happen and you broke the rules and run away only to find your self in a lion’s Den , jungkook a man who has every thing; power wealth and fame all together to burn your heart and existence if you moved away, in a land full of horses what could happen between both of you ,two young persons who meant to share the same dream  !


Originally posted by ciutae



one
| two | three | four

the way he welcomed you was smooth that you didn’t believe what he said an hour later he was firmly refusing you working in here 

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anonymous asked:

Placements that make someone or indicate someone will be rich?

Jupiter in the 2nd house can indicate that the native simply attracts wealth, but also that they won’t be able to hold onto it. They can typically feel “wealthy” no matter how much money they have, they inflate the value of their assets but also have immense gratitude for everything.

Jupiter in the 4th can indicate being born into a wealthy family – big house, lots of food, lots of possessions, lots of experiences, lots of relatives, lots of everything – money included, because everything pretty much costs it.

Jupiter in earth signs/houses in general can indicate material success if well-aspected, dominant, and/or it’s the most elevated planet.

Harmonious Venus-Jupiter aspects (especially sextile) can be good for attracting money and material luxuries/comforts into the native’s life, but not so much earning those things. Harmonious Saturn-Jupiter, Mars-Jupiter, and sometimes sun-Jupiter aspects are about earning & working for one’s wealth.

Venus in the earth houses indicates positive, enjoyable experiences in the material world. Wealth is especially implied if it’s in the 2nd. In the 6th and 10th, the native is more likely to have a profitable career, whereas in the 2nd, love and connections bring money – they build the “right relationships” and can sometimes just “land in the lap of luxury” without trying too hard.

Having lots of beneficial Taurus influence suggests wealth as part of the native’s life path, maybe not something they will have themselves but certainly something they will encounter many times in important contexts.

Saturn in Taurus is another notable placement – material/financial stability becomes a huge concern after the first return, maybe due to crisis (either theirs or something they’ve observed) so they learn how to be super frugal, hard-working and practical, which often brings them the money they deserve. It can backfire and create a person who doesn’t know how to bring themselves out of poverty, but I think usually they figure it out and make the right choices.

Saturn and Jupiter in the same house can be great for success in that area of life, so if they’re in earth houses (or even if they make good aspects to planets in earth houses) that possesses pretty fruitful potential.

Holiday Lights from the Universe

Although there are no seasons in space, some cosmic vistas invoke thoughts of a frosty winter landscape. Here are a few stellar images of holiday wonderlands from across the galaxy…

Located in our galaxy about 5,500 light years from Earth, this region is actually a “cluster of clusters,” containing at least three clusters of young stars, including many hot, massive, luminous stars.

The outstretched “wings” of this nebula looks like a soaring, celestial snow angel. Twin lobes of super-hot gas, glowing blue in this image, stretch outward from the central star. This hot gas creates the “wings” of our angel. A ring of dust and gas orbiting the star acts like a belt, clinching the expanding nebula into an “hourglass” shape.

At this time of year, holiday parties often include festive lights. When galaxies get together, they also may be surrounded by a spectacular light show. This pair of spiral galaxies has been caught in a grazing encounter. This region has hosted three supernova explosions in the past 15 years and has produced one of the most bountiful collections of super-bright X-ray lights known.

What do the following things have in common: a cone, the fur of a fox and a Christmas tree? Answer: they all occur in the constellation of the unicorn (Monoceros). Pictured as a star forming region, the complex jumble of cosmic gas and dust is about 2,700 light-years away.

Resembling festive lights on a holiday wreath, this Hubble Space Telescope image of a nearby spiral galaxy is an iconic reminder of the impending season. Bright knots of glowing gas light up the spiral arms, indicating a rich environment of star formation.

The Hubble Space Telescope captured two festive-looking nebulas, situated so as to appear as one. Intense radiation from the brilliant central stars is heating hydrogen in each of the nebulas, causing them to glow red…like a holiday light.

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3

REQUESTED | 707 has his way of revenge for disrupting him with his honey. 

Multiflavoured candy crystal

Colour zoning in minerals is a complex business, reflecting changes in the chemistry of the mother ichor as other minerals crystallise and the saturation level of different colouring elements at various times during growth. What we see are the residual colours, once the various electrons (or lack of) in the outer shells of the metallic pigments have absorbed wavelengths from the white light entering them.

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Views of Pluto

10 Images to Celebrate the Historic Exploration of the Pluto System

One year ago, our New Horizons mission made history by exploring Pluto and its moons – giving humankind our first close-up look at this fascinating world on the frontier of our solar system.

Since those amazing days in July 2015, the New Horizons spacecraft has transmitted numerous images and many other kinds of data home for scientists and the public alike to study, analyze, and just plain love. From Pluto’s iconic “heart” and sweeping ice-mountain vistas to its flowing glaciers and dramatic blue skies, it’s hard to pick just one favorite picture. So the mission team has picked 10 – and in no special order, placed them here.

Click the titles for more information about each image. You’ve seen nine of them before, and the team added a 10th favorite, also sure to become one of New Horizons’ “greatest hits.”

Vast Glacial Flows

In the northern region of Pluto’s Sputnik Planum, swirl-shaped patterns of light and dark suggest that a surface layer of exotic ices has flowed around obstacles and into depressions, much like glaciers on Earth.

Jagged Ice Shorelines and Snowy Pits

This dramatic image from our New Horizons spacecraft shows the dark, rugged highlands known as Krun Macula (lower right), which border a section of Pluto’s icy plains.

Blue Skies

Pluto’s haze layer shows its blue color in this picture taken by the New Horizons Ralph/Multispectral Visible Imaging Camera (MVIC). The high-altitude haze is thought to be similar in nature to that seen at Saturn’s moon Titan.

Charon Becomes a Real World

At half the diameter of Pluto, Charon is the largest satellite relative to its planet in the solar system. Many New Horizons scientists expected Charon to be a monotonous, crater-battered world; instead, they’re finding a landscape covered with mountains, canyons, landslides, surface-color variations and more. 

The Vistas of Pluto

Our New Horizons spacecraft looked back toward the sun and captured this near-sunset view of the rugged, icy mountains and flat ice plains extending to Pluto’s horizon. The backlighting highlights over a dozen layers of haze in Pluto’s tenuous but distended atmosphere.

The Dynamic Duo: Pluto and Charon in Enhanced Color

The color and brightness of both Pluto and Charon have been processed identically to allow direct comparison of their surface properties, and to highlight the similarity between Charon’s polar red terrain and Pluto’s equatorial red terrain. Pluto and Charon are shown with approximately correct relative sizes, but their true separation is not to scale. 

Strange Snakeskin Terrain

A moment’s study reveals surface features that appear to be texturally ‘snakeskin’-like, owing to their north-south oriented scaly raised relief. A digital elevation model created by the New Horizons’ geology shows that these bladed structures have typical relief of about 550 yards (500 meters). Their relative spacing of about 3-5 kilometers makes them some of the steepest features seen on Pluto.

Pluto’s Heart

This view is dominated by the large, bright feature informally named the “heart,” which measures approximately 1,000 miles (1,600 kilometers) across. The heart borders darker equatorial terrains, and the mottled terrain to its east (right) are complex. However, even at this resolution, much of the heart’s interior appears remarkably featureless—possibly a sign of ongoing geologic processes.

Far Away Snow-Capped Mountains

One of Pluto’s most identifiable features, Cthulhu (pronounced kuh-THU-lu) stretches nearly halfway around Pluto’s equator, starting from the west of the great nitrogen ice plains known as Sputnik Planum. Measuring approximately 1,850 miles (3,000 kilometers) long and 450 miles (750 kilometers) wide, Cthulhu is a bit larger than the state of Alaska.

Colorful Composition Maps of Pluto

The powerful instruments on New Horizons not only gave scientists insight on what Pluto looked like, their data also confirmed (or, in many cases, dispelled) their ideas of what Pluto was made of. These compositional maps – assembled using data from the Linear Etalon Imaging Spectral Array (LEISA) component of the Ralph instrument – indicate the regions rich in ices of methane (CH4), nitrogen (N2) and carbon monoxide (CO),  and, of course, water ice (H2O).

Make sure to follow us on Tumblr for your regular dose of space: http://nasa.tumblr.com

First at Bat

No social democracy

Whitey

Petty

Legends

This ain’t the 60’s

Boris Yeltsin

Czar Nicholas

One was a beleaguered drunk

The other indicative of the Rich

A costume coward

In over his head

Fuck invisibility

Cronies unite

It’s ok

When technology suits

Name one head of state

That isn’t totally bizarre

Why do we know

The conversation

Where it’s held

And still believe in

Bourgeois democracy,

You can’t even examine anything

Anymore

Within being

Money scape goated

I refuse to talk uninformed

I choose to do something simply as reading

Coating my room

With Fart,

Cause it’s sterile out there

They no longer need managers

They need

Ticket salesman

Actually it’s more like those

Who let you in at the movies or club

Clinton did his duty

NAFTA CAFTA Crime Omnibus Bill, destruction of welfare into the joke of workfare, the Telicom Bill

Wholesale deregulation of Wall Street

Culminating in throwing out

Glass-Steagall

Obama who I realized is the most successful

President of all time

Due to his

Consolidation of Empire,

There has never been a more

Rightist president than Obama

Look what he did with all those

Immigrants

Look at how inequality grew under his watch

To levels unseen since the 1920’s

Look at what he did overseas

Bombing weddings in Yemen

Funding Nazis in Ukraine

He had 2008

He had a moment in early 2009

Of course

Reality sets

They’re good guys now

The crooks

Represent Liberal identity culture

In this the year

2017 A.D.

The idiots

Celebrate Amazon

The idiots

Celebrate Uber

The idiots pepper

Golden State Warriors games

And God do I loathe everything

That team represents

The idiots

Engage with

Suped up

Cartoon character right wing personalities

On

Twitter

The idiots produce

Articles

On

This self reflecting culture

That’s meant to speak to us

The idiots

Parade around Los Angeles

In slut walks

With their

Asses and Pussies out

Wearing get ups

That look like

Somewhere between

Servitude and parody

I think the biggest indicator of how rich Taylor swift is would be the amount of Polaroids she takes and just gives away to her friends. Idk if u know this but Polaroid film is hella expensive. Normal people don’t just give that shit away u know what I’m sayin

travelwithmethen  asked:

Hey for the prompt thing, 76 kabby would be great :)

Note: this takes place in those months after the end of season one and the start of season two. 

76. “I need you to pretend we’re dating.”

Abby had known Marcus long enough to detect any number of anomalies in his mood, so she had no problem seeing right through the carefully cool exterior he presented when he found her in the Chancellor’s office one bright afternoon. 

“What’s wrong?”

“Nothing.” He was clearly uncomfortable, but Abby didn’t press. She returned her attention to the old medical text in front of her and waited. “I need you to pretend we’re dating.”

Abby raised her head slowly and arched a disbelieving brow at him. He was embarrassed, and chagrined, but he was not joking.

“Why?” she asked. 

“Look, I’ve tried everything,” he started. 

A woman that Abby had seen several times but never really taken notice of appeared in the doorway. She was probably a handful of years younger than either of them, and handsome, and straightforward.

“Excuse me, Chancellor. I was hoping to speak with Marcus for a moment, if you can spare him.”

Abby turned in her chair and tipped her head. All of the discomfort that she had first detected in Marcus had solidified into the rigid, militaristic posture that he had often maintained on the Ark - and that Abby hadn’t seen in months. 

“Is anything the matter?” Abby inquired.

“No, ma’am.”

“Then I’m afraid I can’t spare him.”

The other woman’s face fell. She cast her eyes around the room in a way that Abby knew to be appraising, and when she focused on Abby again that appraisal had turned to accusation. They weren’t in a meeting, and there was no one else around; clearly, they weren’t in the middle of anything important. 

Abby rose to her feet and stepped forward, angling herself at the door and at Marcus simultaneously. She was looking at the woman in the door, so Abby didn’t see the way Marcus softened almost imperceptibly at her sudden nearness.

The woman’s face lit up in understanding. “I’m sorry, I think I might have misunderstood. If you’ll excuse me, madam Chancellor. Marcus,” and she left.

Marcus blew out a breath. When Abby reoriented herself toward him her eyes were twinkling with barely restrained mirth.

“Don’t you dare laugh at me.”

“I’m not.”

“Abby. Your shoulders are shaking. This isn’t funny, Abby.”

The sudden peals of rich laughter indicated otherwise.