For four days, this was our home sweet home on the Upper Clackamas River. We went to sleep and woke to the sound of the river, ate like kings, enjoyed being disconnected from social media for a while, and never minded smelling like a campfire.
Considering all of all of the above, what I think I enjoy the most when we camp is our amazing tent and bed. Never to skimp in this area, we sleep on a real mattress, and use nice sheets and blankets. After a day of hiking and play, nothing feels so good as to crawl into this bed.
During the siege of Fort William Henry, a French raiding party set fire to the sloop ‘Lord Loudoun’ on the night of 22/23 March 1757, having burned storehouses and other boats during previous attacks. One of the garrison recalled they 'could not see them until they had put the sloop on fire’ which 'gave us such light that we could see…. we fired among them very smartly, and killed some, but as their custom is to take as good care of the dead, as of the living, we can’t tell what number we killed.’
Make Native America Great Again, 2016. By: Demian DinéYazhi’ & John Henry/Tracy Schlapp
Repurposed maps of “Indian Reservations” letterpress printed as part of an Alternative Identities workshop for LGBTQ youth hosted at the Portland Art Museum. It was a pleasure engaging with youth in a city and space that encourages them to make strides toward self-representation while bringing physical and mental awareness of place in this colonized landscape. A special thank you goes out to Sharita Towne and our Reed volunteers who brought the extra love and support we needed.
Certainly not from the circumstances she found herself in. Lack of options and her son Henry to support have seen her agree to move to Kansas as the mail-order bride of Liam Jones. But Liam’s untimely demise has left her in the care of his brother Killian and nothing is turning out like she thought it would.
Killian Jones was nobody’s idea of hero.
But he’d try to do what Liam would have wanted. Even if that meant keeping Emma as his own, knowing he was a poor second choice.
Storybrooke, Kansas, wasn’t exactly what it seemed on the outside. Respectable is a relative term when you’re living out on the prairie, and people will do what they have to do to survive.
Thrown together and facing an uncertain future, Emma and Killian must decide if they will find their own kind of happy ending in a strange kind of place.
The Abenaki warriors were fascinated by the French siege works and great artillery pieces at Fort William Henry in August 1757. ‘They were constantly around our gunners because they admired their dexterity. But their admiration was not passive. They wanted to try everything to make themselves more useful. They said they wished to become cannoniers; so they could distinguish themselves. After having fired a cannon for himself, and hitting a corner of the fort one had achieved his goal.’ Impressed with his skill the French gunners tried to persuade him to try another shot but he refused. With his fellow warriors looking on with admiration 'he said the reason for his refusal was that the first was so perfect he did not want to hazard the glory in a second attempt’. Art by Graham Turner.
After the Federalists lost power, their Jeffersonian successors found the West no easier to govern, despite their repeal of the hated whiskey excise and their less restrictive land policies. They did learn, however, that their predecessors had laid the groundwork for domination of the Woodland Indians: the Northwest Indian War, coupled with the Federalists’ treaty conferences, annuity payments, and trading houses, had dramatically increased the United States’ prestige in Indian country. By the end of Thomas Jefferson’s presidency, Republican officials had used Federalist policies to turn thousands of Native Americans into federal clients. During James Madison’s presidency, several thousand Indian captains and warriors proved the point by fighting alongside white Americans against Indian federationists. In 1818, Secretary of War John Calhoun could claim that the Woodland Indians were no longer “independent nations,” and argue that “our views of their interest, no their own, ought to govern them.” A decade later, the governing interest would be that of the frontiersmen who had vexed the Federalists. They would use removal treaties and military force to drive the remaining Woodland Indians across the Mississippi and fulfill [Henry] Knox’s prophecy [that without federal intervention “the idea of an Indian on this side of the Mississippi will only be found in the page of the historian”].
This was hardly consistent with the Federalists’ vision for the West. They had imagined a “great, respectable, and flourishing empire,” where white and red gentlemen would lead their followers down the paths of enlightenment and civilization, until a future date when the nation could assimilate the surviving Indians as citizens. Their success, however, depended on making their vision appealing to both whites and Indians, for both had inherited a political tradition in which power and legitimacy derived from the consent of the governed, rather than the innate or fearsomeness of the governors. The Federalists’ talk of fatherhood and guidance resonated with some Native Americans who believed they could turn the metaphor to their advantage. It did not appeal to federationists trying to defend their land and independence, nor did it interest western American farmers who wanted political equality and cheap land. The latter group’s vision of an “empire for liberty” would replace the Federalists’ “respectable empire” after 1800, and would trump Native Americans’ quest for sovereignty after 1815.
The Federalists failed not merely because their Jeffersonian rivals had a more appealing vision of the nation’s future. They also lost power because their view of the science of government was incompatible with the functionalist approach favored by their erstwhile subjects. Knox, St. Clair, Washington, and others believed that the best form of government for an extensive republic was a wise and virtuous patriciate that would use extensive federal powers to develop a prosperous society. Their rivals believed the reverse: that society should use the federal government to serve specific and limited political needs. Most white westerners supported the Jeffersonians’ vision of government, but also believed that the Jefferson and Madison administrations should employ the resources that the Federalists had bequeathed them to fulfill their own ambitions – including the seizure of Native American land and the ethnic cleansing of the eastern United States. This was not the first time that a democratic majority would tyrannize an unpopular minority. It would certainly not be the last.
David Nichols, Red Gentlemen & White Savages: Indians, Federalists, and the Search for Order on the American Frontier