indian descend

The Kalash people as an ancient cultural continuum between South Asia and Europe

The Kalash people practice an ancient form of Indo-European [polytheism] in an unbroken tradition having survived against all odds in a remote mountain region of northern Pakistan. The isolated Chitral Valley is home to Dardic people who speak an ancient Indo-European language called Nuristani. This is what remained when the Indo-Iranian and Indo-Aryan subgroups cleaved off after their invasion of the Indian subcontinent. Their religion descends from the Rigvedic period and they have close genetic ties to modern Europeans.

Some of their religious customs echo pre-christian Slavic ones – a cosmic dualism pitting a thunder god against a chthonic rival, a polymorphic fertility deity, animal sacrifice, use of wooden idols and a corpus of nature spirits. Their pantheon even includes a female deity of death named Mara. The women’s clothing bare remarkable resemblance to Slavic folk costume, especially the Ukrainian type. 

Whats more, the Kalash have a winter solstice ritual that may yield precious clues to the meaning behind Slavic yule log (Bozic/Badnjak/Budnik) tradition. Here a young boy assumes the role of the polymorphic solar fertility hero by taking to the hills during summer. He returns to his community and completes the rite of passage during the night of the winter solstice. Per Wikipedia,“This includes the Festival of the Budulak (buḍáḷak, the ‘shepherd king’). In this festival, a strong prepubescent boy is sent up into the mountains to live with the goats for the summer. He is supposed to get fat and strong from the goat milk. When the festival comes he is allowed for a 24-hour period only to have sexual intercourse with any woman he wants, including even the wife of another man, or a young virgin. Any child born of this 24-hour period is considered to be blessed. “

Technology and tradition- Siddi Tribe members from Gujrat, India

Siddi tribe in Gujrat is referred to as the “lost tribe of Africa” . The members of this community are the descendants of the African slaves who were bought to India as far back as the 10th century. They were bought by Arab merchants who traded with India when there was a flourishing slave market in Gujrat. The Siddis numbering less than 15,000 now live in small pockets along the coastal states of Gujarat and also in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Goa. Most of them live in abject poverty now. However they have maintained a great tradition of music and dance.

anonymous asked:

Wands for the Patil twins?

Sure! For a start I firmly believe that both girls got their wands from Ollivanders. There is a very large population of Indian and Indian-descended individuals in the UK, and just about everyone in the UK knows a Patil, I think, or a Patel or a Singh. As Britain had it’s empire there was a large amount of internal movement and so yeah. Big Indian diaspora here. It’s a seriously well-established fact of Britain so yeah, I solidly believe that Parvati and Padma are as British as any other Hogwarts-going wix and, as such, got Ollivander-made wands. Padma will probably be brisker to get through as there’s less said of her in canon. 

Padma Patil

She’s less outgoing than her sister and more studious, as evidenced by her being sorted into Ravenclaw. She also seems to take this seriously and be quite responsible as she’s made a Prefect, and she appears to do well in Potions and other subjects - she takes part in Dumbledore’s Army and she survives the Final Battle.

Thus I would say that my first instinct for Padma would be a Vine wand or, possibly a Beech wand. Beech is possibly because, to quote Ollivander they seek those who are “if young, wise beyond his or her years, and if full-grown, rich in understanding and experience” and we are told that they “perform very weakly for the narrow-minded and intolerant.” Given how Padma fights at the side of the DA and overall seems rather practical and against prejudice, I think this fits. My first instinct for Vine, I think was a gut reaction largely based on linking Padma’s intelligence and ties to both Ravenclaw and Gryffindor (through her sister) to Hermione, and I think should be discounted - thus, I would say that Padma would likely have a Beech wand.

I feel like Padma would have a Unicorn cored wand. I’m not sure why, but I feel like Unicorn Hair would suit both her and Parvati. It’s a consistent wand core, and casts reliably, and is hard to turn towards Dark Magic. Additionally, it requires careful handling so it does not wilt and I think we can safely say that, even if only out of practicality, what we see of Padma indicates she would likely take good care of her wand.

As for length and flexibility, it’s a known fact that twins tend to have greater confidence starting out than many of their peers; they have always had the certainty of the other’s presence which makes it easier for them to talk to people. However, the Patil sisters seem to be quite distinct from each other which suggests they also have confidence independent of one another, and while Parvati seems to lean somewhat on Lavender, Padma is shown with no such close friend. Thus, I would say that Padma’s wand would be around 12-13″ in length, and possibly a little stubborn.

Wood: Beech
Core: Unicorn Hair
Length: 12 3/4″
Flexibility: slightly stubborn
Maker: Garrick Ollivander
Details: I imagine Padma’s wand to be similar in appearance to Parvati’s, though I think with a less roughly designed handle. Instead of those particular dots and swirls as found on Parvati’s wand from the films, I imagine it being a rough swirl upwards but smoothly curved like a vine or the surface of a smooth-flowing river, possibly with hints of a feather to the design. I also think her wand was lightly stained, something a little more bronzed in colour to the golden brown of Parvati’s.

Parvati Patil

Now then, Parvati’s wand. Parvati is much more outgoing than her sister and many might call her frivolous, as she enjoys gossip and fashion. Nonetheless, this does not make her stupid, as she advanced to N.E.W.T. level Transfiguration - a complex subject that is by no means easy. In addition she, like her sister, was a part of Dumbledore’s Army and survived the Final Battle. While not always kind - she could be insensitive on occasion, for example with regards to Luna - she was friendly with many people, which makes me believe that either Pear or Alder would suit her and of these, Alder most of all.

To quote Ollivander:

Alder is an unyielding wood, yet I have discovered that its ideal owner is not stubborn or obstinate, but often helpful, considerate and most likeable. Whereas most wand woods seek similarity in the characters of those they will best serve, alder is unusual in that it seems to desire a nature that is, if not precisely opposite to its own, then certainly of a markedly different type. When an alder wand is happily placed, it becomes a magnificent, loyal helpmate. Of all wand types, alder is best suited to non-verbal spell work, whence comes its reputation for being suitable only for the most advanced witches and wizards.

I think, in her final year at Hogwarts, that Parvati and Lavender likely did a lot to keep Gryffindor stable and comforted the younger years - when horrible things are going on, sometimes a bit of gossip or discussion of fashion can help to distract one long enough to prevent complete and utter misery, and, given that she worked with Luna and the DA, I imagine she overcame much of her insensitivity during this time. Besides which, Alder does not require the wixes it chooses to be all those things it lists, so long as they are not as unyielding and stubborn as it is, and I think that Parvati fits that.

As for a core, I imagine that she, like her sister, has a Unicorn Hair cored wand. Reliable though not the strongest and where I think Padma would care for her wand out of practicality, Parvati would do so out of a kind of love for the wand and the Unicorn Hair within it - we know she likes more “woolly” and ill-defined magics such as Divination, and so I can see her believing that loving the wand is an important part of taking care of it - I think that she tackles things from a more spiritual angle, while Padma is more pragmatic.

As for length and flexibility I imagine Parvati’s wand length would be a little shorter than her sister’s, as she seems to immediately seek similar friends, which indicates to me that she feels a need for a certain degree of validation, which she gets from Lavender and, later, Trelawney. As for flexibility she seems to like, as I said above, more ill-defined subjects and magical forms, so I imagine her wand is rather supple, showing how she’ll adapt to the particular natures of these magics.

Wood: Alder
Core: Unicorn Hair
Length: 12 1/4″
Flexibility: supple
Maker: Garrick Ollivander
Details: I’ll admit I don’t 100% like the film wand for Parvati. I think it looks rather impractical to hold and to handle, but, well, each to their own. I think a wand for Parvati would have neater and almost art deco spiral design, but yes, with those same dots, perhaps in almost a Lotus seed pattern as a small mark for her sister - Padma, after all, means Lotus. I do like the colour of the wand - an almost gold for Gryffindor, and as I said above I think Padma’s wand would be more bronze, as a marker for Ravenclaw.

Noor Inayat Khan, a WWII agent dubbed the “Spy Princess” is among the individuals who the Royal Mail states have made a remarkable contribution to British Society and have been included in stamps that were issued today.

Khan became a heroic and highly decorated wartime spy for Britain behind enemy lines and was named the most wanted Allied agent while on the run in Paris

Raised in Britain and France and a descendant of Indian royalty, bilingual Noor Inayat Khan was recruited by the elite Special Operations Executive (SOE) in 1942 to work in Paris as a radio operator.

Records from the national archives show she was the first female wireless operator sent to Nazi-occupied France during World War II.

After evading capture for three months, the spy was imprisoned, tortured and eventually shot by the German Gestapo at Dachau concentration camp in 1944.

Her final word - uttered as the German firing squad raised their weapons - was simple. “Liberté”.

Liberty was a notion the pacificist-turned-war-heroine held deeply, according to Ms Basu.

For her bravery, she was posthumously awarded the George Cross. In France she was honoured with the Croix de Guerre, and later with two memorials and an annual ceremony marking her death.

Brave, glamorous and both sensitive and formidable, it is said she acted not out of a love for Britain, but out of an aversion to fascism and dictatorial rule.

Read more about her here

anonymous asked:

if you are west indian that doesn't that mean your roots trace back to india? and therefor you are not black? My apologies if this comes across as rude

It’s fine! Thank you for asking! As the story goes Christopher Columbus was searching for a Western route to India versus an Eastern route through China. Therefore, when he sailed West and landed in the Caribbean, he called it the West Indies. People from the region are now called West Indians.

The Caribbean had an indigenous Native American population called the Caribs, who were mostly killed off by the Europeans. I try not to call myself Caribbean, out of respect for them. After the natives faced genocide, African slaves were brought to the Caribbean to work plantations, which is why the majority of the Caribbean has a black population. However, there are West Indians descended from the Indian subcontinent as well, who mostly came to the Caribbean as indentured servants. There is a large population of Indo-West Indians in Guyana and Trinindad & Tobago. West Indians descended from India are called Indo-Caribbean

The bloggers @indocarib and @saltfishandbake are both Indo-Caribbean, I believe, and the “official” ethnic term for African descended West Indians, like myself and @afrohijab, is Afro-Caribbean.

TITLE: The Bride of Loki


AUTHOR: Anonymous

ORIGINAL IMAGINE: Imagine you are destined bride of vampire Loki, and the vampire hunters try to keep you separated.

Rating:  PG-13

WARNINGS: Kidnapping.

NOTES:This is short prologue to multi-chapter fic. Although  I am using  vampire hunters from Marvel´s Tomb of Dracula, including original version of Blade (no, he is still not white), you don´t have to know those comics. English is not my first language and I have no beta.


Loki The vampire prince who lives in the magnificent castle in other realm.

Vampires and vampirism by Dr Quincey Harker.

“I am Loki.” Black hair was combed from his face, black leather was lined by green and gold. He looked…handsome, mad, dangerous - and exciting. “Don´t be afraid, y/n. World beyond your dreams is waiting….”

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