independent analysis

So it looks like the Tories have failed to agree a confidence-and-supply arrangement with the racist, homophobic, sectarian Democratic Unionist Party with whom they have so many hobbies in common.

It’s my guess that one of the main sticking points will have been that of social spending: the DUP are far more paternalist than the neoliberal free-market Westminster Conservatives, and so likely have been pushing the May rump government to roll back austerity in Northern Ireland in the name of the (white, straight, Protestant) working-class. This is something that the Tories cannot even hope to square with any one of half a dozen other political lynchpins: preventing a recurrence of the Scottish independence debate, maintaining the façade of the Good Friday, demonstrating tight fiscal responsibility to EU negotiators, etc.

Today will be the first time a British government has been forced to put forward a legislative programme amid collapsing coalition talks. It’s highly likely that any Queen’s Speech will face mutilation by MPs during its passage through Parliament at the end of the month - even by fractious Tory backbenchers furious at the ineptitude of the May Cabinet. Such a loss of confidence would end the Tory administration before it had even begun, and would demand the resignation of Theresa May.

Amid a crisis of leadership amongst the ruling-class, power devolves to the people: July 1st will see a huge protest against austerity and for a future which guarantees the interests of the working-class. It’s within our grasp - a left-wing Labour government thrust to power on the backs of the rising people.


Was It All Just Noise? Independent Analysis Casts Doubt On LIGO’s Detections

“After an effort of more than 100 years and a collaboration involving over 1,000 scientists, we all celebrated. It was February 11, 2016, and LIGO had just announced their first direct detection of gravitational waves. Analysis of the data attributed the signal to a black hole merger that happened several billion light years away. But what if there wasn’t a signal at all, but rather patterns and correlations in the noise that fooled us into believing we were seeing something that wasn’t real? A group of Danish researchers just submitted a paper arguing that the celebration might have been premature.”

It revolutionized our view of the Universe when the LIGO annoucements – and we’re up to three, now – came out. They indicated the direct detection of gravitational waves from merging black holes, teaching us about a new population of stellar remnants, confirming the existence of gravitational waves, and showcasing yet another victory for Einstein’s General Relativity. But it all rests on one critical assumption: that what LIGO detected was a gravitational wave signal, not just noise in the detector. A critical test of this is whether the noise is truly random between detectors, as one would expect, or whether the noise is somehow correlated between the detectors, which would run contrary to expectations. An independent team from Denmark, outside of the LIGO collaboration, put this idea to the test, and what they found has cast significant doubts on the LIGO results.

There’s a new debate brewing surrounding gravitational waves, and while LIGO isn’t giving the new analysis much credence, the importance of getting it right, publicly, is too great to ignore. Sabine Hossenfelder explains.

Arriving in Egypt

By Erin Peters

Today I travel for the first time to the famous city established by the emperor Hadrian in Middle Egypt, now next to the small modern village of Sheikh Abada. After meeting the car to drive to the site, we pull into familiar and infamous grid-lock Cairo traffic—it is a quick jolt to returning to Egypt after a period of three years away. The cars and mini-buses with all their decorations look the same, and the horns and shouts in Arabic sound the same and remind me of past visits to the lively city where I spent time in 2011 and 2013. During this trip, however, the aim is to get directly to the site, so after making it through the road block, we emerge on the comparatively quiet desert road for the four-and-a-half-hour drive south.

On the desert road from Cairo to Sheikh Abada

Sheikh Abada is located on the east bank of the Nile River and forms the modern Nile edge of a huge archaeological site you can see sprawling to the east (right) of the strip of buildings at the Nile.

Google satellite image of modern Sheikh Abada and the remains of ancient Antinoupolis

The village is home to approximately seven major families who are primarily farmers. The other main industry of the village is unfortunately the illegal selling of antiquities land for domestic and agricultural reclamation and modern tomb plots. The illegal encroachment of the village makes the mission’s excavation and documentation of the ancient lives of this once resplendent city all the more important.  

View of the eastern edge of the village from antiquities land

Much about this site is new to me because my past field work was very different. In addition to consulting museum collections in Cairo and Alexandria, I completed three rounds of independent spatial analysis at temple complexes in upper Egypt from 2011­–2014, many of which are major tourist sites. Additionally, a number of these complexes have been removed from their original context because of the 1960s UNESCO Campaign to Save the Monuments of Nubia due to the building of the Aswan High Dam, like the temple complex on the island of Philae.

South side of the main temple of Isis at Philae, relocated to Agilkia Island

The temple complex originally at Philae (and now relocated to a nearby island) is one of the primary sites I research because it was added to after Egypt was annexed as a Roman province in 30 BCE by the first Roman emperor Augustus. The main “Egyptian” temple of Isis (with its soaring pylons) was carved with relief decoration depicting Augustus as pharaoh and is one of many temples that ushered in a long tradition in which the Roman emperors took on the role of Egyptian pharaoh.

Imperial cult temple of Augustus at Philae, relocated to Agilkia Island

Fascinatingly, at the same complex, a temple to the imperial cult that looks like a “Roman” podium temple was also built under Augustus. My research uses the archaeological method of spatial analysis to demonstrate that the two seemingly different monuments communicate spatially, combining what we want to separate into different cultures into one functioning sacred landscape.

I was invited to Antinoupolis in part because we have the same thing at Hadrian’s famous city in Egypt. I’m thrilled to get a sense of the site and current work in the ancient city and modern village by joining a large international team this season.

Erin Peters is an assistant curator of science and research at Carnegie Museum of Natural History and is currently in Egypt for an archaeological research study. This blog is part of a series of blog posts she has written while in the field. Check back for more!

Whether you’re writing internal assessments for the international baccalaureate or for other lab report requirements for middle/high school programmes, this is for you guys ! The sooner you master the technique of perfecting lab reports, the rest of your science days will be a breeze.

Note: These are only recommendations, if your teacher has a report-specific requirements - make sure you follow them to get the best grades !

Aim: State what the lab is about and what scientific concept you’re trying to learn. Provide background information on the subject and mention the scientific objective and purpose behind the investigation.

Research Question: The more focused and detailed this question is, the better. It should involve one or more variables, will the possibility of the question leading to one or more specific, testable hypothesises.

Hypothesis: Should be related to the research question, and it should be a clear statement (not a question). Make sure it is written in future tense and can be tested by one analysis.

Independent Variable: This is the factor you change throughout the experiment.
Dependent Variable: This is the factor you measure throughout the experiment.
Control Variables: These are the factors you keep constant throughout the experiment.
Uncontrolled Variables These are factors you cannot control throughout the experiment, and you only need to acknowledge them and state how they may potentially affect your investigation.

Apparatus : This is the fancy word for the list of equipment you’ll be using. Similar to the research question, this needs to be extremely detailed, as if you were to give this list to a lab technician for them to gather the equipment for you.

Diagram : This is not necessary but may be considered extra credit. It’s used to show the setup of the experiment for personal use or help to give to others.

Method : Similar to the apparatus, this needs to be simple enough to be interpreted by anyone - ask a parent or a friend to identify areas which are unclear. Make sure to include what data processes you’ll generate after raw data collection (e.g. types of graphs, which calculations …) and how you’ll answer your hypothesis at the end (using an evaluation and conclusion).

Results : This is where you’ll display the information generated in raw data tables, graphically or through calculations. Make sure to highlight and summarize the general trends and findings, and title all figures/tables/calculations made. Don’t forget to make sure all axis’ on your graphs are titled, all relevant graphs and units are used and number all figures/tables so you’ll be able to refer back to them in an appropriate fashion in your evaluation and conclusion.

Evaluation : This is where you comment on the methods used in your investigation and mention the weaknesses/errors and subssequent solutions (5-10) if you were to complete the investigation again. Similarly, propose new questions and investigations similar interests which could be carried out.

Conclusion : This is where you comment and interpret on the results obtained, and whether or not you agree with your hypothesis. If possible, try and compare your results with literal results.

Presentation of your report : Make sure the layout of your report is clear and easy to read, and written in a scientific format. If you have font-specific requirements, make sure you follow them too. Don’t forget to process the report to check for grammar and spelling mistakes !

anonymous asked:

wait, so are you a neuroscience major? What do you do? I think it sounds really cool, but i'm bad at math, so.

Hi Anon,

I am in fact a neuroscience major twice.  I did my undergrad degree in Neuroscience, and now I’m doing my Ph.D. in neuroscience.  And I love it.  Its a fantastic subject.

I am actually not completely sure what you want to know about from your ask, so I’m just going to sort of attempt to cover everything I can think of, and if you want something clarified you can come back and ask again.

Neuroscience is a really really broad field. It covers everything brain and nerve related.  So topic wise that’s everything related to the brain, the spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system, as well as how the nervous system interacts with other systems like the immune system.  Neuroscientists work at every level of biology. That ranges from genetics, to how specific proteins work inside cells (molecular biology or biochemistry), to specific cells, or how cells interact (cellular neuroscience, electrophysiology), to larger networks (systems neuroscience), right up to how the brain produces thought and behaviour (cognitive neuroscience). Neuroscientists can also work on making computer models of cells or of brains (computational neuroscience).  That isn’t even all the major branches, it’s really very diverse.

I specifically, am working in Neuroimaging, and investigating personality using functional MRI.  Neuroimaging is one of the most multidisciplinary fields, it involves information from cognitive neuroscience, psychology,cellular neuroscience, and neurovascular physiology (the specific way the blood supply to the brain works is a field in and of itself) to design experiments and interpret data, but to actually do experiments I use techniques from computer science, statistics and signal processing. And actually using MRI involves physics, but I’m not involved in that directly, I just trust the physicists and MR techs and say thank you to them a lot. I love this and its one of the reasons I picked this field to work in. 

If you want to know what exactly what neuroscientists do all day, you’re really going to have to pick a field or two though, because if I try to sum them all up I’ll be here all night. But very briefly, it can range from what I do, to focusing more on behavioural tests, and working with patients with specific illnesses or lesions, or working with animals to see the effects of whatever you’re studying on their brain, to working with individual cells cultured in dishes, its hugely variable.

And neuroscientists come from a lot of backgrounds, a lot of us started in some part of biology, or psychology and increasingly, from actual neuroscience undergrads, because they’re getting more common, but there are also engineers and physicists, and computer scientists, and in some places you can do cognitive science degrees, which are a combination of computer science, psychology, neuroscience and philosophy, centred around cognition.

In terms of what a neuroscience UNDERGRAD does, if you’re more interested in getting a first degree, you’re probably going to do a little bit of everything neuroscience related.  Neuroscience programs vary a but, you’ll do intro sciences and math, then the biological sciences (genetics, cellular, biochem, organic chemistry, etc), and then a combination of specific neuroscience courses and psychology courses. The man who designed my program thought a liberal arts type background was important, so I also took some anthropology, and humanities, and a combined history/ethics course, but depending on where you are you might stay more science focused. And in terms of course type, it’ll be a combination lectures, lecture/lab combos and some discussion classes, where you read and analyze current research, in all likelihood.  I also had pure lab courses. You’ll essentially finish with a crash course in each of the neuroscience related fields.

Its a really great degree.  I went into it planning to go into a neuroscience Ph.D. which worked well, but it will also set you up well to go to medical school, or into clinical psychology, or physiotherapy/occupational therapy, if you’re interested in health care. Not to mention any number of research adjacent careers. If you want specifically, to know about the mechanics of a research career, come back and let me know, I’ll make a separate post, its kind of involved.

I want to specifically address you’re comment that you’re bad at math.  PLEASE DO NOT LET MATH SCARE YOU AWAY FROM NEUROSCIENCE!!!

Its a little hard to give specific advice about this because ‘bad at math’ can cover everything from intimidated, to having a disability like dyscalculia.  

At undergrad level, I took 2 math courses, calculus, and linear algebra.  And an introductory statistics course.  Outside of my math specific courses there was a few basic calculations in chemistry and genetics, and in my research based courses I used the stats I’d already learned in my stats course. But it isn’t a math heavy degree.  

If mostly you’re just intimidated, or have trouble keeping up with math and the undergrad math is what’s frightening you off, most universities have a LOT of tutorial resources for intro math, because a lot of people have trouble with them (and they mostly get through them and go on to do very well). If you’re concerned about statistics, don’t be, the actual math involved in statistics is incredibly straight-forward, it looks complicated, when you write it out, but its essentially all the y = mx + b equation you learned in 7th or 8th grade, with some fancy clothing on. Also, a lot of stats is done using statistics programming.  That doesn’t involve doing the math yourself, it involves understanding what to tell the computer.

That’s pretty much how I do math too.  I use really complicated math (I spent all today on independent components analysis), but I don’t actually have to be able to do it, just understand how it works, and how to interpret the results it gives me. 

If you do have dyscalculia or some other math-related learning disability I can’t really give a lot of specific advice, but there is plenty of neuroscience you can do that doesn’t involve math, and you can almost certainly work around it in courses if your instructors are cooperative (the majority of professors are nice and will help, they just don’t know what you need until you explain, unfortunately).

But please, please, whatever you do, don’t buy into the obnoxious idea that struggling with math in school permanently shuts you out of STEM!

I hope this at least moves in the direction of what you wanted to know, I will happily answer any other neuroscience or brain related questions you may have :). Neuroscience is wonderful and I totally recommend it.

Welp, it’s Indepedence Day a.k.a The 4th of July so I feel like talking about one of Black’s Pokemon, specifically Brav, his Braviary. Because he has the richest history of all of Black’s Pokemon and he is a red, white and blue avian after all. The very first Pokemon Black added to his arsenal ever. 

Like a lot of relationships in Pokemon Special, things started off rocky.

Keep reading

poetdameron  asked:

Hello there ~ I'm new to the Bucky/Nat fandom and I noticed there aren't fics or fanarts in which they are parents. I understand Nat's situation and sympathize with her in a very spiritual level, but there are many ways to be parents and I was wondering If it would be out of character of them to in a point be parents together? Or even in a AU would be ooc? Nat seems to have wanted to be a mother in the mcu but maybe not in the comics? And at last, is there any fic with them as parents? Thanks!

You’re right – there is very little fanwork of them as parents out there, and I do think that has more to do with the comic books than it does with an independent analysis of MCU!Natasha’s characterization. Now before I get started I’m going to have to punt on part of your question – Bucky has never indicated in either universe his thoughts on the matter, so we’re just going to talk about Natasha here since it is reasonable to assume that he would want whatever Natasha wanted.

There are a couple reasons why there is so little fic or fanart with them as parents, part of which is the fact that 616!Natasha’s reproductive history is vastly different to MCU!Natasha’s. In the comic books, Natasha was 28 years old when she was given the chemical that stopped her from aging and prevents her from carrying a pregnancy to term. But when Natasha was 16 and fighting the Germans on the frontlines during WWII, she and a fellow soldier, Nikolai, fell in love and she became pregnant. Needless to say, the eastern front during WWII is probably the worst time and place to get pregnant and when Natasha gave birth, the baby was stillborn:

Black Widow #4

Black Widow: The Name of the Rose (where the above panel comes from) has shaped how a lot of readers view Natasha, the losses in her life, and her ability to love in spite of those losses. At the same time, I don’t want to limit this discussion to just The Name of the Rose, so I really want to recommend a series of essays over at FYBW: Mother’s Day

We also have to remember that 616!Natasha is still a 88 year old woman in the body of a 30 year old. 616!Natasha’s had a long life to make peace with all that she has lost and gained over the years and so she’s at a very different emotional place regarding family and children than MCU!Natasha, who is really only starting that emotional journey. I think for those of us coming from the comics, it is really easy to characterize MCU!Natasha as having reached that level of wisdom or maturity when she’s really still learning (and is probably something we should watch out for).

So back to your main question – is it OOC for MCU!Natasha to want children? With what we know about her at this point, no I don’t think it is. I think a convincing argument could be made either way. Though there is one thing I would like people to consider while they develop their own characterizations of MCU!Natasha in their rp or fanwork – that Natasha’s feelings about her infertility, in and of itself, are not a direct measurement of her desire to have children or not to have children. Finding out you cannot have a baby is a very complex emotional experience that actually has less to do with your desire to get pregnant than it does with the fact you no longer have a say in the matter. I mean, obviously the degree to which you want to have children has an effect on how you process the information, but the heart of the matter doesn’t change – you no longer have a choice because your body has taken that control away from you. And those emotions can be surprisingly intense (even for those not particularly interested in having children) and that’s just went it’s your own body hijacking the decision process. I can’t imagine what it would be like for Natasha. Obviously I don’t think that Natasha’s infertility should be framed as her greatest trauma – unlike some people. *coughWhedoncough* But at the same time it doesn’t matter if people headcanon MCU!Natasha as adoptive mama-to-be or happily childfree – neither situation fixes or wipes out her feelings about what was done to her and it’s just something I think people should mindful of when they approach this subject in their work. 

And for the final part of your question: there have been at least two MCU AUs with Bucky & Natasha as parents. The first one has Bucky and Natasha adopting a baby girl they find on a mission and raising her at the Tower. You can find the art and fic for it under this tag: Soviet Superfamily. The other AU has the Winter Soldier and the Black Widow raising Hellboy and eventually going to the run to protect him from Department X & the KGB. You can find the initial photoset here and RPG thread logs here. And if you don’t mind Steve/Bucky/Natasha, I have to recommend probably my most favorite kid!fic here: Tsesarevna by tremontaine

anonymous asked:

"The rate of police killings of black Americans is nearly the same rate of lynchings in the early decades of the 20th century." this is, in no way shape or form, even mildly close to being even slightly true. please prove me wrong with a source other than a dry erase board around someone's neck. even though i realize that's enough proof to sway the opinion of the ever-legitimate SJW.

“even though i realize that’s enough proof to sway the opinion of the ever-legitimate SJW.”

Aw, boo hoo— you called me a derogatory name that’s meaningless outside of Tumblr/Reddit/Urban Dictionary. How you wound!

Now this is one of two responses I’m providing to you anon-ratfucks tonight because: 1) I’m not your teacher, 2) Google is your friend, and 3) you fuckboys (and girls) never learn one way or another, so why waste the time. BUT, for my folks out there who actually care, here’s some stats that took less than an hour to gather on the internet (re: #2).

Recorded Lynchings in the US (likely under-reported):

Total of lynchings of Blacks over listed period: 1,568

Rate of murders annually: 58 per year

See also:

Data on Police-related Killings in Last Decade (Photos are links)

Total of law-enforcement killings of Blacks over last decade: Unknown because stats are intentionally manipulated, under-reported, or simply untracked

Rate of murders Annually: Also unknown; estimated at least 96 from independent analysis of FBI stats on ‘justifiable homicide’; upwards of 300 or more from individual auditors 

See also:

So actually, you’re right— from what little data the corrupt police state actually reports, the police kill MORE Black folk today than lynchings in the early 20th century. Feel free to respond, but if you do, try to be less of a ratfuck punk, and actually show you’re real profile instead of anon. Also: you can take 20 seats now. 


2014 Warmest Year In Modern Record

Earth’s surface temperature was 1.24 degrees Fahrenheit above the 20th century average, making it the warmest since records began in 1880, NASA and NOAA scientists reported today.

Each agency did its own independent analysis. Their results were nearly identical, and both analyses matched work done by the UK and Japanese meteorological agencies. They found that nine of the 10 warmest years on record occurred since 2000. This year in the U.S. also marked the 18th consecutive year that the average temperature exceeded the 20th century average.

“This is the latest in a series of warm years, in a series of warm decades. While the ranking of individual years can be affected by chaotic weather patterns, the long-term trends are attributable to drivers of climate change that right now are dominated by human emissions of greenhouse gases,” said NASA scientist Gavin Schmidt. Read more here and here.

Keep reading

Dead sperm whale taken for analysis

Independent: A sperm whale which washed up on a Scottish beach is being transported to a landfill site to undergo a necropsy to find out how it died.

The 13.8 meter long mammal was discovered on Edinburgh Portobello beach and experts believe it has been dead for some time, suffering cuts around its mouth and dorsal fin.

Photo: A sperm whale that washed up on an Edinburgh beach on the back of a truck (Portobello Online)

Hillary Clinton wiped her server’s drive AFTER the government requested her emails

At this juncture, the Hillary Clinton email scandal is far beyond simply a lack of transparency.  We’re well into a case of criminal destruction of evidence. 

from Politico:

Hillary Clinton wiped “clean” the private server housing emails from her tenure as secretary of state, the chairman of the House committee investigating the 2012 terrorist attacks in Benghazi said Friday.

“While it is not clear precisely when Secretary Clinton decided to permanently delete all emails from her server, it appears she made the decision after October 28, 2014, when the Department of State for the first time asked the Secretary to return her public record to the Department,” Rep. Trey Gowdy (R-S.C.), chairman of the Select Committee on Benghazi, said in a statement.

Clinton was under a subpoena order from the panel for all documents related to the 2012 attacks on the American compound there. But David Kendall, an attorney for Clinton, said the 900 pages of emails previously provided to the panel cover its request.

Kendall also informed the committee that Clinton’s emails from her time at the State Department have been permanently erased.

“After seeking and receiving a two week extension from the Committee, Secretary Clinton failed to provide a single new document to the subpoena issued by the Committee and refused to provide her private server to the Inspector General for the State Department or any other independent arbiter for analysis,” Gowdy said.

Clinton previously said she decided to delete the emails after her lawyers reviewed the server for work-related correspondence. She said the deletion of private emails occurred “at the end” of that review.

In a letter provided to the committee, Kendall said Clinton would not be turning over the server to a third-party for review and that the emails no longer exist on the private server located in her New York home.

Gowdy said that Clinton’s response to the subpoena means he and Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio) will now contemplate new legal actions against Clinton.

read the rest

The criminal penalty for this kind of violation of the Federal Records Act is 3 years in prison per count.  Hillary Clinton now faces a separate count for each email she deleted, potentially enough to put her in prison for a very long time. 

wishiestwash  asked:

Can we get York for the ask thingy???

1) Never forget that York is a cock-sure motherfuck with a come-back (not necessarily always a good one, mind you) for everything and he is not above the fake-it-till you make it, but he’s not faking it half as much as you think he is. Like he’s actually got something to be cocky about.. He’s got skills and luck on his side, man… but not like anywhere near to match the level of cocky he is. He does a level 6 job; he’s gonna talk it up like it was 10.

2) He’s also a bit pretentious. Babe. York. I love you but Delta is gonna learn such pseudo-philosophical bullshit from you, kiddo. I’d die to hear him talk extensively to D about what it means to be human. Oh my god. I bet D just … “that’s nice, Agent York, but I will continue my independent analysis separate from any of your extensive analogies, impressively constructed as they may be.”

3) Romantic. Seriously. Just about… everything. His cheesy pick up lines, his nostalgia about meeting Carolina, just kind of everything about York is this goofy, earnest… silly romantic shit man. And not just about Carolina. About what soldiers are supposed to be, even the whole “We’re the good guys right?” or his talk about “that’s just what makes us human, D.” It’s just… very romantic notions.

4) He did love Carolina, just not in a way that was useful or healthy for her at the time. It wasn’t healthy for him either, actually. 

5) York is an asshole, but he’s not mean-spirited. Like if he’s mocking Washington it’s probably because Wash is mocking him first because, lets face it, Wash was probably a Marine and he’s gonna talk some smack at the pretentious locksmith in gold armor. York would knock it off if he realized his trash talk was not being received in the spirit it was given. York does want to do the right thing at the core. It’s a thing that concerns him. 

From Wiki (bolding mine)

High Frequency Economics, Ltd. is an economic research consultancy founded by Carl B. Weinberg. The firm is located in Valhalla, New York.[1

Founded in 1988 by Carl B. Weinberg, High Frequency Economics publishes “independent analysis of the global economy and markets” in the form of daily research products, offered by subscription only.[2]

The firm’s publications includeDaily and Weekly Notes on the Global Economy,Daily and Weekly Notes on the United States,Snapshots on the U.S. Economy, andWeekly Notes on China’s Economy. High Frequency Economics also offers periodic global conference calls for its clients and direct access to the firm’s team of economists.[3]The firm does not provide investment advice; rather, it provides subscribers with economic knowledge that it believes will help them make day-to-day and long-term investment decisions.

Approximately 350 institutions in 25 countries subscribe to High Frequency Economics’ publications, including investment managers, asset allocators, hedge funds and traders. The firm’s team of economists have been quoted frequently byThe New York Times,The Wall Street Journal,The Timesand other media.

What were Harold’s objections again to the mission and Machine? That it told him to kill the congressman? I postulated immediately after Death Benefit that TM was only giving them the nod toward the congressman and leaving it up to them as to what to do. The title of the class and dissertation Whistler is forced to pay attention to sure seems to indicate that TM is aware it’s an ethical quandary, and that is why it was seeking advice!

I think Harold and TM will patch things up over the “congressman issue” this season, and while it will probably be messy, Harold will get his hope and joy over his creation again. Knowing your baby is a helping-people spysassin sort is much easier to handle than thinking it’s an out and out murderer.  (Reese vs Stanton, maybe)