anonymous asked:

Re: tail docking- I didn't know until recently that sheep are born with tails? Why do people dock sheep tails?

In Australia we dock Merino sheep tails, and perform mulesing at a few weeks old because we have Lucilia cuprina, a pretty coloured fly with maggots that make a not-so-pretty mess of sheep.

These flies are ubiquitous, they are everywhere in Australia and they cause huge problems. The flies lay their eggs on damp sheep wool, but the maggots will eat both diseased and healthy flesh. The maggots will eat sheep alive.

Short of widespread insecticide use, which doesn’t really control the problem well and has environmental concerns, the most effective method for reducing flystrike in sheep (the maggot infestation) is reducing the amount of moisture that accumulates on the wool. However, even in the driest regions of Australia, sheep will still urinate and develop diarrhea, which moistens regions of their wool.

Crutching sheep, where a small amount of wool is short regularly around their anus/vulva to keep it short and clean, certainly can help, but this is most effective in breeds that are relatively smooth skinned, and in smaller enterprises were it’s easier to round up those sheep on a regular basis. 

Particularly in the case of Merinos in Australia, with the wrinkly skin around their bottoms, Mulesing is performed to cut this skin off, letting it heal with scar tissue. That’s as rough as it sounds, but it’s necessary to prevent fly strike and death-by-maggots in the sheep’s life.

There have been increasing access and push for pain relief to be used for this procedure, and there are some smooth-skinned lines, or lines of merino with no wool on the perineum. Genetic Mulesing would be ideal, because then no painful procedure would need to be done to the sheep, but there were only 7 Merino originally identified with this trait, and spreading their genetics through the approximately 70 million of Australia…well, it will take time.

So the short answer is that for now these sheep have their tails docked and are Mulesed to prevent being eaten alive by maggots, though the procedure and current husbandry is not ideal and I would prefer to eventually see a genetic solution.

The other day, I noticed a knife on the counter in the bathroom and didn’t think anything of it. It was just a little pairing knife and I was like “whelp, baby probably used it to crack open the cat food and left it somewhere, whatever.”

Then the next day I come home and there’s a steak knife on the bathroom counter, right beside the pairing knife, and so baby’s in the shower and I’m like, “Okay, hon, are you gonna tell me why knives keep appearing in the bathroom?”

And she just peeks out from the shower curtain and giggles and says “I want to maintain an air of ~mystery~ in our relationship.”

So I shrug it off because really it’s not THAT weird, and she has a point. When you’re with someone for more than twelve years, it’s tough to have any secrets. But over the course of the last few days a steak knife has appeared on our coffee table and a bread knife has materialized by the TV, and my curiosity is just….. burning. I don’t know why it’s important to me that you know the kind of knives they are– maybe so I can impress upon you the steady increase in size. I’m pretty sure the next one is going to be a cleaver on the bookshelf or something.

Point is, every time I ask, baby just giggles and shrugs, and I’m not sure precisely what emotion I should be feeling. Terror? Perhaps. Worry? Logical, for sure. Confusion? Very definitely. But also this is just…. her Way.

anonymous asked:

Any tips on debating conservatives on economy cause that seems to be the only thing that they care about when it comes to trump?

Far-right conservatives are honestly a lost cause and dealing with them is literally painful. Btw: I’m not sure if you live in the US, so sorry if these arguments are too US centric, just let me know.

If the conservative you’re dealing with is more center right and willing to engage in a mature conversation, then here are some questions to ask:

1) War in the middle east has been going on for an extremely long time due to intervention, it has costed us trillions, why increase the military budget?

2) Making cuts in education and healthcare have proven to harm young people in red states. Why do you advocate for failed policies? (Point to budget crisis and shortened school weeks)

3) Cutting taxes by a ton on our top income earners while drastically increasing the military budget can increase the deficit. Why not focus on cutting taxes for low income earners instead?

4) What is your view on climate change? (If they don’t believe in it don’t bother, they’re far gone).

I honestly don’t have the best advice here because conservatives are very unlikely to be open to other views.

Anyway, the main point is that you need to prove how your arguments support conservative principles as far as freedom and economic growth go.

A Wilde Journey: Chapter One- A Day in the City

(Photo by @cryptid-bunny​)

As the months pass, Nick begins to adapt to his new life as a singe parent, though it is met with consistent complications he thankfully has Judy to help him raise young Isabelle.

At six months, she is still a well kept secret, while being a scientific marvel in the medical community, Nick and Judy have been cautious in keeping her protected from those who may not agree with her birth. Yet this is something that Nick can no longer justify.

While arguing consistently with himself and with Judy he believes that sheltering Isabelle is not the right way to raise her and has decided to finally show the world his daughter.

Though his actions appear to be sound and justified, there will always be backlash.

Follow the new story, showcasing Isabelle Wilde life, and the struggles she goes through as she grows and matures from a young kit to a grown vixen, the ever blossoming relationship between Nick and Judy and the hard ship they must face to prove that love truly does conquer all

don’t forget to Comment, reblog, and follow the Story on AO3:


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What’s the difference??  문제, 문제점, and 문젯거리

I got a request to clarify the difference between these words from an Anon a while ago. I’m so sorry it took this long to get to it… but here it is! 문제, 문제점, and 문젯거리. In English, we might use “problem” or “question” for all of them. But how exactly are they similar and how are they different? Let’s find out!


문제 is the most commonly heard of these three. According to Naver, it has three definitions:

1. A question asking for/demanding an answer

2. The focus of a dispute, debate, research, etc.

3. Something that is hard to settle

Looking at those definitions, we can say that ‘문제’ translates to “problem” in English with pretty much no issue. It matched up pretty well! Let’s look at some examples of each of the three definitions of this word.

1. 시험지를 받으면 문제를 잘 읽고 풀어보세요. (When you get your test sheet, read the problems carefully and try to solve them.)

2. 현대 사회에서는 가공 식품 섭취 증가에 따른 비만 문제가 심각합니다. (In modern society, the problem of obesity caused by the increased consumption of processed foods is severe.)

3. 현 정부에서 가장 먼저 해결하고자 하는 문제는 실업 문제입니다. (The problem that the current government means to address first is the problem of unemployment.)


문제점’s definition is “something that is/becomes a problem (문제).” The “점” in 문제점 here is important. 점 comes from Hanja (Chinese characters) and means “point.” Following that, 문제점 is a problematic point or drawback out of the whole of something. You can use this word when, for example, pointing out a flaw or flaws in something.

이 계획의 가장 큰 문제점은 비용이에요. (This plan’s biggest flaw is its cost.)

남들의 문제점만 계속 지적하는 사람은 좋은 사람이 아니에요. ( Someone who constantly only points out others’ flaws is not a good person.)

Please note that you could use “문제” in the first sentence here and it would also be correct. There is a bit of overlap among the three terms in question in this post, so there will be cases where one is interchangeable with another.


This word is perhaps the least easily translatable out of the three. The two definitions of 문젯거리 given in the Naver dictionary are:

1. Something that could be the cause of different problems

2. An issue that is hard to take care of

If we look at the second half of this word, “거리,” we can get a better feel for what it means. In this case, 거리 is sort of like “ingredient” or “element.” It follows that 문젯거리 is a problematic element. We can see the same 거리 in the word 걱정거리, which is something that causes worry (an element or ingredient of worry). Let’s look at some examples.

1. 이렇게 빡빡한 스케줄은 문젯거리가 될 것 같아요. (I think a schedule this tight would be a problem (be problematic).

2. 요즘 미국에는 신나치가 문젯거리예요. (Lately in the US, neo-Nazis are a problem.)

Happy studying~

ice ice paladin‧₊˚

Lesser seen french tips

These are a few things that i think might be relevant to language learners that i don’t think I’ve seen on langblr! At the end of the day it’s whatever works for you, but i hope these might be helpful 💙

🗼pouvoir, vouloir and aller (to be able, to want and to go) are really useful verbs to learn confidently. If you want to use a verb you don’t know how to conjugate, you can often follow one of these verbs conjugated with the infinitive to express something similar. It’s always better that than guessing a conjugation!

🗼watch videos of french people speaking english! Most french people will still impose a little bit of french pronunciation even while speaking really good english, and this highlights french pronunciation that you wouldn’t notice in a person speaking fluent french. 

🗼for me, reading simple YA novels written originally in french is actually more beneficial than translated english books that I’m familiar with. This will prevent you from reading by assumption/context/memory. Also, french books tend to be more culturally relevant, and include phrasing and idioms that are more typically french.

🗼contradiction of my last point, but try watching shows originally in your native language with french audio and subtitles. For some reason, it’s far easier for me to understand and i know many people struggle with listening to french. Netflix often has the option of picking the  language of your show, i would highly recommend this if you struggle to understand french films/shows. 

🗼quizlet is the most effective method of learning vocab I’ve found! For me, writing out flashcards takes a long time, and typing in the answers solidifies spelling better than just repeating the words. 

🗼if you’re someone who struggles with pronunciation, some people find it helpful to have someone who doesn’t speak the language read aloud in it, as it highlights typical errors that a speaker of your language will make (and will probably make you feel good about yourself lbh) 

🗼practise just speaking aimlessly in the language, be it to yourself, your pet, or even just while thinking. It’ll help you practise coming up with things to say on the spot, and when you screech to a halt because you don’t know how to express something, you’ll know what vocab it’ll be useful for you to learn next. 

anonymous asked:

karasuno has 4 first years split up and take all 4 of them then run, they can't catch all of you

good plan. nothing could possibly go wrong with this plan