inca mummies
DNA from mummies shows how Europeans wiped out first Americans
Researchers at the University of Adelaide in Australia analysed the DNA extracted from 92 mummies ('Maiden' pictured) and skeletons from lost American cultures.

“Using DNA extracted from Inca mummies together with older remains found in Peru, western Bolivia, northern Chile, Mexico and the Argentinian Pampas, the researchers were able to build up a picture of how the early American’s spread through the continent.

They then compared them to the genomes from modern Native American populations, but were unable to find any of these ancient DNA sequences in the modern lineages.
This suggests the indigenous populations in South and Central America suffered a devastating collapse that led to almost none of their genetic material surviving today.

The study also allowed the researchers to reconstruct where the first American populations may have originated from.
Some recent research has found evidence of Asian and Australian DNA in Amazonian tribes and suggested they may have been among the original colonists of the continent.

But the new study traced the DNA found in the mummies and skeletons to a group of people who became isolated in eastern Beringia up to 25,000 years ago." 

"Dr Bastien Llamas, a senior research associate with the University of Adelaide’s Australian Centre for Ancient DNA who led the study, said: ‘Surprisingly, none of the genetic lineages we found in almost 100 ancient humans were present, or showed evidence of descendants, in today’s Indigenous populations.

'The only scenario that fit our observations was that shortly after the initial colonisation, populations were established that subsequently stayed geographically isolated from one another, and that a major portion of these populations later became extinct following European contact.”

Buffy the Vampire Slayer Masterpost (no reblogging please)

All credits to anon

Season 1

1x01 - Welcome to the Hellmouth
1x02 - The Harvest
1x03 - The Witch
1x04 - Teacher’s Pet
1x05 - Never Kill a Boy on the First Date
1x06 - The Pack
1x07 - Angel
1x08 - I Robot, You Jane
1x09 - The Puppet Show
1x10 - Nightmares
1x11 - Out of Mind, Out of Sight
1x12 - Prophecy Girl

Season 2

2x01 - When She Was Bad
2x02 - Some Assembly Required
2x03 - School Hard
2x04 - Inca Mummy Girl
2x05 - Reptile Boy
2x06 - Halloween
2x07 - Lie To Me
2x08 - The Dark Age
2x09 - What’s My Line (Part 1)
2x10 - What’s My Line (Part 2)
2x11 - Ted
2x12 - Bad Eggs
2x13 - Surprise
2x14 - Innocence
2x15 - Phases
2x16 - Bewitched, Bothered and Bewildered
2x17 - Passion
2x18 - Killed by Death
2x19 - I Only Have Eyes For You
2x20 - Go Fish
2x21 - Becoming (Part 1)
 2x22 - Becoming (Part 2)

Season 3

3x01 - Anne
3x02 - Dead Man’s Party
3x03 - Faith, Hope and Trick
3x04 - Beauty and the Beasts
3x05 - Homecoming
3x06 - Band Candy
3x07 - Revelations
3x08 - Lover’s Walk
3x09 - The Wish
3x10 - Amends
3x11 - Gingerbread
3x12 - Helpless
3x13 - The Zeppo
3x14 - Bad Girls
3x15 - Consequences
3x16 - Doppelgangland
3x17 - Enemies
3x18 - Earshot
3x19 - Choices
3x20 - The Prom
3x21 - Graduation Day (Part 1)
3x22 - Graduation Day (Part 2)

Season 4

4x01 - The Freshman
4x02 - Living Conditions
4x03 - The Harsh Light of Day
4x04 - Fear, Itself
4x05 - Beer Bad
4x06 - Wild At Heart
4x07 - The Initiative
4x08 - Pangs
4x09 - Something Blue
4x10 - Hush
4x11 - Doomed
4x12 - A New Man
4x13 - The I In Team
4x14 - Goodbye Iowa
4x15 - This Year’s Girl
4x16 - Who Are You
4x17 - Superstar
4x18 - Where The Wild Things Are
4x19 - New Moon Rising
4x20 - The Yoko Factor
4x21 - Primeval
4x22 - Restless

Season 5

5x01 - Buffy vs Dracula
5x02 - Real Me
5x03 - The Replacement
5x04 - Out of My Mind
5x05 - No Place Like Home
5x06 - Family
5x07 - Fool For Love
5x08 - Shadow
5x09 - Listening to Fear
5x10 - Into the Woods
5x11 - Triangle
5x12 - Checkpoint
5x13 - Blood Ties
5x14 - Crush
5x15 -  I Was Made to Love You
5x16 - The Body (if you want CWs for this episode, please message me)
5x17 - Forever
5x18 - Intervention
5x19 - Tough Love
5x20 - Spiral
5x21 - The Weight of the World
5x22 - The Gift

Season 6

6x01-02 - Bargaining
6x03 - After Life
6x04 - Flooded
6x05 - Life Serial
6x06 - All The Way
6x07 - Once More, With Feeling
6x08 - Tabula Rasa
6x09 - Smashed
6x10 - Wrecked
6x11 - Gone
6x12 - Doublemeat Palace
6x13 - Dead Things
6x14 - Older and Far Away
6x15 - As You Were
6x16 - Hell’s Bells
6x17 - Normal Again
6x18 - Entropy
6x19 - Seeing Red
6x20 - Villians
6x21 - Two to Go
6x22 - Grave

Season 7

7x01 - Lessons
7x02 - Beneath You
7x03 - Same Time, Same Place
7x04 - Help
7x05 - Selfless
7x06 - Him
7x07 - Conversations With Dead People
7x08 - Sleeper
7x09 - Never Leave Me
7x10 - Bring On The Night
7x11 - Showtime
7x12 - Potential
7x13 - The Killer In Me
7x14 - First Date
7x15 - Get It Done
7x16 - Storyteller
7x17 - Lies My Parents Told Me
7x18 - Dirty Girls
7x19 - Empty Places
7x20 - Touched
7x21 - End Of Days
7x22 - Chosen