in-dahomey

Veterans of the kingdom of Dahomey’s “amazons”, aka N'Nonmiton - our mothers, c.1908 in Abomay, French West Africa.
Originally founded in the 17th century as a corp of elephant huntress, or gbeto, the Dahomey amazons were an all-female regiment reputed for its fierceness. It took the French Foreign Legion equipped with Lebel rifles to decisively beat them in combat, in 1892 during the second Franco-Dahomean war.

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Black history month day 15: British noblewoman and the goddaughter of Queen Victoria, Sara Forbes Bonetta.


Lady Sarah Forbes Bonetta Davies (photographed-Camille Silvy,1862) born into a royal West African dynasty, and orphaned in 1848 at five years old when her parents were killed in a slave-hunting war. In 1850, Sarah was was rescued from becoming a human sacrifice by Captain Frederick E. Forbes and taken to England as a “gift” from the African King of Dahomey to Queen Victoria. She became the Queen’s Goddaughter and a celebrity known for her extraordinary intelligence. She spent much of her life between the British royal household until her death from tuberculosis in 1880.

Hoodoo- Also called Rootwork. An African-based system of healing and magick primarily using roots and herbs.

Rootworker- A person skilled in the use of herbs and roots to cure illness or cast spells.

Voodoo- A religion that originated in the ancient kingdom of Dahomey (present day Benin) in West Africa and transported to the Caribbean and the Americas by African slaves. The proper name for this religion is Vodun, Which means “Spirit” or “God” in the language of the Ewe/Fon tribe.” 

- McQuillar, T. L. (n.d.). Rootwork: Using the folk magic of Black America for Love, Money, and success.

Fight Like a Girl

Anhotep I, Ancient Egyptian Warrior Princess, Hyksos War, “cleansed Egypt of the Hyksos”.

Queen Boudicca, led the Iceni Rebellion against Rome, 1st century.

Relief of two Roman gladiatrices found at Halicarnassus, Roman Empire

Hua Mulan, Tang Dynasty China, disguised herself as a man to fight in her father’s stead.  Inspired the Disney movie “Mulan”.

The Trung Sisters, 1st Century Vietnam, rebelled against the Chinese Empire.

Joan of Arc, the Hundred Years War. Led the French to victory against the English.

Tomoe Gozen, 12th-13th century Samurai.  The woodblock print below depicts her beheading the Samurai Moroshige of Musashi at the Battle of Awazu.

Matilda of Tuscany, Middle Ages, Investiture Conflict, personal bodyguard of the Pope.

The Isabella de Carazzi and Diambra de Pettinella Duel, circa 1552.

Julie d'Aubigny, 17th century swordsmen and opera singer. Considered one of the greatest duelists in history.

Mary Read and Anne Bonney, 17th/18th century pirates.

Elizabeth “Lady Bare Knuckles Stokes, popular bareknuckle boxer in Britain, early 18th century. Fought both men and women, was also noted for her skill with the broadsword and cudgel.

Hannah Snell, Royal Marine, Seven Years War, disguised herself as a man.

Deborah Sampson, American Revolution, disguised herself as a man. Removed a musket ball from her thigh with a knife.

The “Petticoat Duel” between Almeria Braddock and Mrs. Elphinstone, circa 1792.

Nadezhda Andreyevna Durova,  most heavily decorated soldier in the Russian Cavalry during the Napoleonic Wars.

Pine Leaf, Crow Nation War Chief, 19th century

Harriet Tubman, American Civil War, spy, army scout, and co-commander of Union forces during the Combahee River Raid.

Loretta Valsaquez, American Civil War, Confederacy. Disguised herself as a man.

Frances Lousia Clayton, disguised herself as a man to fight with her husband, Union Army, American Civil War.

Cathay Williams, 38th Infantry (Buffalo Soldiers) during the late 19th century. Disguised herself as a man.

“Stagecoach” Mary Fields, Old West icon, once shot a man in the bum in a gunfight after he called her a nigger.

The Dahomey Amazon’s, West Africa 19th century.  The most feared warriors of the Kingdom of Dahomey.  Their favorite pastime was to decapitate their captured enemies.

Princess Pauline Metternich and Countess Kielmannsegg Duel of 1892

One of many “Soldateras” during the Mexican Revolution

Captain Flora Sandes, World War I, English woman who fought in the Serbian Army.  Won the Serbia’s highest honor (the Order of the Karađorđe’s Star) after leading her company on a successful assault despite being wounded by a grenade and in a bout of hand to hand combat.

Edith Gerrud, the Jiu Jitsu Suffragist

Spanish Civil War.

Lydia Litvyak, Soviet Air Force, World War II: First female fighter ace, first kill scored by a woman, highest scoring female fighter pilot with 16 kills. Heroine of the Soviet Union.

Nancy Wake, World War II, commanded a 7,000 man resistance group in France. Was tortured by the Gestapo for 4 days and never talked.  On the flip side she was known for interrogating enemy spies and getting them to talk, then executing them.

The 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Group, a Soviet all female bomber group during World War II.  Nicknamed “The Night Witches” by the Germans because of their stealthy bombing tactics.

Partisan Fighter, World War II

Lyudmilla Pavlichenko, Soviet Sniper during World War II, deadliest female sniper with 309 kills. Heroine of the Soviet Union.

Mariya Oktyabrskaya, Soviet tank driver during World War II, Heroine of the Soviet Union.

Capt. Kim Campbell, US Air Force, A10 Warthog pilot during the Iraq War, the pictures speak for themselves.

Rukhsana Kausar, defended her family from a band of terrorists with an axe and a captured assault rifle.

Dear Hoteps

The majority of Africans currently born in the Americas are from WEST and CENTRAL Africa. There is nothing wrong with celebrating the greatness of Black Egypt (as they are your distant ancestors) but you are not Egyptian. 

If you cant name off at least 20 African countries, 5 different African cultures, 5 historical kingdoms, events, and/or leaders, and 5 different resources from around the African continent; one from each African region (North, South, East, West, and Central), all off the top for your head; you don’t know shit about your people. 

If you take the time to research the rest of the continent you will also find that some of your restricting ideologies of black women and black LGBT are of European descent and not pro black.


Gender roles were diverse in precolonial Africa.  Many African cultures ran on a matriarchy as well as a patriarchy. Black women had their own organizations, government systems, and even ran economies. In some cultures, women were fighters, warriors, and frontliners. They weren’t bound to stand behind men. Many African cultures saw women as the closest thing to “god” and certain spiritual practices, such as libations, were poured only by women.This was a mindset destroyed by European conquest. In the fight to reclaim our cultural identity, African women have the right to choose the state of being that caters to both their blackness and womanhood. If a woman decides to respectfully stand in front, beside, or behind a man, that is her ancestor approved right. If you preach against this, you are not pro black. You are pro black man….barely. Real men of substance are not so easily threatened. 


LGBT is not foreign to Africa, it was there before colonialism. Africans are not new to sex, something established by NATURE, not by man. Africans, ***INCLUDING THE EGYPTIANS****  explored sex within and outside their gender. Africans were able to identify with genders outside their own, and their community would honor that. Polygamy and Polyandry existed before European presence. As did cross-dressing. European conquest promoted LGBT-phobia through CHRISTIANITY. Who is going to Africa RIGHT NOW preaching hate, and VIOLENCE towards the LGBT community? The church. You give Europeans too much power. You honestly think they created something as basic as sexual orientation? In the fight to reclaim our cultural identity, black people have their ancestor approved right to be ALL of who they are. If you preach against this, you are not pro black. You are pro black heterosexual…..barely, a heterosexual person of substance is not so easily threatened. 


You still hide behind European ideologies, because it puts you on top. Community and family structure are important but we knew how to respect an individual for who they were. You are not pro black, you are not pro hotep, you are simply a disgrace to your ancestors because you are still pro colonialism.

These are just a few things wrong with your “hotep” notion. However, I wont undermine an attempt at restoring our cultural roots, so a word of advice: bring that crazy back a bit, live and let live (ONE OF THE MOST SUPREME AFRICAN PRINCIPLES), and start digging deeper. You are only brushing the surface. 


Igbo, Tuareg, Masai, Akan, Mbundu,  Bene, Bulu, Fang, Jaunde, Mokuk, Mwele, Ntum and Pangwe, Nilotico Lango, Bahima, Azande, Kiisi, Banyoro, Langi, Nuer, Kuria, Benin, Cape Bantu, Kikuyu, Egba, Dahomey, Yoruba, etc, etc, etc, etc, ETC, ET CETERA.

anonymous asked:

so this might be weird but you seem to know a lot about gods and goddesses so i was wondering if you know of any gods or goddesses of like, gender or being trans or change or what have you.

well, this is sort of vague because i don’t know if you mean, strictly trans, or like… idk. i’ll just include things about deities not being a specific gender i guess

offhand in Greek mythology i know of:

  • Hermaphroditus, who was the god of androgyny, basically, since he was a man and became merged into one form with the woman he loved. i guess he also represented fertility and marriage (both male and female aspects of it)
  • Dionysus was supposedly raised disguised as a girl when he was a child. earliest depictions of him pictured him as a manly man but he later came to be pictured as a young boy/androgynous youth
  • And in Greek mythology there are lots of tales of gods changing forms and pretending to be other genders, an example being Zeus disguising himself as the goddess Artemis in order to seduce one of her nymph followers.

looking online i found some other things and i’ll split them into their respective pantheons/mythologies

Chinese Mythology:

  • Lan Caihe being a figure that never had a very defined gender and was always pictured in gender ambiguous clothing

Japanese Mythology

  • Shirabyoshi, a female or transgender kami who would dress in men’s clothing
  • Inari, a kami, who was pictured in various forms, as a young girl, old man, or an androgynous buddhist person. also they were a kitsune and i guess kitsune like to change their forms to whatever they want regardless of gender
  • Ōyamakui, a transgender mountain spirit

Hindu Mythology

  • In general hindu mythology has a ton of examples of their gods changing genders, manifesting as different genders at different times, being reincarnated as different genders, or combining to form androgynous or hermaphroditic beings. like just read this article on wikipedia

African mythology:

  • the Dahomey people believe there is an androgynous celestial deity of creation that was formed when a brother (Lisa, sun deity) and sister (Mawu, lunar deity) came together.
  • Shona people have an androgynous creator deity Mwari, who splits sometimes into female or male aspects

Australian Aboriginal mythology

  • have a rainbow serpent god (Ungud) that’s either seen as androgynous or transgender
  • I guess they have another rainbow serpent god who is also transgender named Angamunggi

Pacific Island mythology

  • The Bayagoin in the philippines worship two transgender/hermaphroditic gods named Bathala and Malyari
  • The Ngaju Dayak in Borneo worship Mahatala-Jata, a transgender/hermaphroditic god that was a combination of Mahatala, a ruler of the upperworld, and Jata, the ruler of the underworld from under the sea
  • Again in Borneo, there was a deity, Menjaya Raja Manang, who was first a male god, but another god’s wife became sick, and when the male god tried to heal her, the male god changed into a woman or became an androgynous being

Aztec/Mayan mythology

  • There’s a god of maize in mayan mythology that’s pictured as an effeminate young man in art and i guess constituted a third gender in their culture
  • Tlazoteotl in aztec mythology is the underworld goddess of life and death, but it said to be the metaphorical mother/protector to transgender or lesbian priestesses called Huastecs

Inuit mythology:

  • technically this isn’t about a deity but: the inuits believed that the first two humans were both male, and they became a couple and “mated” and one of them became pregnant but wasn’t equipped to give birth and a spell was cast over him to give him a vagina and thus become female

Sumerian/mesopotamian mythology:

  • a goddess (Ninmah) supposed created “physically differing” people including “women who cannot give birth” and “the one who has no male or female organs” who were regarded as a third gender and the supreme god (Enki) was accepting of them and gave them roles in society like being priests/priestesses or servants of the king
  • In mesopotamian mythology there’s something else about third gender priests that would worship Inanna

Arabic mythology:

  • the Jinn were beings created from smoke and could change their appearance (and gender) at will
  • also not a deity but there were believed to be springs/wells that could change a person’s gender should they drink from them

ok this took forever hope this helps. basically all my sources came from this so they might not all be accurate or true but like…. it was a lot to cover and i would still be working on this if i had to search the web to fact check every single one of these things lmao

Many spells, especially those that request healing or protection for animals, or those to locate lost animals, suggest consecrating the animal to a spirit. Although there are also may others, the following have earned a reputation as renowned animal-protectors. Incorporate them to your spells as needed.

  • Spirits that Protect Cats: Artemis, Bastet, Freya, Hecate, Lilith
  • Spirits that Protect Big Cats (Tigers, Lions, Leopards, Etc.): Dionysus, Durga, Hathor, Kybele, Sekhmet
  • Spirits that Protect Dogs: Artemis, Hecate, Ogun, Saint Roch
  • Spirits that Protect Horses: Anat, Demeter, Epona, Poseidon, Rhiannon, Rla-mgrin (Hayagriva)
  • Spirits that Protect Toads: Agwe, Heket
  • Spirits that Protect Snakes: Athena, Ezili, Freda Dahomey, Lilith, Mami Waters, Simbi, Lady Asherah
  • Spirits that Protect Cows: Brigid, Hathor, Hermes, Isis, Lakshmi, Maeve, Shiva
  • Spirits that Protect Fish: Atargatis, La Baleine, La Sirene, Yemaya
  • Spirits that Protect Pigs: Demeter, Seth
  • Spirits that Protect Animals in General: Aphrodite, Artemis, Baba Yaga, Faunus, Hathor, Lilith, Saint Anthony (Saint Anthony is the spiritual detective: request his assistance when anything or anyone is missing)

(from The Element Encyclopedia of 5,000 Spells by Judika Illes)

Today’s Warrior Women Wednesdays installment is Danjihuntu and Jihiwatun of the Dahomey Amazons.  The Dahomey were pretty darn horrible by both modern sentiments and those of their own time, but the M’nonmilton certainly qualify as warrior women.  Were I to tackle them as a narrative, I would likely center on the defense by their enemies of Abeokuta, a walled city built to protect folks from being captured and sold into slavery.

We must not reduce African societies to just villages. We are talking about the destruction of empires, states and nations. Even if we just talk about West Africa, Dahomey was a state; Benin was a state; Ashanti was a state. And it is important not to see Africa as just a collection of underdeveloped villages. For this is part of the European lie to claim an undeserved and untenable superiority…When the European first came to Africa, he had to pay taxes and tribute on the coast and had to stay on the coast. And in Dahomey, they made him build his houses in mud, not in stone to show how impermanent his residence was. And he exchanged ambassadors where he could. He exchanged ambassadors not only with Songhai, but also with Angola, Congo and other states. It was at first a necessary mutual respect for policy…But eventually, Africa, an old centre of civilisation, began to decline and capitalism began to rise, and you have a shift then in the balance of power. And the Europeans began to strengthen themselves on the coast. And appropriating knowledge from Africa and Asia and synthesising technique, they began to shift the balance of power. They began to go inland.
—  Maulana Karenga
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MYTHOLOGY MEME [6/∞]: Erzulie Freda Dahomey, Lwa of Love and Beauty

In Haitian Vodou, Eruzulie Freda is the lwa of Love, Beauty, and Luxury. Coquettish and very fond of beauty and finery, Erzulie Freda is femininity and compassion embodied. During ritual possession, she may enter the body of either a man or a woman. She enjoys the game of flirtation and seduces people without distinguishing between sexes. However, she also has a darker side. She is often seen as jealous, spoiled, and dramatic. If a person does not please her for whatever reason, she will plague them with boughts of depression and anger. Erzulie Freda is conceived of as never being able to attain her heart’s most fervent desire. For this reason she always leaves a service in tears. Despite her faults, her unconditional love aspects leave her willing to help with love issues and relationships.

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From 1625 to 1900, 12 kings succeeded one another at the head of the powerful Kingdom of Abomey. (You might know it as the Kingdom of Dahomey.) Each king, upon ascension, built himself a new palace to demonstrate his power and magnificence. Each one was constructed in a similar style with the same materials. Spread out over 99 acres, the palaces are decorated with bas-reliefs which document the accomplishments and events during the reign of each king.With the exception of King Akaba, who had his own separate enclosure, they all had their palaces built within the same walled area.  The Royal Palaces of Abomey is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Benin. 

anonymous asked:

Hi again! I'm the Canadian anon! I meant Chopin's Polonaise in A flat major! Thanks! :)

this is awkward again bc there are multiple in Ab major but i’ll assume you mean the famous one (polonaise héroïque):

Chopin
Fantaisie-Impromptu
Scherzo in E
Concerto in Em, movement 3

Rachmaninov
Prelude in Gm
Sonata in Bbm, movement 1
Moments musicaux, movement 1

Liszt
Grand galop chromatique
Concerto in Eb

Beethoven
Concerto no. 5, movement 3
Die Wut über den verlorenen Groschen

Moszkowski
Caprice Espagnol

Schumann
Sonata in Gm, movement 1

Grieg
Concerto in Am, movement 3

Grainger
Country Gardens
In Dahomey