in-dahomey

Hoodoo- Also called Rootwork. An African-based system of healing and magick primarily using roots and herbs.

Rootworker- A person skilled in the use of herbs and roots to cure illness or cast spells.

Voodoo- A religion that originated in the ancient kingdom of Dahomey (present day Benin) in West Africa and transported to the Caribbean and the Americas by African slaves. The proper name for this religion is Vodun, Which means “Spirit” or “God” in the language of the Ewe/Fon tribe.” 

- McQuillar, T. L. (n.d.). Rootwork: Using the folk magic of Black America for Love, Money, and success.

anonymous asked:

so this might be weird but you seem to know a lot about gods and goddesses so i was wondering if you know of any gods or goddesses of like, gender or being trans or change or what have you.

well, this is sort of vague because i don’t know if you mean, strictly trans, or like… idk. i’ll just include things about deities not being a specific gender i guess

offhand in Greek mythology i know of:

  • Hermaphroditus, who was the god of androgyny, basically, since he was a man and became merged into one form with the woman he loved. i guess he also represented fertility and marriage (both male and female aspects of it)
  • Dionysus was supposedly raised disguised as a girl when he was a child. earliest depictions of him pictured him as a manly man but he later came to be pictured as a young boy/androgynous youth
  • And in Greek mythology there are lots of tales of gods changing forms and pretending to be other genders, an example being Zeus disguising himself as the goddess Artemis in order to seduce one of her nymph followers.

looking online i found some other things and i’ll split them into their respective pantheons/mythologies

Chinese Mythology:

  • Lan Caihe being a figure that never had a very defined gender and was always pictured in gender ambiguous clothing

Japanese Mythology

  • Shirabyoshi, a female or transgender kami who would dress in men’s clothing
  • Inari, a kami, who was pictured in various forms, as a young girl, old man, or an androgynous buddhist person. also they were a kitsune and i guess kitsune like to change their forms to whatever they want regardless of gender
  • Ōyamakui, a transgender mountain spirit

Hindu Mythology

  • In general hindu mythology has a ton of examples of their gods changing genders, manifesting as different genders at different times, being reincarnated as different genders, or combining to form androgynous or hermaphroditic beings. like just read this article on wikipedia

African mythology:

  • the Dahomey people believe there is an androgynous celestial deity of creation that was formed when a brother (Lisa, sun deity) and sister (Mawu, lunar deity) came together.
  • Shona people have an androgynous creator deity Mwari, who splits sometimes into female or male aspects

Australian Aboriginal mythology

  • have a rainbow serpent god (Ungud) that’s either seen as androgynous or transgender
  • I guess they have another rainbow serpent god who is also transgender named Angamunggi

Pacific Island mythology

  • The Bayagoin in the philippines worship two transgender/hermaphroditic gods named Bathala and Malyari
  • The Ngaju Dayak in Borneo worship Mahatala-Jata, a transgender/hermaphroditic god that was a combination of Mahatala, a ruler of the upperworld, and Jata, the ruler of the underworld from under the sea
  • Again in Borneo, there was a deity, Menjaya Raja Manang, who was first a male god, but another god’s wife became sick, and when the male god tried to heal her, the male god changed into a woman or became an androgynous being

Aztec/Mayan mythology

  • There’s a god of maize in mayan mythology that’s pictured as an effeminate young man in art and i guess constituted a third gender in their culture
  • Tlazoteotl in aztec mythology is the underworld goddess of life and death, but it said to be the metaphorical mother/protector to transgender or lesbian priestesses called Huastecs

Inuit mythology:

  • technically this isn’t about a deity but: the inuits believed that the first two humans were both male, and they became a couple and “mated” and one of them became pregnant but wasn’t equipped to give birth and a spell was cast over him to give him a vagina and thus become female

Sumerian/mesopotamian mythology:

  • a goddess (Ninmah) supposed created “physically differing” people including “women who cannot give birth” and “the one who has no male or female organs” who were regarded as a third gender and the supreme god (Enki) was accepting of them and gave them roles in society like being priests/priestesses or servants of the king
  • In mesopotamian mythology there’s something else about third gender priests that would worship Inanna

Arabic mythology:

  • the Jinn were beings created from smoke and could change their appearance (and gender) at will
  • also not a deity but there were believed to be springs/wells that could change a person’s gender should they drink from them

ok this took forever hope this helps. basically all my sources came from this so they might not all be accurate or true but like…. it was a lot to cover and i would still be working on this if i had to search the web to fact check every single one of these things lmao

prettypettypansexual  asked:

Any recommendations for really intense pieces?

Vivaldi

Concerto for Two Cellos in G minor
Winter (from Four Seasons)

Bach

Fantasy and Fugue in G minor (better yet, Stokowski’s orchestra arrangement)
Fantasia in G major (better yet, the wind ensemble arrangement)
‘Little’ Fugue in G minor (better yet, Stokowski’s orchestra arrangement)
Prelude and Fugue no. 2 in C minor
B minor mass - Cum sancto spiritu

Mozart

Requiem - Kyrie, Dies Iræ

Beethoven

Symphony no. 5, mvts. 1, 3, 4
Symphony no. 9, mvts. 1, 4
Fidelio Overture

Schumann

Konzertstück für vier Hörner und großes Orchester

Mendelssohn

Symphony no. 3, mvt. 4
Symphony no. 4, mvt. 4

Chopin

Polonaise ‘Héroïque’ en la bémol

Liszt

Eine Faust-Sinfonie

Wagner

Tristan und Isolde - Prelude and Liebestod (or just the whole opera)
Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg - Vorspiel
Lohengrin - Prelude to Act III
Tannhäuser - Prelude

Tchaikovsky

Symphony no. 2, mvts. 1, 3, 4
Symphony no. 3, mvt. 5
Symphony no. 4, mvts. 1, 4
Symphony no. 6, mvt. 1
Violin Concerto, mvt. 3
Francesca da Rimini
Marche Slave
Piano Concerto no. 1, mvts. 1, 3
1812 Overture
Romeo and Juliet

Rachmaninov

Symphony no. 2, mvt. 4
Symphonic Dances, mvt. 1
Prelude in G minor
Piano Concerto no. 1, mvt. 1
Piano Concerto no. 2, mvts. 1, 3

Dvorák

Symphony no. 9, mvts. 1, 4
Cello Concerto, mvt. 1
Carnival Overture

Brahms

Symphony no. 1, mvts. 1, 4
Symphony no. 4, mvt. 4

Grieg

Piano Concerto, mvt. 1

Strauss

Don Juan
Till Eulenspiegels Lustige Streiche
Also sprach Zarathustra
Eine Alpensinfonie

Sibelius

Violin Concerto, mvt. 1

Glinka

Russlan und Ljudmilla, Overture

Ravel

Alborada del gracioso

Mahler

Symphony no. 1, mvt. 4
Symphony no. 2, mvts. 1, 3, 5
Symphony no. 3, mvt. 1
Symphony no. 5, mvts. 1, 2, 5
Symphony no. 6, mvts. 1, 3, 4
Symphony no. 7, mvts. 1, 5
Symphony no. 8, mvts. 1, 2
Das Lied von der Erde, mvts. 1, 3, 5
Symphony no. 9, mvt. 3
Symphony no. 10, mvt. 1

Bruckner

Symphony no. 4, mvt. 1
Symphony no. 8, mvt. 4

Elgar

Cello Concerto, mvts. 1, 4
Enigma Variations - Troyte, Finale

Shostakovich

Symphony no. 1, mvt. 2
Symphony no. 5, mvt. 1
Symphony no. 7, mvts. 1, 4
String Quartet no. 8, mvt. 2
Festive Overture

Holst

The Planets - Mars, Jupiter, Uranus
First Suite in E-flat - March

Stravinsky

The Rite of Spring
Firebird Suite (1919)
Pétrouchka

Kodály

Dances of Galánta

Bernstein

Candide Overture
Slava! Overture

Grainger

In Dahomey (better yet, the band arrangement)
Lincolnshire Posy, mvts. 5, 6

Márquez

Danzón no. 2

Orff

Carmina Burana, mvts. almostallofthem

hatred-and-love  asked:

I'm not sure if this is the right place to ask, but what would be the best way of forcing people to perform manual labour? In my story, the fighters of a conquered country are rounded up and sent to labour camps, but I can't see them being easily intimidated into doing work unless maybe their families/other civilians were being threatened? This is a pre-industrial sort of world, if that makes any difference. Thank you for running this blog!

I can see why you’re struggling with the idea. It is difficult to get your head around how stuff like that happens.

I feel like it’s important to point out that forced labour did happen before the advent of guns (Egypt I am looking at you) and that historically many countries didn’t really have a regular army.

While some of your fighters will effectively be professional soldiers the vast majority in a pre-industrial society are likely to be men and women who some times fight but have another main profession. Most armies will have been made up of farmers, potters, tradesmen and the like. They might have seen combat before but they may not have the experience or discipline of professional soldiers.

They also might not have any strong loyalty to their unit, loyalty to the cause of fighting for or their land/lord sure, but they’re likely to have a greater loyalty to their hometown, their family, etc. In the time period you’re talking about it took roughly 100 food-producing people to support one person who wasn’t producing food. It’s worth remembering that includes nobles and scholars as well as professional soldiers.

I’m going to try and illustrate my point with a quick historical example here.

Dahomey was a small kingdom around where modern-day Benin is in west Africa. The traditional Dahomean army was actually divided in two, the part made up of male soldiers and the part made up of female soldiers.

A lot of the Europeans who visited Dahomey expressed….let’s call it ‘surprise’ that the Dahomean women were often better soldiers then the men. I believe this may have been down to how the two armies were organised.

The male army had professional generals but the body of troops was made up largely by conscripting young men for short periods of time.

Being part of the female army on the other hand meant severing all ties to the home-village, giving up any chance of marriage and children and entirely dedicating oneself to protection of the King and the palace. The ‘Amazons’ of Dahomey were all professional soldiers who did little but train and fight. (And occasionally hunt elephants. I assume they got bored-)

You know your characters best but on an individual level it’s worth bearing in mind that most of these ‘fighters’ are fighters in a secondary sense. For most of them the question isn’t ‘how do you make professional soldiers do this’ but ‘how do you make anyone do this’.

And well the answer is really surprisingly easily.

During Mao’s ‘Great Leap Forward’ millions of people across China were essentially forced to work and often on projects that they could see were detrimental to their own interests.

Houses were pulled down and destroyed to turn the bricks into fertiliser, leaving people homeless. Furniture and equipment was destroyed either for fuel or smelting iron and people lost the means of farming their own land. People were taken away from the fields at crucial times in order to work on ‘irrigation’ projects that turned out to be useless. This resulted in harvests being lost and contributed to widespread famine.

Add to this reports of abuse. Beatings, denying individuals food rations, forcing people to work bare chested in the snow- I’m quoting the least extreme examples.

The general population vastly outnumbered the gangs forcing them to work. In most cases the gangs weren’t particularly well armed. They were carrying whips and knives, not guns.

And yet, as in plantation slavery across the New World, they did successfully force people to work.

I am not entirely sure of the psychology behind this. On that point you might want to ask ScriptShrink.

Practically speaking though I can describe how it’s done.

The leaders are either killed or separated from the rest of the group. Often they’re humiliated and ‘made an example of’ in some manner. The group is ordered to work and any infractions are violently punished.

It runs on fear. Not for distant people who aren’t under the guards’ control but for the individual. They create an atmosphere of terror, make it clear that they are willing to kill and maim anyone in the group. They actively work to break up the usual social bonds and stop new ones from forming.

Often they try to recruit a few people from each group that’s brought in as a collaborator, giving them (for example) more food and privileges. This helps divide the group and hinders organisation. They also try to break up groups as far as possible, separating out the ranking officers, anyone with religious authority, doctors and the like. It usually doesn’t go as far as separating families but it can.

The end result is a group of people who see their best chance of survival as obeying and working.

When refusal to work leads to being beaten to death few people refuse. Even if they understand logically that if everyone refused then no one would die.

Of the many wars* waged by ex-slaves against whites in Brazil, Cuba, Haiti etc I think it’s very significant that most weren’t spontaneous. They weren’t as a rule the sudden rejection of forced labour by a few hundred people on one plantation. They were often organised across multiple plantations or instigated by societies of escaped slaves from entirely outside white colonial society.

They were careful, considered, well planned acts of war that wouldn’t have been possible without regular communication across thousands of people and a level of community organisation that slavery tries to annihilate.

There are a lot of sources I could recommend for forced labour. I’d very much like to recommend some of my books on Bahia in Brazil because frankly I think everyone should know about Palmares. But I think they’re a bit too academic and only tangentially related to your question.

So I’m going to recommend the book I’ve got on Mao’s famine. ‘Mao’s Great Famine’ by F Dikötter Bloomsbury press. I have the 2017 paperback edition but I don’t think there’s been anything major added since it was first published.

It’s grim going, the number of deaths and atrocities is difficult to take in. The scale will be larger than would be possible in your setting, but the basics of how it was done are the same. It should give you a pretty clear picture of how forced labour works on the ground.

I hope that helps.

Disclaimer

*I refer to them as wars rather than revolts because the black combatants referred to them as wars.

2

Black history month day 15: British noblewoman and the goddaughter of Queen Victoria, Sara Forbes Bonetta.


Lady Sarah Forbes Bonetta Davies (photographed-Camille Silvy,1862) born into a royal West African dynasty, and orphaned in 1848 at five years old when her parents were killed in a slave-hunting war. In 1850, Sarah was was rescued from becoming a human sacrifice by Captain Frederick E. Forbes and taken to England as a “gift” from the African King of Dahomey to Queen Victoria. She became the Queen’s Goddaughter and a celebrity known for her extraordinary intelligence. She spent much of her life between the British royal household until her death from tuberculosis in 1880.

Veterans of the kingdom of Dahomey’s “amazons”, aka N'Nonmiton - our mothers, c.1908 in Abomay, French West Africa.
Originally founded in the 17th century as a corp of elephant huntress, or gbeto, the Dahomey amazons were an all-female regiment reputed for its fierceness. It took the French Foreign Legion equipped with Lebel rifles to decisively beat them in combat, in 1892 during the second Franco-Dahomean war.

The Drake-Fisher Residence, New Awlins Edition

There are lot of cool photos and meta regarding the house that Nate and Elena live in at the end of the game, but what about unnecessary information about their residence in New Orleans?

We don’t know much about the way that Nate and Elena interact with the environment in which they live, in the sense that we’re not getting flashbacks to walking down Bourbon Street and immediately regretting walking down Bourbon Street, no one should ever walk down Bourbon Street or anything, but we do have context both in the environment of Nate’s workplace at Jameson Marine down by the Mississippi River warehouses, and in the buildings surrounding the Drake-Fisher residence in New Orleans proper.  I return from my last architectural analysis of the orphanage/Boston setting to talk to you about bridges, preservation ordinance, and THE SHOTGUN HOUSE.

(This is about to get really image-heavy.)

I’ll preface all this by saying that nowhere in New Orleans is there a truss bridge that looks like something between a Parker truss, a Pratt truss, and a Camelback truss, but fine, Naughty Dog, I’ll accept your bridge discrepancies. (I have outlined the truss shape in little red lines so it’s easier to discern. For you bridge-lovers. I KNOW YOU’RE OUT THERE.)

The layout of Nate and Elena’s house is pretty simple: a rectangle, with smaller rectangles inside of it. It’s small but comfortable, with an insulated attic space originally intended for storage and relatively tall ceilings. The latter is a hallmark of many Southern houses built before the advent of air conditioning, because heat rises and you can’t sit around sweating all damn day. Seriously. These ceilings are tall.

For convenience I’ve provided a basic plan layout I mocked up in AutoCAD, aka Satan’s Architecture Program, of the first, second, and attic floors, respectively. For those unfamiliar with reading floor plans, thinner lines at the border walls represent window openings, of which there are very few. This is not uncommon for shotgun houses, which I will talk about…now.

The shotgun house is awesome. It’s a piece of Southern vernacular architecture that has become synonymous with Creole culture the closer you get to the Equator while wandering away from the Mason-Dixon line, and was the most popular style of housing from the end of the American Civil War through the 1920s. Traditionally, the shotgun house is a narrow residence that is basically one long, skinny rectangle, with rooms arranged one after the other in a line. The only hallway, which provides access to each room, starts at the front door and runs all the way out the back door.

Here are a couple great examples!

There are some academic arguments about the origins of the name: I always heard it was called a “shotgun” because you could feasibly shoot through one door and out the other without hitting anything because there are no doors between the other rooms. Other scholars have suggested that “shotgun” is actually an Anglicized interpretation of “to-gun,” a Dahomey Fon term meaning “place of assembly,” thereby tying its roots to the housing of Afro-Haitian peoples. Blacks have historically outnumbered whites in New Orleans and it is entirely possible that they brought their housing arrangement traditions with them.

Shotgun houses can also come in two-story versions, or “camelback” versions, the latter of which basically adds a second story to the rear of the house, thus giving it a “hump.”

Anyway. ONTO THE ACTUAL GAME SCREENCAPS. Let’s start at the top, and work our way down!

The A-Frame gable (that triangle shape) of the attic space is pretty typical of two-story shotguns, as well as the window set into the gable, an element which can be seen in every shotgun gable photograph prior to this section. The window in their house is an oculus, or “eye” window, pretty popular during the Victorian period of building. The window is partly decoration, because a flat facade is incredibly boring visually, and partly for ventilation, though less so with air conditioning. Based on the insulation tacked between the ceiling joists and around the oculus (but the lack of visible ventilation duct work), this space is at least mildly cooler than the outside, which honestly isn’t saying much if you’ve ever been to New Orleans in the summer. I don’t know how Nate is wearing long sleeves up here and not sweating bullets.

Down on the official second floor, we get a good look at the fenestration arrangements (window shapes, sizes) and also the outside! Which gives us really great environmental context.

Behold! A classic New Orleans gallery house, complete with side-door, flanking lanterns, narrow columns and chimney, and those tall-ass windows. But how do you access the second-floor porch? The tall-ass window is your door! It’s also used to circulate air by pushing the lower sash up to the middle, and the upper sash down to the middle, letting the hot air out and the cool air in.

You’ll notice that the difference between the two-story shotgun and the gallery house is that even if the two-story shotgun has a second floor porch - which they often do not - columns do not run from floor to ceiling on the second level.

Outside the Drake-Fisher master bedroom window, you can pick up elements of New Orleans vernacular styles on the other buildings in the neighborhood.

The windows in their house on the second floor on the front and rear of the house are probably not original to the building, probably replaced before or during the rehab process, because they are of a style not indicative of the area: a wide central pane of glass flanked by two smaller, movable sashes. This style looks a lot like the windows of the Chicago style school of architecture, popularized in the early 1900s (below).

Based on the views available from every conceivable angle in both the master bedroom at the rear of the house, and Elena’s office at the front of the house, they live at the corner of two streets in a historic neighborhood.

Now to the first floor door! A great Central Door Look ™ is the kind that incorporates sidelights (those little stacked windows flanking either side of the door) with a strong Classical lintel over the door itself. Crown molding on the ceiling. Hardwood floors. Nice. Doors in most shotguns typically do not have sidelights (as they take up space) unless the door itself is centered.

Also literally no one but me cares about this but they have an antique door knob fixture and that’s cute! Older knobs were much smaller with slim, narrow plates. 

Based on the central placement of their door and its door surround/sidelights, as well as the placement of the stair on one side of the house, it’s a pretty safe assumption to make that they live in a shotgun. BUT ALEX, you cry, WHERE’S THAT ONE LONG HALLWAY AND THOSE SUBSEQUENT ROOMS? I’m super glad you asked, because it’s also not at all uncommon for shotgun houses to have their interiors gutted and rehabilitated to better suit modern needs! This is especially prevalent in New Orleans, where the majority of their historic preservation ordinances apply to the exterior of a building, rather than the interior!

This ordinance is most heavily used in the French Quarter, where you can subdivide and alter the interior of historic building to your hearts content, provided you maintain the exterior’s character-defining features (trim, paint color, cast-iron balconies, et cetera), but is also often applied to the houses in New Orleans’ other historic neighborhoods.

I hope this was edifying and/or interesting for anyone who is not historic preservation-inclined, but as a preservation specialist I was really delighted to see the amount of detail put into a space so small!!!

Fight Like a Girl

Anhotep I, Ancient Egyptian Warrior Princess, Hyksos War, “cleansed Egypt of the Hyksos”.

Queen Boudicca, led the Iceni Rebellion against Rome, 1st century.

Relief of two Roman gladiatrices found at Halicarnassus, Roman Empire

Hua Mulan, Tang Dynasty China, disguised herself as a man to fight in her father’s stead.  Inspired the Disney movie “Mulan”.

The Trung Sisters, 1st Century Vietnam, rebelled against the Chinese Empire.

Joan of Arc, the Hundred Years War. Led the French to victory against the English.

Tomoe Gozen, 12th-13th century Samurai.  The woodblock print below depicts her beheading the Samurai Moroshige of Musashi at the Battle of Awazu.

Matilda of Tuscany, Middle Ages, Investiture Conflict, personal bodyguard of the Pope.

The Isabella de Carazzi and Diambra de Pettinella Duel, circa 1552.

Julie d'Aubigny, 17th century swordsmen and opera singer. Considered one of the greatest duelists in history.

Mary Read and Anne Bonney, 17th/18th century pirates.

Elizabeth “Lady Bare Knuckles Stokes, popular bareknuckle boxer in Britain, early 18th century. Fought both men and women, was also noted for her skill with the broadsword and cudgel.

Hannah Snell, Royal Marine, Seven Years War, disguised herself as a man.

Deborah Sampson, American Revolution, disguised herself as a man. Removed a musket ball from her thigh with a knife.

The “Petticoat Duel” between Almeria Braddock and Mrs. Elphinstone, circa 1792.

Nadezhda Andreyevna Durova,  most heavily decorated soldier in the Russian Cavalry during the Napoleonic Wars.

Pine Leaf, Crow Nation War Chief, 19th century

Harriet Tubman, American Civil War, spy, army scout, and co-commander of Union forces during the Combahee River Raid.

Loretta Valsaquez, American Civil War, Confederacy. Disguised herself as a man.

Frances Lousia Clayton, disguised herself as a man to fight with her husband, Union Army, American Civil War.

Cathay Williams, 38th Infantry (Buffalo Soldiers) during the late 19th century. Disguised herself as a man.

“Stagecoach” Mary Fields, Old West icon, once shot a man in the bum in a gunfight after he called her a nigger.

The Dahomey Amazon’s, West Africa 19th century.  The most feared warriors of the Kingdom of Dahomey.  Their favorite pastime was to decapitate their captured enemies.

Princess Pauline Metternich and Countess Kielmannsegg Duel of 1892

One of many “Soldateras” during the Mexican Revolution

Captain Flora Sandes, World War I, English woman who fought in the Serbian Army.  Won the Serbia’s highest honor (the Order of the Karađorđe’s Star) after leading her company on a successful assault despite being wounded by a grenade and in a bout of hand to hand combat.

Edith Gerrud, the Jiu Jitsu Suffragist

Spanish Civil War.

Lydia Litvyak, Soviet Air Force, World War II: First female fighter ace, first kill scored by a woman, highest scoring female fighter pilot with 16 kills. Heroine of the Soviet Union.

Nancy Wake, World War II, commanded a 7,000 man resistance group in France. Was tortured by the Gestapo for 4 days and never talked.  On the flip side she was known for interrogating enemy spies and getting them to talk, then executing them.

The 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Group, a Soviet all female bomber group during World War II.  Nicknamed “The Night Witches” by the Germans because of their stealthy bombing tactics.

Partisan Fighter, World War II

Lyudmilla Pavlichenko, Soviet Sniper during World War II, deadliest female sniper with 309 kills. Heroine of the Soviet Union.

Mariya Oktyabrskaya, Soviet tank driver during World War II, Heroine of the Soviet Union.

Capt. Kim Campbell, US Air Force, A10 Warthog pilot during the Iraq War, the pictures speak for themselves.

Rukhsana Kausar, defended her family from a band of terrorists with an axe and a captured assault rifle.

Dear Hoteps

The majority of Africans currently born in the Americas are from WEST and CENTRAL Africa. There is nothing wrong with celebrating the greatness of Black Egypt (as they are your distant ancestors) but you are not Egyptian. 

If you cant name off at least 20 African countries, 5 different African cultures, 5 historical kingdoms, events, and/or leaders, and 5 different resources from around the African continent; one from each African region (North, South, East, West, and Central), all off the top for your head; you don’t know shit about your people. 

If you take the time to research the rest of the continent you will also find that some of your restricting ideologies of black women and black LGBT are of European descent and not pro black.


Gender roles were diverse in precolonial Africa.  Many African cultures ran on a matriarchy as well as a patriarchy. Black women had their own organizations, government systems, and even ran economies. In some cultures, women were fighters, warriors, and frontliners. They weren’t bound to stand behind men. Many African cultures saw women as the closest thing to “god” and certain spiritual practices, such as libations, were poured only by women.This was a mindset destroyed by European conquest. In the fight to reclaim our cultural identity, African women have the right to choose the state of being that caters to both their blackness and womanhood. If a woman decides to respectfully stand in front, beside, or behind a man, that is her ancestor approved right. If you preach against this, you are not pro black. You are pro black man….barely. Real men of substance are not so easily threatened. 


LGBT is not foreign to Africa, it was there before colonialism. Africans are not new to sex, something established by NATURE, not by man. Africans, ***INCLUDING THE EGYPTIANS****  explored sex within and outside their gender. Africans were able to identify with genders outside their own, and their community would honor that. Polygamy and Polyandry existed before European presence. As did cross-dressing. European conquest promoted LGBT-phobia through CHRISTIANITY. Who is going to Africa RIGHT NOW preaching hate, and VIOLENCE towards the LGBT community? The church. You give Europeans too much power. You honestly think they created something as basic as sexual orientation? In the fight to reclaim our cultural identity, black people have their ancestor approved right to be ALL of who they are. If you preach against this, you are not pro black. You are pro black heterosexual…..barely, a heterosexual person of substance is not so easily threatened. 


You still hide behind European ideologies, because it puts you on top. Community and family structure are important but we knew how to respect an individual for who they were. You are not pro black, you are not pro hotep, you are simply a disgrace to your ancestors because you are still pro colonialism.

These are just a few things wrong with your “hotep” notion. However, I wont undermine an attempt at restoring our cultural roots, so a word of advice: bring that crazy back a bit, live and let live (ONE OF THE MOST SUPREME AFRICAN PRINCIPLES), and start digging deeper. You are only brushing the surface. 


Igbo, Tuareg, Masai, Akan, Mbundu,  Bene, Bulu, Fang, Jaunde, Mokuk, Mwele, Ntum and Pangwe, Nilotico Lango, Bahima, Azande, Kiisi, Banyoro, Langi, Nuer, Kuria, Benin, Cape Bantu, Kikuyu, Egba, Dahomey, Yoruba, etc, etc, etc, etc, ETC, ET CETERA.

4

Paul Laurence Dunbar (June 27, 1872 – February 9, 1906) 

American poet, novelist, and playwright of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Born in Dayton, Ohio, to parents who had been enslaved in Kentucky before the American Civil War, Dunbar began to write stories and verse when still a child; he was president of his high school’s literary society. He published his first poems at the age of 16 in a Dayton newspaper.

Much of Dunbar’s more popular work in his lifetime was written in the Negro dialect associated with the antebellum South. He wrote the lyrics for the musical comedy In Dahomey (1903), the first all-African-American musical produced on Broadway in New York. 

Dunbar also wrote in conventional English in other poetry and novels. Since the late 20th century, scholars have become more interested in these other works. Suffering from tuberculosis, which then had no cure, Dunbar died in Dayton at the age of 33. (Wikipedia)

From our stacks: 1. Poem ‘Roses and Pearls’.  2. Illustration “Mr. Dunbar’s Library”  3. Illustration “Mr. Dunbar’s Desk”  4. Frontispiece “Paul Laurence Dunbar. At the age of twenty-four.” from The Life and Works of Paul Laurence Dunbar. Containing his complete poetical works, his best short stories, numerous anecdotes and a complete biography of the famous poet. By Lida Keck Wiggins. And an Introduction by William Dean Howells From “Lyrics of Lowly Life” Profusely Illustrated with over half a hundred full page photo and half-tone engravings. Dodd, Mead & Company, 1907.

Many spells, especially those that request healing or protection for animals, or those to locate lost animals, suggest consecrating the animal to a spirit. Although there are also may others, the following have earned a reputation as renowned animal-protectors. Incorporate them to your spells as needed.

  • Spirits that Protect Cats: Artemis, Bastet, Freya, Hecate, Lilith
  • Spirits that Protect Big Cats (Tigers, Lions, Leopards, Etc.): Dionysus, Durga, Hathor, Kybele, Sekhmet
  • Spirits that Protect Dogs: Artemis, Hecate, Ogun, Saint Roch
  • Spirits that Protect Horses: Anat, Demeter, Epona, Poseidon, Rhiannon, Rla-mgrin (Hayagriva)
  • Spirits that Protect Toads: Agwe, Heket
  • Spirits that Protect Snakes: Athena, Ezili, Freda Dahomey, Lilith, Mami Waters, Simbi, Lady Asherah
  • Spirits that Protect Cows: Brigid, Hathor, Hermes, Isis, Lakshmi, Maeve, Shiva
  • Spirits that Protect Fish: Atargatis, La Baleine, La Sirene, Yemaya
  • Spirits that Protect Pigs: Demeter, Seth
  • Spirits that Protect Animals in General: Aphrodite, Artemis, Baba Yaga, Faunus, Hathor, Lilith, Saint Anthony (Saint Anthony is the spiritual detective: request his assistance when anything or anyone is missing)

(from The Element Encyclopedia of 5,000 Spells by Judika Illes)

resource for summer myth event

This mini resource page should help everyone who wishes to enter @fyeahmyths two week summer event. The event was molded after wikipedia’s mythology index (which is sorted by region) which can be found here. These are all very general so click on the mythology and it should take you to the myth’s wiki page! 

And if you want to do a mythology of a certain country and don’t know which day it falls into (after looking through the links) just stick to what region it’s in and go from there. You can’t go wrong with that. 

REMEMBER the event starts JULY 17TH and runs through the 31st. 

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