in western lands

The Japanese version of the ending cutscene of Western Land in Mario Party 2 plays out differently from the international version. While in all other versions, the player character and Bowser shoot each other with corks that can be seen flying through the air, the projectiles in the Japanese version are too small to be visible, which implies that the characters are using conventional bullets instead. (Source)

Few sights evoke the American West more than the saguaro cactus, found only in the Sonoran Desert. Saguaro National Park, close to the urban center of Tucson, Arizona, protects these majestic cacti. At the park, you can hike through fantastic desert scenery year-round. #Sunset photo courtesy of David Olsen.


Oregon Logging Moodboard

Joly the Mermaid
  • Not actually a mermaid, but a jiaoren from the South Chinese Sea
  • Call them mermaid/merrow/jiaoren, Joly doesn’t mind. Just use they instead of she (or he for that matter), please and thank you
  • Instead of tears they cry pearls, that have magical properties tied to good luck and health 
  • They have fast growing hair that they cut often, because (unlike most of their kin) they do not like it too long
  • Capable of weaving silk out of the shimmering of the sea. Could be used to make beautiful clothes that are impervious to water, but Joly uses it only for bandages
  • Has very pale, almost wax-like skin and slightly webbed hands
  • Has a shimmery white tail of smooth scales, with spots in various shades of red (sometimes the spots seem to grow paler, which worries them greatly, but they always colour back)
  • Can breathe just as well above as below water, but…they have a tail, so going ashore is not really an option
  • Doing their ancestry proud by being a very talented healer (their healing involves a lot more ‘eating disgusting but very healthy seaweed’ than magic, their pearls and silk are usually a last resort)
  • Can’t sing. Stop asking them to sing

The Normandy Landings (codenamed Operation Neptune) were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 (termed D-Day) of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II. The largest seaborne invasion in history, the operation began the liberation of German-occupied northwestern Europe from Nazi control, and contributed to the Allied victory on the Western Front.

The amphibious landings were preceded by extensive aerial and naval bombardment and an airborne assault—the landing of 24,000 American, British, and Canadian airborne troops shortly after midnight. Allied infantry and armoured divisions began landing on the coast of France at 06:30.

When the seaborne units began to land about 06:30 on June 6, the British and Canadians on Gold, Juno, and Sword beaches overcame light opposition. So did the Americans at Utah. The U.S. 1st Division at Omaha Beach, however, confronted the best of the German coast divisions, the 352nd, and was roughly handled by machine gunners as the troops waded ashore. During the morning, the landing at Omaha threatened to fail. Only dedicated local leadership eventually got the troops inland—though at a cost of more than 2,000 casualties.

Spanish-Speaking Countries & the Origin of their Names


  • Argentina comes from the latin word for silver, argentum. The first use of the word appears around the time of when the Spanish conquistadors arrived at the Río de la Plata (River of Silver, Silver River) between Argentina and Uruguay. 


  • Bolivia comes from the name of a leader during the period of the Spanish American wars for independence, Simón Bolívar. 


  • The valley of the Aconcagua was called “Chili” by the Incas (according to Diego de Rosales) due to a corruption of the name Tili (a tribal chief). 
  • Another theory is that there was a town or valley called Chili in the Casma Valley in Peru, which has a resemblance to the valley of Aconcagua. 
  • Chile could come from an indigenous word meaning “ends of the earth” or “sea gulls." 
  • From Mapuche, "chilli” meaning “where the land ends." 
  • From Quechua, "chiri” meaning “cold” or “tchili” meaning “snow” or “the deepest point of the Earth." 
  • There is a bird that shouts "chile” when flying; they are in all the valleys from the center of the country to the Southern regions. These birds are called Queltehues or Treiles.


  • Colombia is derived from the name Christopher Columbus. 

Costa Rica

  • Costa Rica means “rich coast” in Spanish. Christopher Columbus was given credit for discovering this country and called it Costa Rica because he believed there to be precious metals. 


  • Cuba is Taíno for “where fertile land is abundant” (cubao) or “great place” (coabana). 

Dominican Republic 

  • The Dominican Republic shares an island with Haiti. 
  • Before the whole island was called Haiti, the Taíno word for mountainous land. Christopher Columbus comes to the island and renames it Hispaniola, meaning “little Spain” because its beauty was comparable to that of Spain’s. 
  • The French arrive on the island, naming the current-day Haiti St. Domingue and the Spanish refered to the Dominican Republic and Santo Domingo. 
  • After its independence, they renamed it to the Dominican Republic 


  • Ecuador means “equator” in Spanish, and Ecuador lies on the equator. 

El Salvador 

  • El Salvador means “The Savior” in Spanish. 


  • Guatemala comes from the Nahuatl word Cuauhtēmallān, which means “place of many trees." 
  • Another theory is that the country’s name is a alteration of the Nahoa word which means "land of the snake-eating bird.”


  • Honduras means “depths” in Spanish. It is said that Columbus said, "Gracias a Dios que hemos salido de estas Honduras"(Thank God we have left these depths). 


  • The Nahuatl word Mexica means “place of the Mexica” (the Aztecs). 
  • In Nahuatl, a combination of three words creates the meaning similar to “in the navel of the moon” because the position of lakes resembles a rabbit; therefore alluding to the navel of a rabbit. 


  • At the time of the Spanish arrival in Nicaragua, Nicarao was the current chief of the indigenous tribe. Nicarao, combined with the Spanish word for water (agua) due to it’s geography, makes Nicaragua.
  •  Another theory is that it means “surrounded by water” in an indigenous language. 


  • Panama comes from a word of the indigenous language meaning something similar to an “abundance of fish” (due to the country’s geography). 


  • Coming from Guaraní, Paraguay is believed to refer to a river despite many versions of its origin. It means something similar to “river that flows through the sea” (French-Argentine historian Paul Groussac), “river crowned” (Antonio Ruiz de Montoya), or refers either to an indigenous tribe that lived along the river or a chief named Paraguaio (Félix de Azara). 


  • The original name of Peru was Birú, Birú being the name of a ruler who lived close to the Bay of San Miguel, Panama. He was visited by Spanish explores where, at the time, was the southernmost region of the New World. 
  • When Francisco Pizarro arrived in Peru, he asked locals the name of the place. Their answer was “Viru” because of the Viru River in northern Peru (where the Spanish arrived). Instead, they heard “Peru” and since that moment, Pizarro called the land Cusco Peru. 

Puerto Rico 

  • Puerto Rico was originally called San Juan Bautista by Christopher Columbus, after the Catholic saint, Saint John the Baptist, while the capital was called the Ciudad de Puerto Rico. As time went on, gold was found in the river and the country began to be referred to as Puerto Rico. 


  • España (Spain) comes from the Roman name Hispania, though the origins of this word are unknown. 
  • Hispania could have stemmed from the Greek word Hesperia, which poetically means “western land” or “land of the setting sun” (in reference to Italy), which would then make Spain (further west) Hesperia ultima
  • Antonio de Nebrija (Renaissance) thought that Hispania is derived from the word Hispalis, which means “city of the western world.”
  • Another theory is that it comes from I-Shpania (Punic), meaning something similar to “land of rabbits” because the Roman coins were adorned with a female figure with a rabbit. 


  • Uruguay is a Guaraní word, which means “river of shellfish” or “river the uru birds come from." 


  • The indigenous people living in Venezuela during the 1500s built their living quarters on stilts over places like Lake Maracaibo; this reminded a Spanish explorer of Venice (Italy), in which the name Venezuela means "little Venice.”  
  • From the same place in the Maracaibo Lake, the indigenous community that lived there already had a name for the land, Veneçiuela, which meant agua grande (big waters). The Spanish spread that around and assumed that it was the name.

Please correct me if any of these are incorrect! Some of these have multiple histories and I have no way of knowing which one is correct. 

The origins for some of the countries are difficult to find or too fuzzy in my opinion to write it down, but I tried to provide an explanation for the meaning (e.g. El Salvador, Honduras, etc.)



The courier makes his way to the town of Nipton, a weak
and degenerate home to profligate troops, powder gangers
corrupt officials, and whores. Their destruction, headed by
the leader of the Legion’s frumentarii, Vulptes Inculta, was
just finishing up when the courier was fortunate enough to
have laid witness to the town’s long waited punishment.

Given the opportunity to catch a glimpse of the Legion’s
might, the courier was then granted further honor. Sensing
an opportunity to spread the Legion’s teachings across the
  west, Vulpes Inculta made a request of the courier to act
   upon his duty and pass on a message to the profligates
of the NCR.

     By Caesar’s will, this act will be done.


Entrusted by a ranger of the NCR, the Courier heads to the town of Nipton, only to find it burned to ruins. The inhabitants have either been burned, slain, or left to suffer from crucifixion as a strange, militiristic group of slavers march out towards the east. These fiends, known as Caesar’s legion, are quite proud of their crimes against the remnants of humanity, and have shown that they have set their sights to conquering the western lands of New Vegas.

For this series of covers, I decided to experiment a bit by creating an alternate cover. Since the quest “Keep your eyes on the prize” also leads into the quest “Cold Cold Heart”, I made both a main “Tales of the Mojave” cover and a secondary “Legends of the Legion” cover, which places the point of view from Caesar’s Legion, whose faction is fully supported by the courier.

This also helps to experiment when I eventually get to quests that have multiple factions involved, and also can serve towards a particular ending (such as “Arizona Killer”/”You’ll Know it When it Happens”).

This was a fun bit of work, and I definitely feel like I’ve improved since the last cover.

I also want to give a thanks to @pechesoleil for a tip concerning Vulpes’ goggles. Really improved the work. Thank you.

I hoped she would learn to face her pain- that she’d learn to endure it.“ He smiled sadly at Celaena. "If you can learn to endure pain- you can survive anything. Some people learn to embrace it- to love it. Some endure it through drowning it in sorrow, or by making themselves forget. Others turn it into anger. But Ansel let her pain become hate, and let it consume her until she became something else entirely- a person I don’t think she ever wished to be.
—  Sarah J. Mass; The Assassin’s Blade (The Assassin and The Desert)

In western lands beneath the Sun   
the flowers may rise in Spring,     
the trees may bud, the waters run,  
the merry finches sing.     
Or there maybe ‘tis cloudless night   
and swaying beeches bear   
the Elven-stars as jewels white   
amid their branching hair.    

Though here at journey’s end I lie   
in darkness buried deep,   
beyond all towers strong and high,   
beyond all mountains steep,   
above all shadows rides the Sun  
and Stars for ever dwell:   
I will not say the Day is done,   
nor bid the Stars farewell.

Painting by Alan Lee