import uprising

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history meme | four out of ten moments

↳ Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (19 April 1943 - 16 May 1943)

The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising that occurred in the Warsaw Ghetto, the largest ghetto in German occupied Poland, in 1943 was the single largest Jewish revolt during World War II.

On 18 January 1943, the German forces began the second deportation of the Jewish in the Warsaw Ghetto. While families hid in “bunkers”, fighters of the ŻZW joined with the ŻOB and engaged the Germans in direct clashes. 5,000 instead of the targeted 8,000 were deported.

Hundreds were ready to fight. Both adults and children were armed with handguns, gasoline bottles, and few other weapons that had been smuggled into the ghetto by resistance fighters. Most of the fighters were not fighting to save themselves but instead they saw fighting as a battle to retain the honor of the Jewish people and to protest the world’s silence.

The ŻZW and the ŻOB took control of the ghetto soon after the fighting that occurred on 18 January. They built fighting posts and built prisons to hold and execute traitors and Nazi collaborators (including Jewish Police officers, member of the fake [German sponsored] resistance organization Żagiew, and Gestapo & Abwehr agents).

On 19 April 1943 — the eve of Passover — police and SS forces entered the Warsaw Ghetto, planning to complete the deportation of the Jewish inhabitants in three days, but were ambushed by Jewish guerrillas who fired and tossed Molotov cocktails and hand grenades from alleyways, sewers, and windows. Two vehicles were set aflame by insurgent petrol bombs. That afternoon, two boys took to the rooftops and raised two flags — A red and white Polish flag and a blue and white ŻZW flag. The flags remained on the rooftop for three days. The flags reminded hundreds of thousands of not only the Jewish cause but the cause and strength of the Polish.

As the battle continued in the ghetto, the Polish insurgent groups AK and GL engaged the Germans at six different locations outside of the ghetto walls between the 19 and 23 April. In one attack, three units of the AK joined up in a failed attempt to breech the ghetto wall with explosives. The ŻZW eventually lost all of it’s commanders and, on 29 April, the fighters of the organization escaped the ghetto through the Muranowski tunnel and relocated to the Michalin forest. This marked the end of the significant fighting.

On 8 May, the Germans discovered a large dugout at Miła 18 Street which served as a ŻZW command post. Most of the remaining leadership and dozens others committed mass suicide by ingesting cyanide. Deputy Mark Edelman escaped the ghetto with comrades through the sewers two days later. On 10 May exiled member of the Polish government, Szmul Zygielbojm, committed suicide in protest of lack of reaction from the Allied governments.

The uprising was officially suppressed on 16 May 1943 when the Great Synagogue of Warsaw was demolished.

It is estimated that 13,000 Jews were killed during the uprising and most of the remaining 50,000 inhabitants of the ghetto were sent to concentration and extermination camps. Only 17 Germans deaths were recorded, although it is suspected their are much more.

The Warsaw Uprising (Polish: Powstanie Warszawskie) was a major World War II operation by the Polish resistance Home Army (Polish: Armia Krajowa) to liberate Warsaw from Nazi Germany. The rebellion was timed to coincide with the Soviet Union’s Red Army approaching the eastern suburbs of the city and the retreat of German forces. However, the Soviet advance stopped short, enabling the Germans to regroup and demolish the city while defeating the Polish resistance, which fought for 63 days with little outside support. The Uprising was the largest single military effort taken by any European resistance movement during World War II.

The uprising began on 1 August 1944, as part of a nationwide plan, Operation Tempest, when the Soviet Army approached Warsaw. The main Polish objectives were to drive the German occupiers from the city and help with the larger fight against Germany and the Axis powers. Secondary political objectives were to liberate Warsaw before the Soviets, to underscore Polish sovereignty by empowering the Polish Underground State before the Soviet-backed Polish Committee of National Liberation could assume control. Also, short-term causes included the threat of a German round-up of able-bodied Poles, and Moscow radio calling for the Uprising to begin.

Initially, the Poles established control over most of central Warsaw, but the Soviets ignored Polish attempts to establish radio contact and did not advance beyond the city limits. Intense street fighting between the Germans and Poles continued. By 14 September, Polish forces under Soviet high command occupied the east bank of the Vistula river opposite the insurgents’ positions; but only 1,200 men made it across to the west bank, and they were not reinforced by the bulk of the Red Army. This, and the lack of Soviet air support from a base 5 minutes flying time away, led to allegations that Joseph Stalin tactically halted his forces to let the operation fail and allow the Polish insurrectionists to be crushed. Arthur Koestler called the Soviet attitude “one of the major infamies of this war which will rank for the future historian on the same ethical level with Lidice.”

Winston Churchill pleaded with Stalin and Franklin D. Roosevelt to help Britain’s Polish allies, to no avail. Then, without Soviet air clearance, Churchill sent over 200 low-level supply drops by the Royal Air Force, the South African Air Force and the Polish Air Force under British High Command. Later, after gaining Soviet air clearance, the US Army Air Force sent one high-level mass airdrop as part of Operation Frantic. The Soviet Union refused to allow American bombers from Western Europe to land on Soviet airfields after dropping supplies to the Poles.

Although the exact number of casualties remains unknown, it is estimated that about 16,000 members of the Polish resistance were killed and about 6,000 badly wounded. In addition, between 150,000 and 200,000 Polish civilians died, mostly from mass executions. Jews being harboured by Poles were exposed by German house-to-house clearances and mass evictions of entire neighbourhoods. German casualties totalled over 8,000 soldiers killed and missing, and 9,000 wounded. During the urban combat approximately 25% of Warsaw’s buildings were destroyed. Following the surrender of Polish forces, German troops systematically leveled another 35% of the city block by block. Together with earlier damage suffered in the 1939 invasion of Poland and the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising in 1943, over 85% of the city was destroyed by January 1945, when the course of the events in the Eastern Front forced the Germans to abandon the city. (x)

Blizzard won’t ever show us “Hero Gabe”. They’re never gonna show us how Los Angeles was literally covered in Gabriel’s face, giving citizens hope, that the worldwide known hero will care specifically about them. Being proud that someone who was born in their city will change the history of the world.

They will never show us of how great leader Gabriel was, about how he probably threw himself into the first line of fire due to his close-range attacks, how probably he has gotten most of the wounds during the omnic crisis from all of them.

They showed us how Gabriel literally saved millions of people because he went against direct orders to not operate in London’s Uprising.

They not gonna admit that loyalty, following orders and his own wellbeing was much less important to him that millions of innocent lives.

They won’t ever show us the fact that Blackwatch had to take orders from someone, that they have been sent on those missions by UN, or Jack himself, that all those assassinations, interrogation were happening with oversight of Morrison and UN. 

They’re throwing him into the side of all photos he appears, yet he still does appear on Fareeha’s birthday spending it with Jack and Ana even though they both are clearly the leaders of Overwatch now.

He comes to party of Winston’s officially being an active agent, even though Morrison and Ana are there, even though Genji who clearly left the Blackwatch to join Overwatch instead was there, even though he doesn’t show sympathy in any of recent shorts towards Winston - he was still there, taking an unofficial photo with all the important agents.

During Uprising we got to know that Jack was snappy, and yelling at agents to get their shit done, we learned that it didn’t change much from Soldier 76 as he is bossy, and is straight up an asshole about following orders.
You would think that the psychopath Gabriel who a year later destroyed Overwatch would be even worse.

Instead, he was calmly advising the whole mission, his voice never getting any louder than it was supposed to, encouraging the team that they’re doing a great job and they gonna finish their mission soon.

They gonna focus too much about Dad 76. About how poor lil Jack got betrayed. About how everything is Gabriel Reyes fault. In one way they show us the sarcastic, but kind, calm and caring person.

They show us a terrorist who is supposed to be merciless and yet spares the soldier in Volskaya Industries when he accidentally knocks himself out.

While most of the heroes during respawn say something encouraging, when he rises from death he sounds exhausted as he sighs “This is my curse…”

Michael Chu is really surprised by why Blackwatch has so many fans?

Why anyone would like Talon? Why anyone would like “the bad guys”?

Maybe because the whole Blizzard team involving voice actors, put on pedestal Mercy and Soldier 76 who are hardly perfect, who are in some cases in some scenarios worse than the actual villains. That is less merciless than actual “Reaper”. 

I’m sick of Blizzard in one way making Gabe in their content material never act as the monster he was supposed to be, and on the other hand completely ignoring his character in any of the fucking meetings they make. 

They try so hard to make us hate one of the most likable characters possible, pushing Mercy, Soldier76, Tracer down our throats just so we won’t notice that the bad guys carry actually more personality than most of their beloved heroes. 

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On Jan. 9th, 1905, French revolutionary, anarchist and teacher Louise Michel died. Born in 1830, she became a teacher, albeit being violently at odds with Napoleon III and embraced feminism. In 1871, she played an important role in the uprising of the Commune de Paris which gained her the nickname of “the red virgin of Montmartre”. She was deported but could come back to France where she remained politically active. 

the one that got away

pairing: Blaise Zabini / Theodore Nott

setting: Three Kingdoms AU. (aka, my favorite era in Chinese history lol)

warning: major character death. v historically inaccurate and self-indulgent. angst.

word count: ~1.6K

alt: ffn, ao3


After Grindelwald had fallen, everything seemed to have become a bloody mess. Wars and battles raged on everywhere, and different people were all fighting for the rightful rulership.  One of the powers that had risen was Tom Riddle, who claimed to be supporting Igor Karkaroff, descendant of Grindelwald’s second cousin, for throne. Of course, the smarter half of the people all realized that Karkaroff was really just Riddle’s puppet. Not that they could do much about this, though.

Meanwhile, the Malfoys were also another rising power from the Southeastern parts. Draco Malfoy, the heir to the ancient Malfoy house and also Blaise’s childhood best friend he’d grown up with, had gained considerable popularity from the nearby areas and was quickly growing to be one of the major concerns of Tom Riddle.

And then there was Harry Potter. Who had, in Blaise’s opinion, literally just appeared out of nowhere, claiming something about the Peverell heritage, which somehow supposedly made him a more rightful ruler or whatever.  It made Blaise want to roll his eyes. Heritage didn’t really matter that much unless you got the power and the support to fight for the throne. And all Potter got was some loyalty from a merry band of miscreants, most famously Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger who claimed to be siblings in anything but blood with him or whatever.  Frankly, not exactly an opponent worthy of worrying about – unless you count the latest advisor Potter acquired last year, Theodore Nott.

Which, for some reason, Blaise didn’t want to.  At all.


Blaise had always been a good strategist, and also excelled in dueling and war-planning, and he knew it himself. There was a reason why Draco trusted his plans so much, after all. He’d played an important role to Draco’s uprising as well. Maybe, in time, he could help Draco defeat Riddle, too.

Blaise had always taken pride in his intelligence and cleverness. And it might sound more than a little arrogant, but he truly thought that he was probably one of the smartest in this era.

Perhaps he wasn’t wrong.

He just wasn’t the only one.

Keep reading

I’ve already posted my thoughts on the recent onslaught of Mercy changes here and here, and feel they’re still pretty relevant in regards to attitudes concerning her changes. Let’s move on.

Here’s what’s going to need to happen: In a game about teamwork and coordination, communication and peer support is going to be all the more important. Remember in the Uprising Event when everyone could revive a downed character? (You could. Most people it seemed weren’t aware of this, even though it was explained in dialog. Oh well.) It was important to keep the reviver covered, otherwise they too were prone to falling. It is now more important than ever for team mates to protect their healer, because it’s going to take at least two characters to revive a fallen team mate now.

Mercy’s latest PTR nerf is yet another in a continuing series of nerfs designed to place her on the same tier as other support heroes. While Ana’s healing rate is superior to Mercy’s in exchange for the high level of skill required to utilize her effectively, and Lucio and Zenyatta have other utilities, they were often paired together to meet the bar set by a single Mercy. Mercy’s ability to give players a second chance made her an effective support even if she failed to help her team mates survive. The famous Huge Rez was the first thing to be stripped down, due to the frustration it caused among opposing teams. The new single fire Resurrect could not necessarily undo the effects of team wipes, but it made it easier to maintain steady pushes by negating single kills and requiring opposing teams to focus on coordinating ultimates. Mercy became a more popular choice because single Rez effectively made her a faster healer than Ana, plus her new Valkyrie ultimate had several utilities. Despite the outcry of the Mercy Main community, the new Mercy’s gameplay actually made her Mercyer. But it was only a small step towards the balance Blizzard was hoping to achieve.

From a sociological standpoint these changes that have recently gone live in the PTR will have a major impact on players once they almost inevitably reach the main servers as they always do. Because of Mercy’s superior abilities, the expectations placed on Mercy players was very high. Many people believed that if they had a Mercy they should never have to face the indignity of respawning. Even when players weren’t cussing at their Mercy over mic they would spam “thank you” in the chat wheel every time they died out of spite. The advent of the E Ability Rez made this behavior worse. Players felt more entitled to being revived and verbal abuse increased. With the single Rez now requiring a casting time of nearly two seconds, the likelihood of a Mercy risking their life to resurrect a fallen team mate will drop significantly. Surely more abuse will follow, but if people are more understanding of the new changes something very interesting may happen that could change Overwatch for the better.

People who play support almost exclusively, whether it’s Mercy or otherwise (though Symmetra is likely an exception), play support for a very specific reason: they value compassion. The Mercy Mains I’ve described in previous posts, the ones who are more likely to be up in arms over each successive change, play her specifically because they don’t have that killer instinct that draws so many to standard first person shooters, and would rather carry their team another, more peaceful, way. Understandably, having a support on your side is helpful, and many people recognize that. I’ve had many team mates who, when presented with an all-offensive team, request someone switch to a healer for that very reason. Someone. Not necessarily themselves. Rarely if ever themselves in fact. Even players who understand the significance of the healer role don’t find it in themselves to take the time to learn how to play healers effectively because they honestly don’t care. Jack-of-all-trades players who can and are willing to fill any role rather than focus on one or two mains also demonstrate this compassion for others by caring enough about their team to switch and fill in gaps in their offense or defense. The key to playing support, and perhaps even Overwatch in general, is caring about your team.

One of the biggest complaints from healers regarding their team is not being protected. Some have taken it upon themselves to become more skilled offensively in response to this common problem, even if it’s not necessarily in their nature. That way, no thanks to their team, they stay alive and are able to do the job their team mates take for granted, thus provoking less trash talk over the mic. Zenyatta can do the damage of a McCree, Lucio has his environmental kills, Ana’s kit is all about mixing damage with healing, and Mercy’s pistol is surprisingly effective. Still, the problem remains that supports are often singled out by the enemy and they can’t always keep themselves safe. Now that Mercy’s resurrect makes it harder for her to defend herself for two seconds, it is imperative that players protect her if they want her to feel safe enough to Rez regularly. In this way Blizzard is actually manipulating the Overwatch player base into growing more compassionate towards their team.

One could only dream of a world where everyone groups up rather than trickling in and dying one at a time, focuses on an objective rather than overextending in order to rake in eliminations, and everyone makes an effort to keep their supports from harm. If you watch grandmaster gameplay online that is what teams do. If players learn to care about the people they fight alongside more than achieving personal glory, they will be rewarded with even greater glory. It is my hope that these changes, after a period of struggle, will help encourage players to play Overwatch the way it was intended.

As I often tell people when I play: If you want Mercy, then earn it. In the meantime, Ana’s getting a damage buff and my aim is improving. Grandma wants a new gorilla-skin rug for her den.