Hiya! 👋 is it true that all human beings are prejudice based on race, regardless of if that is subconsciously or consciously?
Not necessarily. Race does not exist and function in the same way in other cultures as it does in the U.S. In certain areas of the world (e.g., some Asian, African, and Northern European countries) there is very little racial diversity. Thus, there is very little basis within those countries for racial bias. These types of countries, however, will often develop bias based upon tribe, caste, family, clan, religion and other factors. But even these biases tend to be learned. As a researcher, I have not seen a body of compelling evidence that suggests racial prejudice is genetically based such that all human beings have it. According to cultural anthropologists and historians, the concept of race as a basis of difference and discrimination is only six to seven hundred years old. Prior to that, nationality, religion, and the other aforementioned groups tended to separate groups.
I don’t think that has actually been proven. For example, someone who is blind might not be as aware of race as someone who is sighted. Researchers do have general consensus that everyone is biased in some way - whether that is gender, race, political affiliation, religion, or other things that aren’t typically called out for bias like what sports team someone follows or what clothes someone wears. It’s important to remember that every decision we make is influenced in some way by a detail that might not be totally relevant to the situation at hand.