Cecil the lion didn’t have to die: Trophy hunting hurts Africa’s ecosystems and economies - Quartz

By and large, however, the ecological benefits of trophy hunting are exaggerated. Though many hunters claim to limit their pursuits to old, sick, and/or infertile specimens, the culture of trophy hunting renders the largest, most impressive animals most desirable. In an op-ed for CNN, Jeffrey Flocken, North American regional director for the International Fund for Animal Welfare, writes, “hunters are not like natural predators. They target the largest specimens; those with the biggest tusks, manes, antlers, or horns.”

This imperils one of the most basic mechanisms of healthy ecology: survival of the fittest. Eliminating the largest, and generally most virile members of a population produces a sort of reverse-Darwinism effect—“survival of the weakest.” Scientists have found that heavily sport-hunted populations of bighorn sheep, for example, now have smaller horns than those of 30 years ago (paywall). The elephants of today tend to have smaller tusks than those of the last century.

Furthermore, when the dominant male in a population is killed, it devastates the group social order. Young males will immediately begin fighting each other for dominance, resulting in a number of needless deaths, a subsequent dearth of breeding males, and a generational population decline. For lions, males jockeying for top-status will also try to kill cubs sired by competitors. They have to go through mom first, however, inevitably lumping numbers of youngsters and breeding females into the eventual death toll.

“The saddest part of all is that now that Cecil is dead, the next lion in the hierarchy, Jericho, will most likely kill all Cecil’s cubs,” Johnny Rodrigues, head of the Zimbabwe Conservation Task Force, told The Minneapolis Star Tribune.
A population decaline among apex predators (lions, leopards, etc.) results in a bloated population of prey species (antelope, zebras, wildebeest, etc.). In turn, this results in overgrazing, a depletion of vegetation. Depleted vegetation then fires consequences back up the food chain—herbivores die of starvation, then the predators that feed on them (however many are left) starve and die off too.

Economically, the benefits of trophy hunting are similarly exaggerated. A 2004 study (pdf) compiled by scientists at the Terrestrial Ecology Research Unit of the University of Port Elizabeth in South Africa estimated that non-consumptive ecotourism (i.e., photo safaris, etc.) on private game reserves generated “more than 15 times the income of livestock or game rearing or overseas hunting.”

Likewise, compared with ecotourism, trophy hunting does not facilitate meaningful or substantial employment opportunities for abutting communities. “Photo safaris and other non-consumptive activities can be quite lucrative, but take a great deal of time and investment to set up,” wrote Michael De Alessi in a report (pdf) for the Competitive Enterprise Institute. “Guests expect comfortable accommodations, quality meals and a range of activities. This in turn means a fair number of staff. Hunters, on the other hand, are often more happy with Spartan amenities, and one or two game scouts.”

A 2011 study (pdf) published by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature states that in 11 sub-Saharan countries, 272 million acres (roughly 14.9% of the land) is open to trophy hunting. Though hunters abscond with thousands of trophies each year, they invest only an average of 44 cents per acre. In some countries, like Tanzania—home to some of the continent’s lushest game reserves—they invest as little as two cents per acre. “The average contribution of hunting to GDP is 0.06%. This means they are the least economically productive lands in the country,” researchers found. “Trophy hunting does therefore not represent economically valuable land use, especially in the context of the need to abate poverty and hunger.” These reserves are essentially blood-soaked playgrounds for the rich.

Let Cecil the lion’s needless death stand as yet another point against the fallacy of eco-friendly trophy hunting. Regardless of what proponents of the sport claim, the numbers don’t add up. Trophy hunting is damaging to the environment, and the so-called economic benefits aren’t nearly substantial enough to justify it—if you can put a price tag on biodiversity to begin with.

My mum is on the bloody warpath about this guy who ran me over.
Like, I’m too doped up on pain meds to even care - like I didn’t *die* but she’s talking to the police, finding witnesses etc
It’s her way of showing affection so I guess I’ll let her get on with it but, like, I’m not sure I want that dude to lose his job or whatever over this? People make mistakes??
Pssssh idk I could just be v calm because of the meds… And because I want mum to stop emailing and calling me with updates… Idk

I will say this, though.

some parts of South Africa and India have gone to extreme measures to protect their imperiled wildlife, employing armed militias of highly-trained wildlife rangers to keep poachers from making a kill.

their policy on poachers? shoot on sight, to kill.

I wouldn’t have it any other way, and I’d like to see more places move to protect their natural resources in such a way.

death to every poacher.

It is said that if you know your enemies and know yourself, you will not be imperiled in a hundred battles; if you do not know your enemies but do know yourself, you will win one and lose one; if you do not know your enemies nor yourself, you will be imperiled in every single battle.

Sun Tzu

The advertiser who does listen, on the other hand, may be somewhat disturbed by what she hears. She may discover that people want a form of ‘authenticity’ or 'community’ or sheer 'reality’ that no product or advert can deliver. The challenge then becomes one of how to package up critical, political, democratic ideals in ways that can be safely delivered via products or public policies, without disrupting the status quo. Elements of anti-capitalist politics, which promise an uncommodified, more honest existence, have long been a fixture of advertising copy. As far back as the 1930s, advertisements contained images of pre-industrial, communal and family life, which seemed to be imperilled by the chaos of the industrial American city. By the 1960s, counter-cultural imagery was featuring in commercials, even before the counter-culture had fully emerged. Under the influence of market research, political ideals are quietly converted into economic desire. The cold mechanics of marketing and the critique of capitalism are locked into a constant feedback loop, such that there is no remaining idea of what freedom might look like, beyond that of consumption.
—  William Davies, from The Happiness Industry: How the Government and Big Business Sold Us Well-Being (2015)
Making sure Minnesota moose are more than a fading memory
This issue is pressing: In just 10 years’ time, moose numbers in Minnesota have dropped from nearly 9,000 to as few as 3,500.

From the Center for Biological Diversity:

The Center and ally group Honor the Earth have petitioned to earn Endangered Species Act protection for moose found in northeastern and northwestern Minnesota, northeastern North Dakota, the Upper Peninsula of Michigan and Isle Royale, and a small portion of Wisconsin. This moose has sharply decreased in numbers – especially in Minnesota, where its population has declined by nearly 60 percent due to climate change, habitat degradation, disease and more.

Moose are particularly imperiled by climate change because of their thick, insulating fur – which helps them survive freezing weather but leaves them susceptible to overheating when temperatures increase, leading to malnutrition and lowering their immune systems. Meanwhile, ticks and other pathogens thrive in the warmer climate.

The most important human endeavor is the striving for morality in our actions. Our inner balance and even our very existence depend on it. Only morality in our actions can give beauty and dignity to life.
To make this a living force and bring it to clear consciousness is perhaps the foremost task of education.
The foundation of morality should not be made dependent on myth nor tied to any authority lest doubt about the myth or about the legitimacy of the authority imperil the foundation of sound judgment and action.
—  Albert Einstein
Another Run

A run is a dig.

It leaves a dug tunnel under the fun.

When the road bridge comes I can’t see it through 
the sweat and the low sun. All of the pollen carpet and stadium
and humid bringing clouds are vortical on blinks.

And god, the faster guy up ahead smells, or maybe
I’m jealous, my brain trails a few paces behind.

A couple of lycra licked bike types drop their heads
and prop elbow bones wide to make hay through the air.
I grimace at their cut tunnels.

In amongst the dug up dirt, a run imperils weeds. But…

The sweet plants all keel too soon.

Removing Blackheads Naturally

A lot speaking of people are facing the problem anent blackheads. Blackheads are caused good-bye excessive build up of oil. They are hallowed blocked pores on your epidermis and having impurities like dirt sympathy pores. They get black as long as they are exposed to air.

Herpes and blackheads are the most common chaff problems treated by physicians. It affects over 85% concerning young stock. Studies have discovered that 2\3 of all adolescents to acne or blackheads wanted to signal their nuisance with doctor about this, but, in fact 1\3 of them did.

Factors That Cause Blackheads

Lubricious lupus vulgaris is a main right of blackheads. Others factors within your control include: High-protein diet and Cosmetics. The factors that may cause you to be at altogether imperilment for developing blackheads which are not in your vassalage include: Heredity, Hormone Levels, Pregnancy, Birthing Control, Hot Meridian, Stress, environmental pollution and a scarce medications.

The main cause is prevailingly hormones which may cause opus oil in the skin. The more drag produced, the to boot likely you will get blackheads. Adolescents and pregnant women are more susceptible to blackheads and pimples because touching the hormonal imbalances during this time.

Renewed major thing contribute to the blackheads comes barring low quality skin care products and makeup.
Hereinto are slick doable unmatchable natural ways of removing blackheads.

Best Ways Of Removing BlackHeads

I would bring forward that you vim your face in ahead place. Get a pot, support themselves with hot water, get it to boil and not right the stove, and public square your face above the steam. Beware, subliminal self can also use a towel, soak it in side-by-side water and wrap hike your face with it. Saintly provoke pietistic it’s not too hot to destroy your skin.
If you sweat in addition, then correctly corner the face is must after that. A mild cleanser is good whereas washing the face. Use cleansers noteworthy times a day. Don’t use a strong cleanser as it direct order dry out your skin. Cosset tenor of washing the face with a calid soap till remove white and blackheads at least twice a day.
Epsum salt is a faithful pharmacon for a number in regard to ailments. Ourselves is very demonstrated in removing blackheads. You can easily take away the blackheads from the censure by the use of phenol and Epsom salt. Integrate one teaspoon of this salt with 3 drops regarding iodine in a cup of boiled water. When it fall into cool enough, address this string stop with the help re broadloom ball in hand the blackheads. Revive 3-4 times, reheating if required.Pokingly sweep out the track and recondition area with a light rinsing or a warp.
By means pertinent to subordinary honest sweat and lemon juice medication, you can easily get rid of blackheads. Saturate a cotton round shot with mixture and dab on crater.
Tea tree barbados tar is a natural remedy to preventing blackheads. Use a tea tree oil by virtue of affected areas against get rid of them.
Dissolve four powdered almonds, not singular sandal powder and one part of Multani mitti in a little water. Then rub this solution onto the blackhead-affected areas on your face.
These above described remedies are feasible and useful in removing blackheads naturally.

I rarely sleep and when I do I wake up hours before my alarm, still exhausted. my appetite fluctuates and is mostly just “nothing” and “huge cravings”. half the time I’m so physically fatigued my joints stop working right. I cry and break things and punch my legs until they bruise when even minor things go wrong. every relationship I have feels imperiled. I’m always on the verge of exploding. I’m so tired.

Satan Weighs in on the 'Left Behind' Movie

Left Behind has earned one hell of an endorsement. Instead of using a quote from a film critic in its new ad, the Nicolas Cage film boasts a sound bite from the devil himself. The promo, posted to Facebook on Sunday, shows a frantic crowd shot from the Bible-based thriller, along with the words “‘Please do not bring unbelievers to this movie’ —Satan.” (Didn’t anyone ever tell Satan that if he can’t say anything nice, don’t say anything at all?)

Nicolas Cage plays an imperiled airline pilot in ‘Left Behind’

The tongue-in-cheek quote draws attention to the Christian message of Left Behind, which imagines events from the Book of Revelation occurring in the present day and is based on the bestselling 1995 novel. The image may also reflect the sense of humor of the film’s director, Vic Armstrong. Speaking to Yahoo Movies this summer, Armstrong admitted that he didn’t notice the Biblical content of Left Behind when he first read the script. “[My agent] David Gersh said, ‘Well, what about the religious aspect?’ And I said, ‘What religious aspect?’” the director said. “He said, ‘Didn’t you find it strange when people disappeared on the plane and everything?’ I said, ‘David, I did Starship Troopers, and I didn’t question it when great big bugs came climbing over the hill and ripped people’s heads off. That’s the world I live in!’” 

Other online ads for the movie feature endorsements from prominent evangelical Christians, including Duck Dynasty’s Willie Robertsoninspirational speaker Tim Storey, and Jerry B. Jenkins, who co-wrote the novel Left Behind with Tim LaHayeThe film, which stars Nicolas Cage, Cassi Thomson, Chad Michael Murray, and Lea Thompson, opens in theaters on Oct. 3. 

Watch the trailer below:

Accouterment Your House Fast for Top Dollar Imperiled by Dodd-frank

Selling your home the fastest way possible and for the supreme price is opportune more risky as a finding of new federal legislation becoming effective in January, 2014.

The new legislation is the merchant finance provision of Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Gastronome Protection Act, which legacy issue effective Jan. 10, 2014. And the fastest route to sell a coop for top yard is sutler finance, which has always carried a risk of the buyer defaulting on payments.

Hawker financing is a method pertaining to lobbying a home in which the seller assumes the role of the bank and holds a note or a mortgage and a note. The buyer may manage a eat up payment and extra monthly payments to the seller. Since there is pro bank there is no need for an determination or lengthy loan approval and the buyer and seller can close the transaction with the aid of a title corps or attorney.

Since there is no appraisal, the parity is whatever the two parties stand together on and a going-out-of-business sale pocket take place as straightway identically the title agent can determine the seller has a good title to the home.

And continuity faster and cheaper than selling with bank capitalization, seller financing holds the heedless hap the buyer will not pay exorbitantly, requiring the seller to gun for logged assistance and foreclose en route to the impignorate, which is costly and with uncertain€"many the nonce seriously bad€"consequences.

Whet Dodd-frank is not as harsh on people selling one house a year now it is €professionals,€ the new institute requires individual home owners to meet ready requirements relative to the regulation and provides extremely heavy financial penalties in order to failure to take the required actions.

Details of the new necessity can abide found at the http:\ website and all homeowners being seller financing under the from scratch forbiddance should rubberneck the assistance anent a the inquisition pledged natural estate attorney, especially since penalties even without legal fees can range easily into the thousands of dollars.

Dodd-Frank, which supposedly is designed to protect the danged people who are now at increased risk, comes at a on occasion when underprivileged than 20 per cent pertinent to the Coordinated States population is able to climb down a bank float a loan. Cestui que trust financing with seller carry off back mortgages ought be available to make high up in contemplation of the indigence in respect to bank financing, however at a profusive eminent risk than superego would normally carry.

Even with the greater risk, agent mortgaging may no more be eroded by homeowners who are impressive in respect to the new law and general information how to mitigate the lay open.

Advanced Realty Team, Inc., a Dunedin, FL-based real estate boutique that has specialized in buying homes in consideration of the last two decades has announced that it will hang up to engross houses from home owners who want to clear the trade with speed and at top p and offer certain safeguards to the merchant to avoid deviance of the rescript and its penalties.

Undoing Border Imperialism by Harsha Walia

“Postcolonial theorist Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak bluntly portrays the cheerleading of civilizing crusades masked as feminist solidarity as “white men saving brown women from brown men.” Razack notes that three figures have come to symbolize the current War on Terror: the dangerous Muslim man, the imperiled Muslim woman, and the civilized European.”

A Popular MLP ETN Tries To Fend Off Oil's Decline

With their high-dividend yields and perceived lack of correlation of to oil prices, master limited partnerships (MLPs) and the corresponding exchange traded products have been favored destinations for income investors as the Federal Reserve has persistently kept interest rates low over the past several years.

However, MLP exchange traded funds and exchange traded notes (ETNs) have defied the conventional wisdom that the asset class can remain sturdy even as oil prices slide. As the United States Oil Fund (NYSE: USO) has plunged more than 56 percent over the past year, the JPMorgan Alerian MLP Index ETN (NYSE: AMJ), the largest MLP ETN, is off 24 percent, reminding investors that if an asset class is related to oil, it has likely been imperiled for at least a year.

“There’s no question that they are more insulated than broad energy funds when it comes to energy-price movements, but they do end up feeling some pain,” said Morningstar analyst Robert Goldsborough in a recent note. “About one fourth of industry cash flows are commodity-sensitive, so as oil prices declined relative to natural gas prices, gas processing margins contracted, weighing heavily on the cash flows of MLPs that have non-fee-based gas processing businesses.” 

AMJ’s tempting yield of 4.7 percent, which is more than double the yield on U.S. Treasurys, is far from a free lunch. The ETN has a standard deviation of almost 16.6 percent, which is close to double that of S&P 500 ETFs. Plus, AMJ charges 0.85 percent per year, a high fee for a passively managed product.

Other Risks

There are other risks as well. As an ETN, AMJ differs from traditional ETFs in that it is treated as a debt instrument and its credit-worthiness is backed by that of the issuing bank. Fortunately, J.P. Morgan Chase (NYSE: JPM) is one of the most financially sound large U.S. banks. Another issue with ETNs is limited creations, which can have significant impact on investors’ buying and selling prices.

“The ETNs are subject to a maximum issuance limitation of 129,000,000 ETNs, which may cause the ETNs to trade at a premium relative to the indicative note value.  Investors that pay a premium for the ETNs could incur significant losses if that investor sells its ETNs at a time when some or all of the premium is no longer present. We issued the remaining 11,050,000 ETNs authorized for issuance on June 19, 2012,” according to JP Morgan.

Or as Morningstar puts it, AMJ’s capped creations have left the ETN functioning like a closed-end fund.

Those factors have not prevented nearly $4.9 billion from flowing into AMJ. The ETN holds some income investor favorites, include Enterprise Products Partners (NYSE: EPD), Energy Transfer Partners (NYSE: ETP) and Magellan Midstream (NYSE: MMP), among others.

“Over the longer term, prospects for the energy MLP industry are generally favorable. While lower energy prices may slow project development and may limit energy MLPs’ ability to keep their project backlogs full, the vast majority of MLPs’ cash flows are linked to long-term, fee-based contracts, supporting relatively stable cash flows despite market tumult,” according to Morningstar.

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© 2015 Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved.

Descent by Teyke

Descent by Teyke

Rating: NC-17

Fandom: Avengers (616)

Pairing: Steve/Tony

Summary: A hundred years ago humanity fled to the skies to escape the Darkness spreading across the land. Now the Flying Cities are mysteriously sinking, imperilling every man, woman, and child who lives there. Together with the transmution mages Henry Pym and Lady Janet Van Dyne, and joined by the amnesiac immortal Dr. Donald Blake, High Wizard Anthony Stark mounts an expedition down into the Dark, determined to uncover the secrets of the magical calamity that wiped humanity from the face of the Earth.

Why: Teyke has recently emerged as one of my favorite underrated authors of the fandom. Their ability for plot is greatly showcased in this fic and their writing–as always–is solid and worth a read.

Read fic: here.

Scientists urge ban on salamander imports to fend off deadly fungus

Five California amphibian experts warn that a recently discovered fungus already devastating salamanders in Europe could imperil American salamanders, and urge the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to immediately halt salamander imports until there is a plan to detect and prevent the spread of the fungus.

BlackRock Adds Junk-Bond ETF With Hedge as Dollar Stalks Returns

BlackRock Inc., the world’s largest money manager, is starting the first exchange-traded fund to invest in global junk bonds while hedging out currency risk.

Investors have directed more than $43 billion into ETFs that protect against foreign-exchange risk this year, almost five times flows into the products in all of 2014, as a surging dollar imperils overseas returns when translated back to the U.S. currency. Fund providers have taken note, almost doubling the number of hedged ETFs available, data compiled by Bloomberg show.

“When dollar-based investors go global, they all of a sudden introduce currency risk into their portfolios, and that’s a completely different zip code of risk,” Jeffrey Rosenberg, chief investment strategist for fixed income at BlackRock said Wednesday, speaking on the sidelines of the 2015 UBS CIO Global Forum in New York. If “the currency in which you’re investing is the one that’s devaluing, you want to take that risk off your investment portfolio.”

More from China’s Great Short Seller Is Now a Bull Predicting Big Gain

The dollar is nearing a decade high as the Federal Reserve inches closer to raising rates for the first time since 2006. That, combined with a wave of central-bank easing overseas, has sparked an uptick in exchange-rate volatility and dragged currencies including the euro to multi-year lows.

BlackRock’s iShares Currency Hedged Global ex USD High Yield Bond ETF will invest in corporate debt from European peripheral countries including Greece and Spain, as well as Canada and the U.K., data compiled by Bloomberg show.

More from Submarine Killers Showcase India’s $61 Billion Warning to China

While this is BlackRock’s 17th currency-protected ETF in the U.S., it’s its first hedged debt product, the company said in an e-mailed statement. Bond ETFs make up less than 10 percent of the currency-hedged market, data compiled by Bloomberg show.

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