imperial crown of russia

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The Great Imperial Crown was made by a skilled court jeweller Jeremia Posier for the Empress Catherine II the Great’s Coronation in 1762. It has a traditional shape and is made up of the two open hemispheres divided by a foliate garland and fastened with a low hoop. The crown is set with 5,000 selected Indian diamonds (some Russian sources state this number as 4,836) and number fine, large white pearls. The crown is also decorated with one of the seven historic stones of the Russia’s Diamond Collection - a large precious red spinel weighing 398.72 carats which was brought to Russia by Nicholas Spafary, the Russian envoy to China from 1675 to 1678. The Imperial Crown is currently on display in the Moscow Kremlin Armoury State Diamond Fund.

Greater coat of arms of the Russian Empire - 1882

Empress Alexandra Feodorovna’s Maid of Honor cypher → In the form of the Cyrillic initial ‘A’ for the Empress Alexandra Feodorovna (consort of Nicholas I), set with rose-cut diamonds mounted in silver-topped gold, surmounted by a hinged rose-cut diamond-set Imperial crown, unmarked, numbered III, with the original pale blue moiré silk ribbon.

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The Russian Imperial Regalia

  • The Great Imperial Crown, was made for Catherine the Great’s Coronation in 1762. 5,000 selected Indian diamonds and a large precious red spinel weighing 398.72 carats.
  • Small Imperial Crown is one of the royal Small crown was created to the coronation ceremony of the Empress Maria Alexandrovna, the spouse of Alexander II. The crown seems to be woven of diamond lace mounted in silver, weighs 378 grams: there are 48 big (from 2 to 9 carats) and 200 small diamonds.
  • Imperial orb, was made for Empress Catharine II. Golden orb has diamond belt and cross with huge sapphire in 195 carat. In total there are 1370 diamonds.
  • Imperial sceptre, was made for Empress Catharine II in SPb in 1771 and altered in 1774. Golden sceptre has famous diamond “Orlov” and 196 another diamonds.
  • The Order of St. Andrew the Apostle the First-Called.

Great Imperial Crown of Russia

Great Imperial Crown of the Russian Empire was made ​​for the coronation of Catherine II in 1762, by jewellers Georg-Friedrich, who made the sketches and frame, and Jeremy Posier (Jeremiah Petrovich in Russian), who engaged in selection of stones. The commissioner of the crown - Catherine II - gave the jewellers only one condition: The crown was to weigh no more than 5 pounds (2 kilograms). 

The masterpiece was created in just two months. It was the most famous crown of the Russian Empire before the revolution, and symbolized the supreme power in Russia. After the October Revolution, the Bolshevik government sought loans and turned to Michael Collins, the Irish finance minister. Crown Jewels were used as collateral for loans of the Soviet republic of 25,000 dollars. The transfer of money was carried out in New York, between the Soviet ambassador in America and Irish ambassador to the U.S., Harry Boland. After returning to Ireland, Boland stored the jewels in the house of his mother - Kathleen Boland O'Donovan, who lived in Dublin. The entire period of the Irish War of Independence, the jewels were stored in the house of Boland’s mother. Ms. Boland O'Donovan gave the jewels to the future president of the Republic of Ireland, Eamon de Valera, in 1938.

The jewels were then stored in the vaults of government buildings and for a time forgotten. In 1948, the jewels ​​were found and the new government of Ireland, lead by John A. Costello, decided to sell the collateral crown jewels of Russia at a public auction in London. However, after consultation concerning the legal status of collateral values ​​and negotiations with the Soviet ambassador, the decision to sell was canceled. Values ​​were to be returned to the Soviet Union in exchange for the sum of $ 25,000, the original loan issued in 1920. Jewelry returned to Moscow in 1950. This crown crowned as emperor, all subsequent emperors after Catherine II of Russia.

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Q: What is your favorite Romanov book fiction and nonfiction?
A: The Lost Crown and Nicholas & Alexandra

The Lost Crown by Sarah Miller is a fantastic fictional book about the ill-fated four daughters of Tsar Nicholas II. It is no question that this book is the best fictional book there is about the last Russian Imperial Family. It’s almost as if the girls are alive again. Nicholas & Alexandra by Robert Massie, an acclaimed historian, is arguably the best non-fiction book about Nicholas II, his family, and the last years of the Russian Empire.

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All that happened in the Assumption Cathedral, though it seems but a dream, is not to be forgotten for life!!! ’ 

♕  M a y  2 6  1 8 9 6 – Coronation of Tsar Nicholas II

On coronation day, the sky was a cloudless blue. In the city’s streets, heralds wearing medieval dress proclaimed that on that day, May 26, 1896, a tsar would be crowned. Inside the Kremlin, servants laid a crimson velvet carpet down the steps of the famous Red Staircase wich led to the Ouspensky Cathedral, where the ceremony would take place. In their apartment, Nicholas and Alexandra had been up since dawn. While Alexandra’s hair was being done by her hairdresser, Nicholas sat nearby quietly talking and calming his wife The formal procession down the Red Stairway was led by priests trailing long beards and golden robes. Marie came next in a gown of embroidered white velvet, her lonng train carried by a dozen men. At last, Nicholas and Alexandra appeared at the top of the stairway. He wore the blue-green uniform of the Preobrajensky Guard with a red sash across his breast. At his side, Alexandra was in silver-white Russian court dress with a red ribbon running over her shoulder. They walked slowly, followed by attendants who carried her train. On either side walked other attendants, carrying over their sovereigns’ head a canopy of cloth of gold with tall ostrich plumes waving from its top. AT the bottom of the steps, the couple bowed to the crowd and stopped before the priests, who touched them on the forehead with holy water. Before an icon held by one the priests, they said a prayer; then the churchmen in turn kissed the Imperial hands, and the pair walked into the cathedral.

The coronation ceremony lasted five hours.After a lenghthy Mass came the formal robing of the Tsar and Tsarina. Then Alexandra knelt while the Metropolitan prayed for the Tsar. While everyone else remained standing, Nicholas alone dropped on his knees to pray for Russia and her people. After being annointed with Holy Oil, Nicholas swore his oath to rule the empire and preserve autocracy as Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias. Then, for the first time and only time in his life, the Tsar entered the sanctuary to receive the sacrement as a priest of the Church. By tradition, a tsar crowned himself, taking the crown from the hands of the Metropolitan and placing it on his own head. Nicholas let the gemencrusted crown rest on his head for a moment. Then, reaching up, he took it off and carefully placed it on Alexandra’s head. Finally, he replaced it on his own head and Alexandra was given a smaller crown. Nicholas kissed her and, taking her hand, led her back to the two thrones. The ceremony ended with Empress Maria Feodorova and every member of the Imperial family approaching to do homage to the crowned Tsar of all the Russias . {Nicholas and Alexandra, Massie}

On 17 July 1918, four young women walked down twenty-three steps into the cellar of a house in Ekaterinburg. The eldest was twenty-two, the youngest only seventeen. Together with their parents and their thirteen-year-old brother, they were all brutally murdered. Their crime: to be the daughters of the last Tsar and Tsaritsa of All the Russias.

{Holliday Grainger as Olga, Michelle Dockery as Tatiana, Jessica Brown Findlay as Maria, and Georgie Henley as Anastasia.}

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I wish I wasn’t an imperial highness or an ex-grand duchess. I’m sick of people doing things to me because of what I am. Girl-in-white-dress. Short-one-with-fringe. Daughter-of-the-tsar. Child-of-the-ex-tyrant. I want people to look and see me, Anastasia Nikolaevna Romanova, not the caboose on a train of grand duchesses. Someday, I promise myself, no one will be able to hear my name or look at my picture and suppose they know all about me. Someday I will do something bigger than what I am.”

The Lost Crown - Sarah Miller

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The Imperial Coronation Robe and Crown Jewels of Russia for Empress Catherine II “The Great”. 

The gown is made of luxuriant silver silk, with lace sleeves and a lace bertha around the neckline.  Embroidered golden eagles serve as the repeated pattern throughout with ermine trim at the hem.  The blue sash, worn from the right shoulder to the waist, represents the Order of St. Andrew the First Called and is principally bestowed upon the royal family.

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Stained glass-style portraits (originally the Fabergé Egg portraits) of the last Russian Grand Duchesses Olga, Tatiana, Maria, and Anastasia during WWI.

The term stained glass can refer to coloured glass as a material or to works created from it. Throughout its thousand-year history, the term has been applied almost exclusively to the windows of churches and other significant buildings. The design of a window may be abstract or figurative; may incorporate narratives drawn from the Bible, history, or literature; may represent saints or patrons, or use symbolic motifs, in particular armorial. There are a number of glass factories, notably in Germany, USA, England, France, Poland and Russia, which produce high-quality glass, both hand-blown (cylinder, muff, crown) and rolled (cathedral and opalescent).