imam ibn kathir

Imam Ibn Kathir stated regarding the same section of the Ayah:

  • ❝ [Allah] knows of [all] movements even from inanimate objects, so what therefore do you think [is Allah’s knowledge] of the animals and especially those whom responsibility is upon and are legally obligated and bound by the Shariah from amongst the humans and Jinn.❞

— Tafsir Ibn Kathir, (6/53)

The love of Abu Bakr Towards Muhammad

‘A’isha said, “When the companions of the Prophet, 38 men in number, met, Abu Bakr urged the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ ) to proclaim Islam openly, but he replied, ‘O Abu Bakr, we are only few in number.’

“However, Abu Bakr kept urging until the Messenger of Allah did appear openly. Then the Muslims separated off into different areas of the Mosque, each man in his own tribe, and Abu Bakr arose to address the assembly, while the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ ) remained seated. He was the first man to make a speech calling people to Allah and His Rasul. The Mushrikeen were very angry at Abu Bakr and the Muslims and caused violent fights all over the Mosque. Abu Bakr was trampled underfoot and severy beaten. The sinner ‘Utba b. Rabi’a went over to him and began beating him with a pair of old sandals with which he cut up his face and then trampled Abu Bakr’s body that he was badly injured.”

After this, Banu Taym arrived and engaged in the fight & the idolaters withdrew from Abu Bakr. Men of Banu Taym then carried Abu Bakr away in a cloth to his house, convinced that he was dying. After that they went back into the mosque and said, ‘By God, if Abu Bakr dies we are going to kill ‘Utba b. Rabi’a!

They then returned to Abu Bakr. Therafter Abu Qahafa, and the Taym tribesmen kept talking to Abu Bakr until, late in the day, he spoke back. He said, “How is the Messenger of Allah?”

-As-Seerah An-Nabawiyyah by Imam ibn Kathir

Allah says in surah al-Baqarah [02]:

[يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اسْتَعِينُوا بِالصَّبْرِ‌ وَالصَّلَاةِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ مَعَ الصَّابِرِ‌ينَ]

“O you who believe! Seek help in patience and As-Salaah. Truly! Allah is with As-Sabiroon (the patient ones).” (153)

Imam ibn Kathir wrote the following under his tafsir of this ayah:

[ والصبر صبران ، فصبر على ترك المحارم والمآثم ، وصبر على فعل الطاعات والقربات . والثاني أكثر ثوابا لأنه المقصود . كما قال عبد الرحمن بن زيد بن أسلم : الصبر في بابين ، الصبر لله بما أحب ، وإن ثقل على الأنفس والأبدان ، والصبر لله عما كره وإن نازعت إليه الأهواء . فمن كان هكذا ، فهو من الصابرين الذين يسلم عليهم ، إن شاء الله .]

“Al-Sabr (patience) is of two types: sabr in leaving off the forbidden acts and sins, and sabr in performing the acts of obedience and things which draw one nearer to Allah. And the second of these is greater in reward because that is the desired objective.

This is like what ‘Abdur-Rahman ibn Zaid ibn Aslam said: Sabr is of two types: Sabr for the sake of Allah in what He loves - even if it is heavy on oneself and one’s body -, and sabr for the sake of Allah against what He dislikes - even if your desires draw you towards it.

So whoever is like this, then he is one of the sabiroon upon whom Allah has placed His peace, inshaAllaah.”

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 1/467]