imam ibn kathir

Allah says in surah al-Baqarah [02]:

[يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اسْتَعِينُوا بِالصَّبْرِ‌ وَالصَّلَاةِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ مَعَ الصَّابِرِ‌ينَ]

“O you who believe! Seek help in patience and As-Salaah. Truly! Allah is with As-Sabiroon (the patient ones).” (153)

Imam ibn Kathir wrote the following under his tafsir of this ayah:

[ والصبر صبران ، فصبر على ترك المحارم والمآثم ، وصبر على فعل الطاعات والقربات . والثاني أكثر ثوابا لأنه المقصود . كما قال عبد الرحمن بن زيد بن أسلم : الصبر في بابين ، الصبر لله بما أحب ، وإن ثقل على الأنفس والأبدان ، والصبر لله عما كره وإن نازعت إليه الأهواء . فمن كان هكذا ، فهو من الصابرين الذين يسلم عليهم ، إن شاء الله .]

“Al-Sabr (patience) is of two types: sabr in leaving off the forbidden acts and sins, and sabr in performing the acts of obedience and things which draw one nearer to Allah. And the second of these is greater in reward because that is the desired objective.

This is like what ‘Abdur-Rahman ibn Zaid ibn Aslam said: Sabr is of two types: Sabr for the sake of Allah in what He loves - even if it is heavy on oneself and one’s body -, and sabr for the sake of Allah against what He dislikes - even if your desires draw you towards it.

So whoever is like this, then he is one of the sabiroon upon whom Allah has placed His peace, inshaAllaah.”

[Tafsir ibn Kathir 1/467]