Qom is the eighth largest city in Iran. Located on the banks of the Qom River, it is considered holy by Shia Islam, as it is the site of a shrine, dedicated to Fatimah bint Musa, sister of Imam Ali al-Ridha. Many people make the pilgrimage to the shrine, to seek recovery from ailments, solutions to problems, and forgiveness for sin. The city is also famous for its Persian brittle toffee, called Sohan. Sold in over 2,000 shops in the city, it is a great a great souvenir.
قالَ الإِمامُ عَلِيُِ بْنُ مُوسَـى الرِّضا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ): كَلامُ اللّهِ لا تَتَجاوَزُوهُ وَ لا تَطْـلُـبُوا الْهُدى فِي غَيْرِهِ فَتَضِلُّوا.
Imam ‘Ali ibne Musa al-Ridha (peace be upon him) has said: “Do not disregard the Words of Allah, and do not seek guidance from other than Him, for then (surely) you will go astray.”
Rayya b. Salt once asked Imam Reza:“Are you Sahib al-Amr (Master of the Undertaking)?”The Imam (a.s) said:
“Yes, I am the Master of the Undertaking. However, I am not that Master of the Undertaking who will fill the earth with justice and equity. How can I be that Master of the Undertaking when you are witness to the prevalent weakness and helplessness? The promised Qaim will be old in age but young in appearance when he emerges. He will be so powerful and strong that if he extended his hand to the most huge tree it would fall uprooted.
And if he screamed among the mountains the rocks would be crushed into pieces. The rod of Moses and the seal of Solomon are with him. That person will be my fourth descendant. God will keep him in occultation for as long as He deems necessary. Then, He will cause him to appear, and through him God will fill the earth with justice and equity as it is filled with tyranny and oppression!”
“There are three things which indicate symptoms of intelligence and religious knowledge of jurisprudence: Patience, learning, and silence. And among them silence is the gate of wisdom, causes love, and is responsible for each blessing.”
The Umayyads did not fabricate the tradition of fasting on Ashura, you're just reaching at this point. One can argue that some Shia traditions can be fabricated, but me not being a bigot, I won't make that argument. Watch your tone.
The problem here is that there is a history of politics
behind the fast of Ashura. Killing the Grandson of the Prophet (saw) was a
major crime, so the Bani Umayyah (Curse of Allah be upon them) attempted to
shift the focus of the people for the day of Ashura. Possessing power and
money, they spread to the Muslims that Ashura is a blessed day. They did so by
indoctrinating their people that on Ashura God saved Prophet Musa (as) and his
people from the Pharaoh. He saved Prophet Ibrahim (as) from the fire of Nimrud.
He cured Prophet Ayub’s (as) illness. He returned Prophet Yaqub’s (as) eyesight
to him, and so on. To thank God for that blessed day, they encouraged the
people to fast on Ashura.
On his own chain of transmission Shaykh Saduq narrates
that Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (as) said:
کان صومه قبل شهر رمضان، فلمّا نزل شهر
رمضان ترك ‘’The fast of the day of Ashura used to be observed
before the Quranic verse about the fast of the Holy month of Ramadan, but after
that it was discontinued.” [Reference: Man la Yahduruhu al-Faqih,
vol. 2, p. 51, hadith 224; Wasa’il al-Shi‘ah, vol. 10, p. 452, hadith 1].
On a side note: Sayed Ammar Nakshawani explained
this perfectly in one of his lecture about the origin of fasting on Ashura. In
the words of Sayed Ammar Nakshawani:
‘’We find in Islam that sometimes there
is an event which may be changed depending on the circumstances. For example:
The fasting of Ashura. It may have been orginally a fast about fasting on the
tenth of any month but Imam al-Baqir (as) says: کان صومه قبل شهر رمضان، فلمّا نزل شهر رمضان ترك ‘When the fast came of the month of
Ramadan, the fast of Ashura was made void’, meaning ترك which means it was completly
stopped. There was no more fasting on Ashura. If we say Rasulullah
(saw) did fast on Ashura, in the first year of Hijra, Imam al-Baqir (as)
says: کان صومه قبل شهر رمضان، فلمّا نزل شهر
رمضان ترك ‘As soon as the fast of Ramadan became
wajib (the fasting became wajib in the second year of Hijra), then the fast of
Ashura was stopped.’’
Kulayni has narrated that he asked Imam Muhamamd al-Baqir
(as) about fasting on the day of Ashura. Answering his question, the Imam (as)
صوم متروك بنزول شهر رمضان، والمتروك بدعة ‘’This is a fast which was discontinued after the Quranic
verse enacting the fast of the Holy month of Ramadan was revealed. Doing that
which is abandoned is an act of innovation.’’ [Reference:
Al-Kafi, vol. 4, p. 146, hadith 4; Wasa’il al-Shi‘ah, vol. 10, p. 461, section 21,
The narrator (Kulayni) says: I asked this same question
from Imam Jafar al-Sadiq’s (as) father, too. He gave the same answer as Imam
Jafar al-Sadiq (as) and added:
أما انّه صوم يوم ما نزل به کتاب، ولا جرت
به سنّة، الاّ سنّة آل زياد بقتل الحسين بن علي ‘’Beware! This is a fast about which no Quranic verse has
been revealed and is not an observed way of conduct. It was only the way of
conduct for the partisans of Ziyad when they killed al-Husayn Ibn Ali (as).’’
Kulayni again on his own chain of transmission narrates
that Abd al-Malik said: “I asked Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (as) about fasting on the
ninth day of Muharram and the day of Ashura.’’Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (as) said:‘’The ninth
day is the day when al-Husayn Ibn Ali (as) and his companions got besieged and
surrounded by the enemy.
It was the day that the mounted soldiers of Sham were
enlisted and brought to Karbala where they camped. Ibn Marjanah and Umar Ibn
Sa’d (Curse of Allah be upon them) were very pleased because of the great
numbers of mounted soldiers and considered al-Husayn (as) and his companions as
weak. They believed that no help would come for al-Husayn (as) because the
people of Iraq would not help him.
O my Father! May I be sacrificed for you, O you who were
oppressed in a foreign land! Then, Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (as) continued:
‘’However, the day of Ashura is the day when al-Husayn Ibn Ali (as) fell to the
ground (was Martyred) along with all his companions. Should fasting be observed
on such a day? Never at all!’’
I swear upon the Lord of the Sacred House (the Kabah)! Such
a day is not a day for fasting. That day is only reserved for sorrow and
mourning that has been inflicted on the inhabitants of the skies and the earth
altogether. It is a day of happiness and pleasure for the son of Marjanah and
Ibn Ziyad’s partisans and the people of Sham.
Allah’s curse be on them and their offspring. The day of Ashura
is a day when all the tombs and mausoleums of the earth except the tombs of
Sham cry for al-Husayn (as). Therefore, Allah (swt) will unite on the Day of
Resurrection anyone who fasts on that day or looks upon that day as a day of
celebration with Ibn Ziyad and his partisans, discontent with a transformed
heart.’’ [Reference: Al-Kafi, vol. 4, p. 147, hadith 7; Wasa’il
al-Shi‘ah, vol. 10, p. 459, section 21, hadith 2].
Kulayni also quotes from Jafar Ibn Isa that he said: “I
asked Imam Ali al-Ridha (as) about fasting on the day of Ashura. I also asked
his opinion about what people say about this fast.’’ The Imam (as) said:
عن صوم ابن مرجانة تسألني ‘’You are asking me about the fast of the son of
Marjanah?’’ [Reference: Al-Kafi, vol. 4, p. 146, hadith 5; Wasa’il
al-Shi‘ah, vol. 10, p. 460, section [bab] 21, hadith 3].
On his own chain of transmission, Kulayni quotes from
Zayd Narsi that he said: “I heard Ubayd Allah Ibn Zurarah asking Imam Jafar
al-Sadiq (as) about fasting on the day of Ashura.’’ Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (as)
من صامه کان حظّه من صيام ذلك اليوم حظّ
ابن مرجانة وآل زياد ‘’The reward for anyone fasting on that day will be given
to the son of Marjanah and Ibn Ziyad’s partisans.’’
Zayd Narsi said: “I asked what the reward of fasting on
that day is.’’ The Imam (as) replied:
النار، اعاذنا الله من النار، ومن عمل يقرب
من النار ‘’The Fire, may Allah save us from the Fire. Anyone who
fasts on the day of Ashura has made himself nearer to the Fire.’’ [Reference:
Ibid, (meaning “same source as last time” or ‘’previous note’’) in
Abu Rayhan Biruni wrote in his book Al-Athar
al-Baqiyah: ‘’..The Bani Umayyah (Curse of Allah be upon them) used to decorate and adorn themselves and
hold festivities on the day of Ashura. They used to invite guests to
participate in their happy celebrations. This custom was prevalent during their
reign, and continued to exist even after their decline. On the other hand, the
Shia’s used to mourn and weep and visit the Holy land, Karbala, where Imam
al-Husayn (as) was killed.’’ [Reference: Al-Athar al-Baqiyah, p.
So based on the above narrations we can say that there is
no doubt that the Bani Umayyah (Curse of Allah be upon them) were behind all of
this, and considering it as a blessed day is not an offence to us, the Shia’s,
but an offence to Prophet Muhammad (saw) and his Holy Household (as).
I pray to Allah (swt) that He continues to allow us to
spread the word of Imam Hussain (as) and that He continues to allow us to
debate all these issues of controversy which seek to block the message of Imam
من تذكر مصابنا وبكى لما أُرتكب منّا ، كان معنا في درجتنا يوم القيامة ، ومن ذُكّر بمصابنا فبكى وأبكى لم تبك عينُه يوم تبكي العيون ، ومن جلس مجلساً يحُيى فيه أمرُنا ، لم يمت قلبه يوم تموت القلوب.
who remembers our tragedy and weeps,he will be with us (Ahlulbyt) the day of judgement,And who remembers our tragedy
and weeps and made others weep (with him) his eyes won’t weep on the day (all) eyes weep, And if someone sits in a
majlis (a place where people gather) and brings the remembrance of ahlulbuyt alive (talks about Ahlulbyt), his heart
won’t die the day all hearts die.