Vilma Espín (1930-2007) is an important figure in Cuban history and politics, often referred to as ‘Cuba’s First Lady’. She was a leading revolutionary against the dictatorship against Fulgencio Batista, as well as a guerilla fighter for the cause.

In addition to her military and political work, she was one of the first women in Cuba to study chemical engineering. She was President of the Federation of Cuban Women from 1960 until her death and led the national delegation in multiple conferences related to women’s rights.


Women of the Cuban 1950s revolution:

Celia Sánchez (Norma), 1920-1980.

Haydée Santamaría (Yeyé), 1922-1980.

Celia Sánchez and Vilma Espin.

Haydée Santamaría and Celia Sánchez in the Sierra.

Melba Hernández and Haydée Santamaría.

Aleida March (b. 1936).

Melba Hernández (1921-2014).

Urselia Díaz Báez (1939-1957).

Vilma Espín (1930-2007).

Poster (showing Vilma Espín?)