Cerenkov radiation, electromagnetic radiation emitted when a charged particle passes through a dielectric medium at a speed greater than the phase velocity of light in that medium, characterizes the radioactivity of fuel rods, giving nuclear reactors their iconic blue glow.

Advanced Test Reactor core, Idaho National Laboratory

Argonne National Laboratory and Idaho National Laboratory have announced a collaboration to study how to better recycle spent nuclear fuel. Read more »

Photo: Samples from Idaho National Laboratory’s Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) core will be sent to Argonne’s ATLAS particle accelerator for analysis to learn the characteristics of the nuclear material. Powered up, the fuel plates can be seen glowing bright blue. The core is submerged in water for cooling. More on the ATR »


X-Energy's Advanced Nuclear Reactor Designs

X-Energy’s Advanced Nuclear Reactor Designs

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C O N T E N T S: KEY TOPICS The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has awarded contracts worth up to $80m to X-energy and Southern Company to further develop advanced nuclear reactor designs.(More…) According to the DOE, the next-generation reactor’s advanced safety features and smaller size than traditional nuclear reactors would potentially enable it to serve a wider array of communities –…

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What is a Molten Chloride Nuclear Reactor?

What is a Molten Chloride Nuclear Reactor?

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C O N T E N T S: KEY TOPICS Southern Company Services will partner with Oak Ridge National Laboratory to develop a Molten Chloride Fast Reactor, which DOE said is another next generation, highly-safe reactor design.(More…) The molten salt reactor is an advanced design in which the nuclear fuel is dissolved in the coolant itself, typically a molten fluoride salt mixture.(More…) The cost of…

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A new article has been published on

Former Idaho governors warn US wants state to be ‘a nuclear waste dumping ground’


Former Idaho Governors Cecil Andrus and Phil Batt threatened on Thursday to sue the U.S. Energy Department to prevent what they said was its efforts to turn the state into “a nuclear waste dumping ground.” In a letter notifying the Energy Department of a possible lawsuit, the pair accused it of v…

Scientists discover clue in the case of the missing silver

Some come to Idaho to travel the
highways that lead to the Tetons, to Yellowstone, to small towns and big
adventures. Idaho National Laboratory researcher Isabella van Rooyen
came, all the way from South Africa, looking for a piece of silver
500,000 times smaller than a poppy seed.

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cold war patriots newsletter Text Size: ABOUT CWP NEWS & EVENTS MEMBERSHIP LEGISLATIVE RESOURCES MY INFO POSTS TAGGED ‘EEOICPA’ N-exposed retirees win Linde Ceramics fight Friday, February 25th, 2011 | Tags: EEOICPA, Linde Ceramics, SEC Posted in Uncategorized Read the article in the Buffalo News CWP at Rocky Flats Public Meeting Wednesday, May 12th, 2010 | Tags: Cold War Patriots, DOL Ombudsman, EEOICP, EEOICPA, NIOSH, Rocky Flats Posted in Events, News & Events Cold War Patriots will be attending and have a table at the Rocky Flats Public Meeting: Wednesday May 12th, 2010 IBEW 68 Union Hall 5660 Logan Street Denver, CO 80216 Click for Map Meeting times are at 2:00 pm and 6:00 pm. The same information will be shared at both meetings. At each meeting, staff from the DOL will provide a brief overview of the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program (EEOICP) and the medical screening programs. �The National Institute for Occupational�Safety�and Health (NIOSH) and the Ombudsman for the DOL will talk about their roles and�responsibilities. DOL representatives will be available to answer questions about claims and other agencies will be available for questions and resources. We hope you can attend! Claims cite Cold War radiation Wednesday, April 7th, 2010 | Tags: EEOICPA, EEPOCP Compensation, ILN nuclear worker, Sick Nuclear Worker Posted in News, News & Events This article was taken from The Spokesman Review, Idaho Falls Post Register.� View original story. Compensation often tardy for sick�people Sven Berg (Idaho Falls) Post-Register Ken Bailey worked at INL for 33�years. IDAHO FALLS, Idaho � Nearly 20 years after the Berlin Wall fell, the Cold War�s scars have yet to�heal. Thousands of workers who spent their careers building and maintaining nuclear weapons and reactors in the name of defeating communism now suffer from dozens of diseases linked to the radiation and toxins they faced on a daily�basis. Ken Bailey, of Idaho Falls, lost his pancreas to cancer in 2008. Today, his life is governed by prescriptions and a blood-sugar monitor and insulin pump that keep him�alive. �We spent our third anniversary in the hospital,� said Donna Bailey, Ken�s wife of almost five years. �We used to fiesta, and we used to go to the beach. Now we go to�Walgreens.� Ken Bailey, 69, said he�s never been a smoker or a drinker. He believes his cancer was caused by exposure to radiation and heavy metals during his 33-year career as an electronic technician at the Idaho National Laboratory�site. But his claims for compensation and medical coverage through federal law have been denied by the U.S. Department of Labor. Late last year, Bailey�s doctor wrote a letter to the Labor Department stating his belief that Bailey�s exposure to radiation and toxins �could be contributing factors to the development of his�cancer.� The agency wrote back that Bailey�s doctor failed to establish �a complete and accurate medical and factual history of how (Bailey�s) pancreatic cancer is related to radiological or toxic�substances.� �I�m just desperate,� Bailey said. �I have no one on my�side.� In 2001, Congress enacted the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act, a law designed to provide compensation and medical benefits for the nation�s Cold War nuclear�workers. If they are diagnosed with certain types of cancer, workers who were employed at one of the U.S. Department of Energy�s several dozen �special exposure cohort� facilities are automatically eligible for a $150,000 compensation payment, as well as medical�benefits. The INL site is not included in the special exposure cohort, meaning workers such as Bailey must demonstrate at least a 50 percent probability that on-the-job exposure caused their�illnesses. Since the compensation program went into effect, only about 13 percent of claims filed with the Department of Labor by INL site workers have resulted in compensation�payments. Nationwide, the approval rate is about 30�percent. Anne Block, a former claims examiner for the compensation program�s Seattle office, said the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health spends more money trying to determine eligibility than the Labor Department pays out in compensation based on the institute�s�work. Even when claims are approved, they often take years to process. Sandy Sase said her father, Floyd Snoderly, who worked as a pipe-fitter on the INL site in the early 1950s, died waiting for the Labor Department to approve his claim. Snoderly�s radiation-based compensation was subsequently�approved. In this March 17, 2010 photo, Ken Bailey reaches into his refrigerator for some juice after his blood sugar monitor alarmed in Idaho Falls, Idaho. Bailey lost his pancreas to cancer in 2008. Today, his life is governed by prescriptions and a blood-sugar monitor and insulin pump that keep him alive. He believes his cancer was caused by exposure to radiation and heavy metals during his 33-year career as an electronic technician at the Idaho National Laboratory site. Photo: The Idaho Post-Register, Robert Bower / AP Over Five Million Dollars Paid to Former Huntington Pilot Plant Workers Friday, April 2nd, 2010 | Tags: Cold War Patriots, EEOICP, EEOICPA, Huntington Pilot Plant, Portsmouth Plant, Sick Nuclear Workers Posted in News, News & Events More Than $413 Million Paid to Portsmouth Workers Article By Tony Rutherford Reporter View the original article here. Huntington, WV (HNN) � Based on statistics supplied by the U.S. Department of Labor (Office of Worker�s Compensation Programs EEOICP ) statistics 540 individuals have received a total of over five million dollars for occupational (atomic related) illness at the now buried plant. Once on the grounds of International Nickel, the Huntington Pilot (Reduction Pilot) Plant completed then classified work for the Department of Energy related to radioactive metals, such as uranium. For instance, based on CDC/NIOSH (Center for Disease Control/ National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) documents, the plant supplied nickel powder that was used to make gaseous diffusion barriers for the three gaseous diffusion plants AND nickel scrap from K-25 was shipped back to the HPP to be recycled into nickel power for future shipments to the gaseous diffusion plants. The scrap nickel may have contained 4-39% enriched uranium. The plant shut in 1962 and was deemed contaminated in full. In 1979, it was disassembled and buried in trenches at the Piketon, Ohio, gaseous diffusion plant site in a classified materials location. According to an oversight report on the Portsmouth Plant the HPP was built in 1952 and produced nickel to supports Portsmouth, Paducah and Oak Ridge. �Since the plant contained material and equipment still considered classified, a decision was made to bury the plant at Portsmouth. Investigation by an industrial hygienist identified several health and safety concerns, including asbestos and nickel carbonyl. Sampling of residual material and surfaces indicated the presence of uranium.� The X749A classified burial site also has classified records, tube sheets, compressor blades, classified parts, metal shapes clad with either zirconium or hafnium. According to reports, the trucks and tools and railroad cars were also buried in the trench along with the plant remains. COMPENSATION PAYMENTS The U.S.D.L. site stated that 1,066 claims have been filed representing 815 cases (540 unique individual workers living or deceased). Of those, 46 claims (39 cases) received compensation. This includes $4.98 million in payments and $85,000 in medical bills paid. Rejection rates run very high for these claims. Of final decisions under Part B cancer cases, 76 claims of cancer have been denied as not work related (i.e. probability of causation less than 50%). 46 claims were rejected due to insufficient medical data. 11 claims were rejected due to survivor ineligibility. 27 claims on 20 cases resulted in $3 million in compensation. Under Part E, 439 cases were filed of which 297 were �non-covered applications� (225 due to non-covered employment, 72 due to survivor not covered normally adult children barred by 2004 amendment). This left 142 covered applications and 121 cases. Recommended decisions pending have 29 approved and 67 denied claims. Final decisions have 25 approved and 67 denied (18 cancer not work related and 49 medical info insufficient to support claim). Approximately $1.98 million dollars has been paid on 19 claims (and cases). By contrast, the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant has processed 10,100 claims (7,060 cases of 4,001 unique workers). Payments and medical bill payment has been made on 3,311 claims (2,664 cases) representing $413,022,001 dollars. Again, significant claims/cases are denied. Under Part B, 4,935 claims (3,352 cases) were filed and 174/110 were rejected for Non Covered Employment and 430/393 for Condition Not Covered. However, Portsmouth claims/cases have a more than 50% chance for recommended for approval (2,156 approved; 1,717 denied) and 2,110 final decisions approved and 1,642 denied (cancer not work related, 919; medical info insufficient, 578; survivor not eligible, 145). Of Portsmouth cases sent for Dose Reconstruction and Final Decision, 642 out of 871 were denied for Probability of Causation (POC) not meeting the 50% threshold. For HPP statistics, click: For Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion statistics, click: Iowa nuke workers: Government not living up to promises Thursday, March 11th, 2010 | Tags: ANWAG, Charlie Wolf Act, EEOICPA, EEOICPA Reform, IAAP, Sick Nuclear Workers Posted in News, News & Events Below is an article on Iowa workers who are struggling with compensation benefits. �Read the article below, or on the Iowa Independent website. Former federal employees tangled in red tape of federal compensation program By�LAURA MILLSAPS 3/11/10 5:00 AM Iowans who got sick working for our nation�s nuclear weapons industry during the Cold War were promised that a federal program would provide them medical benefits and lump sum payments for illnesses associated with their work. But since its inception only a third of Iowans who have made claims have seen any payment. Ethelwyn “Bo” Fellinger holds a family picture of herself, her daughter and her late husband, Michael, who died in 2008 of lung failure that has been attributed to his work at the Ames Laboratory (Photo by Deanna Dent, provided courtesy of the Ames Tribune). The program, the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Program Act(EEOICPA), launched in 2001. It was created to provide �timely, uniform, and adequate� compensation to all the nation�s nuclear workers, many of whom were exposed to dangerous levels of radiation and toxic substances while working at Department of Energy sites and contract facilities. The reality has been anything but, according to frustrated claimants and medical examiners, who say red tape and unnecessary bureaucratic hurdles stand between those who are sick and the benefits they were promised for their years of service. And while legislation to fix the process languishes in the U.S. Senate, workers continue to suffer and often die without receiving compensation. �It is antithetical to the concept of public health to wait until you have human bodies to do something,� said Dr. Laurence Fuortes, a University of Iowa professor of occupational and environmental health and director of the Former Worker Medical Screening Programs. Atomic heartland The Ames Laboratory, affiliated with Iowa State University, was responsible for supplying more than 2 million pounds of uranium for the Manhattan Project, the U.S. government�s program to develop the first atomic bomb. In the decades following World War II, research and experiments with rare earth metals exposed lab workers to radiation, thorium, beryllium, lead and asbestos. Workers responsible for cleaning up and removing thorium processing equipment from the facility in later decades were exposed to residual contamination. In many cases, these employees contracted radiation-induced cancers or respiratory ailments from their exposures. Out of 687�claims filed thus far by former Ames Laboratory workers, only 243 have resulted in any payment, a little more than a third, and totaling $26.4 million. The Iowa Ordnance Plant in Burlington was operated by the Atomic Energy Commission and manufactured atomic weapons throughout the Korean and Vietnam conflicts, employing at its peak period in the late 1960s as many as 8,000. From this former nuclear weapons site, more than�5,553 claims have been filed, with claims paid numbering 1,715, or a little less than a third of all filings, and totaling $173.9 million. Depending on the nature of their illness, claimants must often qualify under a complex set of standards which may include medical screenings, medical history reviews, and documentation proving length of work history at a site, probable exposures (called �dose reconstruction�) or that work history includes them in a �special exposure cohort� which is supposed to automatically qualify them for coverage in the program. Added into the bureaucratic mix are lists of �accepted� cancers, criteria for determining chronic beryllium disease for those with respiratory illnesses, and reviews to determine the extent of a claimants� permanent disability and right to compensation. Dr. Fuortes has worked for years conducting health screenings and processing the medical records of former energy site workers, and his work is used to determine eligibility for the federal program. In the claims process, Fuortes says he is often obligated to prove the same body of medical research regarding occupational lung disease, or the incidence of radiation-induced cancers, over and over again, case by case. �Diagnostically speaking, medical precedent would help, but they don�t process claims that way,� he said. Michael Fellinger worked as a graduate student in high energy physics at the Ames Laboratory in 1960s and early 1970s. He produced lab equipment both for the Ames Laboratory and another Department of Energy site, Argonne Laboratories in Illinois. According to his claim documents, Fellinger was likely exposed to beryllium, known to cause chronic lung disease. He became ill in 1996, and his life rapidly became a downward spiral of lung disease, lung infections and hospitalizations. He contracted esophageal cancer, another illness linked to toxic metals exposure, in 2003. He died of lung failure at age 62 in 2008, and the letter denying his claim arrived on the day of his death. Fellinger�s case has been denied repeatedly, even though similar cases of chronic lung disease due to beryllium exposure at Ames Lab have been accepted. �My pointing out similar cases where claims have been accepted doesn�t make a difference. They say �we don�t need to take that into consideration,�� Fuortes said.��Our system doesn�t require common sense,� is what they are saying.� �Hands on� work at nuclear sites Rollie Struss, 78, of Ames, worked at the reactor division at Sandia Laboratory in Albuquerque, N.M., beginning in 1957. At the same time he also worked at the Nevada Test Site for nuclear weapons. He came to Iowa to work as an engineer at the Ames Laboratory�s reactor division in 1962. He was part of the engineering group that dismantled that lab�s reactor and cleaned up the �Little Ankeny� uranium refining site when the Department of Energy consolidated postwar atomic research and production in the 1970s and 1980s. Struss retired as associate director of the lab in 1996. Struss estimates his total radiation exposure over his career to be about 10.5 rad (radiation absorbed dose), the same as more than 100 chest X-rays. Except that in his case, the radiation exposure was to his entire body. In the last 15 years he has battled colon and esophageal cancer. His claim with the EEOICPA has been denied both for his work at Sandia and his work at Ames Laboratory. Guidelines require 250 consecutive days of work at the Nevada Test Site to qualify for compensation, even though radiation levels at the test site after detonation were close to 25 rad/per hour. Research engineers like Struss were often exposed to 1 rad in a single brief visit to the site, and the Atomic Energy Commissions safety guidelines at the time limited exposures to 3 rad per calendar quarter. His work at Ames Lab doesn�t qualify because he is not considered by the nature of his job as an engineer and associate director to have been at high risk of exposure. �They don�t understand the working environment we were in. It was hands on,� he said. �We all worked together to get the job done. But this was all written by legislators and lawyers that didn�t understand the science or what we did, or the medical research, and now the administrators have to follow the letter of the law.� Struss has been pursuing his claim for compensation for five years. Despite his persistence, he said it�s not about the money but the principle. �I�m not pursuing this from a selfish standpoint but for the sake of the people in this group and what they did,� he said. �This deserves to be addressed. It�s my issue that they keep running people around in circles because of the letter of the law.� Denial after Denial Michael Fellinger�s widow, Ethelwyn �Bo��Fellinger, says her late husband Michael�s claim has been appealed and denied so many times she�s lost track of it. �Partly because I get a letter in the mail and I scan down to the word �denied� and toss it aside,� she said. �Those letters really stress me out. I don�t know what comes next.� Michael�s claim was denied because time between his exposure and the onset of his illness was deemed too long to prove cause of illness. �I understand the incidence of lung disease at the Ames Lab site is 100 times the normal occurrence in the general population,� Bo Fellinger said. �At no time has the government ever told me that. But that�s what the medical research says, and they won�t consider that in relation to Michael�s claim. It�s just completely arbitrary.� Michael Fellinger�s claim is in its third year. �This should have been settled before Michael died. He should have had that sense of satisfaction,� she said. If Fellinger gets her settlement, she will share it with her daughter, Deborah. �She was denied her father when she was still in college,� she said. �He was a tremendous stabilizing influence in her life, and she lost that at a very critical time.� Legislative correction Many claimants like these only have one chance left to get their promised medical compensation �� legislative change. Senate Bill 757, The Charlie Wolf Nuclear Workers Compensation Act, was introduced in March 2009 by U.S. Sen. Mark Udall, D-Colo., and is awaiting attention in the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, & Pensions (HELP). The committee is chaired by U.S. Sen.�Tom Harkin, D-Iowa. Consideration of the bill remains on hold pending the outcome of�a GAO report requested in 2008 by key senators, including Udall and Harkin. The GAO report is expected to be published this month. Several GAO reports have already been issued in regard to the energy workers program Fuortes said he was aware of the existence of the legislation and hadn�t read it closely. But he�s convinced legislative force will be required to correct problems in the program. �The Department of Labor has within its own portfolio the power to change some of these policies administratively, but they haven�t,� Fuortes said. �It took us five years alone just to convince them to accept laryngeal cancer as a radiation induced illness despite overwhelming medical evidence.� �Inertia truly is the strongest force on earth.� On Monday: Claimants and legislators both have called for reforms to a bureaucratically flawed program. The Iowa Independent will track the changes made to the program over its nine-year history, and why a major advocacy organization, the Alliance of Nuclear Workers Advocacy Groups, says this hasn�t fixed the problems. How to look up a DOL resource center near you Monday, January 25th, 2010 | Tags: DOL Resource Center, EEOICPA, RECA Posted in Resources For many who need help with benefits with the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program or the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (EEOICPA/RECA), Department of Labor Resource Centers are available to help with specific needs and questions as they relate to: - Applying for a claim - Checking on the status of a claim - Helping with paperwork and�documentation - Providing resources on how to appeal denials - Much more View a list of DOL Resource Centers. New rules take effect for ill Hanford workers Monday, January 25th, 2010 | Tags: EEOICPA, Ill Hanford Workers, SEC, Special Exposure Cohort Posted in News, News & Events By Annette Cary, Herald staff writer Hundreds more ill Hanford workers or their survivors now should be eligible for $150,000 compensation from the federal government. A special exposure cohort, a ruling that eases compensation rules for more Hanford workers, took effect this weekend after clearing a congressional waiting period. Under the new rule, workers in any part of Hanford who may have been exposed to radiation should automatically qualify for compensation if they worked for 250 days from Oct. 1, 1943, through June 30, 1972, and developed certain cancers. The list of cancers includes more than 20 that have been linked to radiation exposure by medical research. The new rule expands the number of workers who are eligible for automatic compensation. Previous special exposure cohorts covered only certain years in certain areas of Hanford. Special exposure cohorts are formed by the Department of Labor when it determines that radiation exposure cannot be adequately estimated for groups of workers at Department of Energy nuclear sites during World War II and the Cold War, including the Hanford nuclear reservation. If a worker does not fall into a special exposure cohort, the federal government applies a tougher standard for compensation, trying to determine if the worker’s cancer had at least a 50 percent chance of being caused by estimated exposure to radiation on the job. The federal government already has identified 340 pending claims of Hanford workers or their survivors who appear likely to qualify under the new rule. All are claims for workers who have covered cancers and who worked at Hanford sometime from 1943-72. In addition, past claims that have been denied will need to be reviewed to determine whether they now qualify for compensation. Cancers that qualify, with some restrictions, include bone cancer, rectal cancer, some leukemias, some lung cancers, multiple myeloma, some lymphomas and primary cancer of the bile ducts, brain, breast, colon, esophagus, gall bladder, ovary, pancreas, pharynx, salivary gland, small intestine, stomach, thyroid, urinary bladder and liver. Some secondary cancers — those that spread from primary cancers such as prostate cancer — also are covered. They include lung, bone and kidney cancer. Claimants should make sure their files are up to date if they have been diagnosed with additional cancers since they filed their initial claim with the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program under the Department of Labor. Individuals can contact the Hanford Resource Center to make sure their files are up to date or to file a claim at 946-3333 or 888-654-0014. If workers or their survivors do not have one of the covered cancers or worked at Hanford later than 1972, they still may file a claim and their radiation exposure will be estimated to see if they qualify. Workers can file for any type of cancer. In addition to the $150,000 payment, medical expenses also are covered for the approved condition if compensation is awarded. In addition a second part of the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program, Part E, offers additional compensation and medical coverage for a wide variety of illnesses caused by exposure to radiation or other hazardous chemicals at Hanford, such as asbestos. Workers can receive up to $250,000 for impairment and wage loss under Part E, which may be in addition to the $150,000. More than $508 million has been paid to workers at Hanford and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland or their survivors under the program. – Annette Cary: 582-1533; Secret City Festival – Oak Ridge, TN Saturday, June 20th, 2009 | Tags: EEOICPA, nuclear weapons workers, Oak Ridge, Secret City Festival, TN Posted in Events, News & Events Cold War Patriots will be attending the Secret City Festival 7th Annual Secret City Festival Friday and Saturday, June 19 & 20, 2009, in Oak Ridge. We will have the National Day of Remembrance scroll available for people to sign, along with CWP literature and resource information. For more information, please call Tim at 1-866-449-1595. We hope to see you there! Senior Life Show – Tri Cities, WA Saturday, June 20th, 2009 | Tags: EEOICPA, Hanford, nuclear weapons workers, Senior Life, Tri-cities, WA Posted in Events, News & Events Cold War Patriots will be attending the Senior Life Show on Friday June 19th, 2009� at the Three Rivers Convention Center.� We will be available 11:00 am – 5:00 pm and will be presenting information in two class sessions, one in the morning and one in the afternoon. For more information, please call Barbara at 1-866-511-2839. We hope to see you there! Legislation would expand coverage to former workers Sunday, June 14th, 2009 | Tags: Charlie Wolf Act, DOSE Reconstruction, EEOICPA, Part E, Special Exposure Cohort Posted in News Read the article in the Burlington Hawk Eye�

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