ice and water vapor

“He didn’t get that scar from a waterbender”

-Jet about Zuko. 

But the thing is, I think he could have. 

We know waterbenders can freeze water and release ice back to liquid, collect vapor from the air and create fog from liquid water. Each one of those requires changing the temperature or energy state of the water. If a waterbender can add enough energy to a system to warm ice into liquid, what’s stopping them from continuing until they’re controlling boiling water or scalding steam?


I look at the sky at the white hailstones
that were once lit as though by angry hands.
They crash at windows, not like snow’s pale moan.
The glass is hard, too, and it understands,
when hail cracks it like a secretary—
in the way of chickenscratch on paper.
They fall in creeks, trying to remarry
themselves to water, to ice, to vapor.
We crown ourselves with hailstone diadems.
They glitter in the night like silmarils,
and lead us like stars to our Bethlehem,
attracting attention, for good, for ill.
What will come of enrobing ourselves so,
as the only two shapes in blinding snow?

A good Christmas™ special for Zexal would be something like Astral being confused as hell about why atmospheric water vapor frozen into ice crystals and what was with all the decorations. 

Yuma would say “Oh, it’s a holiday some people celebrate.” and talk about all the Christmas stories and traditions. 

Of course, Astral would be completely confused and believe that Yuma was telling the truth about Santa’s existence. 

“No, Astral, Santa Claus isn’t real it’s a story people tell their kids.”

“Yuma, you wouldn’t lie to me.” 

Astral comes to the conclusion that the reason Santa breaks into other people’s houses is because he’s a number hunter and he wants Yuma to help him fight Santa.

Yuma is still trying to convince Astral otherwise but what a coincidence! A mall Santa picks up a number card and gets possessed by it. 

Commence Astral shouting “I KNEW IT! YUMA, I WAS RIGHT!”

misstiffanyluxe  asked:

Ooooh Sea Magick sounds so interesting, what does it involve? Storms, maybe?

See, the problem is I don’t want it to end up being like Avatar, with Hope controlling the elements. More likely her primary will be Earth Magick and her secondary Sea Magick, probably with Aggie being the reverse. Earth Magick is kind of the umbrella term that everything falls under, being things that naturally occur in the world.

At this point Sea Magick might be anything of the following, more focused on the element in particular:

But its still a concept

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pokemon meme -  favorite legendary 1/??

This Legendary Pokémon, with wings like thin sheets of ice, is believed to possess the ability to freeze water vapor and create snow.

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Snow is a natural phenomenon. It  consists of the precipitation of small ice crystals with fractal geometrical forms when high concentrations of water vapor accumulates in the atmosphere at temperatures under  0°C. It is only then when snow happens!!!

But one of the most curious and incredible things about this white coat, which you generally see in your back yard during the christmas eve, are the beautiful and perfectly geometrical shapes of the snow crystals. If you take a detailed look to one of this pictures, you are going to notice that every single snow flake has faultless hexagonal geometry, ( each one with six arms) with no exception. Isn’t it amazing? These are master pieces of art of the most perfectionist artist: nature!!!

All the photographs in this post were taken by Russian photographer  Alexey Kljatov, we do not own this material.

For more interesting and fun facts , follow musicat9419

AN OCEAN LIES A FEW KILOMETERS BENEATH ENCELADUS’S ICY SURFACE

With eruptions of ice and water vapor, and an ocean covered by an ice shell, Saturn’s moon Enceladus is one of the most fascinating in the solar system, especially as interpretations of data provided by the Cassini spacecraft have been contradictory until now. An international team including researchers from the Laboratoire de Planétologie Géodynamique de Nantes (CNRS/Université de Nantes/Université d’Angers), Charles University in Prague, and the Royal Observatory of Belgium (and the Instituut voor Sterrenkunde) recently proposed a new model that reconciles different data sets and shows that the ice shell at Enceladus’s south pole may be only a few kilometers thick. This suggests that there is a strong heat source in the interior of Enceladus, an additional factor supporting the possible emergence of life in its ocean. The study has just been published online on the website of Geophysical Research Letters.

Initial interpretations of data from Cassini flybys of Enceladus estimated that the thickness of its ice shell ranged from 30 to 40 km at the south pole to 60 km at the equator. These models were unable to settle the question of whether or not its ocean extended beneath the entire ice shell. However, the discovery in 2015 of an oscillation in Enceladus’s rotation known as a libration, which is linked to tidal effects, suggests that it has a global ocean and a much thinner ice shell than predicted, with a mean thickness of around 20 km. Nonetheless, this thickness appeared to be inconsistent with other gravity and topography data.

In order to reconcile the different constraints, the researchers propose a new model in which the top two hundred meters of the ice shell acts like an elastic shell. According to this study, Enceladus is made up successively of a rocky core with a radius of 185 km, and an internal ocean approximately 45 km deep, isolated from the surface by an ice shell with a mean thickness of around 20 km, except at the south pole where it is thought to be less than 5 km thick. In this model, the ocean beneath the ice makes up 40% of the total volume of the moon, while its salt content is estimated to be similar to that of Earth’s oceans.

All this implies a new energy budget for Enceladus. Since a thinner ice shell retains less heat, the tidal effects caused by Saturn on the large fractures in the ice at the south pole are no longer enough to explain the strong heat flow affecting this region. The model therefore reinforces the idea that there is strong heat production in Enceladus’s deep interior that may power the hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor. Since complex organic molecules, whose precise composition remains unknown, have been detected in Enceladus’s jets, these conditions appear to be favorable to the emergence of life. The relative thinness of the ice shell at the south pole could also allow a future space exploration mission to gather data, in particular using radar, which would be far more reliable and easy to obtain than with the 40 km thick ice shell initially calculated. It looks as if Enceladus still has many secrets in store!


Image showing the thickness of Enceladus’s ice shell, which reaches 35 kilometers in the cratered equatorial regions (shown in yellow) and less than 5 kilometers in the active south polar region (shown in blue).

Orographic cloud over Iceland

The melting glacial ice in the foreground provides a beautiful setting for this lovely cloud etched in glowing colours. These formations of water vapour in the atmosphere form when moist air rises above an obstruction, in this case the hills to the right, condenses its moisture, and then sinks on the far side of the topography. Streamers of water vapour indicate the wind direction in that layer of the layer of air that surrounds the thin rind of our planet.

Loz

Image credit: • Iurie Belegurschi /http://on.fb.me/1NHQ086

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For some reason I still haven’t gotten around to posting pictures from when I was camping on a river in Slovenia. It was my first night road tripping through Europe. The river was clear - the water like ice. At sunset the light would catch on the water vapor right above the flowing water and make the entire pass light up with gold.

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Geysers: The Water thing hat goes whoosh up into the Sky

A Geyser ,or as i like to call them.. gayzer, is a spring characterized by intermittent discharge of water ejected turbulently and accompanied by steam.

The formation of geysers is due to particular hydrogeological conditions, which exist in only a few places on Earth, so they are a fairly rare phenomenon. Generally all geyser field sites are located near active volcanic areas, and the geyser effect is due to the proximity of magma. Generally, surface water works its way down to an average depth of around 2,000 meters (6,600 ft) where it contacts hot rocks. 

Jet-like eruptions, often referred to as geysers, have been observed on several of the moons of the outer solar system. Due to the low ambient pressures, these eruptions consist of vapor without liquid; they are made more easily visible by particles of dust and ice carried aloft by the gas. Water vapor jets have been observed near the south pole of Saturn’s moon Enceladus, while nitrogen eruptions have been observed on Neptune’s moon Triton. 

More gifs and science on: rudescience  Giffed from: this and this video

i want to sleep deep and hidden in marshmallow skies, tucked in ice crystal blankets, hovering water vapor thick and empty. i want a bed made of ghost stuffing. i want my eyes to glaze over cosmic ceilings and dead star lanterns. i want to live where i don’t belong. learn to breathe water and walk on air. learn to leave earth

I’m going to knock these all out at once since they are in a similar vein. 

Let’s start with Titan! Titan is pretty crazy. 

For one, it has a thick, hazy atmosphere composed mostly of organic compounds. The methane in the atmosphere traps heat, keeping it warmer than it should be at such a distance, BUT the hazy clouds also reflect a lot of heat back in a sort of “anti-greenhouse” effect, making the upper atmosphere warmer than the surface. It’s also theorized that it rains liquid methane on this planet. 

A closer picture of Titan’s haze: 

Using near-infrared and infrared light, Cassini has spotted vast stretches of sand dunes as well as lakes and seas of hydrocarbon. Here, you can see the sun glinting beautifully off one of those liquid bodies: 

It also has a bright, reflective region we’ve called Xanadu, but I don’t know about any stately pleasure-domes. 

Then we have Titan’s sibling Enceladus, which likes to spew massive jets of water vapor and ice from the hydrothermal vents beneath its surface. These plumes, plus an apparent source of interior heat and a unique chemistry, suggest a vast liquid ocean beneath Enceladus’s reflective icy surface and make it a great candidate to search for life.

Some of these plumes shoot so far from the surface that they actually affect the climate of Saturn. Seriously. 

Enceladus’s icy surface reflects back nearly 100% of the light that hits it, making it one of the brightest objects in our solar system. Its terrain is riddled with craters, ridges, and fissures in discrete regions.

And the plumes most likely erupt from cracks in its surface in long, curtain-like formations, rather than your archetypal science-fair-clay-volcano jet type eruption: 

And it’s also a really tiny-ass moon. Here it is compared to the British Isles: 

So Enceladus is one of the most fascinating to me because I imagine standing on a tiny moon, surrounded by blindingly bright, jagged icy landscapes, watching from a distance as sheets of water and ice erupt into space at heights beyond the limits of my vision. That’d be, uh, pretty cool. Or terrifying. Both, I guess. 

All of Saturn’s moons and moonlets are named from figures from Greek mythology. Saturn (Cronus in the Greek) was the leader of the mythological Titans, who descended from Gaia and Uranus (mother Earth and father Sky). Enceladus was named for a mythological giant, said to be sleeping beneath Mount Etna and thus responsible for Etna’s volcanic activity.

Images are from NASA/JPL.