Matilda of Tuscany was a powerful feudal ruler in northern Italy and the chief Italian supporter of Pope Gregory VII during the Investiture Controversy. Sometimes called la Gran Contessa (“the Great Countess”) or Matilda of Canossa after her ancestral castle of Canossa, she was certainly one of the most important and interesting figures of the Italian Middle Ages: she lived in a period of constant battles, intrigues and excommunications, and was able to demonstrate an extraordinary force, even enduring great pain and humiliation, showing an innate leadership ability. // alison pill as matilda of canossa

HAPPY BIRTHDAY @liketheshewolf !!

signs as  john quincy adams things
  • aries: approved an expedition to the center of the earth because he believed that the earth was hollow and that there was a civilization of mole people who lived in the center of the earth
  • taurus: woke up early in the morning to read in the library which scared guests leading to a new hallway being built just for him
  • gemini: the corrupt bargain
  • cancer: kept an alligator from marquis de lafayette in the east room bathroom to scare off guests
  • leo: argued against slavery despite the gag rule against talking about slavery in the house of representatives
  • virgo: "the four most miserable years of my life were my four years in the presidency.”
  • libra: became the first president to wear trousers
  • scorpio: wore the same hat for 10 years
  • sagittarius: his horrible fashion sense
  • capricorn: had a stroke in the house of representatives debating and then died
  • aquarius: one time when he went skinny dipping, reporter ann royall stole his clothes until he would have an interview with her. in the end he did.
  • pisces: he was nicknamed "old eloquent" because he was terribly socially awkward and couldn't small talk for his life

anonymous asked:


Finally! More people are talking about my second fav!

1) In 1776 James Monroe (he was 18!!) left his studies at William & Mary to enlist in the 3rd Virginia Regiment. During the Revolutionary War, he served under General George Washington, Teenage James Monroe was a hero at the Battle of Trenton, he was sent across the Delaware River by Washington to scout, and he nearly died and was wounded at Trenton- from which he carried shrapnel in his shoulder for the rest of his life. He wintered at Valley Forge, eventually reaching the rank of Colonel in the Virginia service. Monroe did not return to William & Mary, but finished his legal training with then Virginia Governor Thomas Jefferson. 

2) James Monroe has a song about him written at the time of his presidential campaign called “Monroe is the man”. Yes, indeed- Monroe is the man!

3) During the time that Monroe was stationed with Burr- Burr fell in love with Theodosia. So did James Monroe. 

4) Monroe moved to Albemarle County, Virginia to be near his friend and mentor, Thomas Jefferson. His farm Highland actually shared a border with Jefferson’s Monticello. With the addition of their colleague James Madison—whose home in Orange County, Virginia was situated on their way to and from Washington. Three presidents of the United States were neighbors. 

5)  Monroe and his wife, Elizabeth Monroe, had a particularly close relationship. Their warm family life is illustrated by his wife and two daughters, Eliza and Maria, accompanying Monroe on nearly all his official travel, including diplomatic assignments in France and Great Britain. During their time in France, the couple attended Napoleon I’s Coronation in Notre Dame Cathedral. Elizabeth was very strong and instrumental in fighting for the the Lafayette’s rights and land as well as making sure while Marquis de Lafayette was in prison his wife, Adrienne de Lafayette wasn’t guillotined. 

6) Monroe had a strong interest in the American west and its importance to the growing United States. Not widely known is his significant role in the negotiation of the Louisiana Purchase for the Jefferson administration. In 1803, Thomas Jefferson sent him to France to assist Robert Livingston with the negotiation for the port of New Orleans. Finding Napoleon strapped for cash and willing to sell the entirety of the Louisiana Territory, Monroe took advantage of a deal that would double the size of the nation.

7)  As Envoy to Spain, Monroe took a journey by mule from Paris to Madrid to negotiate with Spain for the Floridas’. The negotiations trip was ultimately unsuccessful. Fifteen years later, Monroe was eventually able to oversee the peaceful acquisition of the Florida territory during his first presidential term when he signed the Adams-Onis Treaty in 1819.

8)  Monroe’s first presidential term was coined the Era of Good Feelings. During this period of national unity following the War of 1812, the Federalist party collapsed and the country witnessed a transitory one-party government. In 1820, Monroe saw no opposing candidates, and he was re-elected with all but one electoral votes. This was the last time the United States saw a candidate run without serious opposition- Monroe was the only president besides Washington to do so. It was also the era of good feeling because of the positive aura that enveloped the people of America!

9)  James Monroe was the first president to travel by way of steamboat. Towns across the country greeted him with parades, lavish dinners, and other grand events. The city of Charleston, South Carolina actually barbecued an ox in honor of his visit.

10) By the time his two-term presidency ended, Monroe had served his country for 50 years, holding more elected public offices than any president before or after him. 

11) During James Madison’s presidency, James Monroe held TWO cabinet positions- Secretary of War and Secretary of State. He was the only person in our history to of held TWO cabinet positions. 

12)  Monrovia, Liberia is the only foreign capital in the world named after a United States president. Established by the American Colonization Society during the Monroe administration, the colony of Liberia was founded in 1821 as a destination for freed black Americans. 

13) The foreign policy that bears Monroe’s name—perhaps the most enduring of his legacies- did not become known as “The Monroe Doctrine” until 30 years after its delivery. During Monroe’s annual message to Congress in 1823, he warned Europe (and, consequentially, the rest of the world) to stay out of the Americas for purposes of acquisition, or else the United States would intervene. This message constitutes a firm statement of early U.S. foreign policy.

14)  Monroe was recognizably old-fashioned in choosing his attire. Like Thomas Jefferson he didn’t care much for his appearance and dressed in what was comfortable and didn’t fall in fashion norms. He was the last president to dress in the style of the Revolutionary War era, which, by that time, was considered outdated and earned him the nickname “The Last Cocked Hat.” (lol cocked). 

15) Like John Adams and Thomas Jefferson before him, James Monroe died on July 4th on the 55th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence. On the 100th anniversary of his birth, his body was moved from New York City and reinterred at Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia.  

16) James Monroe’s inauguration was the first ever to of been done outside. 

17) James Monroe’s daughter was the first to be married at the white house!

18) Because the white house burned down in the War of 1812 and the white house fund was broke- James Monroe had to dip into his own pocket to fix the white house and provide dinners for his guests. By the time he finished his presidencies, he had lost his Virginia estate and was $75,000 in debt. 

Any thoughts? Drop em’ in my box!


How dare you? Samuel Pinkett, Jonathan Creek, AND Jack Nife are able to solve their supernatural murder mysteries just fine while wearing duffel coats, thank you very much.

Why so much duffel coat hate in that article? Duffel coats have a long and fascinating history. They symbolise the determined underdog. Duffel coats are old-fashioned, yet modern. They’re super-comfy, yet stylish. They’re gender-neutral. They’ve been worn by WWII field marshals, peace protesters, and anti-establishmentiarians. There are so many things symbolised by this one, iconic coat design.

They’re also worn by a lot of British-supernatural-murder-solving detectives (as I mentioned earlier), for some reason…

Can you power-dress in a toggle? Yes, you jolly well can!


Lupita Nyong’o in Talks to Star in Sci-Fi Thriller, with Ava DuVernay looking to Direct.

I’m crying inside.
We just started the 2nd week of Black History Month, and Black women have been slaying us left and right, popping out of the woodwork with their natural born slayage and hard work, giving us reasons to remind ourselves how dope we are.

I can’t.

Father God, please make this Black Girl Magic collaboration happen. PLEASE. For all that is right in the world, PLEASE.


UNAPOLOGETICALLY EXCELLENT✨ ✊🏽✊🏽✊🏽✊🏽✊🏽✊🏽✊🏽✊🏽✊🏽✊🏽✨✊🏾✊🏾✊🏾✊🏾✊🏾✊🏾✊🏾✊🏾✊🏾✊🏾✨✊🏿✊🏿✊🏿✊🏿✊🏿✊🏿✊🏿✊🏿✊🏿✊🏿