i think this is a roman copy

lovelyyem-deactivated20170522  asked:

Any book suggestions to grow character and/or wisdom?

Wisdom comes from purgation of the souls impurities, surrendering oneself before God. Wisdom is the illumination of the mind, being purified by the light. All else is just repetition of someone else’s knowledge, not ones own. You can most certainly become knowledgable through books and education, but as Sadhguru said with humour that without spiritual development you just become a “knowledgable idiot”. Purification of the soul is given by the Grace of God alone as said by St John of the cross, hence why Jesus said “Enter through the narrow gate. For wide is the gate and broad is the road that leads to destruction, and many enter through it. But small is the gate and narrow the road that leads to life, and only a few find it.“ Spiritual development, soul illumination has always been said to be the most painful yet worthy, it is said that only those who have the capacity to suffer greatly and still be fully devoted to the light are given such a blessing as to journey the narrow path. Many experience the dark night of the senses, but only a small few journey to the dark night of the soul, hence St John of the Cross proclaiming “Oh happy chance”. God gives light and warmth to the soul: “light” is divine knowledge - illumination; warmth is Divine Love of the highest kind. Suffering comes from ones own darkness, to which the light of the spirit burns in the fires of purification.

Programmed knowledge only clutters the mind, thus making it harder for soul development, for one attaches to its contents. So if you wish to develop knowledge make sure do so objectively (not subjectively, without emotions, emotions cause one to become attached) and from a detached position. Understanding all things are illusion for most things are born in ignorance, including knowledge. The Absolute holds all truth, wisdom is a but a gift to the soul and must not be taken for granted for the bonds of ignorance have been lifted and the soul has been liberated.

Surrender yourself before God and you shall be delivered as it is said in all religions and spiritual pathways.
“Abandon all varieties of religion and just surrender unto Me. I shall deliver you from all sinful reaction. Do not fear.” - Bhagavad Gita
“Don’t copy the behavior and customs of this world, but let God transform you into a new person by changing the way you think. Then you will learn to know God’s will for you, which is good and pleasing and perfect.” - Romans 12:2

Wisdom is to be found in unlikely and not many find it “The lips of wisdom are closed, except to the ears of Understanding"—The Kybalion. The most worthy knowledge I can share with you is that most worthy thing someone can do is not obtaining lots of random knowledge, but instead making oneself a worthy container for wisdom, that’s what yogic paths and religion are suppose to help you obtain. One must be able to embody the spirit of Sophia (the traditional word for wisdom, which is also referred to as The Holy Spirit) which is pure light - illumination. So practicing yoga or your spiritual practices will help you obtain that naturally without all this consumption of useless knowledge😊

Read books by enlightened men, not people making up any truth that fits their belief system. You could tell if someone is enlightened by their nature, by the life they live, they teach instead of preach.

I would read sacred text if you’re able to interpret it without error, meaning not taking it literally but by knowing how to read the metaphor.
Read things like the Bhagavad Gita, The Kybalion, The Bible etc, most knowledge derives from there. Read philosophy (Philosophia - friend of Sophia - friend of wisdom) too, start with the first which is Socrates and work your way through, society is built on philosophy, philosophy is part of everyday life same as religion, people just don’t know it. Knowing what creates society helps you use the same tools to overcome it. Read the works of inspirational men such as Carl Jung, J.R.R. Tolkien, Plato etc who both lived in this world and the higher. I have already recommended books endlessly, I wish to save us all grace but not becoming repetitive. Don’t think yourself so incapable of knowing wisdom from within, you just need to learn the tools on how to find it and wield it, the best way to do that is learn from those who have done the same😊❤ And in terms of good character there’s a verse from the bible that I’ve known off by heart for as long a I remember, which I think will suffice: Be joyful in hope, patient in affliction, faithful in prayer. Share with the Lord’s people who are in need. Practice hospitality. Bless those who persecute you; bless and do not curse. Rejoice with those who rejoice; mourn with those who mourn. Live in harmony with one another. Do not be proud, but be willing to associate with people of low position. Do not be conceited. Do not repay anyone evil for evil. Be careful to do what is right in the eyes of everyone. If it is possible, as far as it depends on you, live at peace with everyone. Do not take revenge, my dear friends, but leave room for God’s wrath, for it is written: “It is mine to avenge; I will repay,” says the Lord. On the contrary: “If your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him something to drink. In doing this, you will heap burning coals on his head.” Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.

I’m a couple of books into Civil War (Lucan, not Julius Caesar), and what strikes me is how it’s this savage howl of grief and desperation; how the point he keeps coming back to is we did this to ourselves.  There are so many people out there who hate us and could have conquered us!! so many people we could have conquered if we weren’t satisfied!!  but no, no, we made ourselves into slaves.  The rapacious, bloodthirsty wolfpack destroyed itself in its own unbearable hunger.

While the introduction to my copy really has it in for the Aeneid (it’s an amazing poem, and far more than just the Augustan propaganda this likes to claim), I do agree that Lucan is reacting against both Virgil and Ovid, and specifically the ways in which they try to process the change from Republic to Empire.  Virgil tries to comfort by insisting this is right, this is the will of the gods; but for Lucan that’s only possible if you think of the gods as punishing the Romans for their hubris, for becoming greater than they should be, and that’s why Civil War has such a tragic emphasis on Fate and Fortune. (because it is a tragedy–two thousand years and I’m still not over it, will never be over it; that a people for whom liberty ran blood and bone-deep wound up as imperial subjects.)  There’s also something Herodotean about it - its sense of enquiry, the way in which it cuts out portrayals of e.g. Jupiter and Apollo etc, and its fascination with the reasons behind the growth and decline of civilisations.

Of course, the Romans, like so many ancients, worried that luxury was the reason for decline, that it had made them soft.  That, I think, is part of why the portrayal of religion here, the invocation of the gods for protection, is all about going back to their oldest roots, to the hardy people who threw out the kings; and why Cato is the hero of this poem.  (though personally I love the Romans for their sophisticated, sensuous, warmhearted, pleasure-loving side, and the dour Early Republic has no appeal for me.  There’s a bit in this poem where Marcia remarries Cato, having been given by him to the late Hortensius as a wife because they knew she could bear children, and I can’t imagine such stern, selfless virtue that you could give away your own wife?! that’s not even getting into what Marcia’s feelings must have been on the matter.)

While this isn’t a pleasure to read in the way that the Aeneid or Metamorphoses is, it hits you like a Fury’s torch.  I love how gothic it is, with its Thessalian witches and its necromancy (it does the epic katabasis in REVERSE I am SCREAMING) and would really like to know what about Neronian Rome specifically seems to have produced literature like that. (cf. Seneca’s revenge tragedies - though of course he was Lucan’s uncle!)

superwaywardangel  asked:

Morality made a copy of the key to Anxiety's door in order to get in. Logic picks the lock. Prince takes it off the hinges. The truth is that it was never locked.

Anx doesn’t say anything to Mo and Logan when they “unlock” his door, not really thinking much of it. That is until Roman pulls his door of it’s hinges in a panic.
“You guys know I keep my door *unlocked* right!”
This is followed by there scandalized “You do!”’s

anonymous asked:

Maybe that's just me but I got the impression that the players who might have a problem with Tuchel are the ones that had a rather close relationship with Klopp. Watzke as well. Maybe the cut after Klopp wasn't big enough and Tuchel had to deal with too many of Klopp's favorites.

From the bottom of my heart, I hope that’s not the case. Unfortunately, I can’t say with confidence that I think you’re wrong. But it would be very depressing indeed if this is about loyalty to a trainer who has already left, because the reality is that Klopp is happy at Liverpool and we won’t find a carbon copy of him. And a carbon copy won’t work anyway because things were clearly not working anymore in Klopp’s last season with us.

It would also be sad because Tuchel has been respectful and fair to these players. With the exception of Roman Weidenfeller, they get a lot of playing time, especially if you consider how often some of them are injured. Tuchel actually revived Schmelle’s career trajectory. Under Klopp, Schmelle wasn’t even a definite starter, since Klopp was just as happy to start Erik as LB. Tuchel could have easily justified benching Schmelle as Klopp sometimes did, especially with the arrival of Raphael Guerreiro who is generally rated more highly than Erik. And while Schmelle may have hard feelings about Tuchel delaying his captaincy, it was only under Tuchel that he was even considered for the leadership. He wasn’t even a vice captain under Klopp.

The other thing is that these players, while extremely important, represent an older minority in the club. They have the power in the team but their concerns do not resonate with the majority of younger players who have become part of the team’s core and will become the team’s future. This is worrying from a sporting perspective and it’s dangerous for the team dynamic.

Is it a necessary part of the club culture? Klopp’s era would suggest the opposite. Klopp arrived, cleaned out some of the underperforming old players, and raised a team of young talents who went on to be extremely successful. Everything after that was a decline. Tuchel has been met with extreme opposition in a similar pursuit, even though he has been respectful of the leadership and importance of the older players he has kept. Tuchel’s young team just won the Pokal, and it’s the newer players who really shone this season, not unlike Klopp’s transition. But apparently Tuchel’s paying a heavy price for that.

Defense (Neo x Reader)

Pairing: Neo x Reader

Reader Gender: neutral

My first (to hopefully many more) RWBY fanfiction to go on my blog. I hope you guys like it ^^


Her method was simple. Defense. That was what she based most of her actions. And attacks on. The simpleness of defense. Then, when the opponent was tired from trying so many times to hit her. She’d strike. This for so long had been her go to method. That was at least, until she met you. You were meant to act as an undercover student at Beacon, but, before anything. Could happen, you would have to fight her. To… inhale your skill so to speak. So you would be ready for anything that came your way.

Neo happily volunteered to fight you. In honesty, it was mainly to show you your place, that you were below her, that she was the best. No stage was organized, just outside a building. She brushed her hair out of her eyes, somehow with much grace. She stood with poise and purpose as she held her umbrella delicately in her gloved hands. She was slightly confused by you. You did not exactly ready yourself the way she thought you would, considering that you were going to be fighting her. You did not stance yourself, or ready your weapon. In fact, you weren’t even using your main weapon, you didn’t have a weapon at all. Which was extremely odd for you as you never seemed to leave your weapon alone, it was always by your side. She brushed it off as you making a mistake.

She took a breath and waited for you to make the first move. She relied on that, it’s for the same reason why she was always black in a game of chess, she was strategic she needed to know everything about your fighting style and use it against you. You knew she was like this and took the first few steps forward and she did the same. You went to go punch her and she gracefully leaped out of the way, holding a smirk on her face as she did so. Oh how stupid you were for being so predictable. So, you were very forward and face on with your attacks. That was all she needed to know. As your next attacks came she easily dodged them, far too easily. The both of you were perfectly in sync, as though the both of you were in some kind of intricate and complicated dance.

Every time she made a hit towards you, you would swiftly dodge and block it as she had done for you. She couldn’t understand why you weren’t tiring out. She was doing what she always did, making sure that her opponents gave it their all so she could take them down when they were weak. You kicked her in the stomach and she flew back, she opened her umbrella and dug her heels into the concrete ground so it would slow her down before she hit a nearby building brick wall. A pink strand of her hair falling from her neat ponytail in front of her eye. It was then she realized, you were too perfect. You two were too in sync. She almost cursed at herself for realizing that you had been playing her this entire time. You had been using her own methods against her. Dick move.

“Oh no,” you smirked, walking up to her, “What’s the matter? Losing your touch?” You smirked.

She glared up at you and jumped back up and ran at you. You had touched a nerve. There was no way that she would let you win. No. She was the best. She was! No one was allowed to beat her. Every hit, kick, punch that she tried to aim at you, did nothing. You had copied her technique, you blocked all of them, and she couldn’t bother to concentrate that she was being played, she just wanted to win. She couldn’t lose.

Before she could register, you grabbed her arm when she tried to punch you and gripped it tightly. She looked up at you, not sure what to be thinking, you twisted her arm and pushed her to the ground.


Two …

Three …

“I think that it’s fair to say, Miss Neopolitan, that I won.” You returned the smug smirk that she had given you at the start of the match.

Roman clapped slowly as he walked over to the two of you, cane hooked on his arm and hat tilted down, “Well done, (your name).” His voice sounded somewhat surprised but he hid it. You got up and offered a hand to the defeated girl, normally she would just cheerily get up and reject anyone who would try to help, but normally she was never on the ground in the first place. She took your hand, not fully paying attention, she was filled with curiosity about you. She couldn’t help but to stare at you in amazement as Roman wrapped an arm around your shoulder and led you away talking with you about what you had to do.

Her head tilted slightly, and she gave a smile, she definitely wanted to get to know you better. Not just for fighting reasons.

anonymous asked:

I was wondering if you'd be will to make a post of a basic learning schedule for a beginner. Like what should I start off learning and what I should move on to after that while also explaining how much time I should put into writing, reading, speaking, and listening. This is my first time learning a language so I'm not sure how to dive into it without getting overwhelmed. Thank you!

well, of course you should start with hangul. anyone who tries to study korean trough romanizations is kidding themselves. 

I’ll suggest some small projects that might be helpful for you!

I think you should start with something you enjoy. Take a simple song you like, try to figure out some of the vocab and grammar using the song’s translation. Look for patterns. Sing the song using the pronunciation you learned when you acquired hangul. Don’t look at the romanization. Pay attention to how the singer pronounces the words and compare that to the official pronunciation that you learned. Try to copy the singer. Try to memorize some of the song. Write down what you memorized. See if your hangul spelling was correct. Songs are interesting, easy-to digest little projects that beginners can use to explore all aspects (reading, speaking, writing, listening) without tying themselves up to tedious lessons. You can do this regularly or not, but do try to once to start.

After that, you should start a grammar course of some sort. You can study grammar through a book or website, but it’s nice to have one with an audio and visual aspect (like listening to ttmik lessons while looking at the PDF). One lesson every two days is a good pace. 

Next is where you should start pulling apart sentences. I’d recommend the website https://www.learnwitholiver.com (a simple free account should do). It has sentences which you can hover over smaller parts of for translations/explanations and daily words for all levels. It should help you get used to the word order of Korean. Try to recite some out loud. 3~4 a day is good for the beginning.

Next, compile some words you want to learn. You can search for a beginner vocab list, but I think it’s more meaningful if you create this list yourself through song lyrics and sentences you’ve already looked over. Plug this list into a flashcard website like quizlet or memrise and use the tools given to memorize them. 10 words a day is a good pace for an eager learner. But you might go much slower in the beginning if you don’t quite have the hang of typing in Korean yet. 

Then, use the grammar or you learned in your lessons and try to plug in the the vocab you learned. Construct things yourself. Just make a few sentences. You can pull new vocab from naverdic but don’t get too fancy at the beginning. Make very simple sentences. Write them on a site like lang-8 and have natives correct you. Try to make one entry every two or three days. Even if you only write a couple sentences per entry, it’s helpful to get corrections! And if too much is incorrect? Slow down and go simpler. 

And all the while it’s great to get a lot of exposure to Korean through radio/TV/music/etc. Listen to these things and listen carefully for words or grammars you know. 

Lastly, try talking to yourself a lot. Say 힘들어 to yourself when you’re climbing the stairs. Ask 뭘 원해? to your dog when he’s staring at you. Say 잘 생겼네 to yourself when you see a cute guy in a commercial. It sounds stupid but…the easier it is to talk to yourself, the easier it will be to talk to others in the future. Create entire scenarios if you have to. Pretend you’re fighting with your Mom or talking to someone you like for the first time. Talk to yourself. It’s really fun actually;; 

The more interactive, the better. Don’t follow just one website because that will limit your scope. Pull from many resources like the one’s I listed above and make it as interactive as possible for you. Try it about a week, decide the optimal pace for you, and stick to that pace.

Good luck to your learning^^

“Godfrey.” You snapped abruptly, stopping the slender boy in his tracks, causing him to turn and look down on you with distain.


“What?” His eyes seemed to scan up and down your body as if carefully taking in each part of you before returning to yours, to start a new round in his staring contest.


“Stop staring at me all of the time its irritating.” Your voice wavered, making him smile when he realised you were terrified of him.


“What if I don’t want to?” he cocked his head and took several large steps towards you, making you more uncomfortable that you were before.


“I’ll… um…” You glanced behind him to see your friend giving you the thumbs up as encouragement but you’d already faltered and turned a deep red.


“Run along little mouse.” He whispered, his lips brushing your ear. His close proximity distracted you enough for him to grip you firmly by the hips. Spin you around, and push you forwards until you stumbled into Peter.


“Woah you ok?” His friendly smile lit up his face and you nodded quickly. The pair of you spoke with each other for a moment before saying goodbye and running over to the spot your friend had saved for you under the huge trees.


“So… how’d it go?” She didn’t sound confident as she jumped up onto the wall and handed you your bag.

“I have no idea… I think he… he remains a mystery.” You mumbled trying to figure out of Roman would leave you alone now.

There were two things you learnt about Roman Godfrey today. One, that he despises being challenged and enjoys pushing people who challenge him to the breaking point. Two, he was awful at science.


“Will you stop leaning so far forward I can’t see what your writing.” He yet again batted your hand away from your note book and began copying your notes.


“Well if you learnt how to listen then you might know what to write, you’d also be sat across the room.” You yanked your book away from him a little harder than you meant to causing him to raise an eyebrow as you became increasingly frustrated.


“You asked me not to stare at you, this way I can’t stare without the teachers yelling at me.” His tone was sarcastic and you knew he was sitting next to you purely so it would irritate you. So much for talking your problems out.


“Since when does a proud underachiever care about being yelled at?” The venom in your voice seemed to catch him off guard as he stayed silent for several minutes and moved so you could write out your notes.


After several frustrated grunts you rolled your eyes and slid your book over so Roman could copy from it. He was finally silent as he jotted down your notes and was so busy writing he missed the bell for the next class.


“I’m keeping this I’ll give it back later.” He said quickly, grabbing your book before you could stop him. You stared after him for a moment as he vanished from sight with an entire hours’ worth of hard work.

Keep reading

saintjoan  asked:

Casually dropping by to thank you for that great trivia post, esp. for including Emperor Hadrian! Any book recs on roman history? Also, where do you go for uni, if you don't mind answering? From the post I get the sense that the profs are great when they're not being awkward :)

Ooh, thank you! I’m so glad you enjoyed it :) I wasn’t expecting it to be such a hit (well, for me, anyway) because those are just the facts I know and I’m used to people finding them super boring and rolling their eyes :’) Once my friend said, ‘There was this game in the 70s…’ and I said ‘BC or AD?’ and she was like ‘THE NINETEEN SEVENTIES.’ I’m that kind of historian.

Which means: BOOKS ON ROMAN HISTORY?! Thank you for asking.

Firstly, my area of expertise is 146 BC to AD 54. So the most famous areas of Roman history, Pompeii and Hadrian (!), I haven’t really studied those :( 

Personally I prefer the study of ancient sources, so first here are continuous narratives by ancient authors worth reading, which are not mentioned below:

  • The biographies of Plutarch (the source material for Shakespeare, so worth reading, even if they’re vague and inaccurate in places)
  • Velleius Paterculus, History of Rome (usually dismissed as a source simply because he was a soldier serving under Tiberius, but see my note on Clodius; Velleius is actually quite a sensitive author whose contemporary testimony debunks some biased claims of Cicero among others and even Tacitus)
  • Cassius Dio, Roman History (the only continuous narrative of the whole period, not ideal but pretty impressive in its scope)
  • Appian, Civil Wars (often criticised because he makes some mistakes, but really, they had no computers to cross-reference, he must have used shit-loads of papyrus, and the nature of his project is quite visionary)
  • Suetonius, The Twelve Caesars but DO. NOT. buy the translation of Robert Graves, it is awful
  • Caesar, Civil Wars if you really want to read Caesar’s own words but honestly, long passages are military and you would be better off getting a broader sense of the whole period

I think the best introductory books would be:

  • J. Boardman, J. Griffin and O. Murray, Oxford History of the Roman World (get the illustrated version if you can)
  • H.H. Scullard, From the Gracchi to Nero: A History of Rome 133 BC to AD 68 [a classic, perfect short introduction]
  • M. Crawford, The Roman Republic
  • T. Holland, Rubicon: The Triumph and Tragedy of the Roman Republic
  • A. Garzetti, From Tiberius to the Antonines [very enjoyably written and a balanced point of view, although not sourced as often as I would like]
  • C. Wells, The Roman Empire
  • Oxford Classical Dictionary [just useful to have for delving into or for following up the name of someone who intrigues you]

More scholarly approaches, but still readable for non-specialists:

  • E. Gruen, The Last Generation of the Roman Republic [one of the major historical surveys of this period]
  • C. Steel, The End of the Roman Republic [a more recent effort, shows how far Roman history has come — including the fact that this is the first book I’ve included to be written by a woman — and how far it still has to go]
  • R. Syme, The Roman Revolution [this is an amazing book, v. hard to read though, in that he goes out of his way to say things in the most complicated way possible]
  • P. Zanker, The Power of Images in the Age of Augustus [if you’re seriously into Roman history, I would recommend reading this book and the previous one together, as they are the most pioneering books of the 20th century]
  • D. Feeney, Caesar’s Calendar [one of my favourite ever books; it describes the history of the literature of this period through a single and fascinating focus, the way the Romans described time]

I actually think, though, that the best thing to do would be to get yourself an illustrated history, and a good translation of the Aeneid. My favourites are by Robert Fagles (in English) and Paul Veyne (in French). When reading the Aeneid bear in mind the following things, and you’ll have a pretty good intro to the period:

  • It was written shortly after 2 decades of civil war
  • Vergil was the least expected person to write this: his previous work consisted of gay love poetry and a farming manual, and I don’t think it’s appreciated how much Romans disapproved of gay love poetry especially when it was connected with soldiers; this poem is RADICAL AS HELL
  • Many episodes in it are either taken from the Iliad and Odyssey (but Vergil usually twists it, so triumphant moments in the Odyssey are poignant and sometimes even harrowing in the Aeneid) or Sophocles’ Ajax; or from contemporary history, so for example
  • Aeneas’ alliance with Dido is based on Caesar’s and Antony’s affairs with Cleopatra
  • When Dido dies (I don’t think that’s a spoiler), she calls upon an unnamed avenger, which means Hannibal, Rome’s greatest enemy and still quite a traumatic name for most Romans. And as Dido does this, she has the poet’s sympathy. Did I mention this poem was radical as hell?
  • The death of Priam was based on the death of Pompey who was persona non grata under Augustus even though Augustus copied him (did I mention this poem is radical as hell?)

I can’t put into words how shocking this poem is. The Roman public expected a glorious poem about the founding of Rome, and Vergil is proud of Rome to be sure, but the poem ends with the founder losing his mind because he has suffered so much, and if that’s not incredible I don’t know what is. This is not a poem about Augustus. It is a terrible warning that hardly anyone has heeded. This and Tacitus’ Annals are I think till the greatest testaments to human perseverance through terrible mental suffering. And that in itself is quite a radical thing to say about Tacitus; but it doesn’t seem so bizarre if you realise that one of Tacitus’ great models was the Aeneid (the other was Sallust). This poem is seriously the best way to see how a Roman who was not quite marginalised but was certainly not typical (Vergil had lost his family home to make way for Augustus’ veterans, but then Augustus liked his poetry so rewarded him) viewed Rome’s glorious military history.

Other reasons you should read the Aeneid so you can go and tell everyone how wrong scholars are about it:

  • The hero and heroine of this poem were refugees from Troy (modern Turkey) and Tyre (modern Lebanon), and Renaissance art portrays them as blonde and pale and confident BUT NO. They are flawed and they are wonderful.
  • This poem has an equal number of male and female lead characters
  • In order for the Romans to exist, the narrative requires the male king of the gods to beg the female queen of the gods to allow it, even though her reasons for opposing the Romans are not particularly reasonable
  • The poet only speaks in his own person: a) to ask the Muses for inspiration, b) to ask (repeatedly) why the gods are so cruel to good people, c) to claim immortality in his poetry for the poem’s homosexual romance (which was illegal in Rome)
  • Its ending was so shocking that scholars for years thought it was unfinished. It wasn’t. That’s how awesome this poem is. In school everyone laughs at Aeneas because he’s so un-heroic but you get older, you suffer and then you realise you have this masterpiece to go back to, where the author gifts you with a relatable hero, a human being, A REFUGEE (can I have that in flashing lights please) who thinks immortal renown isn’t worth the shit he’s had to put up with, but he keeps going for the sake of his people and is forced by the gods’ intransigence to do terrible things.

Moving on to individuals, let’s start with some people I think deserve more attention:

The Gracchi ~ D. Stockon, The Gracchi [2nd century reformers murdered by rich oligarchs who either disagreed with their laws because they helped the poor, or disagreed with their laws because the laws were good and they wanted the credit for them; IT MAKES ME SO MAD]

Sulla, dictator ~ A. Keaveney, Sulla: The Last Republican [okay so Sulla was the conservative of conservatives so not likely to be a very popular guy on this website, but he is a very important figure to understand, and it’s quite fun to read about him, firstly because he was quite badass in his younger years, secondly because he was not that much of a monster in comparison with his rivals, and thirdly because later uber conservatives didn’t realise he was conservative and so got themselves in a mess by undoing his laws]

Catiline ~ Sallust, Catiline’s War [Catiline was the first great rival of Cicero. There is no good modern biography of him so I’ve included Sallust, just so it’s not Cicero. I’d like to point out that Cicero openly admits in his speech Pro Murena that, in order to scare the people against Catiline, he attended the forum wearing a suit of armour. What prompted him to do this? Catiline announced that ‘he would support the interests of the poor’. Sallust’s Catiline is still a villain, but he has surprising redeeming qualities, and in Sallust’s version he is driven to his position by the greater evils of the society at the time. I recommend the translation of A.J. Woodman for Oxford World’s Classics]

Clodius ~ W. J. Tatum, The Patrician Tribune: Publius Clodius Pulcher [the reformer who exiled Cicero because Cicero executed citizens without trial, and was later murdered by a gang hired by Cicero: THIS MAKES ME EVEN MADDER because scholarship STILL accepts Cicero’s version of Clodius even though Cicero PLAINLY ADMITS ‘I had him murdered’ and people have judged some ancient authors ‘not a very reliable source’ for way less than this]

Pompey ~ R. Seager, Pompey the Great [I hate Pompey. When people talk about the rivalry between Caesar and Pompey they make it look like Caesar had a crazy exceptional career but actually no, it was Pompey. He raised an army on his own aged 23, and provided the biggest precedent for Augustus, that complete monster. Literally Pompey’s ONLY redeeming quality was that he was one of Rome’s best ever generals, efficient and fair.]

More famous people (biographies listed in order of accessibility):

Cicero (self-proclaimed saviour of the world)
D.R. Shackleton Bailey, Cicero’s Letters to his Friends [this is a REALLY great way to get right into the nature of the sources we have for Cicero’s lifetime, which are mostly… Cicero; the letters to friends aren’t as emotional as those to Atticus but still a great read. There is no good English edition of the letters to Atticus.]
D. Berry, Cicero - Defence Speeches and Cicero - Political Speeches [Cicero’s speeches are more accessible in English and these two volumes provide a good survey]
E. Rawson, Cicero
D. Stockton, Cicero

Caesar (dictator)
A. Goldsworthy, Caesar: Life of a Colossus
C. Meier, Caesar [but really only if you read German; there’s an English translation available but it removes all the references]

Antony (loyal general of Caesar unjustly vilified by that twerp Octavius)
A. Goldsworthy, Antony and Cleopatra
P. Southern, Mark Antony: a life

Augustus (princeps, 27 BC to AD 14)
A. Goldsworthy, Augustus: from Revolutionary to Emperor
P. Southern, Augustus
A.H.M. Jones, Augustus
B. Levick, Augustus: Image and Substance
A. Cooley (ed.), Res Gestae Divi Augusti [Augustus’ own biography, it makes you want to punch him]

Tiberius (Augustus’ chief general and his reluctant successor as princeps AD 14-37)
D. Shotter, Tiberius Caesar
R. Seager, Tiberius
B. Levick, Tiberius the Politician
A.J. Woodman, The Annals of Tacitus [this is the best introduction to Tiberius really, if you read it without any prior assumptions, and you read it more than once; it is an incredible rollercoaster ride; better in Latin, but this version is as close as close can be, a masterpiece in itself]

The later Julio-Claudians
A. A. Barrett, Caligula [princeps AD 37-41, not as mad as people say]
B. Levick, Claudius [princeps AD 41-54, not an invalid, probably involved in the murder of Caligula]
A. A. Barrett, Agrippina [sister of Caligula, wife/niece of Claudius, mother of Nero]
M. Griffin, Nero: The End of a Dynasty [emperor AD 54-69]

I am also much in favour of historical novels as a way to get people interested in a period so here are a few of my favourites.

  • S. Saylor, The Venus Throw [plunges you right into the social scandals Cicero was involved in, which is good as it recognises that this period was not just ‘CAESAR POMPEY AND CRASSUS’] [Edit. I originally wrote S. Scarrow here. Someone reblogged saying that they thought it was Steven Saylor who wrote the book, which it totally is. I was a bit punch-drunk after finishing my exams and got the two SS authors confused; Simon Scarrow does also write Roman historical novels!]
  • T. Wilder, The Ides of March [epistolary, very entertaining]
  • J. Stoner, Augustus [semi-epistolary; not the way I’d view Augustus but a good book]
  • R. Graves, I, Claudius [much of this is verbatim from his translation of Suetonius, which is a poor translation of a frequently misleading Latin text, but it’s a good gauge of how Britons of that era viewed the emperors]
  • M. Yourcenar, Memoirs of Hadrian [JUST READ THIS BOOK, it is EXQUISITE; it was an 18th birthday present from my Greek teacher and it changed my life; if you have French, read it in French]

And I wondered how long it would take for someone to ask :P I study at the University of Oxford (in fact I have just completed my undergraduate degree), and the profs are indeed both awesome AND awkward (they’re never not being awkward) XD

Zutter Analysis

so originally i wasn’t going to write anything about zutter because i didn’t think i had that much to say about it but i accidentally wrote a bunch while discussing it with jiyong-oppar so here we are lol. this isn’t a thorough guide through the song or a line by line analysis like what i would normally do, it’s more just a small collection of ideas i’ve had about zutter. anyway let’s start!

Keep reading

We are taught in Genesis that God created the universe and our planet and everything else within 6 days, and on the 7th day He rested, yet so many people don’t believe in that. Non-Christians can’t accept the fact that God created the universe in 6 days so we have textbooks that try to tell us the universe is several billion years instead.

From a Biblical standpoint the Earth is about 6,000 years. Even if 2 Peter 3:8 and Psalm 90:4, which tells that 1 day for the Lord equates to 1,000 years in human years, are to be applied during those first 5 days of creation as I’ve seen people do (the 6th day being when Adam was created and from that point forward not being 1000:1 days anymore as we know Adam’s age), it still won’t account for the billions of years that scientists claim the Earth and the universe to be.

What always amazed me is running into people who faithfully believe God created Adam from the ground, not as a baby but as a grown man, but the same people don’t believe God has the power to create the universe overnight. God has the power to make an adult human being in an instant, a grown man who looks to be an old man but is in fact merely 1 day old, but then He can’t create a universe that looks billions of years old in an instant? I never got that from people who believe in the creation of Adam but not the universe. Yes, everything looks to be billions of years old but just as it was the case with Adam, you can’t always rely on mere looks for proof of anything.

But how can our scientists be so wrong? Who, or what, could trick mankind to stray away from the Lord? The great deceiver, the devil sure can. What better way to trick people into chipping away at faith than to have people not believe God’s Word if the devil can trick people into thinking the world is billions of years? It seems like such an “insignificant" thing to do right? But if the devil can convince a person of one "wrong” aspect of God’s Word, what else can he do to convince people not to believe God’s Word? If the devil can have a hold, whatever small in a person’s life, he will know that person will be more easily open for attacks and deception.

If we choose to not accept God’s Word at face value, everything else goes crumbling down. Things like Joshua 10, when Joshua asked Yahweh, the God of the nation of Israel, to make the Sun from stop moving for a whole day would just seem silly if we choose to believe science over God. How can the Sun stay still for a full day, helping the nation of Israel to kill their enemies? There’s no way for that to happen, after all we know the Earth rotates on its axis and it can’t simply stop rotating for just one day and then resume its normal rotation after that single day, and never to do such a thing again since then right?

How about a global flood that killed off every single living creature that wasn’t on Noah’s Ark in Genesis 6-8? The Bible was clear that it was a global flood, not a localized flood as I’ve seen some people trying to explain it. How can there be so much water to wipe out the whole world? Where would all that water have gone? It’s not like we have 71% of the planet covered in water, and an estimated several times over that amount in the deeper layers of the earth, so I’m sure “comets” delivered all that water to us as they say, right?

The devil tricking humankind to not believe God’s Word is the oldest lie, and it’s still alive and active in the world today, offering justification for anything we want to do. Evolutionists reinterpret (or reject) God’s creation story, insisting that the evidence shows there’s a different meaning to God’s words, and that we’ll be blessed with knowledge if we can find the secret. Just like the devil twisted God’s words, convincing Eve that the evidence at hand didn’t match a literal interpretation of God’s words.

The secular world can be unforgiving on the subject of evolution and creationism. Claiming that God used evolution to create the world is a way for believers to maintain a moderate level of credibility in the secular science community while still affirming faith in God. It’s hard to stand up for God when people around you ridicule you for your beliefs. Like the temple rulers who believed Jesus but feared the Pharisees more, “they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God” (John 12:42-43). Christians sacrifice the true belief in Christ and His Word so they can be accepted by their peers and the world.

It all comes down to whether you’ll conform to the practices of this world or not. It comes down to accepting Romans 12:2 which tells us “don’t copy the behavior and customs of this world, but let God transform you into a new person by changing the way you think.” Choose to be a new person, one that will trust God and His Word, regardless of how the rest of the world might think you are crazy for it.

Little by little the devil chips away at people’s faith. I mean, if the Bible is wrong about the age of the Earth and how humans came to be, why believe in so many other aspects of the Bible that we don’t agree on? Little by little, one little detail at a time the devil tricks people into not believing the Word of God. So many people get tricked into forsaking the Word of God and getting lost along the way.

Genesis 1
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.

Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness covered the surface of the watery depths, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the surface of the waters. Then God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. God saw that the light was good, and God separated the light from the darkness. God called the light “day,” and He called the darkness “night.” Evening came and then morning: the first day.

Then God said, “Let there be an expanse between the waters, separating water from water.” So God made the expanse and separated the water under the expanse from the water above the expanse. And it was so. God called the expanse “sky.” Evening came and then morning: the second day.

Then God said, “Let the water under the sky be gathered into one place, and let the dry land appear.” And it was so. God called the dry land “earth,” and He called the gathering of the water “seas.” And God saw that it was good. Then God said, “Let the earth produce vegetation: seed-bearing plants and fruit trees on the earth bearing fruit with seed in it according to their kinds.” And it was so. The earth produced vegetation: seed-bearing plants according to their kinds and trees bearing fruit with seed in it according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good. Evening came and then morning: the third day.

Then God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to separate the day from the night. They will serve as signs for festivals and for days and years. They will be lights in the expanse of the sky to provide light on the earth.” And it was so. God made the two great lights—the greater light to have dominion over the day and the lesser light to have dominion over the night—as well as the stars. God placed them in the expanse of the sky to provide light on the earth, to dominate the day and the night, and to separate light from darkness. And God saw that it was good. Evening came and then morning: the fourth day.

Then God said, “Let the water swarm with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the sky.” So God created the large sea-creatures and every living creature that moves and swarms in the water, according to their kinds. He also created every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. So God blessed them, “Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the waters of the seas, and let the birds multiply on the earth.” Evening came and then morning: the fifth day.

Then God said, “Let the earth produce living creatures according to their kinds: livestock, creatures that crawl, and the wildlife of the earth according to their kinds.” And it was so. So God made the wildlife of the earth according to their kinds, the livestock according to their kinds, and creatures that crawl on the ground according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good.

Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness. They will rule the fish of the sea, the birds of the sky, the livestock, all the earth, and the creatures that crawl on the earth.”

So God created man in His own image;
He created him in the image of God;
He created them male and female.

God blessed them, and God said to them, “Be fruitful, multiply, fill the earth, and subdue it. Rule the fish of the sea, the birds of the sky, and every creature that crawls on the earth.” God also said, “Look, I have given you every seed-bearing plant on the surface of the entire earth and every tree whose fruit contains seed. This food will be for you, for all the wildlife of the earth, for every bird of the sky, and for every creature that crawls on the earth—everything having the breath of life in it. I have given every green plant for food.” And it was so. God saw all that He had made, and it was very good. Evening came and then morning: the sixth day.

I read somewhere that you’re versed in a few different languages.

I know the basics for quite a few but I’m certainly not fluent. I love languages. I think it stems from my love of music and music theory, and the way sound works. I’ve always had a yen for tonality because I mimic. I like copying things. As an actor, you can’t actually be the person you’re portraying, so the end result is what you do through mimicry. It’s the law of the Romans. You know, the Romans basically just took everyone else’s ideas and made them their own. And then it became distinctly Roman.

mirenithil  asked:

If for some reason you could only ever dress in pre-20th-century clothing as your daily attire, what era would be your chosen clothing style?

Nothing with corsets and hoop skirts! Covering my hair is annoying so I would prefer not to do that. I’m between two options. A light chiton from ancient Greece — comfortable, easy to move in, can be made casual or fancy. Since the Romans copied the Greeks, at least in fashion, I think I can include the Roman stola and palla (shawl) in that outfit. Or I would choose to wear simply loose-fitting trousers and an overshirt, the popular salwar kameez, because it would be very comfortable!

Theory time!

“In your eyes, this may be a car, but this is not a car!
#Ghost #Teleportation

2015-496 = 1519
Leonardo daVinci dies in 1519

Zutter lyrics “People call me a ghost, daVinci has come back to life”

“Teleported to another place”

2015-382 = 1633
In 1633, Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome, on trial for his belief that the earth revolves around the sun. He is forced to recant this belief. In 1992(!!), the Vatican admits it was wrong.

Zutter lyrics “When in Rome, do as the Romans do”
Also may be saying that he is a genius before his time?

Credits: Translated by me from Japanese translation by @UTOPIA_JP
I see now that @ShrimpLJY also theorised the first part. This is not meant to copy/steal her thunder in any way.
Also, TOP seems to have changed the tags throughout the morning, so they may not be entirely accurate, but the important bits have stayed the same.

Okay I have a few things to say about the episode now that it’s over
  • First off, I really loved the music in this episode. Like, all of it was kickass. Composing team did a great job on it 
  • Emerald definitely seems like the one on Team Evil to start having doubts. That should be interesting to watch
  • Mercury is a little shit but god I love him
  • Also, Ruby was the most badass character ever this fucking episode like holy shit
  • GOD
  • GOD
  • Okay and on 2 ending notes:
  • 1. Totally convinced Velvet somehow can summon other people’s weapons she has stored in her camera
  • or like, maybe she summons a copy of the person with their weapon and has the copy fight?
  • 2. Pyrrha is totally about to become the Fall Maiden and Jaune is going to be there to watch

historymiss  asked:

Hi sam i wish to be a god-empress of some kind but all i'm qualified for is starting a bi-weekly cult in my living room

Sometimes you have to start small! Don’t be ashamed of a living room cult, some great empires have started in living rooms. The Holy Roman Empire began in a barn, for Christ’s sake. Just make sure you have a catchy logo and a simple tagline and keep your holy book short so that people can reprint copies easily. (I’d look into self-publishing if I were you.)

Also picking an animal symbol helps. Snakes used to be super vogue but these days I think it’s mostly birds, sometimes big cats. Go with what feels right, or check with some local design companies.